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Exod. 20,

Deut. 5.

(Continued.)

(Continued.) 11 thy gates : [for in six days the thy gates;

LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.]

[that thy manservant and thy maidservant may 15 rest as well as thou. And thou

shalt remember that thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt, and the LORD thy God brought thee out thence by a mighty hand and by a stretched out arm : therefore the LORD thy God commanded

thee to keep the sabbath day.) 12 Honour thy father and thy 16 Honour thy father and thy mother :

mother, (as the LORD thy God

that thy days commanded thee:] that thy days may be long.

may be long, (and that it may go upon the land

well with thee,] upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth which the LORD thy God giveth thee.

thee. 13 Thou shalt do no murder. 17 Thou shalt do no murder. 14

Thou shalt not commit 18 [And] thou shalt not commit adultery.

adultery. 15

Thou shalt not steal. 19 [And] thou shalt not steal. 16

Thou shalt not bear false 20 (And] thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour. witness against thy neighbour. 17 Thou shalt not covet thy 21 [And] thou shalt not covet thy

neighbour's house, thou shalt neighbour's wife;[and] thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, not desire thy neighbour's house,

nor his manservant, [his field,] nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, (nor] his ox, nor his maidservant, nor his ass, nor any thing that is nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's.

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thy neighbour's.

his ox,

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III.

THE CLOSE OF JOSHUA AND THE BEGINNING OF JUDGES.

The early chapters of Judges contain some interesting extracts from Joshua, together with references to Deuteronomy. The most notable variations in these extracts are (i) that whilst in the Book of Joshua the authority for giving Hebron to Caleb is the Lord's commandment to Joshua, in the Judges the order is ascribed to Moses. See Num. 14. 24: Deut. 1. 36; (ii) the slight variation of spelling in the words 'upper' and 'lower'; (iii) the change of Judah for Benjamin ; (iv) the different arrangement of the sentences.

Joshua 15.

Judges 1. 13 And unto Caleb the son of 10 And Judah went against the

Jephunneh he gave a portion Canaanites that dwelt in Hebron: among the children of Judah, ac- now the name of Hebron beforecording to the commandment of time was Kiriath-arba. the LORD to Joshua, even Kiriath- 20.

And arba, which Arba was the father they gave Hebron unto Caleb, as of Anak (the same is Hebron).

Moses had spoken : 14 And Caleb drove out thence the and he drove out thence the three sons of Anak,

three sons of Anak. [And they Sheshai, and Ahiman, and smote] Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai, [the children of Anak.] Talmai. 15 And he went up thence against 11 And from thence he went against the inhabitants of Debir: now

the inhabitants of Debir. Now the name of Debir beforetime was the name of Debir beforetime was Kiriath-sepher.

Kiriath-sepher. 16 And Caleb said, He that smiteth 12 And Caleb said, He that smiteth

Kiriath-sepher, and taketh it, to Kiriath-sepher, and taketh it, to him will I give Achsah my daugh

him will I give Achsah my daugh17 ter to wife. And Othniel the 13 ter to wife. And Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's

son of Kenaz, Caleb's (younger] brother, took it: and he gave him brother, took it: and he gave him

Achsah his daughter to wife. Achsah his daughter to wife. 18 And it came to pass, when she 14 And it came to pass, when she

came unto him, that she moved came unto him, that she moved him to ask of her father a field :

him to ask of her father a field : and she lighted down from off and she lighted down from off her ass; and Caleb said unto her,

her ass; and Caleb said unto her, 19 What wouldest thou? And shé 15 What wouldest thou? And she said,

Give me a bless- said [unto him, ] Give me a blessing; for that thou hast set me in ing; for that thou hast set me in the land of the South, give me

the land of the South, give me also springs of water. And he also springs of water. And Caleb gave her the upper springs and gave her the upper springs and the nether springs.

the nether springs.

63 And as

for the Jebusites, the 21 And the children of Beninhabitants of Jerusalem, the jamin did not drive out the children of Judah could not drive Jebusites that inhabited Jerusathem out: but the Jebusites dwelt lem: but the Jebusites dwelt

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Joshua 15, 17, 16, 24.

Judges 1, 2. (Continued.)

(Continued.) with the children of Judah at with the children of Benjamin in Jerusalem, unto this day.

Jerusalem, unto this day. 17 11 And Manasseh had in Issachar 27 And Manasseh did not drive

and in Asher Beth-shean and her out the inhabitants of Beth-shean towns, and Ibleam and her towns, and her towns, nor of Taanach and the inhabitants of Dor and and her towns, nor the inhabither towns, (and the inhabitants of ants of Dor and her towns, En-dor and her towns,] and the inhabitants of Taanach and her the inhabitants of Ibleam and towns, and the inhabitants of her towns, nor the inhabitants of

Megiddo and her towns, [even the Megiddo and her towns : 12 three heights. Yet the children

of Manasseh could not drive out the inhabitants of those cities ;]

but the Canaanites would dwell but the Canaanites would dwell 13 in that land. And it came to 28 in that land. And it came to pass, when the children of] Israel

Israel were waxen strong, that they put was waxen strong, that they put the Canaanites to taskwork, and the Canaanites to taskwork, and did not utterly drive them out. did not utterly drive them out.

nor

pass, when

16 10 And they drave not out the 29 And Ephraim drave not out the

Canaanites that dwelt in Gezer: Canaanites that dwelt in Gezer ; but the Canaanites dwelt in the but the Canaanites dwelt in Gezer midst of Ephraim, [unto this day, among them. and became servants to do taskwork.]

24 28 So Joshua

sent the 2 6 Now when Joshua [had] sent the people away,

people away, [the children of Is. every man unto his rael went] every man unto his [own] inheritance.

inheritance [to possess the 31.

And Israel served 7 land]. And the people served the LORD all the days of Joshua, the LORD all the days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders that and all the days of the elders that outlived Joshua, and had known all outlived Joshua, who had seen all the work of the LORD, that the [great] work of the LORD, that he had wrought for Israel.

he had wrought for Israel. 29 And [it came to pass after these 8 And. things that] Joshua the son of

Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of the LORD, Nun, the servant of the LORD,

died, being an hundred and ten died, being an hundred and ten 30 years old. And they buried him years old. And they buried him

in the border of his inheritance in the border of his inheritance in Timnath-serah, (which is] in in Timnath-heres,

in the hill country of Ephraim, on the hill country of Ephraim, on the north of the mountain of the north of the mountain of Gaash.

Gaash.

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IV.

lot;

gave them

THE LEVITICAL CITIES IN JOSHUA AND CHRONICLES. The text has been slightly rearranged for purposes of comparison. Note (i) the omissions ; (ii) the changes of spelling, some of which are textual, but others probably mark the corruption of names through long years of use. Joshua 21.

1 Chron. 6. 54 [Now these are their dwelling

places according to their encamp9

And 65 ments in their borders :] And they gave

out of the they gave [by lot] out of the tribe of the children of Judah, tribe of the children of Judah, and out of the tribe of the children and out of the tribe of the children of Simeon,

of Simeon, (and out of the tribe

of the children of Benjamin, ] these cities which are mentioned these cities which are mentioned by name.

by name. 10 [And they were] for the chil.

For the chil. dren of Aaron, of the families dren of Aaron, of the families of the Kohathites, (who were of of the Kohathites, the children of Levi:] for theirs

for theirs 11 was the (first] lot; [And] they 55 was the

they gave them(Kiriath-arba, thefather of Anak, the same is] Hebron, in

Hebron in the hill country of Judah, with the the land of Judah, and the

suburbs thereof round about it. suburbs thereof round about it. 12 But the fields of the city, and 56 But the fields of the city, and

the villages thereof, they gave to the villages thereof, they gave to Caleb the son of Jephunneh [for Caleb the son of Jephunneh.

his possession.] 13 And unto the children of Aaron 57 And unto the children of Aaron [the priest] they gave Hebron

they gave the cities [with her suburbs,] the city of of refuge, Hebron; refuge [for the man-slayer], Lib

Lib14 nah also with her suburbs; and nah also with her suburbs, and Jattir (with her suburbs), and Jattir

and Eshtemoa with her suburbs; Eshtemoa with her suburbs ; 15 and Holon with her suburbs, [and] 58 and Hilen with her suburbs, 16 Debir with her suburbs; and 59 Debir with her suburbs; and

Ain with her suburbs, and [Juttah Ashan with her suburbs, and with her suburbs), Beth-shemesh

Beth-shemesh with her suburbs : (nine cities with her suburbs. 17 out of those two tribes.] And out 60.

And out of the tribe of Benjamin, [Gibeon of the tribe of Benjamin, with her suburbs, ] Geba with her

Geba with her 18 suburbs; Anathoth with suburbs, and Allemeth with her

her suburbs, and Almon with her suburbs, [and] Anathoth with her 19 suburbs : [four cities.] All the suburbs.

All their cities (of the children of Aaron, cities the priests,] :

[throughout their were thirteen cities families] were thirteen cities. with their suburbs].

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Joshua 21.

1 Chron. 6. (Continued.)

(Continued.) 5 And

the rest of the 61 And [unto] the rest of the children of Kohath [had] by lot children of Kohath, by lot, out of the fumilies of the tribe out of the family of the tribe [of Ephraim, and out of the tribe of Dan, and] out of the half

out of the half tribe

of Manasseh, tribe, [the half] of Manasseh, 6 ten cities. And the children 62 ten cities. And (to] the children

of Gershon had by lot out of the of Gershom, according to their families

of the tribe of families, [out] of the tribe of Issachar, and out of the tribe Issachar, and out of the tribe of Asher, and out of the tribe of of Asher, and out of the tribe of Naphtali, and out of the [half] Naphtali, and out of the .

tribe of Manasseh in Bashan, tribe of Manasseh in Bashan, 7 thirteen cities.

The chil- 63 thirteen cities. [Unto] the chil. dren of Merari according dren of Merari [by lot], according to their families [had] out of the to their families, out of the tribe of Reuben, and out of the tribe of Reuben, and out of the

tribe of Gad, and out of the tribe tribe of Gad, and out of the tribe 8 of Zebulun, twelve cities. And 64 of Zebulun, twelve cities. And

the children of Israel gave [by the children of Israel gave lot] unto the Levites these cities

to the Levites the cities with their suburbs, (as the LORD with their suburbs. commanded by the hand of

Moses]. 20 And

the families of 66 And (some of] the families of the children of Kohath, (the the children of Kohath, Levites, even the rest of the children of Kohath,] had [the]

had cities of their lot out of the cities of their borders out of the 21 tribe of Ephraim. And they gave 67 tribe of Ephraim. And they gave

them Shechem with her [unto] them the cities of refuge, suburbs in the hill country of Shechem in the hill country of

Ephraim, the city of refuge (for Ephraim with her suburbs ; 22 the manslayer], and Gezer with

and Gezer with her suburbs ; and Kibzaim with 68 her suburbs; and Jokmeam with her suburbs, and Beth-horon her suburbs, and Beth-horon

with her suburbs, [four cities. with her suburbs, 23 And out of the tribe of Dan,

Elteke with her suburbs, Gibbethon with her suburbs ;]

[and] 24 Aijalon with her suburbs, 69 Aijalon with her suburbs, [and]

Gath-rimmon with her suburbs ; Gath-rimmon with her suburbs ; 25 [four cities]. And out of the half 70.

And out of the half tribe of Manasseh, Taanach with tribe of Manasseh ; Aner with

her suburbs, and Gath-rimmon with her suburbs, and Bileam with 26 her suburbs, (two cities. All the her suburbs, cities] of the families of the rest of

for the rest of the family of the children of Kohath [were the children of Kohath.

ten with their suburbs]. 27 [And] unto the children of 71

Unto the children of Gershon, [of the families of the Gershom, Levites,] out of the

out of the [family of the] half tribe of Manasseh, Golan half tribe of Manasseh, Golan in Bashan with her suburbs, (the in Bashan with her suburbs, city of refuge for the manslayer ;] and Be-eshterah with her suburbs;

and Ashtaroth with her suburbs.

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