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A. 2 Sam. 5.

B. 1 Chron. 11.

(Continued.)

(Continued.) hold®, and called it the city of hold; therefore they called it the city David. And Darid built

8 of David. And he built (the city] round about from Millo and in- round about, from Millo even round ward.

about : [and Joab repaired the rest 10.

And David waxed | 9 of the city.] And David waxed greater and greater; for the LORD, greater and greater; for the LORD (the God) of hosts, was with him.

of hosts was with him.

.

(§ 3.) A. 2 Sam. 5.

B. 1 Chron. 14. (Continuous.)

(David's mighty men and bands;

and the removal of the ark.) 11 And Hiram king of Tyre sent And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar

messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and (stone-] trees, and

masons, and masons: and they built David an carpenters, to build

him

an 12 house. And David perceived that 2 house. And David perceived that

the LORD had established him the LORD had established him king over Israel, and that he had king over Israel, for his kingdom exalted his kingdom .. for his was exalted (on high,] for his people Israel's sake.

people Israel's sake. 13 And David took [him] more

3 And David took

more [concubines and] wives out of

wives at bJerusalem, [after he was come

Jerusalem ; from Hebron) and there were yet

and

David sons and daughters born to David.

begat more and daughters. 14 And these be the names of those 4 And these be the names of the

that were born unto him in Jeru- children which he had in Jeru.

salem ; Shammua, and Shobab, salem; Shammua, and Shobab, 15 [and] Nathan, and Solomon, and 5... Nathan, and Solomon ; and Ibhar, and Elishua;.

Ibhar, and Elishua, (and Elpelet; and Nepheg, and 6 and Nogah,] and Nepheg, and Japhia; and Elishama, and 7 Japhia ; and Elishama, and Eliada e, and Eliphelet.

Beeliada, and Eliphelet. 17 And when the Philistines heard 8 And when the Philistines heard that they had anointed David king that David anointed king

Israel, all the Philis- over [all] Israel, all the Philis

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16.

was

over

.מצדה .A

8 Note the different spellings of 'strong-hold' in this verse.

. B. 739. Both forms are frequent.

$ 3.—Note the change of order, and of construction. b A. "Q. B."). A frequent variation.

c The change from El to Baal in this name is remarkable: see LXX,

($ 2.) A. 2 Sam. 5.

B. 1 Chron. 11. (The Song of the Bow. Narratives concerning Abner and Ishbo.

(Continuous.) sheth.)

Then came all the tribes of] Then all Israel gathered Israel to David a unto Hebron, themselves to David unto Hebron, [and spake,] saying, Behold , we

saying, Behold, we 2 are thy bone and thy flesh. In | 2 are thy bone and thy flesh. In times pasto,

when Saul was times past, [even) when Saul was king (over us,] it was thou that king,

it was thou that leddest out and broughtest in leddest out and broughtest in Israel : and the LORD

Israel : and the LORD [thy God] said to thee, Thou shalt feed said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt my people Israel, and thou shalt be prince over

Israel. be prince over (my people] Israel. 3 So all the elders of Israel came 3 So all the elders of Israel came

tod the king to Hebron; and to the king to Hebron; and [king] David made a covenant

David made a covenant with them in Hebron before the with them in Hebron before the LORD : and they anointed David LORD; and they anointed David king over Israel.

king over Israel, (according to the word of the LORD by the hand of

Samuel.] 4 David was thirty years old when

he began to reign, and he reigned 5 forty years.

In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years (See 1 Chron. 29. 26-28.) [and six months] : and in Jerusalem he reigned this and three

years over all Israel and Judah. 6 And the king and his men went to And David and all Israel went to Jerusalem

Jerusalem (the same is Jebus] ; against the Jebusites, the inhabit and the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land : which spake unto 5 ants of the land, were there. And the David, (saying, Except thou take inhabitants of Jebus said to David, away the blind and the lame,] thou shalt not come in hither :

Thou shalt not come in hither. [thinking, David cannot come in 7 hither.] Nevertheless David took

Nevertheless David took the strong-hold of Zion; the same the strong-hold of Zion; the same 8 is the city of David. And David is the city of David. And David said [on that day,] Whosoever 6 said,

Whosoever smiteth the Jebusites, [let him smiteth the Jebusites [first shall get up to the watercourse, and be chief and captain. And Joab smite the lame and the blind, the son of Zeruiah went up first, that are hated of David's soul. and was made chief.] Wherefore they say, There are the blind and the lame; he cannot

come into the house.] 9 And David dwelt in the strong 7 And David dwelt in the strong

.הנה .B .הננו .b A

Both spellings are found in .תמול .B .אתמול .A

6

§ 2. A. 717. B. 7'97, a distinguishing mark between A. and B. passim.

. c . . other parts of 0. T.

d A. Sx. B. by. This variation is frequent. e B. 'Jerusalem which is Jebus,' but in Joshua and Judges : “Jebus which is Jerusalem.' i A. Note the LXX addition at the end of the verse, and see Matt. 21. 14.

A. 2 Sam. 5.

B. 1 Chron. 11.

(Continued.)

(Continued.) hold, and called it the city of hold; therefore they called it the city David. And David built

8 of David. And he built (the city] round about from Millo and in. round about, from Millo even round ward.

about : [and Joab repaired the rest 10.

And David waxed 9 of the city.) And David waxed greater and greater; for the LORD, greater and greater; for the LORD (the God] of hosts, was with him.

of hosts was with him.

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($ 3.) A. 2 Sam. 5.

B. 1 Chron. 14.

(David's mighty men and bands; (Continuous.)

and the removal of the ark.) 11 "And Hiram king of Tyre sent And Hiram king of Tyre sent

messengers to David, and cedar messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and (stone-] trees, and

masons, and masons : and they built David an carpenters, to build him

an 12 house. And David perceived that 2 house. And David perceived that

the LORD had established him the LORD had established him king over Israel, and that he had king over Israel, for his kingdom exalted his kingdom for his was exalted (on high,] for his people Israel's sake.

people Israel's sake. 13 And David took [him] more 3 And David took [concubines and] wives out of

wives at bJerusalem, [after he was come Jerusalem; from Hebron] and there were yet

and

David sons and daughters born to David.

begat' more and daughters. 14 And these be the names of those 4 And these be the names of the

that were born unto him in Jeru children which he had in Jeru

salem ; Shammua, and Shobab, salem ; Shammua, and Shobab, 15 [and] Nathan, and Solomon, and 5... Nathan, and Solomon; and İbhar, and Elishua;.

Ibhar, and Elishua, (and Elpelet; 16.

and Nepheg, and 6 and Nogah,] and Nepheg, and Japhia; and Elishama, and 7 Japhia ; and Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphelet.

Beeliada, and Eliphelet. 17 And when the Philistines heard 8 And when the Philistines heard

that they had anointed David king that David anointed king over

Israel, all the Philis over [all] Israel, all the Philis

more

sons

was

.מצדה .A

& Note the different spellings of 'strong-hold' in this verse.

. B. 780. Both forms are frequent.

$ 3.-4 Note the change of order, and of construction. b A. "Q. B. "). A frequent variation.

© The change from El to Baal in this name is remarkable: see LXX.

A. 2 Sam. 5.

B. 1 Chron. 14.

came

(Continued.)

(Continued.) tines went up to seek David ; and tines went up to seek David : and

David heard of it, and went down David heard of it, and went out 18 to the hold. Now the Philistines 9 against them. Now the Philis

had come and spread themselves a tines had come and made a raid 19 in the valley of Rephaim. And 10 in the valley of Rephaim. And

David inquired of the LORD°, saying, David inquired of God, saying, Shall I go up against the Philis Shall I go up against the Philistines ?

wilt thou deliver tines ? [and] wilt thou deliver them into mine hand? And the them into mine hand? And the LORD said unto David, Go up : for LORD said unto him. Go up; for I will [certainly) deliver the Philis I will

deliver them 20 tines into thine hand. And David 11 into thine hand. So they

to Baal-perazim, and came [up] to Baal-perazim, and David smote them there; and David smote them there; and he said, The LORD hath broken mine David said, God hath broken mine enemies before me,

like the enemies by mine hand, like the breach of waters. Therefore he breach of waters. Therefore they

called the name of that place called the name of that place 21 Baal-perazim. And they left their 12 Baal-perazim. And they left their

imagesh there, and David and his gods there ; and David gave commen took them away.

mandment, and they were burned with

fire. And the Philistines (came up] 13 And the Philistines yet again, [and] spread themselves yet again.

made a raid 23 in the valley (of Rephaim]. And 14 in the valley.

And (when] David inquired

David inquired (again) of the LORD, . . he said,

of God; [and] God said (unto him,] Thou shalt not go up :

Thou shalt not go up[after them]: make a circuit behind i them, make a circuit away from them,

and come upon them over against and come upon them over against 24 the mulberry trees. And it shall 15 the mulberry trees. And it shall

be, when thou hearest the sound be, when thou hearest the sound of marching k in the tops of the of marching in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then thou mulberry trees, that then thou shalt bestir thyself: for [then] shalt go out to battle : for the LORD is gone out before thee to God is gone out before thee to

smite the host of the Philistines. smite the host of the Philistines. 25 And David did [so] as the LORD 16 And David did

as God commanded him; and

commanded him; and (they] smote

the Philistines smote(the host of] the Philistines from Gebal until thou come to Gezer. from Gibeon even to Gezer.

22

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.נתתם .B .התתנם .f A

d A. 9003" (cf. Judg. 15. 9). B. lovb" (cf. 1 Sam. 23. 27). So below. • The tendency of B. to substitute God for the LORD shows itself here for the first time.

. .

8 The change of sing. into pl. frequent.

h False objects of worship had been named gods by B. in $ 1; LXX has gods in both places. The A. V. translates A. ' David and his men burned them,'i. e. made a bonfire of them, cf. Nahum 1. 5 (Heb.). i A. . . k movement' would be better than marching.' 1 In Isa. 28. 21 the incident is referred to in accordance with the reading of B. Gibeon (El Jib) is a little W. of Geba (Jeb'a), and both are in a straight line with Gezer. Baal-Perazim is simply called Mount Perazim by Isaiah. The site has not been identified.

,מעליהם .B .אל־אחריהם ,i A

A. 2 Sam. 6.

(Continuous.)

[And David again gathered together all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand.]

B. 1 Chron. 13. (The narrative goes back.) 5 [So David assembled all Israel

together, from Shihor of Egypt even unto the entering in of Hamath, to bring the ark of God

from Kiriath-jearim.] 6 And David went up, and all Israel, to Baalah,

[to Kiriath-jearim, which belonged to] Judah, to bring up from thence the ark of God,

the LORD

that sitteth upon the cherubim, (which is called by the 7 Name.] And they carried the ark of God upon a new cart,

out of the house of Abinadab: and Uzza and Ahio drave the

cart.

2 And David arose, and went with

all the people that were with him, from Baale

Judah", to bring up from thence the ark of God, (which is called by the Name, even the name of] the LORD (of hosts] that sitteth upon the

cherubim. 3.

And they set the ark of God upon a new cart, [and brought it] out of the house of Abinadab (that was in the hill): and Uzza b and Ahio, [the sons of

Abinadab,] drave the [new] cart. 4 [And they brought it out of the

house of Abinadah, which was in the hill, with the ark of God :

and Ahio went before the ark.] 5 And David and all (the house

of] Israel played before the LORD with all manner of fir wood“,

and with harps, and with psalteries, and with timbrels, and

with castanets, and with cymbals. 6 And when they came to the threshing-floor of Nacon, Uzzah put forth

to

the ark

.

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8 And David and all

Israel played before God with all their might: [even with songs,] and with harps, and with psalteries, and with timbrels, and with cymbals, and with trumpets. 9 And when they came unto the

threshing-floor of Chidon, Uzza put forth [his hand] to (hold) the ark;

§ 4.—Though the readings are different, the sense is nearly the same ; cf. Josh. 15. 9, 60. Baalah is also called Kirjath Baal and Kirjath Jearim; it belonged to Judah ; see LXX.

b There is a tendency in B, to substitute a final X in proper names for 17. In A. v. 3, we have in the Heb. Uzza, but in v. 6 and the later verses Uzzah. In B., Uzza throughout.

cówith all manner of firwood' (0'073 'Yy 533) answers to B. v. 8, " with all their might, even with songs' (o'qvar py-b32). We evidently have two readings representing the same original text; LXX agrees with B. The variations in the

[ [Chron., Ezra, Neh.] and A. Dobby [Ps. 150. 5 only in this sense); B. 1989) are noteworthy as indicating a tendency to specialize or modernize. The fourth of these words is used sixteen times in Chron. It is the name of the alarm trumpet in Num. 10, and is also referred to in 2 Kings 11. 14 and 12. 13, Hos. 5. 8, and Ps. 98. 6. The substitution of Chidon (77'7) for Nachon (1939) may possibly be textual, but see LXX.

מצלתים .here only

]
;
B] מנענעים
.name of the two last musical instruments

(
A

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