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always saying that “the proper object of love is not the body, but the mind;" you who say at the same time, that you ought to remain faithful to the objects of your love, till they are eight-and-twenty years of age. And Ariston of Ceos, the Peripatetic, appears to me to have said very well (in the second book of his treatise on Likenesses connected with Love), to some Athenian who was very tall for his age, and at the same time was boasting of his beauty, (and his name was Dorus,) “ It seems to me that one may very well apply to you the line which Ulysses uttered when he met Dolon
Great was thy aim, and mighty is the prize.? 16. But Hegesander, in his Commentaries, says that all men love seasoned dishes, but not plain meats, or plainly dressed fish. And accordingly, when seasoned dishes are wanting, no one willingly eats either meat or fish; nor does any one desire meat which is raw and unseasoned. For anciently men used to love boys (as Aristophon relates); on which account it came to pass that the objects of their love were called maidiká. And it was with truth (as Clearchus says in the first book of his treatise on Love and the Affairs of Love) that Lycophronides said
No boy, no maid with golden ornaments,
'Tis modesty that gives the bloom to beauty. And Aristotle said that lovers look at no other part of the objects of their affection, but only at their eyes, in which modesty makes her abode. And Sophocles somewhere represents Hippodamia as speaking of the beauty of Pelops, and saying
And in his eyes the charm which love compels
Makes his work correspond to his careful rule.2 17. And Licymnius the Chian, saying that Somnus was in love with Endymion, represents him as refusing to close the eyes of the youth even when he is asleep; but the God sends his beloved object to sleep with his eyelids still open,
· Iliad, x. 401. 2 This fragment is from the Hippodamia.
so that he may not for a single moment be deprived of the pleasure of contemplating them. And his words are these
But Somnus much delighted
And lull’d the youth to sleep with unclosed lids. And Sappho says to a man who was admired above all measure for his beauty, and who was accounted very handsome indeed
Stand opposite, my love,
The beauteous grace which from your eyes doth flow.
Oh, boy, as maiden fair,
Which my soul's course incessantly do guide.'
The man who gazes on the brilliant rays
i Black, and composed of adamant or iron. 2 But the Cyclops of Philoxenus of Cythera, in love with Galatea, and praising her beauty, and prophesying, as it were, his own blindness
, praises every part of her rather than mention her eyes, which he does not; speaking thus :
True flower of love, my beauteous Galatea. But this is but a blind panegyric, and not at all to be compared with the encomium of Ibycus :
Beauteous Euryalus, of all the Graces
Combin'd to nourish you on beds of roses.
The light of love shines in his purple cheeks. i Ode 67.
2 This is not from any one of the odes, which we have entire; but is only a fragment.
18. But you profor having all the objects of your love shaved and hairloss. And this custom of shaving the beard originated in the nge of Alexander, as Chrysippus tells us in the fourth book of his treatise on The Beautiful and on Plea
And I think it will not be unseasonable if I quote what he says; for he is an author of whom I am very fond, On nocount of his great learning and his gentle good-humoured disposition. And this is the language of the philosopher:"The custom of shaving the beard was introduced in the time of Alexander, for the people in earlier times did not powotise it ; and Timotheus the flute-player used to play on the dute having a very long beard. And at Athens they Preu now wemember that the man who first showed his chin, (mand he is not a very ancient man indeed) was given the surmame of Kapos;on which account Albas says
Tanr man whose beard has been
v laser pour dia pun
dah rouNa ter which has met meka men?
Coleh man was a deed And Nups were be armee whose chin was NALA la sua pars have great ground
Yasing war harige man and not a With when an, riding a horse, *** Wuth the perfumed all over,
ing to those partivan die ou who has what a Intófopvos
Rhodes, though one ever prosecutes ou is shaved. And
barber 1 From the Æolus.
and professed discipline of your sect, said that “those who misunderstood and failed rightly to enter into the spirit of his words, would become dirty and ungentlemanlike-looking ; just as those who adopted Aristippus's sect, but perverted his precepts, became intemperate and shameless.” And the greater portion of you are such as that, men with contracted brows, and dirty clothes, sordid not only in your dispositions, but also in your appearance. For, wishing to assume the character of independence and frugality, you are found at the gate of covetousness, living sordidly, clothed in scanty cloaks, filling the soles of your shoes with nails, and giving hard names to any one who uses the very
smallest quantity of perfume, or who is dressed in apparel which is at all delicate. But men of your sect have no business to be attracted by money, or to lead about the objects of their love with their beards shaved and smooth, who follow you about the Lyceum
Thin, starved philosophers, as dry as leather, as Antiphanes calls them.
20. But I am a great admirer of beauty myself. For, in the contests at Athens) for the prize of manliness, they select the handsomest, and give them the post of honour to bear the sacred vessels at the festivals of the gods. And at Elis there is a contest as to beauty, and the conqueror has the vessels of the goddess given to him to carry; and the next handsomest has the ox to lead, and the third places the sacrificial cakes on the head of the victim. But Heraclides Lembus relates that in Sparta the handsomest man and the handsomest woman have special honours conferred on them; and Sparta is famous for producing the handsomest women in the world. On which account they tell a story of king Archidamus, that when one wife was offered to him who was very handsome, and another who was ugly but rich, and he chose the rich one, the Ephori imposed a fine upon him, saying that he had preferred begetting kinglings rather than kings for the Spartans. And Euripides has said
Her very mien is worthy of a kingdom.1 And in Homer, the old men among the people marvelling at the beauty of Helen, are represented as speaking thus to one another