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LONDON: PRINTED BY JAMES MOYES, CASTLE STREET,
THE TWELFTH VOLUME.
THE RULE OF CONSCIENCE.
OF CONSCIENCE, THE KINDS OF IT, AND THE GENERAL RULES
OF CONDUCTING THEM.
OF THE CONFIDENT OR ERRONEOUS CONSCIENCE.
An erroneous Conscience defined
An erroneous Conscience binds us to Obedience, but not so as a right
An erring Conscience is a Cause of Sin
It is a greater Sin to do a good Action against our Conscience, than to
do an evil Action in Obedience to it
It is not lawful to delight in an evil Action, after the Discovery of our
Conscience is to be obeyed even against the Commandment of our
An abused Conscience ought to be reformed by the Will, and con-
The Error of a Conscience is not always to be opened to the erring
OF THE PROBABLE, OR THINKING CONSCIENCE.
A probable Conscience defined
A probable Conscience may be made certain
Of two Opinions equally probable, one may be safer ..
An Opinion speculatively probable, is not always practically the same.. 72
The greater Probability destroys the less. .....
When two Opinions seem equally probable, the last Determination is
to be made by collateral Inducements..
It is not lawful to change our practical Sentence, while the same
A Probability is not to be followed, except in great Necessity
Multitude of Authors is not ever the most probable Inducement ...... 90
In following the Authority of Men, the Choice is wholly to be con-
ducted by Prudence...
A probable opinion may be lawfully deposed, upon Confidence of the
Sentence of another
He that inquires of several Doctors until he find one answering accord-
ing to his Mind, cannot by that Inquiry make bis Conscience safe .. 113
A Man may sometimes answer against his own Opinion
The Guide of Souls may sometimes proceed according to the Con-
science of the Penitent
The probable Sentence of a prudent Man, is more than a probable War-
ranty to Actions otherwise undeterminable
OF A DOUBTFUL CONSCIENCE.
A doubtful Conscience defined
A negative Doubt binds only to Caution and Observance
A privative Doubt cannot obstruct a prudent Inducement
In Doubts of Right, or Law, we are always bound to inquire, but in
Doubts of Fact not always
In Doubts, the safer part is to be chosen
The Conscience may act against a speculative Doubt
Every Judgment of the Conscience is sufficient for the Deposition of
Of two contrary Precepts, the more binding is preferable......
A Conscience sufficiently instructed by proper Arguments may
proceed to Action against the Scruple....
He that is troubled with Scruples, ought to rely upon the Judgment of
a prudent Guide ...
When a Doubt is resolved in the Entrance of an Action, we must judge
of our Action by the same Measures as before..
The Law of Nature is the Foundation of all Laws, and the Measure of
The greatest Band of the Law of Nature is the Fear of Punishment.... 230
The second Band of Virtue is Love
The Imperfection of civil Laws is supplied by natural Obligation ....