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How high the flood rose.

Who was saved.

What else was saved,

The waters rose to the height of 15 cubits, or 25 feet above the summit of the highest mountain.

The only persons saved were Noah and his three sons, with the four women, their wives;

Two of every unclean beast and bird, fit for neither food nor sacrifice, and seven of every clean creature.

Calmet says: The number of beasts received into the ark is not so great as some have imagined. We know about 150 species of quadrupeds; of birds somewhat more, but smaller in size; of reptiles 30 or 40 species. Of beasts not more than six species are larger than a horse, and among birds, few are larger than a swan.

On the other hand, Dr. J. Pye Smith says: There are of existing mammalia more than 1000 distinct species; of birds 5000; of reptiles 2000;

and of insects at least 100,000 species. ---Geo. p. 155. How they All these creatures were saved in a great Ark built by Noah, under the direction of God.

The size of this Ark was about 550 feet long, 90 broad, and 50 high. It was built of gopher or cypress wood,

were saved.

Size of the ark.

What the ark resembled.

How the ark was divided.

and was pitched both within and without with pitch.

It resembled in appearance a great house; but it had only one door and one window.

It was divided into three stories besides the hold, which probably contained fresh water for the use of its inmates.

According to Dr. Hales, the Ark was large enough to contain 20,000 men.

The first storey might be the granary to contain one year's provisions for the animals in the Ark; the second might be appropriated for the quadrupeds; and the third for the fowls. The hold would contain 31,174 bushels of fresh water; the granary was amply sufficient to contain all the hay, fruits, and herbs, which would be required; and the second storey would contain not only the quadrupeds to be saved, but also 3650 sheep

for food.-(Calmet.) How long it

Noah took 120 years to build the ark; during all which time he exhorted men to repent that God's wroth might be averted; but they heeded him not.

took to build.

How long Noah was in the ark.

Where the ark stranded.

He was shut up in the ark for twelve months and two weeks, but the waters of the flood began to abate on the 150th day.

The wind blew the ark to Armēnia, where it struck against the top of Mount Arărat, and rested there in the 7th month.

Mount Ar'arat lies 39° north latitude, and 40' 30' east longitude. It is nearly in the middle of the vast ridge called Taurus, between the Euxine and Caspian Seas. Its summit rises 17,260 feet above the sea, and is in the region of perpetual snow. The entire distance which the Ark passed over in seven months was probably

not above 100 miles. How Noah knew In order to know if the waters had abated, Noah sent forth a raven and a dove. The raven never returned, but the dove flew back, and was taken into the ark again. Why the raven The raven did not return be. did not return. cause it found ample food in the dead carcases which floated on the waters. Why the dove

The dove, on the other hand,

the flood abated.

did return.


The dove sent forth again.

returned because it could not feed on carrion, and no green thing had yet appeared. Noah repeats the After a lapse of seven days, Noah sent forth the dove again; and in the evening it came back with a green olive leaf in her beak. Noah's inference He instantly inferred that the tops of the trees were above the level of the water.

He sent it out a third time after seven more days; and as it returned not, Noah knew the earth was dry enough to supply the bird with food.

He then uncovered the ark, and at God's bidding left it; having been shut up therein for one year and two weeks.

He entered the Ark, October, B.C. 2344, and debarked October, b.c. 2343.

His first care on debarking was to offer up sacrifice to God for his safe deliverance.

How Noah proceeded then.

What was his first concern,

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how confirmed.

What promise God thereupon promised him never again to destroy the world by a flood, or to interrupt the regular suc

cession of the seasons. (Gen. ix. 13, 14.) This promise, He confirmed this promise by a rainbow, which He said should be for a sign or witness of the promise he had made.

Rainbows are caused by the sun shining on drops of rain falling in the opposite part of the heavens. (See Dr. Brewer's Guide to Science.)

If, before the flood, the earth was watered with. out rain by a “thick mist issuing daily from the ground(Gen. ii. 5, 6), there could have been no rainbow; if, on the other hand, rain fell before the flood, the rainbow was not created when Noah left the ark, but merely taken by God as a present and suitable oath of confirmation of his promise. • You see this rainbow, I take it to witness of this promise ; and whenever a rainbow appears, it shall remind the world and me of this

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my oath.”

Where Noah set. tled afterwards.

After the flood, Noah and his family settled in Armēnia, a little to the south of Mount Ararat.

The names of his three sons were Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

His three sons.

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