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PUBLIC ACTS OF PARLIAMENT PASSED DURING with, and for amending, in some respects, the law relating to civil pro
cedure. THE SESSION 1883,
50. An Act to apply a sum out of the Consolidated Fund to the service of
the year ending March 31, 1584, and to appropriate the supplies granted in IN THE 46TH YEAR OF HER MAJESTY'S REIGN.
this Session of Parliament. The figure before each Act denotes the Chapter,
51. An Act for the better prevention of corrupt and illegal practices at
Parliamentary elections. 1. An Act to amend the Consolidated Fund (Permanent Charges) 52. An Act to amend and consolidate the law of Bankruptcy. Redemption Act, 1873.
53. An Act to amend the law relating to certain Factories and Work2. An Act to apply certain sums out of the Consolidated Fund to the shops. service of the year ending March 31, 1882-3-4.
51. An Act to make further provision respecting the National Debt, and 3. An Act to amend the law relating to Explosive Substances.
the investment of moneys in the hands of the National Debt Commissioners 4. An Act to enable the Trustees of the National Gallery to lend works of on account of Savings Banks and otherwise. art to other public galleries in the United Kingdom.
55. An Act to amend the law relating to the Customs and Inland Revenue, 5. An Act to apply a sum out of the Consolidated Fund to the service of and to make other provisions respecting charges payable out of the public the year ending March 31, 1884.
revenue, and for other purposes. 6. An Act to provide during twelve months for the Discipline of the 56. An Act to amend the laws relating to education in Scotland, and for Army.
other purposes connected therewith. 7. An Act to amend the Bills of Sale (Ireland) Act, 1879.
57. An Act to amend and consolidate the law relating to Patents for 8. An Act to amend the Glebe Loans (Ireland) Acts.
Inventions, Registration of Designs, and of Trade Marks. 9. An Act to make further provision for taking dues for repairing and 58. An Act to amend the Post-Office Money Orders Act, 1848 and 1800, improving the harbours in the Isle of Man.
and extend the same to her Majesty's dominions out of the United io. An Act to grant certain duties of Customs and Inland Revenue, to Kingdom. alter other duties, and to amend the laws relating to Customs and Inland 59. An Act to make better provision for the prevention of outbreaks of Revenue.
formidable epidemic, endemic, or infectious diseases, and to amend the 11. An Act to provide for expenses incurred by the Guardians of the Poor Public Health Act (England), 1875, and the Public Health Act, 1878 in relation to Poor Law Conferences.
(Ireland). 12. An Act to amend the Act for the prevention of crime in Ireland, 1882, 60. An Act to better the condition of labourers in Ireland. as to the audience of solicitors.
61. An Act for amending the law relating to agricultural holdings in 13. An Act to apply the sum of five millions nine hundred and seventy- England. three thousand and twelve pounds out of the Consolidated Fund to the 62. An Act for amending the law relating to agricultural holdings in service of the year ending March 31, 1884.
Scotland. 14. An Act to amend the laws relating to the pay and pension of the Royal Irish Constabulary and the police force of Dublin, &c. 15. An Act to amend the Lands Clauses Consolidated Act, 1845.
WORK OF THE SESSION 1883. 16. An Act to grant a sum of money to Admiral Baron Alcester, G.C.B., During the Session 1883, 228 public bills were introduced into Parliament. in consideration of his eminent services.
Fourteen of these related to Scotland, and forty-four to Ireland. Eighty17. An Act to grant a sum of money to General Baron Wolseley of Cairo, one measures were introduced by the Government, and nearly one half of G.C.B., &c., in consideration of his eminent services.
them became law. Scotland fared badly, as, out of the fourteen measures 18. An Act to make provision respecting Municipal Corporations and which related to it, only two became law-a third, after passing the Comother local authorities not subject to the Municipal Corporation Act. mons, was thrown out by the Lords. Of the forty-four Irish bills, ten only 19. An Act to amend the Medical Act, 1858.
were carried -- seven by private members and three by the Government. The 20. An Act to amend the law relating t the Registry of Deeds Office, Government measures were-the Constabulary and Police Act, the Prison Ireland.
Service Act. and the Tramways and Public Companies Act.
The only 21. An Act to continue certain Turnpike Acts and to repeal' certain other measures of importance carried by Irish members were that relating to Turnpike Acts, and for purposes connected therewith.
labourers and that dealing with sea fisheries. There were also 265 private 22. An Act to carry into effect an international convention conrerning the bills dealt with ; 180 of these, received the Royal assent; eighty-five, for fisheries in the North Sea, and to amend the laws relating to British sea various reasons, did not reach the final stage; and fourteen were thrown out fisheries.
because the preamble was not proved. Of the thirteen measures, applying 23. An Act to apply the sum of fifteen millions one hundred and eighty, to England, Scotland, and Ireland, mentioned in the Queen's Speech at two thousand seven hundred and seven pounds out of the Consolidated the opening of the Session, five only became law. The most important of Fund to the service of the year ending March 31, 1882.
those which, as time went on, were obliged to be dropped were the London 24. An Act to make temporary provision for the destitute poor in Ireland. Municipality Bill, the Criminal Code Bill, the Rivers Conservancy Bill, the 25. An Act to explain and amend the 32nd section of the General Prisons Floods Prevention Bill, the Sunday Closing Bill (Ireland), together with (Ireland) Act 1877.
some others of scarcely less importance to the public welfare. Two 26. An Act to promote the sea fisheries of Ireland.
measures, the Scotch Local Government Board Bill and the Irish Regis27. An Act further to amend the Acts relating to the raising of money by tration Bill, upon wbich a large amount of time and attention had been the Metropolitan Board of Works, and for other purposes.
bestowed by the House of Commons, were thrown out by the House of 28. An Act to amend the Companies Act 1862 and 1867.
Lords. The most important among the bills that became law were the 29. An Act to consolidate the Accounting Departments of the Supreme Corrupt Practices Bill, for vindicating the purity and curtailing the exCourt of Judicature, and for other purposes.
penses of elections; the Bankruptcy Bill, for discouraging dishonest bank30. An Act to au horise companies registered under the Companies Acts ruptcies and liquidations, and putting down fraudulent trading; the Patents 1862, to keep local registers of their members in British Colonies.
Bill, for encouraging the inventive genius without depriving the public of 31. An Act to prohibit payment of wages to workmen in public-houses the gain of inventions; and the two Agricultural Holdings Bills, for and certain other places.
securing to tenants the value of their own improvements, and for en32. An Act to make further provision respecting the application of the couraging agriculture and affording security for money judiciously exrevenues of Greenwich Hospital, and for other purposes.
pended in working their farms. 33. An Act to amend the Irish reproductive Loan Fund Act. 34. An Act to amend the law relatiog to railway passenger duty, and to aimed at redeeming within twenty years a very substantial portion of the
Another bill of considerable importance was the National Debt Bill, which amend and consolidate the law relating to the conveyance of the Queen's National Debt of the country. forces by railway. 35. An Act to make better provision as regards the metropolis for
The Bankruptcy Bill is principally a re-enactment of the causes of the isolation and treatment of persons suffering from cholera and other infec- Act of 1869, the real cause of the breakdown of which was two sections tious diseases, and for other purposes.
permitting liquidation by arrangement and composition. The new bill 36. An Act to provide for a better application and management of the puts a stop to this, inasmuch that if compositions are made they shall parochial charities of the City of London.
be placed entirely under the supervision of the Court of Bankruptcy; and it 37. An Act to amend the Public Health Act 1875, and to make provision will rest with the Court, and not the creditors, as heretofore, to give the with respect to the support of public sewers and sewage works in mining by arrangement shall be allowed without the sanction of the Court, or
discharge. The Act also
that no composition or liquidation districts. 38. An Act to amend the law respecting the trial and custody of insane Registrar, who will only, grant it when an arrangement appears to be
It persons charged with offences.
reasonable and calculated to benefit the general body of creditors. 39. An Act for further promoting the Revision of the Statute Law by holds out a greater certainty of punishment to fraudulent debtors; and it repealing certain enactments which have ceased to be in force or have become draws a wide distinction between avoidable and unavoidable bankruptunnecessary.
cies. It creates three classes of discharge certificates; and a discharge may 40. An Act to continue various expiring laws.
be altogether withheld, if it can be shown that the bankruptcy has been 41. An Act to amend the Merchant Shipping Acts 1854 to 1880, with caused " by rash and hazardous speculations, or unjustifiable extravagance respect to fishing-vessels and apprenticeship to the sea fishing services.
in living." A penalty can be inflicted if an uncertified bankrupt incurs & 42. An Act to grant money for the purpose of loans by the Public Works debt of £20 without stating the fact. Trustees will no longer be permitted Loan Commissioners to Public Works in Ireland and the Irish Land Com- to squander and diminish estates, nor hold balances, or pay moneys, when missioner, and to amend the acts relating to such Commissioners, and for collected,
into their own account. The amount realised must be paid directly other purposes.
into the Bank of England. The official receiver or committee of inspec43. An Act for promoting the extension of tramway communication in tion, acting under the Board of Trade, will keep a watch upon small estates, Ireland, and for assisting emigration, and for extending certain provisions and the working classes, whose debts do not exceed £50, may apply to a county
which will no longer be swallowed up in costs. Small debtors, tradesmen, of the Land Law (Ireland) Act, 1881, to the case of public companies. 44. An Act to explain the
effect of section 195 of the Municipal Cor- court Judge, who will stop proceedings and at once afford relief from the porations Act 1882.
exactions of the money-lender or holder of a bill of sale. The official 45. An Act for preventing the sale of medals resembling current coin. receiver, appointed by and subject to the Board of Trade, replaces the former 46. An Act to suspend for a limited period, on account of Corrupt Comptroller in Bankruptcy. These are only some few of the gains secured Practices, the holding of an election of a member or members to serve in by the Bankruptcy Bill. Parliament for certain cities and boroughs.
The Corrupt Practices Prevention Act very considerably enlarges that of 47. An Act to extend the power of nomination in Friendly and Industrial, 1854 and the Ballot Act of 1572. It more particularly defines corrupt &c., Societies, and to make further provision for cases of intestacy in respect practices to mean treating, undue influence, bribery and personation, and of personal property of small amount.
it prescribes penalties ranging from tines to imprisonment with or without 48. An Act to enable sanitary authorities in Ireland to take possession of hard labour, incapacity of voting or of holding any public office, so that it land for the erection of temporary cholera hospitals.
will not only tend towards the extinction of the grosser forms of mischievous 49. An Act for promoting the revision of the Statute Law by repealing practices at elections, but by limiting the cost of elections it will also give various enactments relating to civil procedure or matters connected there. increased freedom of choice to the constituencies,
THE MUNICIPAL ADMINISTRATION OF THE
A YEAR'S TOTAL RECEIPTS OF THE
METROPOLITAN CHARITIES. The local administration of the metropolis is of so complex a character that the following Table gives the aggregate income, as returned by the attention should be drawn to it at the outset. There are:-1. Thirty poor- secretaries of the several Metropolitan Charities for the year 1881-2:law parishes or unions in what is called the metropolitan area. In each is a
s. d. board of guardians intrusted with the legal relief of the poor. 2. There is a 4 Bible Societies
206,948 0 0 Metropolitan Asylums Board, with practically the same area, intrusted with 13 Book Societies
75,571 0 0 the care of asylums for imbeciles and idiots and hospitals for infectious
282,51900 diseases. 3. The metropolis is divided into twenty-three parishes, with 56 Home Missions
508,134 00 vestries, and twelve district Boards of Works, for sanitary and other pur- 13 Home and Foreign Missions
173,710 0 poses. Besides these, there are (1) the Plumstead and Lewisham districts,
23 Foreign Missions
799,757 0 0 and (2) the parish of Rotherbithe and the St. Olave's district, separate
1,481.601 0 0 boards, but each combined to elect one member of the Metropolitan Board 6 Church and Chapel Building
30,871 00 of Works. 4. There is a Metropolitan Board of Works-a body representa- 24 Charities for the Blind
55,872 0 0 tive of the vestries and district boards. 5. There is the School Board for
8 Charities for Deaf and Dumb
16,692 0 0 London ; for purposes of which the metropolis is divided into ten parts. 9 Charities for Incurables
36,447 6. There is the police. The metropolitan police district covers the area 3 Charities for Idiots
55,724 0 0 within a radius of twenty miles from Charing-cross. For police adminis
164,735 00 tration and for magisterial purposes the metropolis is divided into eleven 17 General Hospitals
274,159 00 police districts, each with its own police court. These courts are-Bow-street, 8 Consumption Hospitals
53,070 0 Westminster, Marlborough-street, Marylebone, Clerkenwell, Thames, South
5 Ophthalmic Hospitals
9,434 00 Fark, Lambeth, Worship-street, Hammersmith with Wandsworth, Green- 3 Orthopedic Hospitals
5,541 00 wich with Woolwich. Except the two latter, which are open half the day, a 4 Skin Hospitals
5,092 0 0 magistrate is in attendance daily from ten to five. Two magistrates are 20 Hospitals for Women and Children 64,704 00 assigned to each court, excepting Bow-street, which has three. The city has 5 Lying-in Hospitals
7,235 0 0 an independent police administration and magistracy., 7. The metropolis is 72 Miscellaneous Special Hospitals
109,042 0 0 divided into the districts (generally coterminous with the parishes or unions)
528,000 0 0 and sub-districts of the Registrar-General for statistical purposes, returns of 33 General Dispensaries
25, 206 0 0 health, deaths, births, &c. 8. In the City there are, instead of a vestry of 13 Provident Dispensaries
9,916 0 0 district board, commissioners of sewers, who have powers similar to those of 2 Institutions for Vaccination
2,700 0 the Vetropolitan Board of Works, and are independent of it. It is almost 5 Institutions for Surgical Appliances 14,130 0 0 inevitable that an almoner should be brought into contact with most or 44 Convalescent Institutions
43,137 0 0 these bodies, or should have to ascertain their duties on some points in order
16 Nursing Institutions
7,400 0 0 to endeavour to remove evils, and to assist cases which he will meet with in
102,489 00 the course of his work.
162 Pensions and Institutions for the Aged
431,770 00 The Metropolitan Board of Works was constituted by the Metropolis 93 Institutions for General Relief
505,692 0 0 Management Act of 1855. Under this and subsequent Acts it has carried 11 Food Institutions, Loan Charities, &c. 8,101 00 out several special works, such as the Main Drainage of London, the con
514,063 00 struction of the Victoria, Albert, and Chelsea Embankments on the Thames, 94 Voluntary Homes
131,164 0 0 the formation of Queen Victoria-street and Northumberland-avenue, the
54 Orphanages, &c.
154,675 00 freeing of the Thames bridges in the Metropolitan area, the clearance of 69 Institutions for Reformation and Prevention
78,654 0 0 sites for Artizans' Dwellings in Drury-lane, Bedfordbury, &c. It has
101 Institutions for Education
427,148 00 opened up or widened other thoroughfares, such as Garrick-street, South
35 Institutions for Social Improvement
67,767 0 0 Wark-street, Burdett-road, Holborn (Middle Row), Park-lane, Shoreditch,
20 Institutions for Protection
57,169 0 0 Great Eastern-street, Harrow-road, Coventry-street, Tooley-street, the improved thoroughfare from Hart-street, Bloomsbury, to Shoreditch, &c.; 1001
Grand Total £4,452,802 00 forraed Finsbury and Southwark Parks; and preserved open spaces, such as Hampstead Heath, Blackheath, Shepherd's Bush, Hackney Downs, Clapham Common, &c. Among the works now proceeding are a new street
PAUPERISM AND ITS RELIEF. from Piccadilly to Hart-street, Bloomsbury, further clearance of sites for Artizans' Dwellings, new bridges at Battersea and Putney, and improve By the Poor Law Act of Queen Elizabeth the relief and chargeability of the ments in Deptford Creek, Hammersmith and Vauxhall Bridges. Its prin- poor were limited to the area of the parish. In the reign of Charles II. a cipal general duties comprise the control over the formation of streets and law passed by which parishes, often of an unwieldy size, might be subthe line of buildings therein, the testing of gas and of gas-meters, the divided. This law was unfairly applied, in order to create what were called maintenance of the Fire Brigade (a force of upwards of 500), the main- "close" parishes (sections of parishes in which there were few paupers), and tenance of the Main Drainage system, and of parks and commons.
It is hence low rates, while hard by were parishes with many paupers and high the “Metropolitan Authority” under the Water, Tramways, Petroleum, rates. The Poor Law Commissioners (1834) introduced the system of Artizans' Dwellings, Contagious Diseases (Animals), Slaughter-houses, unions, by means of which, while each parish supported its own poor, the Explosive Substances, and other Acts, and regulates the construction of
workhouse has been maintained by the parishes in union; each parish theatres and music-halls for the protection of persons from fire. It raises contributing its quota towards its cost. money in Metropolitan Consolidated Stock) not only for its own works, Subsequently (1848) it was enacted that persons who acquired the status but for advances to the School Board for London, the Vestries, the of irremovability, should be relieved out of the “common fund of the District Boards, and other corporations within the Metropolis. Members union,", and, with some other classes of paupers, such as destitute way1 of the Board are elected by the respective Vestries and District Boards in farers, become "union paupers." The basis upon which the common fund the Metropolis. The Corporation of the City of London elects three
was assessed was also altered. It had been based on the average expense members.
incurred by each parish in the relief of its own poor during the three years (Office, Spring-gardens.-Hours 9 to 4; Saturdays 9 to 2.)
previous. It has since been based on the annual value of the rateable
property of each parish. In 1865 another great change was made. The relief Chairman-Lieut.-Colonel Sir James M. M'Garel Hogg, K.C.B., M.P.
of all paupers was thrown on the common fund of the union. Concurrently MEMBERS OF THE BOARD.
with these changes, changes were made in regard to the position of the parish Abbott, John, Esq. Ingoldby, Frederick, Esq.
in questions of removability. It had heretofore been necessary that, to obtain Adams, B. H., Esq. Jolly, John Robert, Esq.
irremovability by residence, the poor person should not reside outside the Bradfield, J. E., Esq. Jones, John, Esq.
parish. Afterwards residence in one or more parishes, in a single union, Brown, George, Esq. Jones, Robert, Esq.
was computed to make up the period of residence that conferred irreCook, É. R., Esq.
Lloyd, J. R., Esq.
movability. Removability is now made to depend on residence in a union. Cox, Robert, Esq.
Meaden, G. P., Esq.
In the enactments with regard to settlement, the words defining the local Dalton, W. H., Esq.
Munro, Donald, Esq.
area are " parish,” “parish or place,”. “parish or township"; and no Edwards, George, Esq. Phillips, George. Esq.
change has been made in the law, similar to that with regard to reEgerton, Hon. Alan de Tatton Pocock, Alfred, Esq.
movability, by which the union is substituted for the parish as the area of Elam, T. H., Esq.
Reddish, John, Esq.
settlement. Nevertheless the distinction between parish and union has in Ewin, Alfred, Esq. Richardson, G. B., Esq.
a great measure lapsed. Many parishes, those not considered too small or Fairclough, T. M., Esq.
Rogers, E. Dresser, Esq.
otherwise unsuitable for administrative purposes, remained parishes-as Fell, W. H., Esq.,. Runtz, John, Esq.
Kensington, Islington, and others. Many, again, were made parts of unionsFitz Roy, Lord F.J. Saunders, J. E., Esq., Deputy
as St. Luke's, Clerkenwell, and Holborn, which have been formed into the Fowler, Francis H., Esq. Selway, W. R., Esq.
Holborn Union. The latest Poor Law returns of 1883 showed a decrease in Freeman, Robert, Esq. Shepherd, William, Esq.
the number of paupers receiving relief in London had taken place, compared Furniss, Robert, Esq. Tolhurst, John, Esq.
with the corresponding period of 1882 :Hadley, Alderman 8. c.
Turner, Thomas, Esq.
TOTAL PAUPERISM OF THE METROPOLIS.
(Population in 1881, 3,815,000.) Hill, George, Esq.
White, Thomas John, Esq.
Number of Paupers.
Joseph William Clerk of the Board-J. E. Wakefield,
Indoor. Outdoor. Total. Vulliamy, Esq.
Chief of Fire Brigade-Captain Eyre Fifth week of July, 1883
49,932 34,593 84,525 1882
48,297 37,522 85,819 The Parochial Act 1883 provides for a better application and management
47,502 36,803 84,305 of Parochial Charities of the City of London, and will put a stop to any mis
36,585 82,719 application of funds which can no longer be administered in accordance with the wishes of pious donors. The Act deals with a revenue of £120,000 a year, and for which there has hardly been any useful application. It Vagrants relieved in the metropolis on the last day of the fifth week of will in future be devoted to promote education, and for the maintenance of July, 1883 :libraries, museurs, art collections, and other institutions opened in the
Women. Children under 16. Total. interest of the working classer.
HISTORICAL NOTES, ETC.
begins 2 TU Great Fire of London, 1966 5 16 0 37 6 42 4 59 1 51
13 3 W L. A. Thiers died, 1877 5 17 056 6 40 5 30 2 55
114 4 1: Battle of Worcester, 1651
5 18 1 16 6 38 6 59 4 4 6 F Malhe captured, 1800
5 20 1 366 36 6 26 5 15 6 S Flicutof the King of Naples, 1860 5 22 1 56 6 31 6 62 6 27
17 7 3 13th SUND. AFT. Trinity 5 23 2 16 6 32 7 22 7 42
18 8 M Natirity of l'irgin Mary 5 25 2 37 6 30 7 51 8 57
19 9 TU Sebastopol·taken, 1865 5 27 1 2 58 6 28 8 26 10 11
20 10 W Mungo Park born, 1771 5 28 3 18 6 25 9 4 11 26
21 11 T Battle of Delhi, 1803 5 30 3 39 6 23 9 53 Aftern.
22 12 F Françıis Guizot died, 1874 5 31 06 21 10 50
o 13 S Charles J. Fox died, 1806 5 33 4 21 6 19 11 53 2 33 14 14th SUND. AFT. TRINITY, 5 35 4 42 6 17 Morn. 3 21
25. 16 M Huskinson killed, 1830 5 36 5 3 6 14 1 0 3 59
126 16 Tu James 11. died, 1701 5 38 5 25 6 12 2 11 4 33
27 17 W Lambert, Bishop 5 39 5 46 6 9 3 2 1 5 3
28 18 Th Battle of Alma, 1854 5 40 6 7 6 7 4 315 31
129 19 F Battle of Poitiers, 1356
5 42 6 28 6 6 5 41 5 57 20 S Siege of Paris began, 1870 5 44 6 49 6 2 6 52 6 21 21 S 16TH SUND. AFT. TRINITY 5 46 7 10 6 0 8 0 6 47 22 M Lord Denman died, 1854 5 48 7 31 5 58 9 5 7 15 23 Ti Battle of Assaye, 1803
5 50 7 51 5 56 10 8 7 46 WIEN 24 W Dean Milman died, 1868
5 51 8 12.5 54 11 7 8 21 25 Ti Porsod died, 1803 5 53 8 32 5 52 Aftern. 9 2 bu
6 26 F Holy Alliance ratified, 1815 5 55 8 63.5 49 0 54 9 48 With
7 27 S Strasbourg capitulated, 1870
5 57 9 13 5 47 1 39 10 39 28 S 16TH SUND. AFT. TRINITY 6 59 9 33 5 45 2 19 11 36 W
9 29 M St. Michael.
Michaeimas 6 0
10 80' Tv St. Jerome
6 1/10 125 39 3 28 0 38
HIGH WATER AT
8 38 9 10 246 0 15 0 40 9 40 10 5 247 1 1 20 10 25 10 45 249 1 42 2 0 11 7 11 25 249 2 17 2 34 11 42 11 59 250 2 52 3 10
0 17 251 3 30 3 50 0 35
0 55 252 4 7 4 28 1 15 1 32 253 4 48 5 10 1 53 2 13 254 5 30 5 55 2 35 2 55 255 6 20 6 47 3 20 3 45 256 7 18 7 53 4 12 4 43 257 8 32 9 15 5 18 5 57 258 10 2 10 43 6 40 7 27 259 11 20 11 55 8 8 8 45 260
0 25 9 20 9 50 261 0 50 1 15 10 15 10 40 262 1 35 1 55 11 0 11 20 263 2 15 2 35 11 40 Midnt. 264 2 50 3 8
0 15 265 3 27 3 43 0 33 0 52 266 4 0 4 17 1 8 1 25 267 4 33 4 50 42 1 58! 268 5 5 5 20 2 15 2 30 269 5 41 6 2 2 45 3 61 270 6 23 6 50 3 27 3 48 271 7 15 7 48 4 16 4 40 272 8 25 99
5 50 273 9 52129