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can Moors in Valencia, 1019-is killed | ABEN ABED, k. of Seville, takes Murcia, in battle near Granada, 1021.

1078-captures his revolted vizir, Aben ABDERAHMAN V. BEN Áixem, caliph of Omar, and executes him, 1035. Spain, 1022-assassinated, 1023.

ABEN HUD, Moorish k. in Spain, takes ABDERAHMAN, a Saracen commander in Granada, 1232-murdered by his gene.

Spain, 721-overcomes and slays Munusa rals, 1237. at Cerdagne, 731-defeated and slain by ABEN ISHAO BEN OMEYA, gov. of SantaCharles Martel and Eudes, 732.

rem, leagues with Ramiro, 935. ABDERAHMAN, son of the caliph Abdallah, ABEN OMAR, vizir of Aben A bed, king of

leads the royal army against his brother, Seville, conquers Malaga, and makes an Muhamad, 892 - overcomes his rebel. alliance with Alfonso VI., king of Caglious brothers, 894.

tile, 1079-accused of treachery, takes ABDERAHMAN brother of Abdelmelic, and refuge among the Christians, 1084-capson of Almansor, d. 1008.

tured by A ben Abed and executed, 1085. ABDILBAN, conspires with Abdallah against ABERCONWAY Castle, built 1282.

Abderahman III., and is put to death, ABERCROMBIE, General, repulsed by the 949.

French at Ticonderoga, July 8, 1758. ABDON, Jndge of Israel, B.C. 1165 (1232 H.; ABERCROMBIE, Ralph, b. 1738 — defeats 1212 C.)

Tippoo Saib, 1792-takes Trinidad, 1797 ABDUL AHMED, sultan of Turkey, 1774– -lands with a British army at the

perseveres in war with the Russians; Helder, Aug. 27, 1799—succeeded in the submits to the treaty of Kutchuk Kai- command by the duke of York, Sept. 13 nardji, July 21-d. April 7, 1789.

-lands with an army in Egypt, Mar. 8, ABDUL MEDJID, sultan of Turkey, June 30, 1801-defeats the French at Alexandria,

1839-by a firman, admits Christians to and falls mortally wounded, Mar. 21. office in Turkey, Jan. 8, 1849—invests ABERCROMBIE, James, brings scurrilous Abbas Pasha with the viceroyalty of publications for political purposes under Egypt, Jan. 12-encouraged by England the cognizance of the Commons, 1822and France to resist the demands of Rus- chosen Speaker in opposition to Mr. sia, Oct. 3, 1849—his propositions accept

Manners Sutton, Feb. 9, 1835—-resigns ed by Nicholas, Dec. 19-forbids the con- the office, May, 1839. struction of a railway from Alexandria ABERDEEN, University of, founded, 1497. to Cairo, Sept. 4, 1851-grants a firman ABERDEEN, Charles, earl of, lays the for it, Nov. 4-agrees to a treaty with Household Book of James V. before the France for the protection of the Holy Society of Antiquaries, 1826-appointed Places in Palestine, Feb. 13, 1852 foreign secretary, Jan. 1828– resigns, dismisses, and soon after recalls, Res- Nov. 16, 1830-becomes colonial secrechid Pasha, Jan.-March-issues a fir- tary, Dec. 10, 1834-resigns, Apr. 8, 1835 man for the rights of the Greek and -attempts, in vain, to form an adminisLatin churches in Palestine, May 4, 1853 tration, Feb. 22-27, 1851--becomes the --protests against the Russian occupa- head of a coalition ministry, Dec. 28, tion of the principalities, July 14 — 1852-resigns, Feb. 1, 1855. decides on war against Russia, Sept. 18 ABERNETHY, John, an eminent surgeon -invites the British and French fleets and popular lecturer on medical subto enter the Dardanelles, Oct. 8-enters jects, d. 1831. into a treaty of alliance with England ABGARUS, k. of Osrhoene, submits to Seand France, March 13, 1854 — places verus, 199---expelled by Caracalla, 216. Christians on an equality with Moham- ABIJAH, k. of Judah, B... 959–956. medans, Jan. 26, 1856-joins with his ABILENE, a province of Judæa, placed

allies in the Treaty of Peace, Apr. 27, under the jurisdiction of Agrippa, 53. ABEL, assassinates his brother, Erik IV., ABILIUS. See ALEXANDRIA, bishops of.

king of Denmark, and usurps the throne, ABIMELECH, Judge of Israel, B.C. 1238 1250-falls in battle against the North (1311 H.) Frisians, 1252.

ABINGDON, Lord, moves a resolution, that ABELARD, builds the convent of Paraclete, it is unconstitutional and illegal to raise

of which his mistress, Heloise, is ap- troops by private subscriptions, Jan. 16, pointed ab (see HELOISE), 1121 1778. --accused of heresy at the council of ABINGDON, Mrs., the actress, d. 1815. Soissons, and condemned to burn his ABINGEK, James Scarlett, Lord, attorneywritings, 1122-controversy with Ber- general, 1829-created a peer and chief nard, 1125--his doctrines condemned by baron of the exchequer, 1834-d. 1844. the council of Sens, 1140-d., and is bu- ABISHUA, Jewish high-priest, B.O. 1374 ried in the monastery of Paraclete, 1142. (1320 C.)

ABLAVIUS, consul of Rome, 331–prætorian, ABULFARAJI ALI, hist. of the Omeyan caprefect, put to death, 338.

liphs, d. 967. ABO, capital of Finland, built by Erik IX., ABULFEDA ISMAIL, prince of Hamah, Arab.

king of Sweden, 1157-its university hist. and geog., d. 1331.

founded, 1640-peace concluded at, 1743. ABUL HASSAN, king of Granada, 1466-reABO, Samuel, usurps the throne of Hun- fuses tribute, and renews the war with gary, 1041-44

Castile, 1478-4-revolt of his son, Abu ABOUKIR, a Turkish army routed at, by Abdallah, 1482-raises the siege of Loxa, Bonaparte, July 24, 1799.

See Nile, 1483-resigns the crown to his brother, Battle of the.

Abdallah el Zagal, 1484. ABOU Nokta, the Wahaby, plunders the ABULKATUR, or Husam, a Saracen com

towns of Yemen, 1804–surprised and mander in Spain, 743.

killed by the Turk Sherif Hamoud, 1809. ABULMELIC, after a reign of eight months ABRAHAM, birth of, B.C. 1993 (2153 H. ; in Murcia, is deposed by Abdallah Mo

2130 C.)-visits Egypt to buy corn, 1920 hamad, 1224. (2077 H. ; 2031 C.; about 1480 L.)-res- ABULOLA, Moorish king in Spain, 1227 — cues Lot from the Assyrians, 1912 (2070 retires into Africa, and d. 1232. H.)—birth of Ishmael, 1910 (2044 C.)- ABULPHARAGius, primate of the Jacobite birth of Isaac, 1896 (2053, H.; 2030 C.) Church, and hist.-d. 1286. --death of Abraham, 1821 (1978 H.; 1955 ABUL WALID, deposes his uncle, Nazar, C.)

and becomes king of Granada, 1313-ABRAHAM, Era of, begins Oct. 1, 2016 B.C.- slain in a revolt, 1325.

To reduce it to the Christian era, sub- ABUNDANTIUS, consul of Rome, 393—batract 2015 years and 3 months.

nished, 396. ABRAHAM, Heights of-Gen. Wolfe defeats A BU OBEIDAH, 6. 581-leads an army into the French there, Sept. 13, 1759.

Syria, reduces Anbar and Hira, 632—lays ABRANTES, Laura Junot, Duchess of, d. siege to Emesa, 635-d. 639. 1838.

ABU Said, kills Ismail, and usurps the ABSALOM, rebellion of, B.c. 1023.

throne of Granada, 1360-visits Peter of ABSIMAR, See TIBERIUS III., 698-705. Castile to ask his friendship, and is ABSOLUTISTS (partisans of Don Miguel, in treacherously slain by him, 1362.

Portugal), take arms, 1826—are driven ABU Ther, the Carmathian leader, pluninto Spain, assisted by Ferdinand VII., ders Mecca, and massacres the pilgrims, bnt checked by a British auxiliary force. 929. See CARLISTA.

ABYDOS, a Milesian colony, founded B.C. ABU ABDALLAH (or BOABDIL), revolts 715--the Athenian fleet driven from, by

against his father, Abul Hassan, 1482- Antalcidas, 388. taken prisoner, but released, 1483-con- ABYSSINIA, Peter Covilham detained there, tends with his uncle, Abdallah el Zagal, 1469_expulsion of the Portuguese, 1632. for the throne of Granada, 1484-main- See BRUCE. tains himself against Ferdinand of ABYSSINIAN ERA. The same as the later Spain, 1490—surrenders Granada, and MUNDANE ERA of Alexandria, which See.

retires with a pension into Africa, 1492. ABYSSINIANS, Frumentius preaches ChrisABU AYUB, or SULEIMAX, the Arabian his- tianity to them, 329–Justinian leagues torian, d. 909.

with them, 531-request the assistance ABU BEKER, 6. 571—first caliph or sacces- of the Portuguese in India against the

sor of Mohammed, sends an army into Mohammedans, 1508 - are referred to Syria, under Abu Obeidah and Caled, Lisbon, 1509—detain Rodrigo de Lima, 632-d. Aug, 23, 634. See ARABIA, ca- the Portuguese ambassador, 1520. liphs of.

Acacius, bp of Cæsarea, 340-contest with ABU Bekir, ameer of Lamtuna, founds Mo- Cyril of Jerusalem, 357. rocco, 1069.

ACACIUS, bp, of Antioch, 458-of ConstanABU JUSEF, k. of the Merines, assists the tinople, 471-excommunicates Felix III.

k. of Granada against the Christians, bp. of Rome, 484-d. 489,
1275-truce with Alfonso X. of Castile, ACADEMIE FRANÇAISE, founded, 1635.
1276-d. 1285.

ACADEMIE DES SCIENCES, founded, 1666. ABU JYUB, AYUB, or Job, killed in the ACADEMIE DES INSCRIPTIONS, founded, 1663, attack on Constantinople, 668.

ACADEMIES of learned men, instituted by ABUL ABBAS, or SAFFAH (descendant of Abderahman I., 773-founded at Rome,

Mohammed's uncle, Abbas) emerges Florence, and other cities, 1470. from obscurity and claims the caliphate, ACADEMUS, grove and school of Plato, 746-leader of the Abbassides, 747-ca- B.C. 374–continued by Speusippus, 347. liph, 750—d. 754. See Arabia, caliphs of. | ACADEMY of Berlin, 1702.

ACADEMY Della Crusca, originated at Flo- metrius II., king of Macedon, 239-call rence, 1582.

upon Antigonus Doson to assist them ACADEMY OF Music, at Paris, founded, 1672. against Cleomenes III., 223 — TimoACADEMY, Royal, of the Fine Arts, in Lon- xenus prætor, 221 - defeated by the

don, founded, 1768—of Music, 1823. Ætolians, at Caphyæ, 220 - a Roman ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, at Petersburg, fleet co-operates against them, 208-Phifounded, by Katharine I., 1725.

lopemen prætor, 201 - detached from ACANTHUS, a city of Greece, founded, B.C. Philip by Flaminius, 198—altercations 65+.

with the Lacedæmonians, and embassy ACAPULCO GALLEON. See Anson.

to Rome, 188—to Egypt, 187-Lycortas ACARNANIA, part of Epirus, attacked by prætor, 182–Polybius ambassador to

the Athenians, B.C. 454—again, 426-by Rome, 191-alliance with Rome, 177– the Lacedæmonians, 391 — submits to Polybius commands their cavalry, 169 them, 390 — occupied by an Athenian -a thousand hostages taken to Rome,

army to oppose Philip of Macedon, 343. 167-fruitless embassy to solicit their ACASTUS, Athenian archon, B.C. 1024. return, 155--300 restored, 151--Diæus Acca, bp. of Hagulstad, or Hexham, 710 prætor, 149--quarrel with the Lacedæ-expelled, 733—d. 737.

monians, when Rome interferes, 148Acca, daughter of Ælla, married to Ethel- retire to Corinth before Metellus, 147

frid ; unites Deira to Bernicia, 588. defeated at Leucopetra by Mummius, ACCESSION, HANOVERIAN, Aug. 1, 1714. aud Corinth taken, 146. See GEORGE I.

Ach£Us, of Eretria, tragic poet, 6. B.C. 484. ACCHO. See PTOLEMAIS.

ACHÆUS, rebels in Lydia against AntioACCIAIUOLI, ANTONIO, duke of Athens, 1394 chus, B.C. 216-assisted by Attalus I., -d. 1435.

of Pergamus, 215-overcome, and Sardis ACCIAIVOLI, Nerio, gov. of Corinth, ob- taken, 214.

tains possession of Athens and Thebes, ACHAIA, a State in the Peloponnesus, said 1386 — made duke of Athens; d. soon to have been founded by Achæus (a faafter, 1394.

bulous person, C.), B.c. 1080—invaded ACCIAIOLI, Nicolo, a Florentine banker, by Epaminondas, 366. See ACHAAN

acquires lands in the Morea, 1334-prime LEAGUE. minister to Katharine of Valois, 1339- ACHAIA, principality of, in the Morea, returns from the Morea to Italy, 1341– founded by William de Champlitte, 1205 hereditary grand-marshal of Naples, and -obtained by Geoffrey de Villehardouin count of Amalfi, 1348-conquers a large the Younger, 1210—hy Geoffrey II., 1218 part of Sicily for the king of Naples, -by his brother, William, 1246—con1354-raises the siege of Catania, and quest of the Morea, 1248—war with the returns to Naples, 1357-the barony of emperor Michael, 1259--three fortresses

Corinth is granted to him, 1358 d. 1365. ceded to him, 1262—betrothal of Isabella ACCIUS. See ATTIUS.

to Philip, son of Charles of Anjou, 1267 ACCOUNTS, Commission of, established, death of William, 1277 - Isabella, 1780.

princess, marries Florenz of Hainault, ACENCHERES, king of Egypt, B.C. 1549. 1291-Maud, their daugnter, and heiress ACERRA, the Count of, put to death in Si- of the principality, 1297. See ISABELLA cily, 1196.

and MĀUD, Katharine of Valois, regent, ACESTORIDES, Athenian archon, B.C. 504, 1339. 474.

ACHEPSION, Athenian archon, B.C. 482, ACHEAN LEAGUE revived, B.C. 280—joined ACHERRES, k. of Egypt, B.C. 1512.

by other cities, 276—Marcus of Cerynea ACHILLAS. See ALEXANDRIA, bishops of, prætor, 255—Sicyon joins, 251- Aratus ACHILLES, statue of, placed in Hyde Park, prætor, 245—joined by Corinth, Megara, June 18, 1822. and other states, 243-supported by An- ACHILLEUS, revolts in Egypt against Diotigonus Doson, and joined by Athens, cletian, 297. 229—at war with Lacedæmon, 227-Ar- ACHILLI prosecutes the Rev. J. H. Newgos rejoins, 195—Sparta joins, 192—Pto- man for a libel, 1852--defendant conlemy Epiphanes, of Egypt, renews his victed and fined, Jan. 31, 1853. alliance, 187 – attempt to revive the ACHMED I., sultan of the Ottomans, 1603 League, 149-broken up by the Romans, -1617. 146. See ACHÆANS.

ACHMED II., sultan of the Ottomans, 1691 ACHEANS, found Crotona and Locri, in - 1695.

Italy, B.C. 710—are assisted against the ACHMED III., sultan of the Ottomans, 1703 Ætolians by Agis IV. of Lacedæmon, declares war against Russia, 1710-de241—support the Ætolians against De- posed by the Janizaries, 1730.

ACHIMET, son of Bajazet II., rejected by the ADALBERT II., duke of Tuscany, conspires

Janizaries, 1511-put to death, 1512. with Berenger against Arnulf, 896-reACHOLIUS, bp. of Thessalonica, baptizes bels against Lambert, duke of Friuli, Theodosius, 380.

is made prisoner, released, and reinstated ACHORIS, k. of Egypt, B.C. 1537.

by Berenger, 898-d. 917. Achoris, k. of Egypt, B.C. 389 (Blair). ADALBERT III., duke of Tuscany, 1001-1014. ACHULGA, a Circassian fort, captured by ADALBERT, archbp. of Bremen, favourite the Russians, Aug. 29, 1849.

of Henry IV., emperor of Ger

ny, 1063 ACHYRONA, a village near Nicomedia, - banished, 1066.

where Constantine dies, May 22, 337. ADALBERT, brother-in-law of the emperor ACKERMANN, R., introduces lithography in Henry II., prevented by him from obLondon, 1817.

taining the archbishopric of Treves, 1008. ACRAZANES, k. of Nineveh, or Assyria, ADALBERT, bishop of Prague, killed in B.C. 860.

Prussia, 997. ACRE (See PTOLEMAIS), taken by Baldwin, ADALWALD, k. of Lombardy, 615—625.

k. of Jerusalem, 1104-by Saladin, 1187 ADAM, Adm. Sir Charles, governor' of -besieged by Guy of Lusignan, 1189— Greenwich Hospital, dies 1853. his army succonred by a fleet of Danes, ADAM, Gen. Sir Fred., dies, 1853. Frisians and Flemings, 1190--the kings Adam, Mr., introduces the Begum charge of England and France arrive, to whom against Warren Hastings, Apr. 15, 1788. the city surrenders, July 17, 1191-given ADAM, Sir Philip Villers de l'Isle, grandto the Knights Hospitallers, and called master of the Knights of Rhodes, 1521 St. John d'Acre, 1193—battle between -surrenders to the Turks, and retires the Genoese and Pisan fleets in the har- into Sicily, 1522-visits Henry VIII., bour of, 1223–Frederic II., emperor of

1528. Germany, lands, 1228-the Genoese fleet Adam, of Bremen, writes his History, 1063. defeated by the Venetians and Pisans, ADAMNAN, abbot of Iona, presents his book 1258-Prince Edward of England lands, on the Holy Places, to Alfrid, k. of Nor1270—drives Bibars from the siege of, thumberland, 703. 1271-capture of the city by Chalil, May ADAMS, Gen. H. W. dies, 1855. 18, 1291 — besieged by Bonaparte, March ADAMS, John, American ambassador at the 18, 1799-defended by Sir Sidney Smith; Hague, Apr. 19, 1782–presented to Geo. the siege raised, May 20-taken by Ibra- III., June 1, 1785 – vice-pres. of the him Pasha, 1832 — by the allied fleet, U.S., Apr. 14, 1789-pres., 1797–d. July Nov. 3, 1840.

4, 1826. ACRISIUS, first king of Mycenæ, B.C. 1344 ADAMS, John Quincy, b. 1769-pres. U.S., (1313, C.)

1825-loses his re-election, 1828-.d. 1848. ACROPOLIS of Athens, the Greeks fail in an Adams, Mr., calculates the elements of an attempt to relieve the, 1827.

unknown planet, 1845. See NEPTUNE. ACROPOLITA, George, the historiarı, chan-AD AUTOLYCUM. See THEOPHILUS, bp. of

cellor to Theodore Lascaris II., 1254- Antioch. made prisoner by Manuel, despot of Epi- | ADDA, k. of Bernicia, part of Northumrus, 1256—-released, 1259.

berland, 560-567. ACROTATUS, k. of Lacedæmon, B.C. 263— ADDA, a river in Italy-Odoacer defeated

falls in battle against Aristodemus, of there, Aug. 11, 490, and the French, by Megalopolis, 264.

Suvarof, May 27, 1799. Actium, battle of, Sept. 2, B.C. 31. Addington, Dr. Antony (father of Lord ACUNHA, TRISTAN D', visits Madagascar, Sidmouth), d. 1790. 1507.

ADDINGTON, Henry, b. 1757 — Speaker, ACYNDINUS, consnl of Rome, 340.

June 8, 1789-becomes premier, Mar. 17, ADAIR, Sir Robert, d. 1850.

1801 — created a peer. See SIDMOUTH, ADALARD, abbot of Corvey, a grandson of LORD.

Charles Martel, is counsellor and vice- ADDINGTON, ministry, Mar. 17, 1801—joined gerent of Pepin, in Italy, 798-restored by 'Tierney and Hobhouse, June, 1803to his ahbey, 821.

opposed by Pitt and Fox, Apr. 16, 1804 ADALBERT, son of Berenger, crowned with -displaced, May 12.

his father, king of Italy, Dec. 15, 950 — Addison, Joseph, b. 1672--Irish secretary, ou the defeat of his father, escapes to 1708-first performance of “Cato," Apr. Corsica, 964-returns to Lombardy, is 14, 1713-secretary to the council of redefeated, and conceals himself in the gency, 1714 - of state, 1717 resigns, mountains, 965.

Mar. 14, 1718-d. June 17, 1719. ADALBERT 1., duke of Tuscany, acts for “ ADDITIONAL ACT," of Napoleon, June 1, Carloman, 878—d. 890.


ADELA, wife of Baldwin IV., count of ADMINISTRATIONS, ENGLISH. See the

Flanders, hospitably receives Emma, names of the respective premiers. the widow of Canute, 1037.

ADMIRAL, appointed by Abderabman I., ADELAIDE, daughter of Rudolf II., ex-king 772.

of Italy, affianced to Lothaire, 938— ADMIRALTY, droits of, inquiry into, refused, married, 947 – she remains in Pavia May 5, 1820. after the death of her husband, 950 Avo, abp. of Vienne, 856-d. 875. 1ll-treated by Berenger, solicits the ADOLPHUS, or ATAULPHUS, k. of the Visiprotection of Otho, the emperor, who goths, 410--leaves Italy for the south of rescues, and marries her, 951-is crown- Gaul, 412-overcomes Jovinus and Seed empress of the West, 962 — visits bastian, 413 - marries Placidia, and Rome, 981-d. 999.

founds the Gothic kingdom in Spain, 414 ADELAIDE, a Russian princess, widow of -assassinated at Barcelona by Sigeric,

Otho, marquis of Brandenburg, married 415. to the emperor Henry IV., 1089-ac- ADOLPHUS, of Nassau, crowned k. of Gercuses him before the council of Con- many, at Aix-la-Chapelle, June 24, 1292 stance, 1094.

-ally of Edward I., 1294—defeated and ADELAIDE, daughter of Robert, count of slain by Rudolf's son, Albert, 1298.

Flanders, and widow of Roger, count of ADOLPHUS, Fred., duke of Holstein GotSicily, guardian of her two sons, 1101— torp, and bishop of Eutin, chosen suc

marries Baldwin, k. of Jerusalem, 1113. cessor to the throne of Sweden, 1743ADELAIDE, of Sardinia, marries Enzio, becomes king, 1751-d. Feb. 12, 1771.

natural son of the emperor, Frederic II., A DOLPHUS, Fred., seventh son of Geo. III., 1239.

6. Feb. 24, 1774. See CAMBRIDGE, duke of. ADELAIDE, of Louvain, married to Henry ADOPTIANs, heresy of, 792. 1., of England, Feb. 2, 1121.

ADORNO, Gabriel, doge of Genoa, 1363ADELAIDE, of Saxe-Meiningen, marries deposed, 1370.

the duke of Clarence, July 11, 1818— ADORNO, George, doge of Genoa, 1413. queen, 1830-crowned, 1831-visits Ger- ADORNO, PROSPERO, defeats a revolt in Gewany, July 5, 1834-d. Dec. 2, 1849. See

noa, 1477. AMELIA.

ADOSINDA, sister of Aurelius, k. of the ADELARD, Wm., a citizen of Ferrara, Goths in Spain, married to Silo, 771

raises troops to relieve Ancona, 1174. inaugurated, with her husband, at OviADELGISO, prince of Benevento, surprises edo, 774.

the emperor Louis, and the empress | A DRAMELES, or SAMMUGHES, k, of Nineveh Angilberga, 871 - saved by the pope, or Assyria, B.C. 687. and the emperor Basil, from the venge- ADRAMMELECH I., k. of Nineveh or Assyance of Louis, 873-defeated by the Sa- ria, B.C. 1000, La. racens, 875.

ADRAMMELECH II., k. of Nineveh or Assy. ADELGISUS, son of Desiderius, k. of Lom- ria, B.c. 840, La,

bardy - a marriage proposed for him ADRASTUS, k. of Sicyon, B.C. 1215 (1192 C.) with the daughter of Bertha, 770-es- ADRIAN. See HADRIAN. capes to Constantinople, 774-claims the ADRIAN IV., pope, 1154-quarrels with crown of Lombardy, 775 — totally de- Frederic I., emperor, and burns Arnold feated, 788.

of Brescia, 1155-gives Ireland to Henry ADELPHI. See TERENCE.

II., 1156–asserts Germany to be a papal A DELPHIUS, FL. consul of Rome, 451. benefice, 1157—puts a different interpreA DELUNG, John Christopher, prof. at tation on his letter, quarrels again, and

Leipzig, and librarian to Frederic Au- d. 1159.
gustus III., elector of Saxony, 1787-ADRIAN V., pope, 1276.
d. 1806.

ADRIAN VÍ., pope, Jan. 19, 1522-d. Sept. ADEX, on the coast of Arabia, taken pos- 14, 1523.

session of, by a British force, 1839. ADRIANOPLE, battle of, July 3, 323—taken ADEODATUS, pope, 672—676.

by the Bulgarians, 813, 914, 922-storm. ADHERBAL, defeats the consul Claudius, ed by Frederic I., emperor of Germany. off Drepanum, B.C. 249.

1190—Baldwin I. made prisoner by the ADUERBAL, expelled by Jugurtha from Bulgarians, 1205-taken by Theodore,

Numidia, B.c. 118—resto by the Ro- emp. of Thessalonica, 1224--Roger di man senate, 117–killed by Jugurtha, Flor assassinated, 1307-taken by Amu112.

rath, and made his residence, 1361ADIABENE, conquered by Sept. Severus, Charles XII. prisoner there, 1713—the 195.

Russians advance to, 1829---treaty conADIMANTUS, Athenian archon, B.C. 477. cluded, Sept. 14.

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