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ASTRONOMICAL OCCURRENCES. THE MOON and Venus are very near to each other during the evening hours of Jan. 3; the Moon is to the right of Jupiter during the evening hours of he 6th, and to the left of this planet during the evening hours of the 7th. She will be very near Saturn during the evening hours of the 7th, being a little to the right of the planet till about the 11 o'clock, and a little to the left after this time. She is near Mars on the 28th, and Mercury on the 30th. Her phases or times of change are:
First Quarter on the 7th at 9 minutes after Sh. in the morning.
Last Quarter New Moon
23rd 47 ,, 30th 48
She is nearest the Earth on the 29th, and most distant from it on the 14th.
MERCURY is a morning star till the 19th, rising on the 1st at 7h. 10m. a.m., or 58m. before sunrise; on the 6th at 7h. 28m. a.m., or 39m before sunrise; on the 11th at 7h. 41m. a.m., or 24 minutes before the Sun. On the 19th the planet and Sun rise together: from this day till March 3 the planet rises in daylight, or after the Sun. On the 28th he sets at about sunset, and on the last day of the month at 4h. 58m. p.m., or 13 minutes after sunset. He is at his greatest distance from the Sun on the 8th, in superior cont Junction with the Sun on the 26th, and near the Moon on the 30th.
VENUS is an evening star, setting on the 1st at 7h. 38m. p.m., or 3h. 38m. after sunset; on the 11th at Sh. 9m. p.m., or 3h. 58m. after sunset; on the 21st at 8h. 38m. p.m., or 4h. 11m. after the Sun; and on the last day of the month at 9h. 6m. p.m. She is near the Moon on the 3rd.
MARS is a morning star, rising on the 1st at 6h. 40m., or 1h. 28m. before sunrise; on the 11th at 6h. 35m. a.m., or 1h. 30m. before the Sun; on the 21st at 6h. 20m. a.m., or 1h. 27m. before the Sun; and on the last day at 6h. 19m. a.m., or 1h. 24m. before sunrise. He is due south on the 1st at 10h. 34m. a.m., on the 15th at 10h. 23m. am., and on the last day at 10h. 12m. a.m. He is near the Moon on the 28th.
JUPITER sets on the 1st at Oh. 16m. a.m., on the 11th at 11h. 44m. p.m., on the 21st at 11h. 11m. p.m., and on the last day at 10h. 42m. p.m. He is due south on the 1st at 3h. 86m. p.m., on the 15th at 5h. 7m. p.m., and on the last day of the month at 4h. 13m. p.m. He is in quadrature with the Sun on the 1st, and near the Moon on the 7th.
SATURN sets on the 1st at 1h. 20m. a.m., on the 12th at Oh. 37m. a.m., on the 22nd at Oh. im. a.m., and on the last day at 11h. 25m. p.m. He is due south on the 1st at 6h. 40m. p.m., on the 15th at 5h. 46m. p.m., and on the last day of the month at 4h. 46m. p.m. He is near the Moon on the 7th, and in quadrature with the Sun on the 12th.
ASTRONOMICAL SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS. 6 Conjunction, or having the same Longitude or Right Ascension. Quadrature, or differing 90° in Longitude or Right Ascension.
8 Opposition, or differing 180° in Longitude or Right Ascension. The Sun 45 Eugenia 46 Hestia 47 Aglaia 48 Doris 49 Pales
New Moon First Quarter O Full Moon (Last Quarter Mercury
Gregorian or New Calenda.
Julian or Old Calendar.
or & The Earth
The year 1881 is the latter part of the 5641st and the beginning of the 5642nd year since the creation of the world, according to the Jews. The year 5642 commences on Sept. 24, 1881, being the 18th year of the 297th cycle of 19 years. The year 1881 answers to the 6594th of the Julian period, to the 2634th from the foundation of Rome, to the 2657th year of the Olympiads, and to the year 7389-90 of the Byzantine Era. The year 1299 of the Mohammedan Era commences on Nov. 23, 1881; and Ramadan (month of abstinence observed by the Turks) commences on July 28, 1881.
4 Jupiter h Saturn HUranus Neptune 1 Ceres
69 Hesperia 70 Panopea 71 Niobe 72 Feronia 73 Clytie 74 Galatea
Jan. 3, 1881 Feb. 1 March 3 April 1 May 1
147 Protogeneia 204 Callisto
NEW MOON, FASTS, FEASTS, ETC.
31 Euphrosyne 32 Pomona
99 Dike 100 Hecate 101 Helena
FIXED & MOVABLE FESTIVALS, ANNIVERSARIES. &c.
SEPTUAGESIMA SUNDAY ... QUINQUAGESIMA-SHEOVE S.
27 WHIT SUNDAY-PENTECOST June 5 March 1 TRINITY SUNDAY
QUADRAGESIMA-1ST SUN. IN LENT 6 Access, of Queen Victoria
157 Dejanira 158 Koronis
25 St. John Baptist-Midsum. Day
April 10 St. Michael-Michaelm. Day Sept. 29
Feast of the Eighth Day
15 Birth of Prince of Wales... Nov. 9 17 1ST SUNDAY IN ADVENT
23 St. Andrew ...
24 St. Thomas
November 23 December 17 23
HANUCA New Moon
May 22 CHRISTMAS DAY
UNIVERSITY TERMS, 1881.