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A. 2 Kings 12.

B. 2 Chron. 24, (Continued.)

(Continued.) the LORD : and they paid it out and carpenters to restore the to the carpenters and the house of the LORD, and also such

builders, that wrought upon the as wrought iron and brass to 12 house of the LORD, and to the repair the house of the LORD.

masons and the hewers of stone, 13 So the workmen wrought, and and for buying timber and hewn the work was perfected by them, stone to repair the breaches of and they set up the house of God the house of the LORD, and for all in its state, and strengthened it. that was laid out for the house

to repair it. 13 But there were not made for 14 And when they had made an

the house of the LORD cups of end, they brought the rest of the silver, snuffers, basons, trumpets, money before the king and any vessels of gold, or vessels of Jehoiada, whereof were made silver, of the money that was vessels for the house of the LORD,

brought into the house of the even vessels to minister, and to 14 LORD: for they gave that to offer withal, and spoons, and

them that did the work, and vessels of gold and silver. And

repaired therewith the house of they offered burnt offerings in 15 the LORD. Moreover they the house of the LORD continually

reckoned not with the men, into all the days of Jehoiada.
whose hand they delivered the
money to give to them that did

the work : for they dealt faith16 fully. The money for the guilt (Death of Jehoiada; murder of offerings, and the money for the

his son.) sin offerings, was not brought into the house of the LORD ; it

was the priests'. 17 Then Hazael king of Syria 23 And it came to pass at the end went up, and fought against

that the army of the Gath, and took it: and Hazael Syrians came up against him :

set his face to go up to Jerusalem. and they came to Judah and 18 And Jehoash king of Judah took Jerusalem, and destroyed all the

all the hallowed things that princes of the people from among Jehoshaphat, and Jehoram, and the people, and sent all the spoil Ahaziah, his fathers, kings of of them unto the king of DamasJudah, had dedicated, and his 24 cus. For the army of the Syrians own hallowed things, and all came with a small company of the gold that was found in the men; and the LORD delivered treasures of the house of the a very great host into their hand, LORD, and of the king's house, because they had forsaken the and sent it to Hazael king of LORD, the God of their fathers. Syria : and he went away from So they executed judgement upon Jerusalem d.

Joash. 19 Now the rest of the acts of 25 And when they were departed

Joash, and all that he did, are from him, (for they left him in they not written in the book of the great diseases,) his own servants

chronicles of the kings of Judah ? conspired against him for the 20 And his servants arose, and blood of the sons of Jehoiada the

made a conspiracy, and smote priest, and slew him on his bed,

of the year,

d B.'s account is more detailed and humiliating than A.'s. It is plain that Hazael (whom B. does not name) came up to Jerusalem, wrought much destruction, and carried off great spoil.

A. 2 Kings 12.

B. 2 Chron. 24. (Continued.)

(Continued.) Joash at the house of Millo, on and he died : and they buried

the way that goeth down Silla. him in he city of David, but 21 For Jozacar e the son of Shimeath, they buried him not in the

and Jehozabad the son of Shomer, 26 sepulchres of the kings. And his servants, smote him, and he these are they that conspired died; and they buried him with against him ; Zabad the son of his fathers in the city of David : Shimeath the Ammonitess, and and Amaziah his son reigned in Jehozabad the son of Shimrith the his stead.

27 Moabitess. Now concerning his

sons, and the greatness of the burdens upon him, and the rebuilding of the house of God, behold, they are written in the commentary of the book of the kings'. And Amaziah his son reigned in his stead.

(§ 37.) A. 2 Kings 14.

B. 2 Chron. 25. (Histories of Jehoahaz and Jehoash, kings of Israel.)

(Continuous.) [In the second year of Joash son of Joahaz king of Israel began Amaziah the son of Joash king of 2 Judah to reign.] He was twenty

Amaziah was twenty and five years old when he began and five years old when he began to reign ; and he reigned twenty to reign; and he reigned twenty and nine years in Jerusalem ; and and nine years in Jerusalem : and

his mother's name was Jehoaddin his mother's name was Jehoaddan 3 of Jerusalem. And he did that 2 of Jerusalem. And he did that which was right in the eyes of which was right in the eyes of the LORD, yet not like David his the LORD, yet not with a perfect father : she did according to all heart.

that Joash his father had done. 4 Howbeit the high places were not

.שמר

e B. reads 721 for 731, and prefixes the divine name, B. also reads 100 for

f Here, for the first time, the present text of A. apparently fails us. The prophetic midrash or history, as we have it, does not contain the details referred to concerning the sons of Joash. But the text of B. is ambiguous here. 1321 simply means and his sons. Possibly the word ought to be joined to the previous verse. The LXX seems to endorse this view.

§ 37.—NOTE. This § is a good example of the way in which B. incorporates materials from other prophetic sources with the midrash or history contained in A., the text of which is manifestly before the writer. a Another reading, Jehoaddan,

B. 2 Chron. 25.

(Continued.)

A. 2 Kings 14.

(Continued.) taken away: the people still sacrificed and burnt incense in the

high places.] 5 And it came to pass, as soon as the

kingdom was established in his hand b, that he smote his servants

which had slain the king his 6 father. But the children of the

murderers he put not to death : according to that which is written in the book of the law of Mosesc, as the LORD commanded, saying, The fathers shall not be put to death for the children; nor shall the children be put to death for the fathers; but every man shall die for his own sin.

3 Now it came to pass, when the kingdom was established

unto him, that he slew his servants

which had killed the king his 4 father. But he put not their

children to death, [but did] according to that which is written in the law in the book of Moses, as the LORD commanded, saying, The fathers shall not die for the children, nor shall the children die for the fathers ; but every man shall die for his own

sin. 5 [Moreover Amaziah gathered

Judah together, and ordered them according to their fathers' houses, under captains of thousands and captains of hundreds, even all Judah and Benjamin : and he numbered them from twenty years old and upward, and found them three hundred thousand chosen men, able to go forth to war, that could handle spear and 6 shield. He hired also an hun.

dred thousand mighty men of

valour out of Israel for an hun. 7 dred talents of silver. But there came a man of God to him saying, O king, let not the army of Israel go with thee; for the Lord is not

with Israel, to wit, with all the 8 children of Ephraim. But if thou

wilt go, do valiantly, be strong for the battle: God shall cast thee down before the enemy; for God hath power to help, and to cast 9 down. And Amaziah said to the man of God, But what shall we do for the hundred talents which I have given to the army of Israel? And the man of God an.

swered, The LORD is able to give 10 thee much more than this. Then

Amaziah separated them, to wit, the army that was come to him out of Ephraim, to go home again : wherefore their anger was greatly

b A. . . passage is quoted.

.עליו .B .בידו .b A

© A. agrees with Deut. 24, 16, from which the

come

A. 2 Kings 14.

B. 2 Chron. 25. (Continued.)

(Continued.) kindled against Judah, and they

returned home in fierce anger.] 11 [And Amaziah took courage,

and led forth his people,]and went 7

He slew of Edom to the Valley of Salt, and smote in the Valley of Salt ten thou- of the children of Seir ten thousand, [and took Selad by war, and sand. called the name of it Joktheel, unto this day.].

12.

[And other ten thousand did the children of Judah carry away alive, and brought them unto the top of the rock, and cast them down from

the top of the rock, that they all 13 were broken in pieces. But the

men of the army which Amaziah sent back, that they should not go with him to battle, fell upon the cities of Judah, from Samaria even unto Beth-horon, and smote of them three thousand, and took

much spoil. 14 Now it came to pass, after that Amaziah was

from the slaughter of the Edomites, that he brought the gods of the children of Seir, and set them up to be his gods, and bowed down himself

before them, and burned incense 15 unto them. Wherefore the anger

of the LORD was kindled against Amaziah, and he sent unto him a prophet, which said unto him, Why hast thou sought after the gods of the people, which have

not delivered their own people 16 out of thine hand? And it came

to pass, as he talked with him, that the king said unto him, Have we made thee of the king's counsel ? forbear; why shouldest thou be smitten? Then the prophet forbare, and said, I know that God hath determined to destroy thee, because thou hast done this, and hast not hearkened unto my

counsel.) 8 Then Amaziah

17 Then Amaziah [king of Judah sent (messengers] took advice, and] sent to Jehoasi, the son of Jehoahaz to Joash, the son of Jehoahaz

son of Jehu, king of Israel, [the] son of Jehu, king of Israel, saying, Conne, let us look one saying, Come, let us look one 9 another in the face. And Jehoash 18 another in the face. And Joash

d A. '). B. X. Sela (now Petra) is the Rock’ referred to ly B.

.

A. 2 Kings 14.

B. 2 Chron. 25. (Continued.)

(Continued.) [the] king of Israel sent to Ama

king of Israel sent to Amaziah king of Judah, saying, The ziah king of Judah, saying, The thistle that was in Lebanon sent thistle that was in Lebanon sent to the cedar that was in Lebanon, to the cedar that was in Lebanon, saying, Give thy daughter to my saying, Give thy daughter to my son to wife: and there passed by son to wife: and there passed by a wild beast that was in Lebanon, a wild beast that was in Lebanon,

and trode down the thistle. and trode down the thistle. 10.

Thou hast 19 [Thou sayest,] Lo, thou hast indeede smitten Edom, and smitten Edom ; and thine heart hath lifted thee up:. thine heart lifteth thee up [to

[glory thereof, and] glory]: abide

at home; (for] why abide (now] at home; why shouldest thou meddle to thy shouldest thou meddle to thy hurt, that thou shouldest fall, hurt, that thou shouldest fall,

even thou, and Judah with thee ? even thou, and Judah with thee? 11 But Amaziah would not hear. 20 But Amaziah would not hear ;

[for it was of God, that he might deliver them into the band, be

cause they had sought after the So Jehoash king of 21 gods of Edom.] So Joash king of Israel went up; and he and Israel went up; and he and Amaziah king of Judah looked Amaziah king of Judah looked one another in the face at Beth- one another in the face at Bethshemesh, which belongeth to shemesh, which belongeth to Judah.

Judah. 12 And Judah was put to the 22 And Judah was put to the

worse before Israel ; and they fled worse before Israel ; and they fled 13 every man to his tent. And 23 every man to his tent. And

Jehoash king of Israel took Ama- Joash king of Israel took Amaziah king of Judah, the son of ziah king of Judah, the son of Jehoash the son of Ahaziah, at Joash the son of Jehoahazt, at Beth - shemesh, and

to Beth-shemesh, and brought him to Jerusalem, and brake down the Jerusalem, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem in 8 the gate wall of Jerusalem from the gate

of Ephraim unto the corner gate, of Ephraim unto the corner gate, 14 four hundred cubits. And [he 24 four hundred cubits. And took] all the gold and silver, and

all the gold and silver, and all the vessels that were found in all the vessels that were found in the house of the LORD,

the house of God (with Obedand [in] the treasures of edom), and . the treasures of the king's house, the hostages the king's house, the hostages also, and returned to Samaria. also, and returned to Samaria.

came

(Death of Jehoash, king of Israel.)

17 And Amaziah the son of Joash 25 And Amaziah the son of Jvash

king of Judah lived after the king of Judah lived after the

death of Jehoash son of Jehoahaz death of Joash son of Jehoahaz 18 king of Israel fifteen years. Now 26 king of Israel fifteen years. Now

e

.הנה .B ,הכה ,e A

* .

1 B. gives an inversion of the two portions of the name. Such changes as these must be borne in mind when we seek to identify the names of the Hebrew kings which are found in the Assyrian inscriptions.

8 A. ). B.O.

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