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Whither Cain He went in exile to the land

went then.

of Nod, where he had a son, from whom descended a numerous progeny.

Nod, on the "East of Eden," is supposed to have been the low country of Susiàna.

For what they were renowned,

This progeny was famous for the invention of numerous handicrafts, but every man of it was wicked.

brated of them.

The most cele- The most celebrated of the posterity of Cain were the five following:

(1.) Enoch, after whom the first city was named;

(2.) Lamech, the first to marry two wives, and a murderer like Cain;

(3.) Jabal, who invented the art of tent-making;

(4.) Jubal, the inventor of musical instruments, such as "the harp and organ;"

(5.) Tubal-Cain, the first blacksmith; who discovered the art of melting metals, and of forging instruments of brass and iron.

Section I.

SETH.

B.C. 3870.

GENESIS V.

of Adam.

The third son The third son of Adam was SETH, who dwelt on the plains of Eden. He was a righteous man.

Seth means a substitute, a name given to this son because he was born after the death of Abel, whose place he supplied. He is thought to have been the inventor of letters.

What his descendants were called.

His descendants were called the sons of God, because they were good men; whereas the wicked descendants of Cain are called in Scripture the children of men.

brated of them.

The most cele- The most celebrated of Seth's posterity were these four:

(1.) Enoch,* a righteous man, who was translated to heaven without dying; (2.) Methuselah, who lived 969 years, the greatest age ever attained by man; (3.) Lamech,* father of Noah; and

Enoch and Lamech, the posterity of Seth, must not be confounded with Enoch and Lamech, the descendants of Cain. (See p. 16.)

c 3

How they angered God.

(4.) Noah, who was saved in an ark when the world was destroyed by water. In the process of time the descendants of Seth displeased God by intermarrying with the descendants of Cain; whereby they gradually became corrupted also. (Gen. vi. 11.)

CHAPTER IV.

THE FLOOD.

B.C. 2344-2343.

GENESIS VI.-VIII.

How God shewed

his displeasure.

GOD shewed his anger at the corruption of mankind by sending a Flood to destroy the inhabitants of the earth.

How the flood

was produced.

The Flood was produced by breaking up the fountains of the great deep, and by a fall of rain, without intermission, for forty days and nights.

How high the flood rose.

The waters rose to the height of 15 cubits, or 25 feet above the summit of the highest mountain.

Who was saved. The only persons saved were Noah and his three sons, with the four women, their wives;

What else was saved.

Two of every unclean beast and bird, fit for neither food nor sacrifice, and seven of every clean creature.

Calmet says: The number of beasts received into the ark is not so great as some have imagined. We know about 150 species of quadrupeds; of birds somewhat more, but smaller in size; of reptiles 30 or 40 species. Of beasts not more than six species are larger than a horse, and among birds, few are larger than a swan.

On the other hand, Dr. J. Pye Smith says: There are of existing mammalia more than 1000 distinct species; of birds 5000; of reptiles 2000; and of insects at least 100,000 species.-Geo. p. 155.

were saved.

How they All these creatures were saved in a great Ark built by Noah, under the direction of God.

Size of

the ark.

The size of this Ark was about 550 feet long, 90 broad, and 50 high. It was built of gopher or cypress wood,

[B.C. 2343.

and was pitched both within and without with pitch.

resembled.

What the ark It resembled in appearance a great house; but it had only one door and one window.

How the ark was divided.

It was divided into three stories besides the hold, which probably contained fresh water for the use of its inmates.

According to Dr. Hales, the Ark was large enough to contain 20,000 men.

The first storey might be the granary to contain one year's provisions for the animals in the Ark; the second might be appropriated for the quadrupeds; and the third for the fowls. The hold would contain 31,174 bushels of fresh water; the granary was amply sufficient to contain all the hay, fruits, and herbs, which would be required; and the second storey would contain not only the quadrupeds to be saved, but also 3650 sheep for food.-(Calmet.)

took to build.

How long it Noah took 120 years to build the ark; during all which time he exhorted men to repent that God's wroth might be averted; but they heeded

him not.

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