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APPENDIX. An Epitome of Jewish History, from the death of Alexander to the birth of Jesus Christ.

PAGE I-UNDER THE KINGS OF EGYPT

403

CHAP

Section I.-Ptolemy Soter

404. 1.-The Sanhedrim..

406. 2.-Jewish Punishments

409. Section II.-Ptolemy Philadelphus 411. Ptolemy Euergetes

411. 1.—Traditions, Mishnah, Talmud 413.

2.-Sadducees, Pharisees, Essenes 415. Section III.-Ptolemy Philopater

419. IV.-Ptolemy Epiphanes

421. II.-UNDER THE SYRIAN KINGS

423

..

..

Section I.--Antiochus the Great

424. II.-Seleucus Philopater

425. III.-Antiochus Epiphanes

427. Mattathias

429 Judas Maccabæus ..

430, Section IV.-State of affairs on the death of Antiochus

433. $ 1.-History of the Maccabees 434. III.-THE JEWS INDEPENDENT $ 1.-John Hyrcanus

436, 2.-Alexander Jannæus

437. 3.-Alexandra

438.

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436

IV.- JUDÆA UNDER THE ROMANS

440

Section 1.-Hyrcanus II.

II.-Herod the Great § 1.--Herod's Temple

440. 442. 445.

INTRODUCTION.

word Bible.

The Bible,

Woenter one the Bible* properly means a book ; but the word is now exclusively applied to the Holy Scriptures. How Hivided. The Bible is divided into two

parts: The Old Testament, which contains 39 books, and the New Testament,

which contains 27. Old Testament, The books of the Old Testament are subdivided into

(1.) The Books of the Law;
(2.) The Historical Books;
(3.) The Poetical Books; and
(4.) The Books of the Prophets.

The books of the Law are five in number, whence they are generally called the Pentateuch.t

how divided.

Books of the Law.

* From the Greek Bibaos, a book.
† From the Greek TéVTE TEÚXou, five books.

B

Their names.

written.

What they contain.

Historical Books of Old Testament.

The names of these five books are: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. By whom Borecom They were written by Moses,

, under Divine Inspiration.

Their contents are a history of the world from the creation to the death of Moses, 797 years after the Deluge.

The Historical Books of the Old Testament comprise the next 12 books: Joshua;

1 and 2 Chronicles;
Judges;

Ezra;
1 and 2 Samuel; Nehemiah; and
1 and 2 Kings;

Esther. The five Poetical Books of the Old Testament are: the book of Job, the Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastés, and Solomon's song. Prophets, how

The Prophetical Books are subdivided into the four greater and the twelve lesser or minor prophets.

The Poetical
Books.

subdivided.

Names of the great prophets.

The four greater prophets are: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel," and Daniel.

The twelve minor Prophets are: Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habak. kuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi.

Besides the 39 books already enumerated, are certain others, called Apocryphal (hidden), because they were read only in private by the ancient Jews, and not openly in their synagogues. They were not thought to be inspired, and were not received by the Jews into their Canon of Scrip

ture. Original language The Original Language of

the Old Testament was Hebrew, that of the New Testament Greek.

67 verses of Ezra, 200 of Daniel, and 1 verse of Jeremiah were composed in Chaldee. First English

The Bible was first transtranslation.

lated into English by John Wicliffe, in the reign of Richard II. (A.D. 1380.)

It was translated into Anglo-Saxon, by order of King Alfred, who undertook the version of the Psalms himself, but did not live to complete it. The version now used by English Protestants is the translation made in the reign of James I., by 47 “learned men chosen from the two Uni

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