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IV.

THE LEVITICAL CITIES IN JOSHUA AND CHRONICLES. The text has been slightly rearranged for purposes of comparison. Note (i) the omissions ; (ii) the changes of spelling, some of which are textual, but others probably mark the corruption of names through long years of use.

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lot; . .

gave them

Joshua 21.

1 Chron. 6. 54 [Now these are their dwelling

places according to their encamp9

And 65 ments in their borders :) And they gave

out of the they gave [by lot] out of the tribe of the children of Judah, tribe of the children of Judah, and out of the tribe of the children and out of the tribe of the children of Simeon,

of Simeon, [and out of the tribe

of the children of Benjamin,] these cities which are mentioned these cities which are mentioned by name.

by name. 10 [And they were] for the chil.

For the chil. dren of Aaron, of the families dren of Aaron, of the families of the Kohathites, [who were of of the Kohathites, the children of Levi:] for theirs

for theirs 11 was the (first] lot; [And] they 55 was the

they gave them(Kiriath-arba, the father of Anak, the same is] Hebron, in

Hebron in the hill country of Judah, with the the land of Judah, and the

suburbs thereof round about it. suburbs thereof round about it. 12 But the fields of the city, and 56 But the fields of the city, and

the villages thereof, they gave to the villages thereof, they gave to Caleb the son of Jephunneh (for Caleb the son of Jephunneh.

his possession.] 13 And unto the children of Aaron 57' And unto the children of Aaron (the priest] they gave Hebron

they gave the cities (with her suburbs,] the city of of refuge, Hebron; refuge (for the man-slayer], Lib

Lib14 nah also with her suburbs; and nah also with her suburbs, and Jattir (with her suburbs), and Jattir

and Eshtemoa with her suburbs ; Eshtemoa with her suburbs ; 15 and Holon with her suburbs, [and] 58 and Hilen with her suburbs, 16 Debir with her suburbs; and 59 Debir with her suburbs; and

Ain with her suburbs, and [Juttah Ashan with her suburbs, and with her suburbs), Beth-shemesh

Beth-shemesh with her suburbs : [nine cities with her suburbs. 17 out of those two tribes.] And out 60.

And out of the tribe of Benjamin, [Gibeon of the tribe of Benjamin, with her suburbs, ] Geba with her

Geba with her 18 suburbs;

Anathoth with suburbs, and Allemeth with her her suburbs, and Almon with her suburbs, [and] Anathoth with her 19 suburbs : [four cities.] All the suburbs.

All their cities (of the children of Aaron, cities the priests,] .

[throughout their were thirteen cities families] were thirteen cities. (with their suburbs].

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Joshua 21.

1 Chron. 6. (Continued.)

(Continued.) 5 And

the rest of the 61 And [unto] the rest of the children of Kohath [had] by lot children of Kohath, by lot, out of the fumilies of the tribe out of the family of the tribe (of Ephraim, and out of the tribe of Dan, and] out of the half

out of the half tribe

of Manasseh, tribe, [the half] of Manasseh, 6 ten cities. And . . the children 62 ten cities. And (to] the children

of Gershon had by lot out of the of Gershom, according to their families

of the tribe of families, [out] of the tribe of Issachar, and out of the tribe Issachar, and out of the tribe of Asher, and out of the tribe of of Asher, and out of the tribe of Naphtali, and out of the [half] Naphtali, and out of the

tribe of Manasseh in Bashan, tribe of Manasseh in Bashan, 7 thirteen cities.

The chil- 63 thirteen cities. [Unto] the chil. dren of Merari

according dren of Merari [by lot], according to their families [had] out of the to their families,

out of the tribe of Reuben, and out of the tribe of Reuben, and out of the

tribe of Gad, and out of the tribe tribe of Gad, and out of the tribe 8 of Zebulun, twelve cities. And 64 of Zebulun, twelve cities. And

the children of Israel gave [by the children of Israel gave . lot] unto the Levites these cities

to the Levites the cities with their suburbs, (as the LORD with their suburbs. commanded by the hand of

Moses]. 20 And

the families of 66 And (some of] the families of the children of Kohath, (the

the children of Kohath, Levites, even the rest of the children of Kohath,] had [the]

had cities of their lot out of the cities of their borders out of the 21 tribe of Ephraim. And they gave 67 tribe of Ephraim. And they gave

them Shechem with her [unto] them the cities of refuge, suburbs in the hill country of Shechem in the hill country of

Ephraim, the city of refuge (for Ephraim with her suburbs ; 22 the manslayer), and Gezer with

and Gezer with her suburbs ; and Kibzaim with 68 her suburbs; and Jokmeam with her suburbs, and Beth-horon her suburbs, and Beth-horon

with her suburbs, [four cities. with her suburbs, 23 And out of the tribe of Dan,

Elteke with her suburbs, Gibbethon with her suburbs ;]

[and] 24 Aijalon with her suburbs, 69 Aijalon with her suburbs, [and]

Gath-rimmon with her suburbs ; Gath-rimmon with her suburbs; 25 [four cities]. And out of the half 70.

And out of the half tribe of Manasseh, Taanach with tribe of Manasseh ; Aner with

her suburbs, and Gath-rimmon with her suburbs, and Bileam with 26 her suburbs, (two cities. All the her suburbs, cities] of the families of the rest of

for the rest of the family of the children of Kohath were the children of Kohath.

ten with their suburbs). 27 [And] unto the children of 71

Ünto the children of Gershon, [of the families of the Gershom, Levites,] out of the

out of the [family of the] half tribe of Manasseh, Golan half tribe of Manasseh, Golan in Bashan with her suburbs, (the in Bashan with her suburbs, city of refuge for the manslayer ;] and Be-eshterah with her suburbs;

and Ashtaroth with her suburbs.

.

Joshua 21.

1 Chron. 6.

.

(Continued.)

(Continued.) 28 (two cities.] And out of the 72 .

And out of the tribe of Issachar, Kishion with tribe of Issachar; Kedesh with

her suburbs, Daberath with her her suburbs, Daberath with her 29 suburbs; Jarmuth with her 73 suburbs ; [and] Ramoth with her suburbs,

En-gannim with suburbs, [and] Anem with 30 her suburbs; [four cities.] And 74 her suburbs.

And out of the tribe of Asher, Mishal out of the tribe of Asher ; Mashal

with her suburbs, Abdon with her suburbs, [and] Abdon 31 with her suburbs ; Helkath 75 with her suburbs ; [and] Hukok

with her suburbs, and Rehob with with her suburbs, and Rehob with 32 her suburbs; [four cities.] And out 76 her suburbs.

And out of the tribe of Naphtali, Kedesh of the tribe of Naphtali; Kedesh in Galilee with her suburbs, (the in Galilee with her suburbs, city of refuge for the manslayer,] and Hammoth-dor with her suburbs, and Hammon with her suburbs,

and Kartan with her suburbs ; and Kiriathaim with her suburbs. 33 (three cities. All the cities of

the Gershonites according to their families were thirteen cities with

their suburbs.] 34 [And] unto the families of the 77

Unto the rest of the children of Merari, [the rest of children of Merari, the Levites] out of the tribe

out of the tribe of Zebulun, Jokneam with her of Zebulun, Rimmono with her suburbs, [and] Kartah with her suburbs,

Tabor with her 35 suburbs, [Dimnah with her sub- suburbs.

urbs, Nahalal with her suburbs ; 36 four cities.] And

And [beyond the

Jordan at Jericho, on the east out of the tribe side of Jordan,) out of the tribe of Reuben, Bezer

of Reuben, Bezer [in the wilderwith her suburbs, and ness] with her suburbs, and Jahaz with her suburbs,

Jahzah with her suburbs, [and] 37 Kedemoth with her suburbs, and 79 Kedemoth with her suburbs, and

Mephaath with her suburbs ; Mephaath with her suburbs. 38 [four cities.] And out of the 80.

And out of the tribe of Gad, Ramoth in Gilead tribe of Gad; Ramoth in Gilead with her suburbs, (the city of with her suburbs, refuge for the manslayer,] and

and Mahanaim with her suburbs ;

Mahanaim with her suburbs, 39 Heshbon with her suburbs, 81 [and] Heshbon with her suburbs,

Jazer with her suburbs; [and] Jazer with her suburbs. [four cities in all.]

78.

V.

THE INHABITANTS OF JERUSALEM IN CHRONICLES AND

NEHEMIAH.

This section is a crux for critics. It is here printed in such a way as to exhibit at a glance the resemblances and variations.

The very first name, Uthai or Athaiah, gives two different genealogies leading up to Perez. The section as given in Nehemiah is, in part at any rate, an extract from a much older document, as is shown by the references to 'the King.' The object of the Chronicler seems to be to establish the continuity between the original settlement in Jerusalem as planned by David and Samuel, and the re-settlement after the return from captivity. Some of the variations in the texts are capable of solution, but others defy ingenuity. The section is a strong illustration of the decay of local and civil lists of names and offices as contrasted with the sacred utterances contained in the law and the prophets, which seem to have suffered very little in the process of transmission to later times.

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1 Chron. 9.

Nehem. ll.

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sons

.

(Continued.)

(Continued.) ninety.]

6.

[All the sons of Perez that dwelt in Jerusalem were four hundred threescore and eight

valiant men.] 7 And of the

of Ben- 7 And these are the sons of Ben. jamin; Sallu the son of Meshul- jamin: Sallu the son of Me.

lam, the son of Hodaviah, the shullam, the son of Joed, the 8 son of Hassenuah ; and Ibneiah son of Pedaiah, the son of

the son of Jeroham, and Elah the Kolaiah, the son of Maaseiah, son of Uzzi, the son of Michri, the son of Ithiel, the son of and Meshullam the son of Shep- 8 Jeshaiah. And after him Gabbai,

hatiah, the son of Reuel, the son Sallai, nine hundred twenty and 9 of Ibnijah ; and their brethren, 9 eight. And Joel the son of Žichri

according to their generations, was their overseer : and Judah nine hundred and fifty and six. the son of Hassenuah was second All these men were heads of over the city. fathers' houses by their fathers'

houses. 10 [And] of the priests ; Jedaiah, 10 Of the priests : Jedaiah

and Jehoiarib, [and] Jachin; the son of Joiarib, Jachin, 11 [and] Azariah the son of Hilkiah, 11. Seraiah the son of Hilkiah,

the son of Meshullam, the son the son of Meshullam, the son of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, the son of Ahitub, the ruler of the son of Ahitub, the ruler of the house of God.

12 the house of God, (and their

brethren that did the work of

the house, eight hundred twenty 12.

And Adaiah the son and two.] And Adaiah the son of Jeroham,

of Jeroham, (the son of Pelaliah,

the son of Amzi, the son of the son of Pashhur, Zechariah,] the son of Pashhur, the son of Malchijah, [and Maasai the son of Malchijah, the son of Adiel, the son of Jabzerah, the son of Meshullam,

the son of Meshillemith, the son 13 of Immer ;] and their brethren, 13.

and his brethren, heads of [their] fathers' [houses), heads of

fathers', a thousand and seven hundred and two hundred forty and threescore ; (very able men for the work of the service of the house of God.]

[and Amashsai the son of Azarel, the son of Ahzai, the

son of Meshillemoth, the son 14 of Immer, and their brethren,

mighty men of valour, an hundred twenty and eight : and their overseer was Zabdiel, the son of

Haggedolim.] 14 And of the Levites ; Shemaiah 15 And of the Levites : Shemaiah

the son of Hasshub, the son of the son of Hasshub, the son of

Azrikam, the son of Hashabiah, Azrikam, the son of Hashabiah, 15 [of the sons of Merari,) and Bak

the son of Bunni; bakkar, Heresh, and Galal, 16 and Shabbethai and Jozabad, (of

the chiefs of the Levites, who had the oversight of the outward business of the house of God ;]

two :

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