Page images

A. Ezra 2, 3.

B. Nehem. 7, 8. (Continued.)

(Continued.) pound of silver,

72 pound of silver. [And that which

the rest of the eople gave was

20,000 daries of gold, and 2,000 and 100 priests' pound of silver, ) and 67 priests' 70 garments. So the priests, and 73 garments. So the priests, and

the Levites, and some of the the Levites, and the porters, and people, and the singers, and the the singers, and some of the porters, and the Nethinim, [dwelt people, and the Nethinim, in their cities, ] and all Israel

and all Israel, in their cities.

[dwelt] in their cities. 3 And when the seventh month And when the seventh month was come, [and] the children of

was come,

the children of Israel were in the cities,

8 Israel were in their cities. [And the people gathered them- all] the people gathered them. selves together as one man [to selves together as one man Jerusalem].

[into the broad place that was before the water gate].






[ocr errors]

PUTTING aside the ordinary formulae with which the sacred books abound, attention may be called to some short sentences which are of the nature of watchwords, promises, or proverbial expressions. In Isa. 24. 2 and Hos. 4. 9 we find the condensed expression 'as with the people so with the priest’ (ndDyJ). In Isaiah it is the first of a series of kindred expressions, and looks original. Hosea probably borrowed the expression from Isaiah. Both begin with the words and it shall be.' Neither the E. A. V. nor the R. V. give identical translations.

Isa. 37. 32 (part of Isaiah's message in the days of Hezekiah and Sennacherib): • For out of Jerusalem shall go forth a remnant and a deliverance out of mount Zion.' Compare Joel 2. 32 : 'For in mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be a deliverance,

and in the remnant.' Joel is manifestly using Isaiah's words, and adds (what may be taken as a note of quotation, the formula as Jehovah hath said.' Obadiah (ver. 17) reproduces the words “in mount Zion shall be a deliverance' as if it were an established watchword. The R. V. gives us a near approach to identical renderings.

Isa. 52. 7: 'How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace.' Compare Nahum 1. 15 (2. I): “Behold upon the mountains the feet of him that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace.' Isaiah's words run on in the same strain, whilst Nahum breaks off into an exhortation. The former appears to be the original utterance.

Isa. 47. 8: "Thou that art given to pleasures, that dwellest carelessly, that sayest in thine heart, I am, and none else beside me.' Compare Zeph. 2. 15: “This is the rejoicing city that dwelt carelessly, that said in her heart, I am, and there is none beside me.' The words in Isaiah are addressed to the daughter of Babylon,' and run on in the same strain. Zephaniah's words are at the close of a series of denunciations on Philistia, Moab, Ammon and Assyria. They look like a distinct reference to the passage in Isaiah, whilst the words that follow are apparently a condensation from the threats on Babylon in Isa. 13. 19-22, and similar passages. Isa. 14. 1: For the LORD

will yet choose Israel.' Isa. 51. 3 : For the LORD will comfort Zion.' Compare Zech. 1. 17: 'For the LORD will yet comfort Zion, and will yet choose Jerusalem.' Hopeful sentences such as those in the two parts of Isaiah naturally reappeared as watchwords in the later prophets. The idea contained in them reappears in the New Testament.

Job 4. 3, 4: Thou hast strengthened the weak hands,

thou hast confirmed the feeble knees.' Compare Isa. 35. 3 : 'Strengthen ye the weak hands and confirm the tottering knees.' The double expression may have occurred to two writers independently. There are other expressions common to Job and other books on which opinions may differ, but some are not mere coincidences. Thus we have the phrases 'grope in the noonday,' Job 5. 14 and Isa. 59. 10; despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty,' Job 5. 17 and Prov. 3. 11; "he woundeth, and his hands make whole,' Job 5. 18 and Deut. 32. 39; "he maketh them to stagger like a drunken man,' Job 12. 25 and Isa. 19. 14; They conceive mischief, and bring forth iniquity,' Job 15. 35 and Isa. 59. 4; The light of the wicked shall be put out,

his candle shall be put out,' Job 18. 5, 6 and 21. 17. Compare Prov. 13. 9; 20. 20 ; 24. 23 ; «They that plough iniquity, and sow wickedness, reap the same,' Job 4. 8, and Hos 10. 13.

Job 3. 3, II: ‘Let the day perish wherein I was born, and the night in which it was said, there is a man child conceived.

Why died I not from the womb?' Compare Jer. 20. 14, 15, 18 : Cursed be the day wherein I was born. Cursed be the man who brought tidings to my father, saying, a man child is born unto thee. Why came I forth from the womb ?'

Job 1. 21: "Naked came I out of my mother's womb, and naked shall I return thither. Compare Eccles. 5. 15: “As he came forth out of his mother's womb, naked shall he return.'

Job 19. 13, 14 : ‘He hath put my brethren far from me, and mine acquaintance are verily estranged from me. My kinsfolk have failed, and mine acquaintance have forgotten me.' Compare Ps. 88. 8, 18: “Thou hast put mine acquaintance far from me.

Lover and friend hast thou put far from me, and mine acquaintance into darkness.'. It is possible that the last word is a corrupt reading. Job reads '1770N "YT"2,

. Job 28. 28 : 'The fear of the LORD, that is wisdom ; and to depart from evil is understanding.' Compare Prov. 9. 10: The fear of Jehovah is the beginning of wisdom, and the knowledge of the holy is understanding.' Also Ps. 111. 10: The fear of Jehovah is the beginning of wisdom, a good understanding have all they that do thereafter.' The resemblance here is not complete, but it is too considerable to be overlooked. The precious. ness of wisdom as described in the earlier verses of the chapter in Job and in Proverbs 8 must not be forgotten in connexion with these passages.

Job 11. 18, 19: "And thou shalt be safe, because there is hope; ye shalt take thy rest in safety, and thou shalt lie down, and none shall make thee afraid.' Compare Lev. 26. 5, 6 : 'Ye shall dwell in safety in your land,

and ye shall lie down, and none shall make you afraid.' Also Isa. 17. 2: 'which shall lie down, and none shall make them afraid.' Compare Mic. 4.4: Zeph. 3. 13 : Ezek. 34. 28. This is a watchword springing from the prophetic chapter in Leviticus.

Isa. 5. 12: They regard not the work of the LORD, neither consider the operation of his hands.' Compare Ps. 28. 5 which is almost identical in the E. A. V. and in the Hebrew.

Isa. 11. 9: "The earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea.' Compare Hab. 2. 14 which gives very slight variations.

Isa. 52. 1o: 'And all the ends of the earth shall see the salvation of our God.' Compare Ps. 98. 3 which is practically identical.

Ezek. 7. 19: "Their silver and their gold shall not be able to deliver them in the day of the wrath of the LORD, Compare Zeph. 1. 18 which is identical.

Ezek. 18. 2: "The fathers have eaten sour grapes, and the children's teeth are set on edge.' Compare Jer. 31. 29 which is identical.

.מידעי מחשך and the Psalm

« PreviousContinue »