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A. 2 Sam. 23.
B. 1 Chron. 11.
(Continued.) 42 (Zabad the son of Ahlai; Adina
the son of Shiza the Reubenite,
a chief of the Reubenites, and 43 thirty with him ; Hanan the son
of Maacah, and Joshaphat the 44 Mithnite; Uzzia the Ashterathite;
Shama and Jeiel the sons of 45 Hotham the Aroerite; Jediael the
son of Shimri, and Joha, his 46 brother, the Tizite ; Eliel the
Mahavite, and Jeribai, and Josh
aviah, the sons of Elnaam, and 47 Ithmah the Moabite ; Eliel, and
Obed, and Jaasiel the Mezobaite.]
A. 2 Sam. 24.
B. 1 Chron. 21.
(Continuous from $ 11.) And again the anger of the LORD And
adversary was kindled against Israel a. And stood up against Israel, and he moved David (against them, he moved David saying, Go,] number Israel (and
to number Israel. Judah). 2 And the king said to Joab (the 2' And David said to Joab
captain of the host, which was with him],
[and to the princes of Go now to and fro the people), Go, number [through all the tribes of] Israel,
Israel from Dan even to Beer-sheba, from Beer-sheba even to Dan; [and number ye the people),
that I may
[and bring me word,] that I may 3 know the sum of the people b. And 3 know the sum of them. And
Joab said (unto the king, Now] Joab said, the LORD thy God) add unto the The LORD
add unto his people an hundredfold so many people an hundredfold so many more as they be, (and may the more as they be : eyes of my lord the king see it :) but
but, [my lord the king, are they why
not all my lord's servants ?) why doth my lord [the king] delight in doth my lord
require this thing?
this thing ? [why will he be
a cause of guilt unto Israel ?] 4 Notwithstanding the king's word 4 Nevertheless the king's word
prevailed against Joab, [and prevailed against Joab,
Wherefore Joab host] went out from the presence
§ 14.—1 The same in substance. Where the word 70W has no definite article it is best translated 'an adversary.' Cf, 1 Kings 11. 14.
. B. . c A. DND twice (accidental repetition ?), B. once.
מספר העם ,b A
A. 2 Sam. 24.
B. 1 Chron. 21.
(Continued.) of the king, to number the people
went throughout all 5 of Israel. (And they passed over Israel,
Jordan, and pitched in Aroer, on the right side of the city that
is in the middle of the valley of 6 Gad, and unto Jazer; then they came to Gilead, and to the land of Tahtim-hodshi; and they came to Dan-jaan, and round about to 7 Zidon, and came to the strong
hold of Tyre, and to all the cities of the Hivites, and of the Canaanites : and they went out to the south of Judah, at Beer-sheba. 8 So when they had gone to and fro through all the land,] they
and came to Jerusalem [at the end of came to Jerusalem. nine months and twenty days).
And Joab gave up the sum of 5 And Joab gave up the sum of the numbering of the people unto the numbering of the people unto the king : and there were in Israel David. And all they of Israel were eight
hundred a thousand thousand and an hundred thousand (valiant) men that drew thousand
men that drew [the] sword ; and the men of]
sword : and Judah were five hundred
Judah was four hundred (threethousand men score and ten] thousand men
6 (that drew sword. But Levi and
Benjamin counted he not among them : for the king's word was
abominable to Joabe.] 10 And David's heart smote him after 7 And God was displeased with this
that he had numbered the people. thing; therefore he smote Israel. And David said unto the LORD, I 8 And David said unto God, I have sinned greatly in that I have sinned greatly, in that I have done :
have done this thing] : but now, [O LORD,] put away, I beseech
put away, I beseech thee, the iniquity of thy servant ; thee, the iniquity of thy servant;
for I have done very foolishly. for I have done very foolishly. 11 And (when David rose up in the 9 And morning, the word of) the LORD
the LORD came unto (the prophet] Gad, spake unto
Gad, 12 David's seer, saying, Go and speak 10 David's seer, saying, Go and speak unto David,
Thus saith unto David, [saying,] Thus saith the LORD, I offer thee three the LORD, I offer thee three
things; choose thee one of them, things ; choose thee one of them, 13 that I may do it unto thee. So 11 that I may do it unto thee. So
Gad came to David, [and told Gad came to David, him,] and said unto him,
12. and said unto him, [Thus Shall
saith the LORD,] Take which thou years of famine come unto thee wilt; either three years of famine ;
d According to A., Israel had 800,000 and Judah 500,000. According to B., Israel had 1,100,000 and Judah 470,000. The LXX gives no material variation from our texts. e See 1 Chron. 27. 23, 24. f 'Seven,' a slip of an old copyist, who had, perhaps, the Egyptian seven years of famine in his mind. LXX has three.
A. 2 Sam. 24.
B. 1 Chron. 21.
(Continued.) in thy land ? or wilt thou flee or three months to be consumed three months before thy foes before thy foes, while that the while they pursue thee?
sword of thine enemies overtaketh shall there be three days'
thee; or else three days (the
pesti- sword of the LORD, even] pesti. ience in thy land ?
lence in the land, [and the angel of the Lord destroying through
out all the coasts of Israel.] Now [advise thee, and] [therefore] consider what answer I shall consider what answer I shali
return to him that sent me. return to him that sent me. 14 And David said unto Gad, I am 13 And David said unto Gad, I am
in a great strait : let us fall now in a great strait : let me fall now into the hand of the LORD; for into the hand of the LORD ; for
great are his mercies 8; and (very] great are his mercies : and let me not fall into the hand of let me not fall into the hand of 15 man.
So the LORD sent a pesti- 14 man. So the LORD sent a pestilence upon Israel (from the lence upon Israel : morning even to the time appointed]: and there died of the
and there fell of people [from Dan even to Beer- Israel sheba) seventy thousand men.
seventy thousand men. 16 And when the angel (stretched 15 And [God sent] an angel out his hand] toward Jerusalem
unto Jerusalem to destroy it,
to destroyit: [and as he was about the LORD
to destroy,] the LORD [beheld, repented him of the
and he] repented him of the evil, and said to the angel that de- evil, and said to the destroying stroyed [the people), It is enough; angel,
It is enough ; now stay thine hand. And the
now stay thine hand. And the angel of the LORD was by the angel of the LORD stood by the threshing-floor of Araunahh the
threshing-floor of Ornan the Jebusite.
16 Jebusite. [And David lifted up
his eyes, and saw the angel of the LORD stand between the earth and the heaven, having a drawn sword in his hand stretched out over Jerusalem. Then David and
the elders, clothed in sackcloth, 17
And David 17 fell upon their faces.] And David spake unto the LORD (when he saw said unto God, the angel that smote the people, and said),
[Is it not I that
commanded the people to be Lo, I have sinned, numbered ?] even I it is that have and I have done perversely: but sinned and done very wickedly; but these sheep, what have they these sheep, what have they done ? let thine hand, I pray
done ? let thine hand, I pray thee,
be against thee, (O LORD my God,] be against me, and against my father's me, and against my father's house.
house; (but not against thy people
that they should be plagued.] & Note the two readings in A. Perhaps the text of A., though ungrammatical, is right, his mercy (sing.) is great (pl.).' h The spelling of A. wavers between Araunah and Arauniah. i A, JR. B. X. Frequently, but no rule.
A. 2 Sam. 24.
B. 1 Chron. 21.
that I may
(Continued.) 18 And
18 Then the angel of the LORD Gad came that day to commanded] Gad to say to David, (and said unto him], Go David, [that David should go up, rear an altar unto the LORD up, and rear an altar unto the LORD
in the threshing-floor of Araunah in the threshing-floor of Orban 19 the Jebusite. And David went 19 the Jebusite. And David went
up according to the saying of up at the saying of Gad, which Gad, the LORD commanded. he spake in the name of the LORD.
20 [And Ornan turned back, and saw
the angel ; and his four sons that were with him hid themselves.
Now Ornan was threshing wheat.] 20 And.
21. And [as David came to Ornan,] Araunah looked (forth], and Ornan looked
and saw the king [and his servants saw David, coming on toward him] : and
and [Araunah] went out,
went out [of the threshand bowed himself before ing-floor), and bowed himself to the king with his face to the ground. David with his face to the ground. 21 [And Araunah said, Wherefore
is my lord the king come to his servant?] And David said,
Then David said (to То buy the Ornan], Give me the place of this threshing-floor [of thee),
an altar unto the build [thereon) an altar unto the LORD,
LORD; (for the full price shalt that the plague thou give it me:) that the plague may be stayed from the people. may be stayed from the people. 22 And Araunah said unto David, 23 And Ornan said unto David,
Let my lord the king take and Take [to thee) and let my lord the offer up that which is good in his king do that which is good in his eyes : lo,
the oxen for [the] eyes : lo, (I give] the oxen for. burnt offering, and the threshing burnt offerings, and the threshing instruments (and the furniture instruments of the oxen] for wood :
for wood, [and the
wheat for the meal offering]; I , this, [O king,] doth Araunah give give it all. [unto the king). (And Araunah
said unto the king, The LORD thy 24 God accept thee.] And the king 24.
And said unto Araunah, Nay ; [David] said to Ornan, Nay; but I will verily buy it [of thee) at but I will verily buy it for price: neither will I
the [full] price : for I will not (take
that which is thine for the offer burnt offerings LORD, nor] offer a burnt offering [unto the LORD my God!] without
without cost. So David bought the thresh- 25 cost. So David gave to Ornan ing-floor
for the place (six hundred shekels [and the oxen of gold by weight] 25 for fifty shekels of silver m.] And 26.
David built there an altar unto David built there an altar unto
k A. ?. B. ?
1 For 1768 (my God) B. or some copyist seems to have . m Note that A, omits the price of the threshing-floor, and B. the price of the oxen,
A. 2 Sam. 24.
B. 1 Chron. 21, 22. (Continued.)
(Continued.) the LORD, and offered burnt the LORD, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. offerings and peace offerings,
[and called upon the LORD; and he answered him from heaven
by fire upon the altar of burnt 27 offering. And the Lord com
manded the angel ; and he put up his sword again into the sheath
thereof. 28 [At that time, when David saw
that the LORD had answered him in the threshing-floor of Ornan
the Jebusite, then he sacrificed 29 there. For the tabernacle of the
LORD, which Moses made in the wilderness, and the altar of burnt
offering, were at that time in the 30 high place of Gibeon. But David
could not go before it to inquire of God; for he was afraid because
of the sword of the angel of the 22 LORD. Then David said, This is
the house of the LORD God, and
this is the altar of burnt offering [So the LORD was in for Israel.] treated for the land, and the plague was stayed from Israel.] (End of the Books of Samuel.)
(S 15.) A. 1 Kings 2.
B. 1 Chron. 29.
(David's instructions to Solomon con. (Abishag; Adonijah's revolt; Solomon
cerning the Temple; numbers and crowned; David's instructions to
offices of the Levites, the Priests, him.)
the Porters, Captains; charges to the people and to Solomon;
David's blessing.) 10 [And David slept with his
fathers, and was buried in the city of David.]
26 [Now David the son of Jesse
reigned over all Israel.] 11 And the days that David reigned 27 And the days that he reigned
over Israel were forty years: seven over Israel were forty years; seven years reigned he in Hebron, and years reigned he in Hebron, and thirty and three (years) reigned thirty and three
reigned he in Jerusalem a..
28 he in Jerusalem. [And he died
$ 15.4 A. gives no account of the materials from which the life of David is composed, but for the later kings there are usually references to the archives.