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16 17. 18 19
ఆ నిలు తలు
Edward Ill. or the Confessor.
Egbert descended from Cerdic, the first king of Wessex, a Saxon general, who in the year A.D. 495, arrived in Britain. It is said in the Saxon annals, that he was descended from Woden, the root of the Saxon families; and by his conquest which he made in Britain, he may he considered as one of the first founders of the English monarchy : the kings of England descend from him in the male line of Edward the Confessor, and in the fernale line to the illustrious princess who now sits upon the throne. • Killed in battle against the Danes, in 871.
Introduced trial by jury, divided England into shires and hundreds, and founded the University of Oxford.
* Was killed by Leolf, a notorious robber. $ In 1014, Sweyn, king of Denmark, made himself master of England, and was crowned king and Ethelred fled into Normandy. On the death of Sweyn, which happened in 1015, the crown was contested by Edmund Ironside (the lawful successor of Ethelred), aud Canute, the descendant of Sweyn, who at length agreed to divide the kingdom between them; but Edmund being murdered shortly after this treaty was entered into, Canute (surnamed the Great ) was declared king of all England in 1017.
1485 Elizabeth of York.
A. Boleyn 31, J. Seymour.
1486 1509 1536 1540 1543
House House of
21 22 23
Ann of Denmark.
22 24 2
4 13 12
30 George I.
Sophia of Zell. . .
12 33 60 10 7
"Son of Robert, duke of Normandy.
Son of Adela and count of Blois : hence the House of Blois. 3 Son of Matilda and Geoffrey Plantagenet: hence the Plantagenet race. 4 Son of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster : hence the House of Lancaster.
5 Son of Richard, duke of York, lineally descended from Lionel, duke of Clarence, the second son of Edward the Third : hence the House of York.
6 Was the Sun of Margaret and Edward Tudor. Margaret was a lineal descendant from John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster ; Edmund Tudor was the son of Owen Tudor, who married the widow of Henry V.: hence the House of Tudor.
7 Son of Mary, queen of Scots, and Henry Stuart, lord Darnley : hence the race of Stuarts. & Elector of Hanover : hence the race of Brunswick.
BRIEF SKETCII OF THE SAXOY IDOLS FROM WHICH THE DAYS OF
TIIE WEEK RECEIVED THEIR NAMES.
The idols which our Saxon ancestors worshipped were various; but those from which the days of the week derive their name, were the principal objects of their adoration.
THE IDOL OF THE SUN. This idol, which represented the glorious luminary of the day, was the chief object of their adoration. It is described like the bust of a man, set upon a pillar; holding, with outstretched arins, a burning wheel before his breast. The first day of the week was especially dedicaled to its adoration, which they termed the Sun's deag; hence is derived the word SUNDAY.
THE IDOL OF THE Moon. The next was the idol of the Moon, which they worshipped on the second day of the week, called by them Moon's deag; and since by us, MONDAY.
The form of this idol is intended to represent a woman, habiled in a short coal, and a hood, with two long ears. The moon which she holds in her hand designates the qualily.
THE IDOL OF Tuisco. Tuisco was al first deified as the father and ruler of the Teutonic race, but in course of lime he was worshipped as the son of the
earth. From him came the Saxon words Tuisco's deag, which we call TUESDAY.
He is represented standing on a pedestal, as an old venerable sage, clothed with the skin of an animal, and holding a sceptre in the right hand.
THE IDOL WODEN, OR ODIN. Woden, or Odin, was the supreme divinity of the Northern nations. This hero was supposed to have emigrated from the East, but from what country, or at what time, is not known. His exploits form the greatest part of the mythological creed of the Northern nations, and his achievements are magnified beyond all credibility. The name of the fourth day of the week, called by the Saxons Woden's deag, and by us WEDNESDAY, is derived from this personage.
Woden is represented in a bold and marlial attitude, clad in armour, with a broadsword, uplifted, in his right hand.
THE IDOL THOR. THỌR, the eldest and bravest of the sons of Woden and Friga, was, after his parents, considered as the greatest god among the Saxons and Danes. To him the fifth day of the week, called by them Thor's deag, and by us THURSDAY, was consecrated.
Thor is represented as sitting on a throne, with a crown of gold on his head, adorned with a circle in front, wherein were set twelve bright burnished gold stars, and with a regal sceptre in his right hand.
THE IDOL FRIGA OR FREA. Friga, or FREA, was the wife of Woden, or Odin; and, next to him, the most revered divinity among the heathen Saxons, Danes, and other Northern nations. In the most ancient times, Friga, or Frea, was the same with the goddess Pertha, or Earth. To her the sixth day of the week was consecrated, which by the Saxons was wrillen Friga's deag, corresponding with our Friday.
Friga is represented with a drawn sword in her right hand, and a bow in her left.
THE IDOL SEATER. The Idol Seater is represented on a pedestal, whereon is placed a perch, on the sharp prickled back of which he stood. His head was uncovered, and his visage lean. In his left hand he held up a wheel, and in his right was a pail of water, wherein were flowers and fruits; and his dress consisted of a long coat, girded with linen.
The appellation given to the day of his celebration is still relained. The Saxons named it Svater's deag, which we call SaturDAY.