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to show what is now universally admitted, that it was owing to Christian men and the Christian ministry, that the lamp of learning was kept from utter extinction during the dark ages. I will come down to times when, as all agree, knowledge received an onward impulse, to which aforetime she had been a stranger. No greater or more important revolution has ever taken place in the world of learning, than the overthrow of the tyranny long exercised by the school men under the name of Aristotle, and the introduction of the inductive philosophy which has usually been distinguished by the name of Bacon. We claim this as a fruit of the Bible, and are ready to go into the proof, showing the influence of this holy book in emancipating philosophy from the bondage of the school men, and in bringing her forth not only to enjoy liberty herself, but to give civil and religious liberty to men and to nations.

But I will reserve this point for the following Lecture, and will at present allude less to the labors of learned men, than to those distinguished seats of learning in which ripe scholarship has been acquired, and which are scattered throughout Chris. tendom, as depositories of truth and knowledge.

Who then are the acknowledged founders and patrons of them all, from the day in which Charlemagne is said to have given rise to the University of Paris, down to the latest seminary of learning which has been called into existence in our own young land ? There is no earthly honor to which a pure ambition can aspire, higher than that of having created these well-springs of intellect, which go on, generation after generation, pouring out streams of truth to the world. Who are the public benefactors that can claim the distinction ? Are they men who have been moved by the spirit of Christianity or of Infidelity ? Enumerate them all from the magnanimous Prince just named, and see how they will rank.

Did Christianity or Infidelity create the Universities of Cambridge, Oxford, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leipsic, Leyden, Utrecht, Jena, Tubingen, Gottingen, Berlin and others of a like class in Europe ? Or to come to our own country: who created Harvard, Yale, Dartmouth, Union, Nassau Hall, or the other noble Institutions of learning which are the glory of our land ? Their founders were men who were firm believers in the Christian reli. gion ; men, who, understanding the close alliance of learning and Christianity, gave their labors and their lives to establish these seats of science for the

benefit of their race both in this world and the

world to come.

And now, in comparison with these bright constellations shedding their lustre upon a dark world, and called into being by Christian men, and as the fruit of Christianity, what has Infidelity done? Where are her monuments of devotedness to the cause of learning? What Universities or Colleges has she founded and nurtured to a healthy and vi. gorous growth ? A few years since, she might perhaps have pointed to one at which she had tried her hand. But the result of the short-lived effort was a full demonstration that a seat of learning, though patronized by a name of world-wide celebrity, and though sustained by the munificence of a powerful State, dooms itself to disappointment and defeat if it shuts out Christianity from its halls. Even our youth turned away from the unchristian institution as they would have turned from a fountain that was poisonous and deadly; nor was it till a branch from the tree of life was cast in for the healing of the waters, that it took the honored place which we hope it will long sustain among the learned Universities of the nation. Our thanks are due to the men who have enabled it to vindicate its claim to a high rank among Christian institutions, by issuing from its halls a volume replete with sound argument in defence of that Gospel which many once feared it might have assailed with fearful consequences to coming generations.

Another has been attempted, with indications of hostility to Religion so decided and marked as to require a special notice. Its founder selected the orphans as the objects of his bounty, and bequeathed a liberal endowment for their education, with a provision carefully expressed to shut out from the institution both the religion and the ministry of Him who is the orphan's God. The scheine is among the most unblushing attempts ever made against the truth of Heaven. It stands out from the other deeds of men as a prodigy of hardihood and guilt, when a man sits down, and with death, judgment and eternity in his view, bequeaths the vast wealth he has amassed, to create a seminary of learning which would tend to dishonor the God of truth, and to lead astray the young, whose fathers and mothers are in the grave, by teaching them to ignore that gospel which alone is able to make young or old wise unto salvation. And what has been the result? For years, to use the language of a distinguished Counsellor, "such were the strange entanglements attending every step in carrying the device into execution, that the plan, the scheme, seemed unblessed in all its purposes;" and many began to fear lest the prediction would be fulfilled, that “while it lived it would lead a vexed and troubled life, and leave an un. blessed memory when it died.”

But He who has styled himself the Father of the fatherless, claims it as his own prerogative, that “he disappointeth the devices of the crafty, so that their hands cannot perform their enterprise; that he taketh the wise in their own craftiness, and the counsel of the froward is carried headlong." Whatever may have been the design of man in creating the endowment, “God meant it unto good.” Under his over-ruling hand, the devise was made a trust to a christian city; and with much credit to herself, her municipal authorities have taken a

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