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26.

A. 1 Kings 14.

B. 2 Chron. 12. (Continued.)

(Continued.) have I also left you in the hand 6 of Shishak. Then the princes of Israel and the king humbled

themselves ; and they said, The 7 LORD is righteous. And when the

LORD saw that they humbled themselves, the word of the LORD came to Shemaiah, saying, They have humbled themselves; I will not destroy them : but I will grant them some deliverance, and my wrath shall not be poured out upon Jerusalem by the hand of 8 Shishak. Nevertheless they shall

be his servants; that they may know my service, and the service

of the kingdoms of the countries.

9 So Shishak king of Egypt came

.and he up against Jerusalem, ] and he took away the treasures of the took away the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the trea- house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king's house ; he sures of the king's house; he [even] took away all: and he

took away all: and he took away [all] the shields of

the shields of gold which Solomon had made. gold which Solomon had made. 27 And king Rehoboam made in 10 And king Rehoboam made in

their stead shields of brass, and their stead shields of brass, and committed them to the hands of committed them to the hands of the captains of the guard, which the captains of the guard, which

kept the door of the king's house. kept the door of the king's house. 28 And it was so, that as oft as the 11 And it was so, that as oft as the

king went into the house of the king entered into the house of the LORD, the guard

bare LORD, the guard [came and] bare them, and brought them back them, and brought them back into the guard chamber.

12 into the guard chamber. [And

when he humbled himself, the wrath of the LORD turned from him, that he would not destroy him altogether: and moreover in Judah there were good things

found.] 29 Now (the rest of] the acts of 15 Now

the acts of Rehoboam, and all that he did, are Rehoboam, first and last, they not written in the book they not written in the histories of

of the chronicles of the Shemaiah the prophet and of Iddo the 30 kings of Judah b ? And seer concerning genealogies ? And

.

took away.

.

are

b The book of the chronicles of Judah would be of the nature of annals kept by the official scribes or remembrancers; but A.'s work does not profess to be chronicles. It is a religious document, and it doubtless owes its materials to the co emporary

mentioned by B. A chain of prophetic writers is thus established from Samuel onwards, and we have no reason to doubt that the rest of A.'s history is based on the work of contemporary prophets, and that it

A. 1 Kings 14.

B. 2 Chron. 12. (Continued.)

(Continued.) there was

war between Reho there were wars between Rehoboam and Jeroboam continually. boam and Jeroboam continually. 31 And Rehoboam slept with his 16 And Rehoboam slept with his

fathers, and was buried (with his fathers, and was buried fathers] in the city of David :

in the city of David: [and his mother's name Naamah the Ammonitess.] And Abijam his son reigned in his Abijah his son reigned in his stead.

was

and

stead.

(§ 28.) A. 1 Kings 15.

B. 2 Chron. 13. (Continuous.)

(Continuous.) [Now] in the eighteenth year

In the eighteenth year of king Jeroboam (the son of of king Jeroboam . Nebat] began Abijam to reign over

began Abijah to reign over 2 Judah. Three years reigned he 2 Judah. Three years reigned he

in Jerusalem : and his mother's in Jerusalem : and his mother's

name was Maacah a the daughter name was Micaiah the daughter 3 of Abishalom. [And he walked of Uriel of Gibeah.

in all the sins of his father, which he had done before him; and his heart was not perfect with the

LORD his God, as the heart of 4 David his father. Nevertheless

for David's sake did the LORD his God give him a lamp in Jerusalem, to set up his son after him, 5 and to establish Jerusalem : because David did that which was right in the eyes of the LORD, and turned not aside from anything that he commanded him all the

may practically be taken as their work. Note also that a genealogical treatise was prepared by Shemaiah. The R. V. rendering, after the manner of genealogies,' is hardly correct.

$ 28.—a Maacah was Abijam's mother and Absalom's daughter, not only according to A., but definitely according to 2 Chron. 11. 18-22, B.'s statement in the present text may have crept in through the substitution of Micaiah for Maacah. The matter is further complicated by the statement of A. (8 29) that this same Maacah was Asa's mother, in which B. concurs. There were probably two Maacah's. So LXX. Josephus (Ant. 8. 10, 1) says that Maacah was Rehoboam's second wife, and was daughter of Absalom by Tamar.

A. 1 Kings 15.

B. 2 Chron. 13, 14. (Continued.)

(Continued.) days of his life, save only in the matter of Uriah the Hittite. 6 Now there was war between

Rehoboam and Jeroboam all the days of his life :]

And there was war between Abijah and Jeroboam. (An account of the war follows,

with the defeat and death of

Jeroboam.) 21 [But Abijah waxed mighty, and

took unto himself fourteen wives, and begat twenty and two sons,

and sixteen daughters.] 7 And the rest of the acts of 22 And the rest of the acts of

Abijam, and all that he did, Abijah, and his ways, and his sayings, are (they not] written in the book are

written in the comof the chronicles of the kings of Judah? mentary of the prophet Iddo.

[And there was war between 8 Abijam and Jeroboam.] And 14

So Abijam slept with his fathers ; Abijah slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city and they buried him in the city of David : and Asa his son reigned of David, and Asa his son reigned in his stead.

in his stead : [in his days the land was quiet ten years.]

.

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b An accidental repetition from chap. 14. 30. There is also a misplacement in A. just below.

c Whilst A. refers to the secular annals for further information, B. refers to A. or to A.'s materials, which he designates as the midrash of Iddo. The word midrash occurs only here and in chap. 24. 27. It means ' research' or 'history’rather than commentary in the modern sense.

.

A. 1 Kings 15.

B. 2 Chron. 14, 15. (Continued.)

(Continued.) idols that his fathers had made.]

[strange altars, and the high places, and brake down the

pillars, and hewed down the 4 Asherim ; and commanded Judah

to seek the LORD, the God of their fathers, and to do the law and 5 the commandment. Also he took away out of all the cities of Judah the high places and the sunimagesa : and the kingdom was quiet before him.] (The war with Zerah follows;

with the prophecy of Oded and

the reformation which ensued.) 13 And also Maacah his mother 15 16 And also Maacah the mother

he removed [of Asa the king], he removed from being queen, because [her] from being queen, because she had made an abominable she had made an abominable image for an Asherah ; and Asa image for an Asherah ; and Asa cut down her image, .

cut down her image, (and made and burnt it at the dust of it,] and burnt it at the 14 brook Kidron. But the high 17 brook Kidron. But the high places were not taken away : places were not taken away (out

nevertheless the heart of Israel]: nevertheless the heart of Asa was perfect (with the of Asa was perfect 15 LORD] all his days. And he 18. all his days. And he

brought into the house of the brought into the house of God LORD the things that his father the things that his father had dedicated, and that he him had dedicated, and that he him

self had dedicated, silver, and self had dedicated, silver, and 16 gold, and vessels. And there was 19 gold, and vessels. And there was

war b between Asa and Baasha [no] war unto the five and thirtieth king of Israel all their days.

year of the reign of Asa.

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(§ 30.) A. 1 Kings 15.

B. 2 Chron. 16. (Continuous.)

(Continuous.) 17 [And]

16 [In the six and thirtieth

Baasha year of the reign of Asa,] Baasha king of Israel went up against king of Israel went up against Judah, and built Ramah, that he Judah, and built Ramah, that he

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$ 29.—* These objects are referred to in Lev. 26. 30; also in Isa. and Ezek. b B. here deliberately modifies the text in accordance with the sequel. Probably A.'s idiom was the natural one in his day.

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A. 1 Kings 15.

(Continued.) might not suffer any to go out or

come in to Asa king of Judah. 18 Th Asa to all the silver and [the]

gold that were left in the treasures of the house of the LORD, and (the treasures] of the king's house, and [delivered them into the hand of his servants; and king Asa] sent (them) to Ben-hadad, [the son of Tabrimmon, the son of

Hezion], king of Syria, that dwelt 19 at Damascus“, saying, There is a league between me and thee,

between my father and thy father: behold, I have sent[unto] thee (a present of] silver and gold; go, break thy league with Baasha

king of Israel, that he may depart 20 from me. And Ben-hadad heark

ened unto king Asa, and sent the captains of his armies against the cities of Israel, and

smote ljon, and Dan, and Abel-beth

maacah, and all Chinneroth ", [with 21 all the land) of Naphtali. And it came

to pass, when Baa. sha heard thereof, that he left

off building of Ramah, and dwelt c 22 in Tirzah. Then king Asa (made

a proclamation unto] all Judah ; (none was exempted :] and they carried away the stones of Ramah, and the timber thereof, wherewith Baasha had builded ; and king Asa built therewith Geba [of Benjamin), and Mizpah.

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. king of Syria, that dwelt 3 at Damascus, saying, There is a league between me and thee, [as] between my father and thy father: behold, I have sent thee

silver and gold ; go, break thy league with Baasha

king of Israel, that he may depart 4 from me. And Ben-hadad heark. ened unto king Asa, and sent the captains of his armies against the cities of Israel, and they] smote Ijon, and Dan, and Abel-maim,

and all the store - cities 5.

of Naphtali. And it came

to pass, when Baa. sha heard thereof, that he left

off building of Ramah, and let his 6 work cease. Then Asa the king

. [took) all Judah: and they carried away the stones of Ramah, and the timber thereof, wherewith Baasha had builded ; and he built therewith Geba

and Mizpah. 7 [And at that time Hanani the

to Asa king of Judah, and said unto him, Because thou hast relied d on the king of Syria, and hast not relied on the LORD thy God, therefore is

the host of the king of Syria 8 escaped out of thine hand. Were

not the Ethiopians and the Lubim a huge host, with chariots and horsemen exceeding many? yet, because thou didst rely on the LORD, he delivered them into thine hand. For the eyes of the

seer

came

.freq דרמשק .B .דמשק .A

4-.30

8

b

§ . .

With 'Chinneroth'(717), compare B. 'store-cities' (12DO), but LXX does not favour the idea of a var. lect.

CA. 249. B. nav. The one reading may have grown out of the other.

d The word jyuj (rely) is only used in Chron,

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