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Joshua 21.

1 Chron. 6. (Continued.)

(Continued.) 28 (two cities.] And out of the 72 .

And out of the tribe of Issachar, Kishion with tribe of Issachar; Kedesh with

her suburbs, Daberath with her her suburbs, Daberath with her 29 suburbs; Jarmuth with her 73 suburbs; [and] Ramoth with her

suburbs, En-gannim with suburbs, [and] Anem with 30 her suburbs; [four cities.] And 74 her suburbs.

And out of the tribe of Asher, Mishal out of the tribe of Asher ; Mashal with her suburbs,

Abdon with her suburbs, [and] Abdon 31 with her suburbs; Helkath |75 with her suburbs ; [and] Hukok

with her suburbs, and Rehob with with her suburbs, and Rehob with 32 her suburbs; [four cities.] And out 76 her suburbs.

And out of the tribe of Naphtali, Kedesh of the tribe of Naphtali; Kedesh in Galilee with her suburbs, (the in Galilee with her suburbs, city of refuge for the manslayer,] and Hammoth-dor with her suburbs, and Hammon with her suburbs,

and Kartan with her suburbs ; and Kiriathaim with her suburbs. 33 (three cities. All the cities of

the Gershonites according to their families were thirteen cities with

their suburbs.] 34 [And] unto the families of the 177

Unto the rest of the children of Merari, [the rest of children of Merari, the Levites] out of the tribe

out of the tribe of Zebulun, Jokneam with her of Zebulun, Rimmono with her

suburbs, [and] Kartah with her suburbs, Tabor with her 35 suburbs, [Dimnah with her sub- suburbs.

urbs, Nahalal with her suburbs ; 36 four cities.] And

And [beyond the

Jordan at Jericho, on the east out of the tribe side of Jordan,] out of the tribe of Reuben, Bezer

of Reuben, Bezer [in the wilderwith her suburbs, and ness] with her suburbs, and Jahaz with her suburbs,

Jahzah with her suburbs, [and] 37 Kedemoth with her suburbs, and 79 Kedemoth with her suburbs, and

Mephaath with her suburbs ; Mephaath with her suburbs. 38 [four cities. ] And out of the 80.

And out of the tribe of Gad, Ramoth in Gilead tribe of Gad ; Ramoth in Gilead with her suburbs, (the city of with her suburbs, refuge for the manslayer,] and

and Mahanaim with her suburbs ; Mahanaim with her suburbs, 39. Heshbon with her suburbs, 81 [and] Heshbon with her suburbs,

Jazer with her suburbs ; [and] Jazer with her suburbs. [four cities in all.]

78.

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V.

THE INHABITANTS OF JERUSALEM IN CHRONICLES AND

NEHEMIAH.

This section is a crux for critics. It is here printed in such a way as to exhibit at a glance the resemblances and variations.

The very first name, Uthai or Athaiah, gives two different genealogies leading up to Perez. The section as given in Nehemiah is, in part at any rate, an extract from a much older document, as is shown by the references to the King. The object of the Chronicler seems to be to establish the continuity between the original settlement in Jerusalem as planned by David and Samuel, and the re-settlement after the return from captivity. Some of the variations in the texts are capable of solution, but others defy ingenuity. The section is a strong illustration of the decay of local and civil lists of names and offices as contrasted with the sacred utterances contained in the law and the prophets, which seem to have suffered very little in the process of transmission to later times.

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1 Chron. 9.

Nehem. 11.

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(Continued.)

(Continued.) ninety.]

6.

[All the sons of Perez that dwelt in Jerusalem were four hundred threescore and eight

valiant men.] 7 And of the

of Ben- 7 And these are the sons of Benjamin; Sallu the son of Meshul- jamin : Sallu the son of Me

lam, the son of Hodaviah, the shullam, the son of Joed, the 8 son of Hassenuah; and Ibneiah of Pedaiah, the son of

the son of Jeroham, and Elah the Kolaiah, the son of Maaseiah, son of Uzzi, the son of Michri, the son of Ithiel, the son of and Meshullam the son of Shep- 8 Jeshaiah. And after him Gabbai,

hatiah, the son of Reuel, the son Sallai, nine hundred twenty and 9 of Ibnijah ; and their brethren, 9 eight. And Joel the son of Žichri

according to their generations, was their overseer : and Judah nine hundred and fifty and six. the son of Hassenuah was second All these men were heads of over the city. fathers' houses by their fathers'

houses. 10 [And] of the priests; Jedaiah, 10 Of the priests : Jedaiah

and Jehoiarib, [and] Jachin ; the son of Joiarib, Jachin, 11 [and] Azariah the son of Hilkiah, 11. Seraiah the son of Hilkiah,

the son of Meshullam, the son the son of Meshullam, the son of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, the son of Ahitub, the ruler of the son of Ahitub, the ruler of the house of God.

12 the house of God, [and their

brethren that did the work of

the house, eight hundred twenty 12.

And Adaiah the son and two. And Adaiah the son of Jeroham,

of Jeroham, [the son of Pelaliah,

the son of Amzi, the son of the son of Pashhur, Zechariah,] the son of Pashhur, the son of Malchijah, [and Maasai the son of Malchijah, the son of Adiel, the son of Jahzerah, the son of Meshullam,

the son of Meshillemith, the son 13 of Immer ;] and their brethren, 13

and his brethren, heads of [their] fathers' [houses], heads of

fathers', a thousand and seven hundred and two hundred forty and threescore ; [very able men for the work of the service of the house of God.]

[and Amashsai the son of Azarel, the son of Ahzai, the

son of Meshillemoth, the son 14 of Immer, and their brethren,

mighty men of valour, an hundred twenty and eight : and their overseer was Zabdiel, the son of

Haggedolim.] 14 And of the Levites ; Shemaiah 15 And of the Levites : Shemaiah

the son of Hasshub, the son of the son of Hasshub, the son of

Azrikam, the son of Hashabiah, Azrikam, the son of Hashabiah, 15 [of the sons of Merari,] and Bak.

the son of Bunni; bakkar, esh, and Galal, 16 and Shabbethai and Joz bad, (of

the chiefs of the Levites, who had the oversight of the outward business of the house of God ;]

two :

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1 Chron. 9.

Nehem. 11.

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16.

(Continued.)

(Continued.) and Mattaniah the son of Mica, 17 and Mattaniah the son of Mica, the son of Zichri, the son of the son of Zabdi, the son of Asaph ;

Asaph, [who was the chief to begin the thanksgiving in prayer,

and Bakbukiah, the second among and Obadiah the his brethren :) and Abda the son of Shemaiah, the son of son of Shammua, the son of Galal, the son of Jeduthun, [and Galal, the son of Jeduthun. Berechiah the son of Asa, the son of Elkanah, that dwelt in the villages of the Netophathites.]

18 [All the Levites in the holy city

were two hundred fourscore and

four.] 17 And the porters ; [Shallum, 19 And the porters, and] Akkub, [and] Talmon, [and

Akkub, Talmon, Ahiman,) and their brethren :

and their brethren, [that kept watch at the gates, were

an hundred seventy and two.] 18 [Shallum was the chief; who

hitherto in the king's gate eastward : they were the porters for

the camp of the children of Levi. 19 And Shallum the son of Kore,

the son of Ebiasaph, the son of Korah, and his brethren, of his father's house, the Korahites, were over the work of the service, keepers of the gates of the tabernacle: and their fathers had been

over the camp of the LORD, keepers 20 of the entry; and Phinehas the

son of Eleazar was ruler over them

in time past, and the LORD was 21 with him. Zechariah the son of

Meshelemiah was porter of the 22 door of the tent of meeting. All

these which were chosen to be porters in the gates were two hundred and twelve. These were reckoned by genealogy in their villages, whom David and Samuel the seer did ordain in their set office.]

20 [And the residue of Israel, os

the priests, the Levites, were in

all the cities of Judah, every 21 one in his inheritance. But the

Nethinim dwelt in Ophel : and

Ziha and Gishpa were over the 22 Nethinim. The overseer also of

the Levites at Jerusalem was Uzzi the son of Bani, the son of Hashabiah, the son of Mattaniah, the son of Mica, of the sons of Asaph, the singers, over the

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In these attention may be called (i) to the duplication itself ; (ii) to the fact that a complete Psalm is found in two separate portions elsewhere; (iii) to the headings ; (iv) to the substitution of God for LORD. The various readings are of the usual kind.

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Ps. 108.

Ps. 57.

For the Chief Musician, Al-taschith, A Song, a Psalm of David.

Michtam of David, when he fled

from Saul in the cave. 1 My heart is fixed, O God; . 7 My heart is fixed, O God, [my

heart is fixed :) I will sing, yea, I will sing I will sing, yea, I will sing praises, even with my glory.

praises. Awake up, my glory; 2 Awake, psaltery and harp : 8 Awake, psaltery and harp :

I myself will awake right early. I myself will awake right early. 3 I will give thanks unto thee, O 9 I will give thanks unto thee, O LORD, among the peoples :

Lord, among the peoples : [And] I will sing praises unto

I will sing praises unto thee among the nations.

thee among the nations. 4 For thy mercy is great above the 10 For thy mercy is great unto the heavens,

heavens, And thy truth unto the skies. And thy truth unto the skies. 5 Be thou exalted, O God, above 11 Be thou exalted, O God, above the heavens :

the heavens ; [And] thy glory above all the

thy glory above all the earth.

earth.

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