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223--defeats him at Sellasia, 222-d. the inhabitants, 303—a synod held by 220.
the Arians, 328 - decree issued by ANTIGONUS set up by Pacorus as k. of Constantius II. prohibiting marriage
Judæa, B.C. 40—sent by Sossius a pri- between uncles and nieces, Mar. 31,
soner to Rome, 38--put to death, 37. 339 — synod of, assents to an Arian ANTIGONUS, Olympic victor, B.C. 292 and 288. creed, deposes Athanasius, and appoints ANTIGUA, West Indian Island, first set- Gregory, bp. of Alexandria, 341 – the tled, 1632.
Cæsar Gallus, gov. of the East, 351– “ANTI-JACOBIN," the, commenced by Geo. visit of Libanius, 352-massacre of the Canning and his friends, 1797.
proconsul Theophilus, 353 - a synod ANTI-JACOBIN Review, edited by John deposes Meletius, and appoints EuGifford, 1806.
zoius bp., 361--contest between Paulinus ANTI-JESUIT controversy, afterwards call- and Meletius orations of Libanius, 362
ed Jansenist; pope Clement VIII, at- -a synod held by Meletius, 363—persetempts to settle it, 1597.
cution of magic by the emperor Valens, ANTILOCHIDES, Athenian archon, B.C. 435. 372--a council of, deposes all Arian biANTIMACHUS, Olympic victor, B.c.772. shops, 380--Chrysostom ordained deacon ANTIMACHUS, the poet of Colophon, fi. B.C. at, 381-contests of rival bishops; vio405.
lent tumults, and the statues of TheoANTI-JONASTIC spirit spreads in Italy, dosius are thrown down; his anger 1776.
appeased, 387. ANTINÖETON, the name given by Pancrates, Nestorius retires into a monastery
in honour of Antinous, to the red lotus, at Antioch, 431 — another fatal earth130.
quake, 458-bloody encounters of the ANTINOMIAN doctrines discussed by Lu- circus-factions, 507 — these disorders
ther and Agricola of Eisleben, 1538-40 cause an ordinance which puts a stop
-controversy revived in England, 1690. to the Olympic games at Antioch, 520 ANTINOPOLIS, in Thebais, built by Hadrian --an earthquake begins, Oct. 525, and
in memory of his favourite, Antinous, 130. continues till the following May--anoANTINOUS, the favourite of Hadrian, ther violent earthquake, 528—taken by
drowned in the Nile, Oct. 30, 130. See Chosroes, 540 - earthquake, 554 — the ANTINÖEION, and ANTINOPOLIS.
Jews of Antioch attack the Christians, ANTIOCH, a city of Syria, built by Seleu- and kill the bp. Anastasius; the see re
cus Nicator, for his residence, B.C. 300— mains vacant nineteen years, 610--surbattle of; Alexander Bala slain by De- renders to the Saracens, 638. metrius Nicator, 146-Germanicus dies Recovered by the Greek emperor, at, Oct. 9, A.D. 19-arrival of disciples 966—taken by Soliman, sultan of Icowho fled from Jerusalem, after the mar- nium, which involves him in war tyrdom of Stephen, 35—their doctrines with Thuthusch, 1086 — besieged by are first taught to the Gentiles by some the Crusaders, Oct. 21, 1097 — sur. men of Cyprus and Cyrene, who produce renders, June 3, 1098—a Latin princiso great an impression, that Saul and pality, under Bohemond, 1099-claimed Barnabas come to inquire into it, 36– by Alexius Comnenus, 1106—Tancred after a year's conference, the believers dies there, 1112-battle of; the Turks take the name of Christians, and the defeated by Baldwin II., k. of Jerufirst Greek Christian church is founded, salem, and the Knights Hospitallers, 37-Saul and Barnabas return to An
given to Raymond of Poitiers, tioch, and are sent forth by the new --claimed by Roger, k. of Sicily, and church to preach the Gospel to the Gen- attacked by the emperor John II., who tiles, 38.
is repulsed, 1137 – he prepares anoThe Olympic games celebrated at, 44 ther attack, which is stopped by his -Euodius, first bishop. See ANTIOCH, death, 1143-distress of the wreck of the bishops of. — Trajan, on his march emperor Frederic Barbarossa's army at to the East, winters there, 114-a de- Antioch, when conducted there after his structive earthquake at, 115--L. Verus, death by his son Frederic, duke of Swacolleague of M. Aurelius, resides there bia, 1190—Antioch taken by the Mameduring the war in the East, 163-Olym- duke Bibars, 1268—by Ibrahim Pasha, pic games celebrated at, 212--surprised 1832, and pillaged by the Persians, 262 — ANTIOCH, MUNDANE ERA OF, commenced council of, to oppose the doctrines of 5492 years B.C. Paul of Samosata, 264 taken from Ze
GRECIAN, or SELEUCIDAN ERA nobia by Aurelian, 272.
OF (called by some ALEXANDRIAN) comRevolt of Eugenius suppressed by menced, Sept. 1, B.C. 132 (Olymp. 117, 1;
A.U.C. 442) from the taking of Babylon
by Seleucus Nicator. ANTIOCH, POMPEIAN EPOCH OF, B.C, 64, when Pompey drove Tigranes out of Syria.
CÆSAREAN ERA OY, B.C. 48; A.U.C. 706_reckoned by the Greeks from B.C. 49; A.U.C. 705 - to commemorate the battle of Pharsalia; this era is in eneral use by Evagrius and others.
AUGUSTAN EPOCH OF, from B.C. 31, A.U.C. 723, to commemorate the battle
1. Euodius ; time uncertain, but sup-
fore Trajan, sent to Rome, and killed by
books, Ad Autolycum, 181. 7. Maximus I., 183. 8. Serapion, 190—writes an account of an heretical gospel, ascribed to St. Peter. 9. Asclepiades, 203. 10. Philetus, 218. 11. Zebinus, 229. 12. Babylas, 238 – suffers martyrdom,
250-removal of his remains from the grove of Daphne by order of the emperor Julian, 363. 13. Fabius, 250. 14. Demetrianus, 252. 15. Paul of Samosata, 260 - accused of
heresy, 264—condemned by a council, but refuses to submit, and is supported by Zenobia, 269-expelled by Aure
lian, 270. 16. Domnus I., 270. 17. Timæus, 272. 18. Cyrillus, 280. 19. Tyrannus, 302. 20. Vitalis, 315. 21. Philogonius, 320. 22. Paulinus I., 321-deposed for Arian
ism, 325. 23. Eustathius, 325 - deposed by the
Arians, 328. 24. Paulinus II., 328_translated from
Tyre-dies in six months. 25. Eulalius, 329 26. Euphronius, 330. 27. Placillus, 332. 28. Stephen I., 342-ejected, 348. 29. Leontius, 348. 30. Eudoxius, 358-translated to CP.,369. 31. Apianus, 359. 32. Meletius, 360-deposed by Constan
tius, 361-restored by Julian, 362again deposed by Válens, 376-reinblated by Gratian, 878–d. 381.
33. Euzoius, 361-appointed by Constan
tius, maintains the Meletian schism,
till his death, in 376. 34. Paulinus III., 362--a third rival bp. 35. Dorotheus, 376--Arian, appointed by
Valens on the death of Euzoius-de
posed, 378 d. 407. 36. Flavianus, 381-succeeds Meletius
refuses to concur in the proceedings against Chrysostom, 403–4. 404. 37. Porphyrius, 404. 28. Alexander, 413. 39. Theodotus, 420. 40. Joannes I., 429. 41. Domnus II., 442 - deposed by the
“Robber Synod," of Ephesus, 449. 42. Maximus II., 449. 43. Basilius, 456. 44. Acacius, 458. See ACACIUS. 45. Martyrius, 459—resigns on account
of the troubles created by Peter the Fuller, 471. 46. Julianus, 471. 47. Peter the Fuller, 476_expelled, 477
--restored, 485-d. 488. 48. Joannes 11., 477-expelled, 478. 49. Stephen II., 478. 50. Stephen III., 480—killed, 481, 51. Calandio, 481-expelled, 485. 52. Palladius, 488. 53. Flavianus II., 498-deposed by Anas
tasíus, and banished to Petra, 512. 54. Severus, 512—deposed by Justin I.,
and condemned to have his tongue cut
out, 519. 55. Paulus II., 519-abdicates, 521. 56. Euphrasius, 521 — perishes in the
earthquake, 526. 57. Ephraimius, 527. 58. Dominus III., 545. 59. Anastasius I., 559—deposed and ba
nished by Justin 11., 570—restored by
Maurice, 593–d. 599. 60. Gregorius, friend of Evagrius, 570
d. 593. 61. Anastasius II., 599 - slain by the
Jews, 610. The see remains vacant, and Christianity yields to Mohamme
danism, 638. ANTIOCHENUS, George, the Sicilian admiral,
anchors his fleet before CP., and plunders its vicinity, 1148-rescues Louis
VII. of France from the Greeks, 1149. ANTIOCHIANUS, consul of Rome, 270. ANTIOCHIS. See ARIARATHES IV. ANTIOCHUS I., Soter, son of Seleucus Ni
cator, receives Upper Asia from his father, B.c. 294-on his father's death, becomes k. of all Syria, 280—unsuccessful in his war against Nicomedes of Bithynia, 278-patronizes Berosus, 276– supports Magas of Cyrene in his war with Ptolemy Philadelphus, 264 - de
feated by Eumenes, near Sardis, 263 — on his accession, has to contend with
killed in battle with the Galatians, 261, Alexander Zebina, and with his mother, ANTIOCHUS II., Theus, son of Antiochus I., B.C. 125—-overcomes and slays Zebina,
k. of Syria, B.c. 261-repudiates Laodice, 123—puts his mother to death, 121-exand marries Berenice, 249 ---divorces pelled by his half-brother, Antiochus CyBerenice, and is poisoned by Laodice, zicenus, 113–shares his kingdom with 216.
him, 111-slain in a contest with him, 96. AntiochUS III., the Great, brother of Se- ANTIOCHUS VIII., Cyzicenus, son of Anti
leucus Ceraunus, k. of Syria, B.C. 223– ochus Sidetes and Cleopatra, claims makes war on Ptolemy Philopater, k. of Syria, B.C. 114drives Antiochus Grypus Egypt, and conquers Palestine, 218--de- to Aspendus, 113 — shares Syria with feated, and stripped of his conquests, 217 him, 111-defeated by Seleucus, son of -assisted by Attalus, k. of Pergamus, Grypus, and kills himself, 95. quells the rebellion of Achæus, in Lydia, ANTIOCHUS IX., Eusebes, son of Antiochus 216-14-attacks the Parthians and Bac- Cyzicenus, obtains the greater part of trians, 212--recognizes the independence Syria, s.c. 94-years of confusion and of Parthia, 210—endeavours to dismem- civil war follow-he is dispossessed by ber Egypt by war, 205—defeats Scopas, Philippus, 85, and his fate uncertain. and the Ætolian allies of Egypt, at Pa- ANTIOCHus X., Asiaticus, son of Antiochus nium, and conquers Coelo-Syria and Pa- Eusebes, goes to Rome, to obtain aid in lestine, 198---seizes the Thracian Cher- expelling Tigranes from Syria, B.c. 75– sonesus, 196—receives Hannibal, who made k. by Lucullus, 69-expelled by endeavours to reform the Syrian army Pompey, 65-d. 49. and its tactics, 195—-marries his daugh- ANTIOCHUS, son of Alexander Bala, set ter, Cleopatra, to Ptolemy Epiphates, up as a competitor for the crown of aud restores to him Cælo-Syria and Syria, by Diodotus Trypho, B.C. 143— Palestine, 193 – enters Greece, 192 murdered by him, 139. defeated at Thermopylæ, his fleet de- ANTIOCHUS, the nominal k. of Commagene, stroyed, he returns into Phrygia, 191 - deposed by Vespasian, and sent to Rome, defeated by L. Scipio, at Magnesia, 190 72. -makes peace with the Roioans, and ANTIOCHus, of Syracuse, concludes his resigns to them all Asia Minor, froin the History of Sicily, B.C. 423. Taurus to the Ægean Sea, 188— dis- ANTIOCHUS, a lieut. of Alcibiades, defeated misses Hannibal-d. 187.
by Lysander at Ephesus, B.C. 407. ANTIOCHUS IV., Epiphanes, brother of ANTIOCHUS, the phil. acad., fl. B.C. 87–
Seleucus Philopator, k. of Syria, s.c. 175 teaches Cicero at Athens, B.c. 79. -defeats the Egytian army, near Lake ANTIOCHUS, consul of Rome, 431. Sirbonis, 173—invades Egypt, and takes ANTI-ORANGE PARTY prevails in the UniMemphis, 171-negociates with Perseus ted Provinces, on the death of William a league against Rome, 170besieges II., 1650 — compelled by the popular Alexandria, 169—evacuates Egypt, and voice to appoint William III., 1672– plunders Jerusalem, 168—is resisted by prevails again on his death, 1702-comthe Jews, 166—d. 164.
pelled to appoint William IV., 1747– ANTIOCHUS V., Eupator, son of Antiochus supported by France, attempts to curtail
Epiphanes, k. of Syria, admitted, when the statholder's power, 1783 — expels only seven years old, to share his father's him, but is overpowered by Great Britain throne, B.C. 166—succeeds him, under and Prussia, 1787. the guardianship of Lysias, 164—loses a ANTIPATER, a gen, of Alexander, makes great part of his kingdom, conquered by war on Lacedæmon, and kills Agis III. the Parthians-is murdered by Deme- in battle, B.c. 331-defeated by Sosthetrius Soter, 162.
nes, the Greek leader, takes refuge in ANTIOCHCS VI., Sidetes, or Euergetes, Lamia, 323-assisted by Craterus, sub
son of Demetrius Soter, defeats and dues Ætolia, takes Athens, and transslays the usurper Tryphó, B.c. 139-oc- plants 3000 citizens into Thrace, 322– cupies the throne of Syria on the capti- regent of Macedon, 321--d. 318. vity of his brother, Demetrius Nicator, ANTIPATER and ALEXANDER, sons of Cas137 - besieges Jerusalem, 134 -- grants sander, contend for Macedon, B.c. 296— peace and immunities to the Jews- invite foreign aid, 295—are killed by sends valuable gifts to P. Corn. Scipio Demetrius Poliorcetes, 294. Africanus Æmilianus, 133—invades Par- ANTIPATER, the father of Herod, becomes
thia, 129—defeated and slain, 128. an ally of Rome, B.C. 47. ANTIOCHUS VII., Grypus, son of Deme- ANTIPATER, Athenian archon, B.C. 389.
trius Nicator and Cleopatra, k. of Syria, | ANTIPATER, Athenian archon, 45.
ANTIPATER of Tarsus, the stoic, succeeds ANTIPOPES—continued.
Diogenes, and writes against Carneades, Theophylactus, 767.
rated by Geo. II., 1751--of Edinburgh ANTIPATER, L. Cælius, writes a history of founded, 1780. the Punic wars, B.c. 123.
ANTI-REFORMERS, ejected by most of the ANTIPATER TYrius, stoic phil., and friend large constituencies, at the election of of Cato, d. B.C. 44.
May, 1831 -- many of them burnt in
Severus, and tutor to his sons, 1994 Sept.
preceptor of Diogenes, fl. B.C. 365.
-disseminated in Lithuania by Simon ANTIPHO, the framer of the “ government Budæus, 1584.
of 400,” at Athens, put to death, B.C. 411. ANTI-TRINITARIAN Society, founded by ANTIPHON, Athenian archon, B.c. 318. Socinus in Italy, 1546. ANTIPODES, the existence of, taught by the ANTIUM, taken by the Romans, B.O. 468–
priest Virgilius, for which he is con- restored to the Volscians, 457-made & victed of heresy, 748.
Roman colony and municipium; but deANTIPOPES. See their transactions under prived of armed ships, 338.
the respective dates in the Chronological ANTOINETTE, queen of France. See Marie. Tables.
ANTONINA, wife of Belisarius, accompanies
Rome were not then styled popes ; Naples to relieve Rome, 538.
M. Aurelius, and twin-brother of Com-
modus, b. at Lanuvium, Aug. 31, 161– Anastasius, 855.
d. 165. Sergius, 898.
ANTONINUS, T. Pius, proconsul of Asia, 121 Boniface VII., 974,
-adopted by Hadrian, Feb. 25, succeeds John XVI., 997.
him as emperor, July 10, 138—adopts M. Gregory, 1012.
Aurelius, and marries him to his daughSylvester, 1044.
ter Faustina, 139--gives a king to the Benedict IX., 1044–48.
Armenians-bis wall in Britain built, by
Lollius Urbicus, 140—death of his wife,
Faustina, 141-bestows salaries and disClement III., 1080.
tinctions ou the teachers of philosophy Gregory VIII., 1118.
and rhetoric in the provinces, 142--deAnacletus II., 1130-38.
dicates a temple to Hadrian, and distriVictor III., 1138.
butes money to the people, 145cele1159-64,
brates his decennaliap games, 148 Pascal III., 1164-68.
forbids all persecution of the Christians Callistus III., 1168–78.
-his reign the happiest period in RoInnocent III., 1178-80.
man history, 151-punishes Atilius TiSCHISM OF THE WEAT.
tianus with death for a conspiracy, 156 Clement VII., 1378-94.
-d. Mar. 7, 161. Benedict XIII., 1394-1424.
ANTONINUS, Marcus Aurelius, the name Gregory XII., 1409-15.
assumed by Caracalla, consul of Rome, Clement VIII., 1424-29.
202, 205, 208, 213--again by Elagabalus, Felix V. (Amadeus, duke of Savoy), as consul, 219, 220, and 222. 1439-49.
ANTONINUS, the bridge of, destroyed by an The following are by some added to the inundation of the Tiber, 791. list:
ANTONIO, duke of Athens. See ACCIAIOLI. Anastasins II., 496-497.
ANTONIO, natural son of Emanuel, late k. Dioscorus, 530.
of Portugal, defeated by the marquis Pascal, 687.
Irregularly elected in Santa Croce, in his expedition agaizst
opposition to ser- the Azores; the prisoners taken aro
massacred by order of the duke of Alvilag
1582–expedition of Drake and Norris to to Alexandria to assist in the conversion support him, 1589.
of Arians, 352-d. 357. ANTONIUS, M., the orator, b. B.C. 143--de- ANTONY, the monk, the name assumed by
fends Aquilius, 98 – killed in Cinna's the deposed emperor Andronicus II., 1332. struggle for the consulship, 87.
ANTONY of Bourbon, marries Jane D'AlANTONIUS, consul of Rome, 382.
bret, heiress of Lower Navarre, 1518ANTONIUS. See CONSTANTINOPLE, patri- birth of their son, the future Henry IV. archs of.
of France, 1553--they inherit Lower NaANTONIUS, C., son of the orator, joins Ca- varre, 1555-lieutenant-gen. of France,
tiline in opposing Cicero's election to the 1560 — joins the Guise faction, 1561 consulship, B.C. 64-consul of Rome, and takes Rouen from the Huguenots, and
Cicero's colleague, 63—banished, 59. dies of a wound received there, 1562. ANTONIUS, L., expelled from the Roman ANTONY CLEMENT, k. of Saxony, succeeds,
senate for irregularly divorcing his wife, May 5, 1827-shares his power with his B.C. 307.
nephew Frederic, and gives his people a ANTONIUS, L. Pietas, brother of Mark An- constitution, Sept. 13, 1830-d. June 6, tony, consul of Rome, B.C. 41-opposes
1836. Octavius, and is besieged by him in Pe- ANTONY's, St., Fire, the disease so called rusia-taken and pardoned, 40.
breaks out in Lorraine, 1089. ANTONIUS, M., son of the orator, and father ANTWERP, given to Godfrey of Bouillon, of Mark Antony, maritime prefect, B.C.
1076—the name of Lollards first used 75-attacks Crete, 74—d. there, 69.
there, 1300--Edward III. lands his army ANTONIUS, M. See ANTONY, MARK.
there, July 22, 1338 - building of its ANTONIUS, M. Gnipho, rhetorician-Cicero, church, 1422 — of its exchange, 1531—
when prætor, attends his lectures, B.C. 66. plundered by the ps of John of AusANTONIUS, Qu. Haterius, consulof Rome, 53. tria, 1576-resists the duke of Parma as ANTONY, MARK, tribune of the people, ex- Spanish viceroy, 1579— recognizes the
pelled from Rome, joins Cæsar, B.C. 49.- duke of Anjou, as sovereign, 1582-demaster of the horse to him, 47-consul, feats his attempted seizure, 1583-be44-quarrels with Octavius, after Cæsar's sieged by the duke of Parma, 1584 death; tries to make himself master of reduced by famine, surrenders, 1585Cisalpine Gaul, and is declared an enemy its commerce transferred to Amsterdam of his country, 44 – besieges Mutina; and Rotterdam, 1609--the Barrier Treaty defeated by the consuls, joins Octavius signed there, 5 (16) Nov. 1715 - taken and Lepidus to form the second trium- by the French, 1746--a military council virate, and murders Cicero, 43-remains of the allies held there, Apr. 8, 1793– in the East, attacks and kills Ariobar- held by the Dutch gen. Chassé against zanes, k. of Cappadocia, 42-summons Leopold, k. of Belgium; the citadel inCleopatra to answer for having assisted vested by mar. Gérard, Nov. 15—-capBrutus; they meet at Tarsus; he con- tured, Dec. 23, 1832-railway to Cologne, sents to the murder of her sister Arsinoë, Oct. 13, 1843-visit of queen Victoria, 41-accompanies her to Egypt; recon- Sept. 7, 1845. ciled to Octavius, and married to his ANULINUS, consul of Rome, 295. sister, Octavia, 40—concludes the treaty ANULLIANUS, P. Corn., consul of Rome, II., of Misenum with Octavius and Sextus 199. Pompeius, 39-arrives in Italy to ar- ANULLINUS, Corn., consul of Rome, 216. range a renewal of the triumvirate, 38—ANUND, Jacob, k. of Sweden, 1024-1051. concerts with Octavius the means of op- ANXUR, a city of the Volsci, taken by the posing Sextus Pompeius, 37-advances Romans, B.C. 406. into Media, is defeated, and retreats into | AODH, k. of Scotland, 880; uncertain. Egypt, 36-invades Armenia, and brings Aosta, its valley occupied by the SaArtavasdes a prisoner to Egypt, 34 lassi, a wild Alpine tribe, B.c. 143. divorces Octavia, 33-detaches himself APAMEA, taken by the Persians, 611. wholly from Rome, and celebrates a APELLES, the painter, fl. B.C. 332. triumph in Egypt; removes the library APELLICON, the library of, brought from of Pergamus to Alexandria ; prepares
Athens to Rome by Sylla, B.C. 84-confor war with Octavius, leads his forces tained the works of Aristotle which as far as Corcyra, and passes the winter Tyrannio copies, 68. with Cleopatra, at Patræ, 32—defeated APER, consul of Rome, 207. at Actium, 31-d. 30.
APER, assassinates Numerianus, and himANTONY, the founder of monachism, b. 252 self falls by the hand of Diocletian, 284.
-introduces it into Egypt, 305-patro- APER, M. Flavius, consul of Rome, 130uized by Athanasius, 328-called by him