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7 God hath spoken in his holiness ; 6 God hath spoken in his holiness; I will exult:

I will exult : I will divide Shechem, and mete I will divide Shechem, and mete out the valley of Succoth.

out the valley of Succoth. 8 Gilead is mine; Manasseh 7 Gilead is mine, [and] Manasseh is mine ;

is mine ; Ephraim also is the defence of Ephraim also is the defence of mine head;

mine head; Judah is my sceptre.

Judah is my sceptre. 9 Moab is my washpot ;

8 Moab is my washpot ; Upon Edom will I cast my shoe : Upon Edom will I cast my shoe : Over Philistia will I shout.

Philistia, shout thou because of me. 10 Who will bring me into the fenced 9 Who will bring me into the strong city ?

city ? Who hath led me unto Edom ? Who hath led me unto Edom ? 11 Hast not thou cast us off, O God? 10 Hast not thou cast us off, O God? And thou goest not forth, O God, And thou goest not forth, O God, with our hosts.

with our hosts. 12 Give us help against the adver- 11 Give us help against the adver. sary :

sary: For vain is the help of man.

For vain is the help of man. 13 Through God shall do 12 Through God

shall do valiantly :

valiantly: For he it is that shall tread down For he it is that shall tread down our adversaries.

our adversaries.

we

we

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For the Chief Musician. A Psalm of

David.

13 [Be pleased,] O LORD, to deliver

me:

Make haste to help me, O LORD. 14 Let them be ashamed and con

founded (together] That seek after my soul [to de

stroy it:] Let them be turned backward

and brought to dishonour That delight in my hurt. 15 Let them be desolate by reason

of their shame That say [unto me), Aha, Aha. 16 Let all those that seek thee re

joice and be glad in thee:

Let such as love thy salvation say continually,

For the Chief Musician. A Psalm of

David ; to bring to remembrance. 1.

O God, to deliver
me;
Make haste to help me, O LORD.
Let them be ashamed and con-

founded
That seek after my soul:
Let them be turned backward

and brought to dishonour That delight in my hurt. 3 Let them be turned back by reason of their shame

Aha, Aha. 4 Let all those that seek thee re

joice and be glad in thee; [And] let such as love thy salva

tion say continually,

That say,

.

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For the Chief Musician. A Psalm of For the Chief Musician; set to MahaDavid.

lath. Maschal of David. 1 The fool hath said in his heart, 1 The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God.

There

no God. They are corrupt,

they have

They are corrupt, [and] they have done abominable works ;

done abominable iniquity; There is none that doeth good. There is none that doeth good. 2 The Lord looked down from hea- 2 God looked down from hea.

ven upon the children of men, ven upon the children of men, To see if there were any that did To see if there were any that did understand,

understand, That did seek after God.

That did seek after God. 3 They are all gone aside ; they 3 Every one of them is gone back; they are together become filthy;

are together become filthy; There is none that doeth good, no, There is none that doeth good, no, not one.

not one. 4 Have [all] the workers of iniquity 4 Have . the workers of iniquity no knowledge ?

no knowledge ? Who eat up my people as they Who eat up my people as they eat bread,

eat bread, And call not upon the LORD.

And call not upon God. 5 There were they in great fear : 5 There were they in great fear,

(where no fear was : For God hath scattered the bones

of him that encampeth against

thee ;] (For God is in the generation of

the righteous.] 6 Ye put to shame the counsel of the poor, Thou hast put them to shame, Because the LORD is his refuge.

Because God hath rejected them. 7 Oh that the salvation of Israel 6 Oh that the salvation of Israel were come out of Zion !

were come out of Zion ! When the LORD bringeth back the When God bringeth back the captivity of his people,

captivity of his people, Then shall Jacob rejoice, and Then shall Jacob rejoice, and Israel shall be glad.

Israel shall be glad.

Ps. 115.

Ps. 135. 4 Their idols.

are 15 The idols [of the nations] are silver and gold,

silver and gold, The work of men's hands.

The work of men's hands. 5 They have mouths, but they 16 They have mouths, but they speak not;

speak not;

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(Continued.)

(Continued.) Eyes have they, but they see not; Eyes have they, but they see not; 6 They have ears, but they hear 17 They have ears, but they hear

not;

not;

[Noses have they, but they smell 7 They have hands, but they handle

not ;

not ;

.

.

Feet have they, but they walk

not ;] Neither speak they through their Neither is there any breath in their throat.

mouths. 8 They that make them shall be 18 They that make them shall be like unto them;

like unto them; Yea, every one that trusteth in Yea, every one that trusteth in them.

them. 90

Israel, trust thou in the 19 0 [house of] Israel, bless ye the LORD :

LORD: [He istheir help and their shield.] 10 O house of Aaron, trust ye in the

O house of Aaron, bless je the LORD :

LORD : [He is their help and their shield.]

20 [O house of Levi, blessye the LORD:] 11 Ye that fear the LORD, trust in the Ye that fear the LORD, bless ye the LORD :

LORD. [He is their help and their shield.]

.

VII.

THE EARLIER AND LATER PARTS OF ISAIAH.

THE passages below show marks of relationship between the two main divisions of Isaiah, but in themselves they afford no substantial evidence for or against identical authorship. There are marked resemblances between certain passages in the early division : see, for example, chapters 10. 23 and 28. 22; also chaps. 29. 17 and 32. 15. In the second division there are more numerous resemblances : compare chaps. 40. 10 and 62. 11; 41. 17, 18 and 43. 19, 21 ; 42. 6, 7 and 49. 8, 9; 46. 13 and 51. 5; 48. 22 and 52. 21.

Isa. 11. 6-9.

Isa. 65. 25.

6 And the wolf shall dwell with the 25 The wolf and the lamb shall feed

lamb, (and the leopard shall lie together,
down with the kid; and the calf
and the young lion and the fat-

ling together; and a little child 7 shall lead them. And the cow

and the bear shall feed ; their

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10 And the ransomed of the LORD 11 And the ransomed of the LORD

shall return, and come with shall return, and come with singing unto Zion; and ever: singing unto Zion; and everlasting joy shall be upon their lasting joy shall be upon their heads : they shall obtain glad. heads: they shall obtain gladness and joy, and sorrow and ness and joy, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away.

sighing shall flee away.

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The relationship between Isaiah and his contemporary Micah is of a deeply interesting character. It is by no means confined to the passage given below. Compare, for example, Isa. 26. 21 with Mic. 1. 3 ; Isa. 58. I with Mic. 3.8; Isa. 25. 8 with Mic. 6. 16; also compare Isa. 10. 21 with Mic. 5. 3, 7, 8, noting two different words for ' remnant. Both prophets also speak of the Babylonian captivity (Isa. 39. 5 and Mic. 4. 10). In comparing the texts below, the variations prove to be akin to those which we are familiar with elsewhere. It remains to ask who has the prior claim to the original authorship. In Isaiah the passage stands as the beginning of a message given to him in vision. In Micah it appears to be part of the prophecy contained in the previous chapter which was published in the reign of Hezekiah (see Jer. 26. 18). If the early chapters of Isaiah are in anything like chronological order his second chapter was before Hezekiah's time.

Isa. 2. 1-5.

Mic. 4. 1-4

[The word that Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah

and Jerusalem.] 2 And it shall come to pass in

the latter days, that the mountain of the LORD's house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and . . shall be ex

alted above the hills ; and all 3 nations shall flow unto it. And

many peoples shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the LORD 4 from Jerusalem. And he shall judge between the nations, and shall

reprove many peoples : and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks : nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any

more. 5 [O house of Jacob, come ye, and

let us walk in the light of the LORD.]

And it shall come to pass in the latter days, that the mountain of the LORD's house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and [it] shall be ex

alted above the hills; and 2 peoples shall flow unto it. And

many nations shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, [and] to the house of the God of Jacob ; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths : for out of Zion shall go forth the

law, and the word of the LORD 3 from Jerusalem. And he shall judge between many peoples, and shall reprove strong nations afar off ; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks : nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any

more. 4 [But they shall sit every man

under his vine and under his fig tree ; and none shall make them afraid: for the mouth of the LORD of hosts hath spoken it. For all the peoples will walk every one in the name of his god, and we will walk in the name of the LORD our God for ever and ever.]

M

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