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glish, Apr. 21, 1801-restored to the sent with an army to assist him, 388 Dutch, 1814.

repulses the Persians in a naval battle, EUSTRATUS GARIDAS. See CONSTANTI- 385-hard pressed by them, 380m-conNOPLE, bishops of.

cludes a peace, 376-3. 374. EUTAW SPRINGS, battle of, gained by gen. Evagrius, à Nicenian, contends with De

Arnold over the Americans, Sept. 8, mophilus, an Arian, for the bishopric of 1781.

Constantinople, 370. “EUTERPE," the planet, discovered by Evagrius, b. 525-taken by his parents Hind, Nov. 8, 1853.

from Antioch to Apamea, 540-studies EUTHARIC, of the Amali race, married to at Antioch, 542-concludes and pub

Amalasontha, daughter of Theodoric, k. lishes his History, 593. of Italy, 515—-d. and leaves a son, Atha- Eva Maria (Violetti), b. 1723—widow of laric, 523.

David Garrick, d. 1822. EUTHARICUS, consul of Rome, 519.

EVANDER, Olympic victor, B.C. 524. EUTHIPPUS, Athenian archon, B.C. 463 H. EVANDER, Athenian archon, B.C. 382 C. See EURIPPUS, 461 C.

EVANDER, succeeds Lacydes as president EUTHYCRITUS, Athenian archon, B.C. 328. of the Academy, B.C. 215. EUTHYDEMUS. See BACTRIA.

EVANS, sir De Lacy,b.1787 --raises a British EUTHYDEMUS, Athenian archon, B.C. 556- auxiliary legion to serve in Spain against others, 450, 431, 426

the Carlists, 1835--returns from Spain, EUTHYMENES, Athenian archon, B.C. 437. June 20, 1837--serves before Sebastopol, EUTHYMIUS I. and II. See CONSTANTI- but is compelled by ill-health and exNOPLE, bishops of.

haustion to resign his command, Nov. EUTROPIUS, consul of Rome, 387.

11,1854—receives in his place the thanks EUTROPIUS, the eunuch, supplants Rufinus of the Commons for his services, Feb. 2, in the confidence of the emperor Arca

1855. dius, 395-oppresses the East by his EVELYN, John, b. 1620—d. 1706. avarice, 396-consul of Rome; disgraced; EVERETT, Edward, the American, b. 1794 saved by Chrysostom from the fury of - the degree of D.C.L. conferred on, at the people; banished to Cyprus; recalled, Oxford, June 28, 1843. and beheaded at Chalcedon, 399.

EVESHAM, battle of ; De Montfort, earl of EUTROPIUS begins to write his History, Leicester, and the barons defeated by 362-concludes it, and dedicates it to prince Edward, Aug. 4, 1265. Valens, 364,

EVIL MAY-DAY riots in London, 1517. EUTROPIUS, father of Constantius Chlorus. EVILMERODACH, or Elvarovam, king of See CLAUDIA,

Babylon, B.c. 563–559. EUTYCHES publishes his heresy, 447-con- Evora, taken by Alfonso I., k. of Portugal,

demned by a synod at Constantinople, 1166 — the parliament of, restricts the 448—and by a council, 449.

privileges of the Portuguese nobility, EUTYCHIANUS, consul of Rome, 398.

1481-conspiracy to reverse its orders, EUTYCHIANUS, bp. of Rome, 275-283.

1483. See BRAGANZA, duke of.-Taken EUTYCHIUS, exarch of Ravenna, 711--re- by Don John of Austria, 1663.

called, 713 — reinstated, 728 - Ravenna EWEN, colonel, removes k. Charles I. to restored to him by Liutprand, 729--con- Hurst castle, 1648.

quered by Astolfo, k. of Lombardy, 752. EXAGINETUS, Olympic victor, B.C. 416. EUTYCHIUS. See CONSTANTINOPLE, bishops EXARCHS of Ravenna, governors of Italy, of.

appointed by the emperors of the East, EUTYCHIUS. See JERUSALEM, bishops of. after its re-conquest by Belisarius and EUXENIPPUS, Athenian archon, B.C. 305. Narses: EUXINE and PROPONTIS, Milesian colonies

Longinus, 568-584. planted on the shores of the, B.C. 750

Smaragdus, 5844-590. Darius penetrates into Europe on its Romanus, 590—597. northern side, 507-the Goths fit out

Callinicus, 597-602. naval armaments and take Trebizond,

Smaragdus-restored, 602-611. A.D. 258crossed by Heraclius, 623. See Joannes Lemigius, 611-616. BLACK SEA.

Eleutherius, 616-619. Euzoius. See ANTIOCH, bishops of.

Isaac, 619-638. Euzoius, bp. of Cæsarea, succeeded by Plato, 638–648. Gelasius, 381.

Theodorus, 648. EVAGORAS, k. of Cyprus, receives Conon

Olympius, 649–652. after the battle of Ægospotamos, B.C. Theodorus-restored, 652–666. 405--assists the Atheniavs at Cnidus, Gregory, 666–678. 394—is assisted by them, 390~Chabrias Theodorus II., 678--687.

Joannes Plato, 687–702.

eminent men; the following are the most Theophylactus, 702-710.

known: Joannes Bizocopus, 710.

Sir James Eyre

1787 Eutychius, 710-713.

Sir Archibald Macdonald

1793 Scholasticus, 713–727.

Sir Vicary Gibbs

1813 Paul, 727.

Sir Alexander Thompson

1814 Eutychius, restored, 727-overcome by Sir Richard Richards

1817 the Lombards, 752.

Sir William Alexander

1824 EXCELMANS, marshal, d. 1852.

Lord Lyndhurst....

1831 EXCHANGE, bills of, invented by the Lom- Sir Jas. Scarlett, lord Abinger... 1835 bard merchants, 750. See Bills.

Sir Fred. Pollock

1844 EXCHANGE, Royal. See Royal EXCHANGE. Excise, devised by the Long Parliament, EXCHEQUER BILLS, issued to relieve mer- 1643-a new law proposed to the Com

cantile embarrassments, April 25, 1793– mons, March 14, 1733-violent opposition embezzled-see A SLETT-advanced for to the measure; petition of the city of the completion of the Thames tunnel, London against it, April 11; the project Mar. 3, 1835-forged by Beaumont Smith abandoned by sir R. Walpole-duties on to the amount of £350,000, 1841.

fur and leather remitted, Feb. 15, 1830. EXCHEQUER, chancellor of the, an officer EXCISE OFFICE, built on the original site of

originally judicial, of whom the first was Gresham College, 1774 - sold by governEustace de Falconbridge, bp. of London, ment, May 12, 1853. temp. Hen.III., 1221--becomes afterwards ExcLUSION BILL, to shut out James, duke of political importance, as manager of of York, from the throne. See Bill.the finances and often ministerial leader Introduced a second time, and parliaof the House of Commons; the most ment dissolved to get rid of it, 1681. noted are:

EXECUTIONS, the dates of the most noted Robert Walpole.

1715 may be found in this Index, by referring Mr. Sandys

1742 to the names of those who have underHenry Pelham

1744 gone the punishment. Henry Bilson Legge.

1754 EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE of the second French Lord Barrington

1761 republic established, May 10, 1848. Mr. Dowdeswell

1765 EXETER, called Uxella by the Romans, reCharles Townshend

1766 ceives its present name from the Saxons, Lord North

1767 at an uncertain period ; taken by the Lord John Cavendish

1782 Danes, 876—fresh bands arrive; Alfred William Pitt

1782 makes a treaty of peace with them, and Lord John Cavendish, again 1783 they retire, 877—he compels them to Wm. Pitt, Premier..

1783 raise the siege, 894–Athelstan turns out Henry Addington.


the British inhabitants, and fortifies the Wm. Pitt, third time....

1804 city, 938 --- plundered by Swein, 1003 Lord Henry Petty, now marquis of the bishopric erected by Edward the Lansdowne

1806 Confessor, 1049 - Baldwin de Redvers Spencer Perceval


holds out in, but he is brought to terms Nicholas Vansittart

1812 by k. Stephen, 1136—besieged by Perkin Fred. John Robinson.

1823 Warbeck, 1497-by the Devonshire inGeorge Canning..

1827 surgents, 1549 – taken by the royalists, Mr. Herries..

1827 1643-Henrietta, the daughter of Charles Henry Goulbourn

1828 I., born there, June 16, 1644—the city reLord Althorpe

1830 taken by Fairfax, 1646--William, prince Sir Robert Peel

1834 of Orange, arrives at, Nov. 8, 1688-railSpring Rice...

1835 way from Bristol opened, May 1, 1844. to H. Goulbourn

1841 Plymouth, May 29, 1846 ; to Crediton, Charles Wood.


1851. B. D'Israeli.....

1852 EXETER COLLEGE, Oxford, founded by WalMr. Gladstone..

1852 ter Stapleton, bp. of Exeter, 1314. Sir F. Cornewall Lewis

1855 EXETER CHANGE built by him, 1316_taken EXCHEQUER, Court of, in the division made down, 1829.

of the King's Court-see Common PLEAS, EXETER Hall built, 1830. Court of-receives power to decide in all EXETER, marquis of, bebeaded, 1538. matters relating to the public revenue; EXETER, marquis of, visited by queen Victhe limits of its jurisdiction defined by toria, at Burleigh House, Nov. 12, 1844. Edward I., 1285; its judges are styled EXETER, Henry Philpotts, bp. of. See barons; few among its chiefs have been GORHAM.

EXHIBITION, the Great, projected, Aug. 23, FABIUS, Q. Maximus Rullianus, master

1849—royal commission issued to prepare of the horse, gains a victory over the for it, Jan. 3, 1850-dinner at the Man- Samnites, in the absence of the dictator sion House to prince Albert and its pro- Papirius Cursor, and contrary to his ormoters, March 21; opened by the queen ders, for which he is threatened with in state, May 1, 1851-the queen and capital punishment, B.C. 325-consul of prince Albert attend a festival to cele- Rome; reduces the Samnites to great difbrate the exhibition, July 9; the exhi- ficulties by his victories, 322—dictator ; bition closed, Oct. 11.

defeated at Lautulæ, 315-consul II., 310 at Calcutta, Jan. 25, 1855.

-consul III.; compels the Etruscans to at Cork, opened June 10, 1852. make peace, 308_dictator II., 301-con

at Dublin, opened May 12, 1853; sul IV., 297--consul V.; gains the great closed, Oct. 31.

victory at Sentinum over the Samnites, at Manchester, 1857.

295-repairs the defeat of his son, and at New York, July 15, 1853.

completes the conquest of Samnium, for at Paris, May 15, 1855; closed, Nov. which he has a triumph, 292. 15.

FABIUS, Q. Gurges, son of Rullianus, consul EXILLES, battle of; the chevalier de Belle- of Rome, sustains a defeat from the Sam

isle defeated and slain hy Charles Ema- nites, which his father retrieves, B.C. nuel, k. of Sardinia, July 8,1747.

292. EXMOUTH, viscount. See PELLEW, Edw.–FABIUS, C., receives the name of Pictor, Bombards Algiers, and brings the dey to

for a painting in the Temple of Salus, submission, Aug. 27, 1816-d. 1833.

B.C. 311. Exodus. See ISRAELITES.

FABIUS, C, Pictor, consul of Rome, B.C. Ex OFFICIO informations against William

269. Hone and others, used to repress the Fabius, Numerianus Pictor, consul of discontent of the people, 1817-19.

Rome, B.C. 266. EXPENDITURE, public, reduced by the duke FABIUS, Q. Pictor, the historian, serves in of Wellington's government, Feb. 15,

the war against the Kelte, B.c. 225-sent 1830—by lord Althorpe, Feb. 11, 1831.

to consult the oracle of Delphi, after the “ EXPOSITION OF FAITH. See ECTHESIS.

battle of Canne, 216. EXTENTS in aid restricted, 1822.

FABIUS, Q. Maximus Verrucosus (Cunctator), EXTRICATUS, S. Messius, consul of Rome,

one of the Roman Augurs, B.C. 265-con217.

sul, 233-celebrates a triumph for his EXUPERIUS educates the two sons of Con.

victories over the Ligurians, 232-censtantine's brother, Dalmatius, who are sor, 230consul II., 228_dictator, 217— afterwards raised to the dignity of

avoids a battle with Hannibal, 216Cæsars, 330.

keeps him in check, 215—consul IV., 214 Eyck, Hubert and John Van, masters of the

-consul V.; recovers Campania, 213— early Flemish school, invent painting in

consul VI.; retakes Tarentum, 209–d. oil, 1425.

203. EYDER-the river, see DanaWERK-united FABIUS, Q. Maximus Servilianus, consul of to the Baltic by the canal of Kiel, 1785.

Rome, conducts the war in Spain against EYLAU, battle of; the Prussians and Rus

Viriathus, B.C. 142-concludes a peace, sians defeated by Napoleon I., Feb. 8,

which the senate refuses to ratify, 1807.

141. EZEKIEL, prophesies, B.C. 594.

FABIUS, Q. Maximus Allobrogicus, consul EZRA returns from Persia to Jerusalem,

of Rome, defeats the Arverni and AlloB.C. 458

broges, B.C. 121. See BITUITUS.


Fabius, bp. of Antioch, 250.


KRUMMACHER. FABIAN, bp. of Rome, 236-martyred, 256. FABRE D'EGLANTINE, guillotined during FABIANICO, Dominico, doge of Venice, 1032 the Reign of Terror, April 5, 1794. -1043.

FABRICIATO, Giovanni, master of the miliFABIANUS, L. Annius, consul of Rome, 201. tary at Venice, 741. FABII, the, secede from the patrician order, FABRICIUS, John Albert, 6. 1668–d. 1736.

join the Plebes, leave Rome and take up FABRICIUS, the naturalist, pupil of Lina position near the Cremera, B.C. 478—are næus, b. 1742–d. 1807. surprised and slain by the Veientes, 477. ) FABYAN, the English Chronicler, d. 1512.

TACCHINETTI, John Antony. See INNO- him; resigns his commission, July, 1650 CENT IX., pope.

-retires into private life, and on his faFACTORIES, employment of children in, re- ther's death inherits his titles;-&ssembles

gulated by Act 3 and 4 Will. IV., c. 103, a meeting on Marston Moor to demand 1833—by a law in France, 1841.

a free parliament, Dec. 24, 1659- takes Facundus, consul of Rome, 336.

possession of York, and communicates FACUNDUS, bp. of Hermia, writes in defence with gen. Monk; d. Nov. 12, 1671. of the “Three Chapters,” 545.

FAIRFAX, Edward, the translator of Tasso, FAENZA recovered by the emperor Frederic

d. 1632. II. from the Venetians, 1240-subject to FAIRLOP OAK, a noted tree in Hainault the Bolognese by the treachery of Tibal- Forest, Essex, 48 feet in girth, and said dello di Zambrasi, 1280-captured by

to have been the growth of 500 years, Cæsar Borgia, 1501 -seized by Venice, beneath which a fair was established in 1504-taken by the French, 1512.

modern times; injured by an accidental FÆSULÆ surrenders to Belisarius, 539. fire, 1806—blown down, 1820. FAGEL, Francis, b. 1659—d. 1746.

FAIRMAN, col., secretary of the Orange FAGEL, gen., commands the Dutch auxi- society, absconds, to avoid producing liary force in Spain, 1704.

papers demanded by a parliamentary FAGG, sir John, a member of the Com- committee, July 19, 1835.

mons, by his chancery suit with Dr. FAIRS established in Flanders, 963. Shirley causes violent disputes between FALAISE, birth-place of William the Conthe Lords and Commons, 1675.

queror, 1027-his statue erected there, FAGGIUOLA, Uguccione dalla, defeats Oct. 26, 1851.

Philip and Peter, brothers of Robert, FALCANDUS Hugo, or Foucault, writes his k. of Naples, and represses the Guelfs History of Sicily, 1154-1169-d.1193. in Lombardy and Tuscany, 1315.

Falco, Qu. Sosius, consul of Rome, 193. Fagius, Paul, a foreign Lutheran, promotes FALCONBRIDGE. See FAULCONBRIDGE.

the reformation at Cambridge, 1548–d. FALCONRY, sport of, revived at Redbourne, 1550.

by the duke of St. Albans, Oct. 8, 1828. FairTax, Ferdinand, lord, raises a force in Falczy. See Husch.

Yorkshire, to support the parliament, FALEDRO, Ordelafo, doge of Venice, 1102— 1642-defeated by the earl of Newcastle falls at Zara, defending Dalmatia against at Bramham Moor, March 29,1643--again the Hungarians, 1117. at Atherton Moor, June 29-assisted by FALEDRO, Vitale, causes Domenico Silvio, his son, takes col. Bellasis at Selby, Apr. doge of Venice, to be deposed, and him11, 1644 - occupies York, July 5—the self elected to fill his place, 1084 d. 1096. self-denying ordinance deprives him of FALIERO, Marino, doge of Venice, 1354– his command, Dec. 9.

he is accused of a conspiracy against the FAIRFAX, sir Thomas, son of lord Ferdi- nobles, and beheaded, April 17, 1355.

nand, 6. 1611–distinguishes himself in Talisci, the, revolt; are put down by the a victory gained at Wakefield, May 21, Romans in six days, and their towu de1643 - and afterwards at Horncastle; stroyed, B.C. 241. surprises and captures a royalist army Falkiöping, battle of; Albert, king of sent from Ireland to Nantwich, Jan. 15, Sweden, is defeated and made prisoner 1644-takes Bellasis, governor of York, by Margaret, qu. of Denmark and Norat Selby, Apr. 11- gains the battle of way, 1389. Marston Moor, July 3-commander-in- FALKIRK, battles of; Edward I. defeats chief of the parliamentary forces after Wallace, July 22, 1298-gen. Hawley the resignation of Essex, Dec. 31, 1644 defeated by the Scotch rebels, Jan. 17, defeats the k, at Naseby, June 14, 1645 1746. -recovers Leicester, 17—takes Bridg- FALKLAND ISLES, discovered by Hawkins, water, July 22-assists in taking Bristol, 1594 - dispute with Spain respecting Sept. 10-takes Dartmouth, Jan. 18, 1646 them, 1770—restored by the Spaniards, -Truro and Exeter; returns to London, Dec. 14, 1771-abandoned by the English, Nov. 12-heads the Independents, rules Sept. 1, 1774-re-occupied, 1833. the army, and refuses to lay down his FALKLAND, Lucius Cary, viscount, 6. 1610 arms, 1647-made governor of the Tower, -secretary of state to Charles I., 1642 1647-be quells a royalist insurrection slain at the battle of Newbury, 1643. at Maidstone, May 31, 1648—besieges FALMOUTH, Henrietta-Maria embarks at, sir Charles Lucas and sir George Lisle for France, July 14, 1644-visited by qu. in Colchester castle, Aug. 28--withdraws Victoria and prince Albert, Aug. 28, 1823. from the proceedings against Charles I., FALTO, P. Valerius, consul' of Rome, B.C. Jan 8, 1649 — and endeavours to save 238.

Falto, Q. Valerius, appointed to the office FARNESE, Alexander, eldest son of Ranuc

of Prætor peregrinus, B.C. 242-consul of cio I., b. dumb, is excluded from the Rome, 239.

succession, 1622. FAMAGOSTA, in Cyprus, taken by the Ge- FARNESE, Edward, second son of Ranuc

noese, 1373-surrenders to the Turks, cio I., ó. 1606--succeeds him, 1622-mar1571.

ries Margaret, daughter of Cosmo II., “FAME," Indiaman, burnt, with the valu- grand-duke of Tuscany, d. Sep. 12, 1646.

able collection made by sir Stamford FARNESE, Ranuccio II., eldest son of EdRaffles, in Sumatra, July 12, 1824.

ward, succeeds him, 1646–d. Dec. 11, FAMILY COMPACT. See BOURBON PRINCES. 1694. FAMINE, Bengal desolated by, 1771. FARNESE, Edward, eldest son of Ranuccio Cappadocia, 1370,

II., marries Dorothea Sophia, of NeuCilicia, 333.

burg, d. 1693. Constantinople, 446.

FARNESE, Elizabeth, or Isabella, his afflicts England, 1315 and 1438. daughter. See ELIZABETH. Europe, 1005.

FARNESE, Francis, second son of Ranuccio France, 1438.

11., b. May 19, 1678—succeeds his father, Ireland, from the failure of po- 1694-marries by papal dispensation his tatoes, relieved by a large subscription brother Edward's widow, Dorothea in England, April, 1822 - again, and Sophia, 1695-d. Feb. 26, 1727. relieved by a parliamentary grant of FARNESE, Antony, third son of Ranuccio £10,000,000, 1847.

II., 6. Nov. 29, 1692—succeeds his brother afflicts Lombardy, 1276—Phrygia, Francis, 1727 - marries Enrichetta 1370—Rome, B.c. 492; 439-A.D. 51; 189 D'Este, daughter of Rinaldo, duke of -Spain, 687-Syria, 333; 687.

Modena, Feb. 5, 1728-d. without issue, FANAGORIA surrenders to the allies, Sept. 1731- the house of Farnese extinct. 24, 1855.

FARNHAM, battle of; Alfred defeats the FANNIUS, the historian, is in Scipio's army Danes, 894.

at the taking of Carthage, B.C. 146– Faro Islands taken by Harold Harfagr, serves in the Spanish war, 142.

k. of Norway, about 890. FARADAY, Michael, b. 1794.

FAROALDUS, duke of Spoleto, seizes Classis, FARMER, Antony, mandate of James II. to the port of Ravenna, which he gives up

elect him president of Magdalen College, again, 716. Oxford, April 11, 1687.

FARQUHAR, Thomas, b. 1678–d. 1707. FARNESE, Alexander, b. 1467 — appointed FARQUHAR, John, 6. 1751-purchases the

cardinal, 1493—elected pope, 1534. See Fonthill estate, 1822-sells the splendid Paul III., pope.

effects there, Sept. 9, 1823-d. 1826. FARNESE, Péter Louis, natural son of Paul FARQUHAR, Sir Walter, d. 1819.

III., fails in an attempt to seize Came- FARREN, Miss, retires from the stage, Apr. rino with his father's assistance, 1534- 1, 1797. See DERBY, countess of. created by him duke of Parma, 1545— FARRINGDON. See Enward the Elder. suspected of being an accomplice in the FARRINGDON STREET. See FLEET MARKET. plot of Fiesco, at Genoa; is assassinated, Fasti. See AUSONIUS, and CAPITOLINE Sept. 10, 1547.

FASTI. FARNESE, Octavius, son of Peter Louis, b. FASTOLFE, Sir John, gains the battle of

1523 — marries Margaret, daughter of Herrings, and brings a convoy of stores Charles V., 1538-succeeds his father as to the camp before Orleans, Feb. 12, 1429 duke of Parma, 1547-d. 1586.

-defeated at Patay, and disgraced, June FARNESE, Alexander, son of Peter Louis, 13.

b. 1520-created a cardinal by his grand- FASTEADA marries Charlemagne, 783—d. father, Paul III., 1534-sent by him on 794. an embassy to Charles V., 1539.

FATHERS of the Oratory, the Order of the, FARNESE, Alexander, son of Octavius, b. founded at Paris by Berulle, 1611.

1545-gov.of the Netherlands, 1579. See Fatima, daughter of Mohammed and CaALEXANDER FARNESE.

dijah, 6.610_married to her cousin, Ali, FARNESE, Ranuccio 1., son of Alexander, 619-d. 632.

succeeds his father as duke of Parma, FATIMITES, the sect of Ali, or Shiites, a 1592-marries Margaret Aldobrandina, division of Mobammedans, who maintain grand-daughter of pope Clement VIII., that Ali, the husband of Mohammed's d. 1622.

daughter, Fatima, was the rightful caFARNESE, Edward, second son of Alexander, liph, or successor of the prophet, and

created a cardinal by pope Gregory XIV., that his descendants alone ought to reign 1591.

over the faithful; they separate from

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