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(§ 32.) A. 1 Kings 22.
B. 2 Chron. 20.
(Jehoshaphat rebuked by Jehu; his (A few further particulars about judicial reforms; his victory over Ahab.)
the Ammonites at Berachah in
answer to a prayer.) 41 And Jehoshaphat (the son 31 And Jehoshaphat. of Asa] began to reign over Judah
reigned over Judah: [in the fourth year of Ahab 42 king of Israel]. Jehoshaphat
he was thirty and five years old was thirty and five years old when he began to reign ; and he when he began to reign ; and he reigned twenty and five years reigned twenty and five years in Jerusalem. And his mother's in Jerusalem; and his mother's
name was Azubah the daughter name was Azubah the daughter 43 of Shilhi. And he walked in [all] 32 of Shilhi. And he walked in .
the way of Asa his father; he the way of Asa his father, and turned not aside from it, doing turned not aside from it, doing that which was right in the eyes that which was right in the eyes of the LORD: howbeit the high 33 of the LORD. Howbeit the high places were not taken away ; places were not taken away;
the people still sacrificed and burnt neither as yet had the people set their 44 incense in the high places. [And hearts unto the God of their fathers
Jehoshaphat made peace with the
king of Israel.] 45 Now the rest of the acts of Je- 34 Now the rest of the acts of Je
hoshaphat, [and his might that he hoshaphat shewed, and how he warred,]
are they not [first and last,] behold, they are written in the book of the chronicles written in the history of Jehu the son of the kings of Judah a?
of Hanani, which is inserted in the
book of the kings of Israel. 46 [And the remnant of the sodom
ites, which remained in the days
of his father Asa, he put away out 47 of the land. And there was no
king in Edom: adeputy was king.] 48 Jehoshaphat made ships of Tar- 35 And after this did Jehoshaphat
shish to go to Ophir for gold: but king of Judah join himself with
they went not; for the ships were Ahaziah king of Israel; the same 49 broken at Ezion-geber b. Then 36 did very wickedly: and he joined
said Ahaziah the son of Ahab unto himself with him to make ships to Jehoshaphat, Let my servants go go to Tarshish: and they made the with thy servants in the ships. 37 ships in Ezion-geber. [Then But Jehoshaphat would not.
Eliezer the son of Dodavahu of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, Because thou
$ 32.— A. refers to the civil annals, whilst B. gives the name of the prophetic writer whose work A. uses for this period. Jehu the son of Hanani is not only mentioned (lit, made to go up) in 2 Chron. 19. 2 in connexion with Jehoshaphat, but also in 1 Kings 16. 1, 7, 12, in the days of Jehoshaphat's father Asa, having been sent with a message to Israel, and it is doubtless this fact to which B. specifically refers. b The narratives are not quite consistent, but bear traces of relationship, and may fairly be harmonized.
A. 1 Kings 22.
B. 2 Chron. 20, 21. (Continued.)
(Continued.) hast joined thyself with Ahaziah, the LORD hath destroyed thy works.] And the ships were broken, that they were not able
to go to Tarshish. 50 And Jehoshaphat slept with his 21 And Jehoshaphat slept with his
fathers, and was buried with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David [his fathers in the city of David : father]: and Jehoram his son
and Jehoram his son reigned in his stead.
reigned in his stead. 2 [And he had brethren the sons
of Jehoshaphat, Azariah, and Jehiel, and Zechariah, and Azariah, and Michael, and Sheph
atiah : all these were the sons of 3 Jehoshaphat king of Israel, And
their father gave them great gifts, of silver, and of gold, and of precious things, with fenced cities in Judah : but the kingdom gave he to Jehoram, because he was the 4 firstborn. Now when Jehoram was risen up over the kingdom of his father, and had strengthened himself, he slew all his brethren with the sword, and divers also of the princes of Israel.]
c This is one of several places in which (possibly by a copyist's error) Israel is substituted for Judah.
A. 2 Kings 8.
B. 2 Chron. 21. (Continued.
(Continued.) 18 lem. And he walked in the way 6 lem. And he walked in the way
of the kings of Israel, as did the of the kings of Israel, as did the house of Ahab : for he had the house of Ahab: for he had the daughter of Ahab to wife : and daughter of Ahab to wife : and
he did that which was evil in the he did that which was evil in the 19 sight of the LORD. Howbeit the 7 sight of the LORD. Howbeit the
LORD would not destroy Judah, LORD would not destroy the house for David his servant's of David, because of the covenant that sake,
he had made with David, and as he promised [him] to give a lamp promised to give a lamp to him
to his children to him [and] to his children alway.
alway. 20 In his days Edom revolted
8 In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah, from under the hand of Judah,
and made a king over themselves. and made a king over themselves. 21 Then Joram passed over to 9 Then Jehoram passed over with his
Zair", and all his chariots with captains, and all his chariots with him : and he rose up by night, him : and he rose up by night, and smote the Edomites which and smote the Edomites which com passed him about, and the compassed him about, and the
captains of the chariots : [and the captains of the chariots. 22 people fled to their tents.] So 10.
Edom revolted from under the Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah, unto this day. hand of Judah, unto this day. Then did Libnah revolt at the Then did Libnah revolt at the same time.
same time [from under his hand: because he had forsaken the LORD, the God of his fathers].
(Elijah's letter. Jehoram is attacked
by Philistines and Arabs.)
18 And after all this the LORD
smote him in his bowels with an 19 incurable disease. And it came
to pass, in process of time, at the end of two years, that his bowels fell out by reason of his sickness, and he died of sore diseases.
And his people made no burning And the rest of the acts of for him, like the burning of his Joram, and all that he did, are 20 fathers. Thirty and two years they not written in the book of old was he, when he began to
the chronicles of the kings of reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem 24 Judah ? And Joram slept with eight years : and he departed
his fathers, and was buried with without being desired ; and they his fathers in the city of David : buried him in the city of David,
[but not in the sepulchres of the kings.]
$ 33.—* A. 177'yx. B. 1970 Dy. Possibly a misreading, but if so an early one, as the LXX retains our texts. Zair is not identified Some think it is Zoar (?).
B. 2 Chron. 22.
A. 2 Kings 8.
and Ahaziah his son reigned in his stead.
(Continued.) 22 [And the inhabitants of Jerusa
lem made] Ahaziah his youngest son king in his stead : [for the band of men that came with the Arabians to the camp had slain all the eldest.]
($ 34.) A. 2 Kings 8.
B. 2 Chron. 22. (Continuous.)
(Continuous.) 25 [In the twelfth a year of Joram
the son of Ahab king of Israel]
of king of Judah begin to reign. Jehoram king of Judah reigned. 26 Twenty b and two years old was 2 Forty and two years old was
Ahaziah when he began to reign ; Ahaziah when he began to reign; and he reigned one year in and he reigned one year in Jerusalem. And his mother's Jerusalem: and his mother's
name was Athaliah the daughter name was Athaliah the daughter 27 of Omri [king of Israel]. And he 3 of Omri.
And he walked in the way of the house walked in the ways of the house of Ahab, and did that which of Ahab; for his mother was his was evil in the sight of the LORD, 4 counsellor to do wickedly. And [he] as did the house of Ahab: for he did that which was evil in the was the son in law of the house of sight of the LORD, as did the Ahab.
house of Ahab : [for they were his counsellors after the death of his father, to his destruction.
5 He walked also after their 28.
And he went with counsel,] and he went with Joram the son of Ahab
Jehoram the son of Ahab [king to war against Hazael of Israel] to war against Hazael king of Syria at Ramoth-gilead : king of Syria at Ramoth-gilead :
and the Syrians wounded Joram. and the Syrians wounded Joram. 29 And king Joram returned to be 6 And he returned to be
healed in Jezreel of the wounds healed in Jezreel of the wounds which the Syrians had given him which they
had given him at Ramah, when he fought at Ramah, when he fought against Hazael king of Syria. against Hazael king of Syria.
§ 34.—NOTE. B. follows A. up to a certain point, and then only gives the substance. à In 2 Kings 9. 29 it is given as the eleventh year. b A. is manifestly right.
a ; been in the original document,
it can hardly have ; עשרים may have been a corrupt reading for ארבעים B.'s
B. 2 Chron. 22.
A. 2 Kings 8, 9.
And Ahaziah c the son of Jehoram
(The Rebellion of Jehu.)
9 27 But when Ahaziah the king of
Judah saw this, he fled by the way of the garden house. And Jehu followed after him, and said, Smite him also in the chariot : at the ascent of Gur, which is by Ibleam. And he
fled to Megiddo, and died there. 28 And his servants carried him in
chariot to Jerusalem, and buried him [in his sepulchre with his fathers in the city of David).
(Continued.) And Azariah the son of Jehoram king of Judah went down to see Jehoram the son of Ahab in Jezreel, because he was sick. 7 [Now the destruction of Ahaziah was of God, in that he went unto Joram : for when he was come, he went out with Jehoram against Jehu the son of Nimshi,
whom the LORD had anointed to 8 cut off the house of Ahab. And it came to pass, when Jehu was executing judgement upon the house of Ahab, that he found the princes of Judah, and the sons of the brethren of Ahaziah, ministering to Ahaziah, and slew 9 them.) And he sought Ahaziah,
and they caught him, (now he was hiding in Samaria,) and they brought him to Jehu, and slew him; and they buried him, [for they said, He is the son of Jehoshaphat, who sought the LORD with all his heart. And the house of Ahaziah had no power to hold the kingdom.]
A. 2 Kings 11.
B. 2 Chron. 22. (History of Jehu.)
(Continuous.) Now when Athaliah the mother 10 Now when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.
the seed royal [of the house of 2.
But Jehosheba, the 11 Judah]. But Jehoshabeath, the daughter of king [Joram, sister daughter of the king, of Ahaziah), took Joash the
took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him son of Ahaziah, and stole him away from among the king's sons away from among the king's sons
© Called also Jeho-ahaz (an inversion of Ahaz-iah), 2 Chron. 21. 17. The same king is thus called by three names by the same writer without a word of comment.