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Manna a MANNA was a TYPE of Jesus CHRIST, type.

the bread of life (John vi. 32, 33): (1.) It came down from heaven; (2.) It was the gift of God; (3.) It was given in sufficient quantities for all ;

(4.) It was gathered six days, but not on the Sabbath; so we may seek God's grace as long as we live, but on the Sabbath of death it is too late; none can find it then, though those who have found it will enjoy it;

(5) Each Israelite had just enough, so Christ is " sufficient" for each believer;

(6) It was bruised, kneaded, and baked in an oven; so Christ was bruised, afflicted, and cast into the furnace of God's wrath;

(7.) It was despised by the people;

(8.) It never lacked while the people remained in the wilderness, so Christ will never leave or forsake his people; and

(9) It ceased entirely as soon as the people entered Canaan, as grace is changed to glory, and faith to praise, after the resurrection.

The ROCK of HOREB was a TYPE of a type.

JESUS CHRIST (1 Cor. x. 4): (1.) Christ is the Rock of Ages-strong as a rock to protect his people—and firm as a rock against all adversaries;

(2.) He was smitten and wounded for our sins, as the rock of Horeb was smitten and rent for the murmuring people;

Horeb's rock

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(3.) He is the water of life, and, therefore saith : If

any man thirsteth, let him come unto me and drink;" (See also Isa. xxxii. 2.)

(4.) He would have been no Saviour had he not suffered; and water would not have issued from the rock of Horeb had it not been smitten;

(5.) He is all sufficient for every sinner, as the water was sufficient for all the Israelites;

(6.) Nothing can quench the love of Christ, and not even the sands of the thirsty desert could exhaust the water which flowed from this rock;

(7.) Christ came to seek sinners, as the water flowed to the camps and even followed the movements of the people.

Moses' VEIL taught by a kind of legorical.

allegory: (1) That the “law” was obscure, like a light covered with a veil. It was full of types and shadows, which are in fact veiled truths ;

(2) That the people would not be able to see clearly the meaning of those types; they would see them "

through a glass darkly," or person sees a face covered with a veil, very imperfectly. (2 Cor. iii. 15.)

Moses' veil al

as a




The tabernacle.

The TABERNACLE was a kind of moveable church, oblong and quadran

Of what made.

How di. vided.

gular. In length 60 feet, in breadth and height 20.

It was made of acacia wood, highly

ornamented, and overlaid with plates of gold and silver. The roof was made weatherproof by three coverings of different sorts of hides. Where placed. It was erected in an open Court, 200 feet long and 100 broad; and was fenced in by superb curtains, suspended on pillars overlaid with silver.

It was divided into two unequal parts

by a veil of exquisite needlework. The smaller part was called the Holy of holies, and the larger the Sanctuary.

The Holy of holies, which was

entered but once a year (the great day of atonement), and then by the highpriest only, contained the Ark of the Covenant and the Mercy-seat. What was in The Sanctuary, which only priests the Sanctuary.

were allowed to enter, contained the Table of Shew-bread, the Altar of Incense, and the Golden Candlestick.

The open Court, in front of the

tabernacle, contained the Altar of Burnt Offering and the Brazen Laver.

The Ark was a box made of acacia or shittim wood, overlaid within and with

What the Holiest contained.

What the Court contained.

The Ark described.


out with gold. In it were preserved the two tables of the law.

It was 5 feet long, 3 broad, and 3 deep. The rod of Aaron which blossomed, and a pot of

manna, were also laid up in the ark. The Mercy. The Mercy-seat was the golden lid of

the ark, on which stood two golden cherubins, with extended wings, under which God used to shew himself and reveal his will to the ministering high-priest.

God shewed bimself on the Mercy-seat in the form of a light, called in Hebrew Shec'hinah. Hence He is often said to " dwell or sit between the cherubims."

The Table of Shew-bread was 4 feet

long, 2 broad, and 3 high, made of acacia, overlaid with gold. Upon the top were always kept twelve loaves of unleavened bread, which were renewed every Sabbath morning. Meaning of These loaves were called Shew-bread

because they were not for food, but merely for a sacred shew or offering. The old bread was eaten by the priests when the new was substituted.

The Altar of Incense was a small

table of acacia, 2 feet square and 4 high, overlaid with gold, on which the priest burnt fragrant spices or incense every morning and evening.

The Table of


The Altar of

The Golden

The Golden Candlestick was a mas

sive upright pillar, with six branches. Both the stem and branches held a lamp, dressed every morning and evening with pure oil, which was kept always burning.

This candelabra contained a cwt. of pure gold. The Altar of The Altar of Burnt Offering was Burnt-offering

an altar 10 feet square and 6 high, made of acacia wood, plated with brass. There was a horn at each corner to hold up a brazen grate, on which the victim to be burnt was laid.

This altar stood in the open court, that the smoke might not disfigure the tabernacle. The first sacrifice offered on it was consumed by fire from heaven, and this fire was never afterwards suffered to go out.

Soon after the appointment of the priesthood, Nadab and Abihu, the two elder sons of Aaron, presumed to use other fire, and were immediately struck dead by lightning. (Lev. x. 1, 2.)

The Brazen Laver, which contained water for the ablutions of the priests, was made of the brass mirrors of the Israelitish

The Laver.


The encampment of the Hebrews covered a space of 12 miles in circumference, and was like a vast city of tents, in the centre of which stood the tabernacle. Next to the tabernacle stood the tent of Moses, Aaron, and the Levites, the priests being located in the court of the tabernacle. These arrangements were minutely observed at every station.

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