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A. 2 Sam. 22.
B. Psalm 18.
(Continued.) 34 He maketh his feet like hinds' 33 He maketh my feet like hinds' feet:
feet: And setteth me upon my high And setteth me upon my high places.
places. 35 He teacheth my hands to war ; 34 He teacheth my hands to war; So that mine arms do bend a bow So that mine arms do bend a bow of brass.
of brass. 36 Thou hast also given me the 35 Thou hast also given me the shield of thy salvation :
shield of thy salvation : [And thy right hand hath holden
me up,] And thy gentleness hath made And thy gentleness hath made me great.
me great. 37 Thou hast enlarged my steps 36 Thou hast enlarged my steps under me,
under me, And my feet have not slipped. And my feet have not slipped. 38 I have pursued ? mine enemies, and 37 I will pursue mine enemies, and destroyed r them;
orertake them: Neither did I turn again till they Neither will I turn again till they were consumed.
are consumed. 39 [And I have consumed them, and] 38.
I will smitten them through, that they smite them through that they cannot rise :
shall not be able to rise : [Yea,] they are fallen under my
They shall fall under my feet.
feet. 40 For thou hast girded me with 39 For thou hast girded me with strength unto the battle :
strength unto the battle : Thou hast subdued under me Thou hast subdued under me
those that rose up against me. those that rose up against me. 41 Thou hast also made mine ene- 40 Thou hast also made mine ene
mies turn their backs unto mies turn their backs unto me,
me, That I might cut off them that That I might cut off them that hate me.
hate me. 42 They lookeds, but there was none to 41 They cried, but there was none to
save; Even unto the LORD, but he Even unto the LORD, but he answered them not.
answered them not. 43 Then did I beat them small as the 42 Then did I beat them small as the dust of the earth,
dust before the wind : I did stampt them .. as the mire I did cast them (out] as the mire
of the streets, (and did spread of the streets.
them abroad.] 44 Thou [also] hast delivered me 43 Thou hast delivered me
from the strivings of my peo- from the strivings of the people;
ple; Thou hast kept u me [to be] the Thou hast made me
the head of the nations :
head of the nations : A people whom I have not known A people whom I have not known shall serve me.
shall serve me.
.ארדוף ,B .ארדפה .Q A ,אינם .B .אשמידם .A " .ישעו ,A 5
.ישועו .B .אדיקם .B .אדקם .t A .תשימני .B .תשמרני ,u A
A. 2 Sam. 22.
B. Psalm 18.
(Continued.) 45 The strangers shall submit them- 44 As soon as they hear of me they selves unto me:
shall obey me : As soon as they hear of me, they The strangers shall submit themshall obey me.
selves unto me. 46 The strangers shall fade away, 45 The strangers shall fade away, And shall come trembling out of And shall come trembling out of their close places.
their close places. 47 The LORD liveth ; and blessed be 46 The LORD liveth; and blessed be my rock ;
my rock ; And exalted be the God (of the And exalted be the God rock] of my salvation :
of my salvation : 48 Even the God that executeth ven- 47 Even the God that executeth vengeance for me,
geance for me, And bringeth down peoples under And subdueth peoples under
me, 49 And that bringeth me forth from mine 48 He rescueth
from mine enemies :
enemies : Yea, thou liftest me up above Yea, thou liftest me up above them that rise up against me :
them that rise up against me : Thou deliverest me from the man Thou deliverest me from the man of violence.
of violence. 50 Therefore I will give thanks unto 49 Therefore I will give thanks unto
thee, O LORD, among the na thee, O LORD, among the nations,
tions, And will sing praises unto thy And will sing praises unto thy
name. 51 Great deliverance giveth he to his 50 Great deliverance giveth he to his king :
king; And sheweth lovingkindness to And sheweth lovingkindness to his anointed,
his anointed, To David ? and to his seed, for To David and to his seed, for evermore.
.ויחרגו .B .ויחגרו .x A
y A. pl. B. sing.
2 The name of David is spelled in B. as in A, at the beginning and end of the Psalms, not in the Chronicler's way, which is presumably the later spelling. This fact leads to the conclusion that the recension of the Psalm dates from a comparatively early time.
A. 2 Sam. 23.
B. 1 Chron. 11.
(Inserted in an earlier part of the Book, (David's Song and Last Words.) after the Death of Saul and the
Capture of Zion.)
[Now these be the chief of the mighty men whom David had, who shewed themselves strong with him in his kingdom, together with all Israel, to make him king, according to the word
of the LORD concerning Israel “.] 8 These be the names of the 11 And this is the number of the
mighty men whom David had : mighty men whom David had : Josheb - basshebeth Tahchmonite, Jashobeam, the son of a Hachmonite,
chief of the captains; the [the] chief of the captains; he same was Adino the Eznite, against lifted up his spear against three
eight b hundred slain at one time. hundred and slew them at one time. 9 And after him was Eleazar the 12 And after him was Eleazar the
son of Dodai the (son of an] son of Dodo, the Ahohite,
one of the Ahohite, (who was] one of the three mighty men . with 13 three mighty men. (He was] with David,
David [at Pas-dammim,] [when they defied cthe Philistines that were there gathered together
to battle, and the men of Israel 10 were gone away : he arose, and
smote the Philistines until his hand was weary, and his hand clave unto the sword : and the LORD wrought a great victory
that day; and the people returned 11 after him only to spoil. And
after him was Shammah the son of Agee a Hararite.] And the
and the Philistines were . gathered Philistines were there) gathered together into a troop, where was together to battle, where a plot of ground full of lentils; a plot of ground full of barley; and the people fled from
and the people fled from [before] 12 the Philistines. But he stood in 14 the Philistines. And they stood in
the midst of the plot, and de- the midst of the plot, and de. fended it, and slew the Philis- fended it, and slew the Philistines : and the LORD wrought d
and the LORD saved a great victory.
a great victory. 13 And three of the thirty chief 15 And three of the thirty chief went down, [and came] to David went down
§ 13.—This is B.'s introduction before making use of his materials.
The ordinary variations in Hebrew letters can easily be illustrated from this list. It contains e.g. 7 for 7, , for 7, for 1, ) for 7, with transpositions, and changes of defective vocalization into full. b The readings in this verse evidently varied before the time of the LXX, and there is no means of accounting for them. Eight and three are interchanged elsewhere.
C A. . B. DƏ. In B. the copyist has passed over a verse accidentally between the one gathering of the Philistines (A. 9) and the other (A. 11). d A. Wy". B. yung Manifestly an error. See LXX.
.בחרפס .C A
A. 2 Sam. 23.
B. 1 Chron. 11.
(Continued.) in the harvest time e unto the cave rock to David, unto the cave of Adullam ; and the troop of the of Adullam ; and the host of the
Philistines were encamped in the Philistines were encamped in the 14 valley of Rephaim. And David 16 valley of Rephaim. And David
was then in the hold, and the was then in the hold, and the
garrison of the Philistines was garrison of the Philistines was 15 then in Beth-lehem. And David 17 then in Beth-lehem. And David
longed, and said, Oh that one longed, and said, Oh that one would give me water to drink of would give me water to drink of
the well? of Beth-lehem, which the well of Beth-lehem, which 16 is by the gate! And the three 18 is by the gate! And the three (mighty men] brake through the
. brake through the host of the Philistines, and drew host of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Beth- water out of the well of Bethlehem, that was by the gate, lehem, that was the gate, and took it, and brought it to and took it, and brought it to David : but he would not drink David: but David would not drink
thereof, but poured it out unto thereof, but poured it out unto 17 the LORD. And [he] said, Be it 19 the LORD, and .
said, My far from me, O LORD8, that I should God, forbid it me, that I should do this :
the blood do this : [shall I drink] the blood of the men that went in jeopardy of these men that have put their lives of their lives?
in jeopardy? [for with their lives
therefore he they brought it.] Therefore he would not drink it. These things would not drink it. These things did the three mighty men.
did the three mighty men. 18 And Abishai, the brother of 20 And Abeshai, the brother of Joab, [the son of Zeruiah,] was Joab,
he was chief of the three. And he lifted chief of the three. And he lifted up his spear against three hun
up his spear against three hundred and slew them, and had dred and slew them, and had 19 a name among the three. Of the 21 a name among the three. Of the three was he not most honour- three he
able (than the two, and] he was made their captain : howbeit he made their captain : howbeit he attained not to the three.
attained not to the three. 20 [And] Benaiah the
Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man of Kabzeel, who had done mighty of Kabzeel, who had done mighty deeds, he slew the two sons of deeds, he slew the two sons of Ariel of Moab : he went down Ariel of Moab : he went down
also and slew a lion in the midst also and slew a lion in the midst 21 of a pit in time of snow. And he 23 of a pit in the day of snow. And he slew an Egyptian, a goodlyh man : slew an Egyptian, a man of stature,
and the [five cubits high ;] and in the Egyptian had a spear in his hand : Egyptian's hand was spear
but [like a weaver's beam); and he went down to him with a he went down to him with a staff, and plucked the spear out staff, and plucked the spear out
is בור .These forms frequently vary .בור ,B .באר ,A
o A. 7980 5x. B. 780 by. A various reading. LXX takes it for a proper
I properly a pit: see A. ver. 20. & The tendency to substitute God for LORD re-appears.
h A. 1879. B. 179. The substitution of 7 for 7 is the spring of this reading.
A. 2 Sam. 23.
B. 1 Chron. 11.
(Continued.) of the Egyptian's hand, and slew of the Egyptian's hand, and slew 22 him with his own spear. These 24 him with his own spear. These
things did Benaiah the son of things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and had a name among
Jehoiada, and had a name among the three mighty men.
25 the three mighty men. (Behold,] 23 He was more honourable than he was more honourable than
the thirty, but he attained not to the thirty, but he attained not to the three. And David set him the three. And David set him over his guard.
over his guard. 26 [Also the mighty men of the
armies ;] 24 Asahel the brother of Joab (was Asahel the brother of Joab;
one of the thirty); Elhanan the son of Dodo of Beth Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem;
lehem ; 25 Shammah the Harodite,
27 Shammoth the Harorite; (Elika the Harodite ;] 26 Helez the Paltite,
Helez the Pelonite ; Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite; 28 Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite ; 27 Abiezer the Anathothite;
Abiezer the Anathothite; Mebunnai the Hushathite;
29 Sibbecai the Hushathite; 28 Zalmon the Ahohite;
Ilai the Ahohite; Maharai the Netophathite; 30 Maharai the Netophathite ; 29 Heleb the son of Baanah the Heled the son of Baanah the Netophathite;
Netophathite; Ittai the son of Ribai of Gibeah 31 Ittai the son of Ribai of Gibeah of the children of Benjamin ;
of the children of Benjamin ; 30 Benaiah a Pirathonite;
Benaiah the Pirathonite; Hiddai of the brooks of Gaash; 32 Hurai of the brooks of Gaash; 31 Abi-albon the Arbathite;
33 Abiel the Arbathite; Azmaveth the Barhumite;
Azmaveth the Baharumite; 32 Eliahba the Shaalbonite;
Eliahba the Shaalbonite ; the sons of Jashen,
34 the sons of Hashem (the Gizonite]; Jonathan; Shammah the Jonathan the son of ] Shage the Hararite ;
Hararite; 33 Ahiam the son of Sharar the 35 Ahiam the son of Sacar the Ararite;
Hararite ; 34 Eliphelet the son of Ahasbai, (the Eliphal the son of Ur;
son of the Maacathite ;] Eliam the son of Anithophel the 36 Hepher the Mecherathite, Ahijah the Gilonite ;
Pelonite ; 35 Hezro the Carmelite ;
37 Hezro the Carmelite ; Paarai the
Arbite ; 38 Naarai the son of] Ezbai ; 36 Igal the son of Nathan [of Zobah]; Joel the brother of Nathan; Bani the Gadite ;
Mibhar the son of Hagri ; 37 Zelek the Ammonite;
39 Zelek the Ammonite; Naharai the Berothite,
Naharai the Berothite, [the] armourbearers i to Joab the son armourbearer of Joab the son of Zeruiah;
of Zeruiah; 38 Ira the Ithrite ;
40 Ira the Ithrite ; Gareb the Ithrite ;
Gareb the Ithrite ; 39 Uriah the Hittite: (thirty and 41 Uriah the Hittite ;
seven in all.]
i Keri reads armourbearer.