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And the ransomed of the LORD 11 And the ransomed of the LORD shall return, and come with shall return, and come with singing unto Zion; and ever- singing unto Zion; and everlasting joy shall be upon their lasting joy shall be upon their heads : they shall obtain glad. heads: they shall obtain glad. ness and joy, and sorrow and ness and joy, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away.

sighing shall flee away.

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The relationship between Isaiah and his contemporary Micah is of a deeply interesting character. It is by no means confined to the passage given below. Compare, for example, Isa. 26. 21 with Mic. 1. 3 ; Isa. 58. I with Mic. 3. 8; Isa. 25. 8 with Mic. 6. 16; also compare Isa. 10. 21 with Mic. 5. 3, 7, 8, noting two different words for remnant' Both prophets also speak of the Babylonian captivity (Isa. 39. 5 and Mic. 4. 10). In comparing the texts below, the variations prove to be akin to those which we are familiar with elsewhere. It remains to ask who has the prior claim to the original authorship. In Isaiah the passage stands as the

beginning of a message given to him in vision. In Micah it appears to be part of the prophecy contained in the previous chapter which was published in the reign of Hezekiah (see Jer. 26. 18). If the early chapters of Isaiah are in anything like chronological order his second chapter was before Hezekiah's time.

Isa. 2. 1-5. [The word that Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah

and Jerusalem.] 2 And it shall come to pass in

the latter days, that the mountain of the LORD's house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and . . shall be ex

alted above the hills; and all 3 nations shall flow unto it. And

many peoples shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the LORD 4 from Jerusalem. And he shall judge between the nations, and shall reprove many peoples : and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any

more. 5 [O house of Jacob, come ye, and

let us walk in the light of the LORD.]

Mic. 4. 1-4.

And it shall come to pass in the latter days, that the mountain of the LORD's house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and [it] shall be ex

alted above the hills; and 2 peoples shall flow unto it. And

many nations shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, [and] to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the

law, and the word of the LORD 3 from Jerusalem. And he shall judge between many peoples, and shall reprove strong nations afar off ; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks : nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any

more.

4 [But they shall sit every man

under his vine and under his fig tree ; and none shall make them afraid: for the mouth of the LORD of hosts hath spoken it. For all the peoples will walk every one in the name of his god, and we will walk in the name of the LORD our God for ever and ever.]

M

IX.

DUPLICATE SECTIONS IN JEREMIAH.

THERE is no prophetic book in which the writer repeats himself so freely as the Book of Jeremiah. Only the most striking instances are given below. Compare also chap. 6. 13-15 with 8. 10-12; chap. 11. 20 with 20. 12; chap. 30. 10, 11 with 46. 27, 28; chap. 24. 8-10 with 29. 17-19; chap. 23. 19, 20 with 30. 23, 24. In all these passages the slips, oversights, or textual corruptions, are of the most minute description-a fact which gives some encouragement after the numerous instances to the contrary which we have met with in other books. Attention need be called only to two points in the extracts below : (i) there is the remarkable variation in gender between 'He shall be called' and 'She (i.e. Jerusalem) shall be called' (23. 6 and 33. 16). May it not possibly

() ? as it stands is capable of a satisfactory interpretation, for the city may naturally be named after her Deliverer ; but the other alternative is possible also. (ii) The prophecy which is aimed at Edom in chap. 49 is directed against Babylon in chap. 50. Such adaptation is frequent elsewhere on a small scale. See e. g. Amos 1 and 2.

0f course the text ? (וזה־שמו אשר יקראו for וזה אשר יקרא־לה) be a slip

Jer. 10. 12–16.

Jer. 51. 15-19. 12 He hath made the earth by his 15 He hath made the earth by his power, he hath established the

power, he hath established the world by his wisdom, and by his world by his wisdom, and by his

understanding hath he stretched understanding hath he stretched 13 out the heavens: when he uttereth 16 out the heavens: when he uttereth

his voice, there is a tumult of his voice, there is a tumult of waters in the heavens, and he waters in the heavens, and he causeth the vapours to ascend causeth the vapours to ascend from the ends of the earth; he from the ends of the earth; he maketh lightnings for the rain, maketh lightnings for the rain,

and bringeth forth the wind out and bringeth forth the wind out 14 of his treasuries. Every man is 17 of his treasuries. Every man is

become brutish and is without become brutish and is without knowledge ; every goldsmith is knowledge ; every goldsmith is put to shame by his graven image: put to shame by his graven image: for his inolten image is falsehood, for his molten image is falsehood,

and there is no breath in them. and there is no breath in them. 15 They are vanity, a work of 18 They are vanity, a work of

delusion : in the time of their delusion : in the time of their 16 visitation they shall perish. The 19 visitation they shall perish. The

portion of Jacob is not like these; portion of Jacob is not like these; for he is the former of all things ; for he is the former of all things; and [Israel] is the tribe of his

and

is the tribe of his inheritance: the LORD of hosts inheritance: the LORD of hosts is his name.

his name.

Jer. 23. 5-8.

Jer. 33. 14-16. 5 Behold, the days come, saith 14 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will upraise the LORD, that I will upraise

[that good word which I have spoken concerning the house of

Israel and concerning the house 15 of Judah. In those days, and at

that time, will I cause to grow unto David a righteous up) unto David a Branch of Branch, [and he shall reign righteousness; as king and deal wisely,] and .

and [he] shall execute judgement and shall execute judgement and 6 righteousness in the land. In his 16 righteousness in the land. In those

days Judah shall be saved, and days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and Jerusalem shall dwell safely: and this is [his name] whereby he this is

whereby she shall be called, The LORD is our shall be called, The LORD is our righteousness.

righteousness.

Jer. 16. 14, 15. 7 Therefore, behold, the days 14 Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that they come, saith the LORD, that it shall sayAs the

shall no more be said, As the LORD liveth, which brought up LORD liveth, which brought up

the children of Israel out of the the children of Israel out of the 8 land of Egypt; but, As the LORD 15 land of Egypt; but, As the LORD

liveth, which brought up (and liveth, which brought up which led the seed of] the house

the children of Israel out of the north country, of Israel out of the north country, and from all the countries whither and from all the countries whither I had driven them; and they he had driven them: and I will shall dwell in their own land.

bring them again into their land that I gave unto their fathers.

no

more

Jer. 49. 19-21.

Jer. 50. 44-46. 19 Behold, he shall come up like 44 Behold, he shall come up like

a lion from the pride of Jordan a lion from the pride of Jordan against the strong habitation : against the strong habitation : but I will suddenly make him but I will suddenly make them run away from her; and whoso run away from her ; and whoso is chosen, him will I appoint is chosen, him will I appoint over her: for who is like me ? over her: for who is like me ? and who will appoint me a time? and who will appoint me a time?

and who is the shepherd that and who is the shepherd that 20 will stand before me? Therefore 45 will stand before me? Therefore

hear ye the counsel of the LORD, hear ye the counsel of the LORD, that he hath taken against that he hath taken against Edom; and his purposes, that Babylon ; and his purposes, that he hath purposed against the in- he hath purposed against the habitants of Teman : Surely they land of the Chaldeans : Surely they shall drag them away, even the shall drag them away, even the little ones of the flock ; surely little ones of the flock ; surely

he shall make their habitation he shall make their habitation 21 desolate with them. At the 46 desolate with them. At the noise

their fall the noise of the taking of Babylon the earth trembleth; there is a cry, earth trembleth, and the cry [the noise whereof] is heard in

is heard among the Red Sea.

the nations.

of

X.

JEREMIAH AND THE OTHER SCRIPTURES.
IN 1837 a monograph on this subject was published by Augustus Küper,
entitled Jeremias librorum sacrorum interpres atque vindex ; and the subject
certainly deserves a special treatise. To give anything like a notice of
the minute relationship between Jeremiah and the Pentateuch (notably
Deut.), Psalms and Prophets, would extend this section far beyond its
proper limits. All that can be done here is to call attention to the most
notable points of relationship between this writer and the other books.
The question of original authorship is not discussed.
Jer. 48. 45, 46.

Num. 21. 27-29.
27 [Wherefore they that speak in

proverbs say,
Come ye to Heshbon,
Let the city of Sihon be built

and established :]
45 For a fire is gone (forth] out of 28 For a fire is gone out of
Heshbon,

Heshbon,
[And] a flame from the midst of .: A flame from the city of
Sihon,

Sihon :
And hath devoured the corner of It hath devoured Ar of
Moab,

Moab,
And the crown of the head of the The lords of the high places of
tumultuous ones.

Arnon, 46 Woe unto thee, O Moab!

29 Woe unto thee, O Moab ! The people of Chemosh is un Thou art undone, 0 people of done :

Chemosh : For thy sons

are taken away He hath given his captive,

fugitives, And thy daughters into captivity. And his daughters into captivity.

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Jer. 48. 29-36.

Isa. 16. 6-11. 29 We have heard of the pride of 6 We have heard of the pride of

Moab, that he is very proud ; Moab, that he is very proud ; his loftiness, and his pride, and even of his arrogancy, and his

his arrogancy, and the haughti. pride, and his wrath; 30 ness of his heart. [I know his

wrath, saith the LORD, that it is nought;] his boastings have

his boast31 wrought nothing. Therefore 7 ings are nought. Therefore

will I howl for Moab; yea, I will shall Moab howl for Moab, every cry out for all Moab: for the men one shall howl: for the rasin

of Kir-heres shall they mourn. cakes of Kir-hareseth shall ye 32 With more than the weeping of 8 mourn, utterly stricken.

For Jazer will I weep for thee, O vine the fields of Heshbon languish, of Sibmah : thy branches passed and the vine of Sibmah; the over the sea, they reached even lords of the nations have broken to the sea of Jazer: upon thy down the choice plants thereof; summer fruits and upon thy they reached even unto Jazer, vintage the spoiler is fallen. they wandered into the wilder

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