Page images
PDF
EPUB

,מאחריהם-.c&

LXX. seem to have read a 'wx, ny s Men atosge4w; unless we admit of
ziw in Kol being used in the sense of turning back or bringing again; of
which there are frequent instances; See Ch. xxx. 3, 18. xxxi. 23. xxxiii,
26. xlviii. 47. Ps. xiv. 7. lxxxv. l. Ezek, xvi. 53. Amos ix. 14. &c.
. ,
“ from those that come after them,” or their

posterity.” So 797x is properly rendered “thy posterity,” 1 Kings xxj. 21. And Qita Onning," their children that come after them ;!". ver. 18, 39.

44.- in the land of Benjamin, &c.] For these divisions of the king. dom of Judah, see Ch, xvii. 26. and the Note there.

CHAP. XXXIII.

[ocr errors]

THIS Chapter contains a prophecy, which, though applicable in some parts to the restoration of the Jews from Babylon, cannot however be so understood

upon

the whole, for reasons already touched upon in the Note prefixed to Ch. xxx, xxxi. and which' hold equally good in the present instance.

God reveals his gracious purpose of healing the wounds of Jerusalem, restoring the captivity both of Israel and Judah, forgiving their sins, and distinguishing them with such blessings, as to strike the astonished nations with fear and trembling, v. 1-9.-He foretels that the land, whose desolation they deplored, should again flourish with multitudes both of men and cattle, v. 10--13. He confirms his former promise of establishing a kingdom of righteousness in a branch of the house of David, and rendering it perpetual, together with the priesthood of the sons of Levi, v. 14-18. He declares his covenant in this respect with David and the Levites to be as sure as the covenant of day and night, v..19-22. And to remove the reproach of having cast off those families, whom he had once distinguished by his choice, he renews his, protestations of infallibly restoring the seed of Jacob,, and of appointing the seed of David to rule over them for ever, v. 23— to the end.

2.--the doer of it-] This place has been looked upon as corrupt, because the affix pronoun o in nwy seenis to be without an antecedent. Houbigant proposes two emendations; one suggested by the . ,

. ference to another taken from the LXX. who render, more you, xas. κλασσων αυτην.

Hence he infers, that the Greek interpreters read: 7799877. 77wy instead of 171074 gowy. To give this conjecture its full force, we may add, that instead of 071074 after 77wv, one MS. has. been found to read 778, which may be thought to come somewhat ncarer the word 77978.--- But I am persuaded in myself, that the roceived reading of the text is genuine, and conceive the pronoun , IT, to refer to the thing which God says. “ Thus saith JEHOVAH, who himself is about to do it," namely, what he saith. There is an instance of a similar kind to be met with, Isa, xxxvïi. 26. where the antecedent of the same pronoun o7 is to be sought in the sense of the context. The whole verse may be thus rendered...

for אתך and also ,עשה is substituted_instead of עשן Syr

. where -But he inclines .to give the pre .לה כינון for להבינן and ,אותת

and I have done ; גלים נצים instead of ,גוים נצים

.of the LXX

Hast thou not heard ? of old I have done it,
Of ancient times I have also formed it; now have I brought it

on ;
And thou hast been for the desolating of flourishing nations,

strongly fortified cities. The pronoun it here evidently refers to the desolating of flourishing nations, &c;" for this was the very thing which God says he had “ done of old, and formed in ancient times," as Nebuchadnezzar might well be supposed to " have heard ;" and this was also that which he had * brought about of late” by the agency of Nebuchadnezzar himself; who indeed had been vain enough to arrogate to himself the whole performance, although he had only borne the part of a subordinate minister in it.-Bishop Lowth in interpreting this verse adopts the rcading

. , ; I the same ; but instead of “warlike nations," I have rendered 013), " flourishing," from 712, to flourish.

3.-And hidden things---] Two MSS. and the celebrated printed Bible called MINCHATH SHAI (see Dr Kennicott's Dissert. General. $ 62.) instead of 7777327 read 1989), which agrees with the Chaldee ; and is most likely to be the true reading. See Isa. xlviii. 6.

5.---That are come to make war on the part of the Chaldeans] X2 is thus used with n783097 for it's subject, Ch. xxxii. 24. But itws nix must not be rendered, “ against the Chaldeans," for it is evident those instruments of war were not employed against the Chaldeans, but in their service against the besieged. either signify on the part of the Chaldeans ;" See Ch. li.:59. or else nx may be left by mistake for non, the initial p being lost (as it often happens) in the same letter terminating the preceding word.

6. Behold, I will make it perfectly sound and whole) The antecedent to r7 is clearly 7877, ver. 5., The Vulg. and Chald. render as if they had read only; but the LXX. and Syr. confirm the present reading, which is found in all the collated MSS. and Editions, except one MS. which reads thg.

Ibid.--and will heal them] For $78097 forty two MSS. and nine Editions read Dinx599, in conformity with all the ancient versions. The antecedent of the pronoun must be sought in the next verse ; name ly, the captivity of Judah and Israel. See note on ver. 2.

Ibid. I will also grant their prayer for peace and truth] any signifies to pray in a devout fervent manner. construed a devout and fervent prayer ; and to manifest to any one his per tition seems to imply the, granting of it. I have therefore rendered

, "I for peace and truth; or, will shew them the blessings they have prayed for." 7. And I will build them-] For Dnia thirty MSS. and five

. Ibid.mathat I procure unto them] All the ancient versions render

must את גשרים Therefore'

66

may well be עתות Hence

I will also grant their prayer“ ,ואמת וגליתי לחם עתות שלום

.ובניתים Editions read more correctly

as if they had read only instead of thing, and there is one MS. that

does so.

.32 .Lev . xxvii ,תחת השבט meant the same as על-ידי

13.-and in the cites of the plain] Twenty MSS. read myan, and the LXX. Syr. and Vulg. likewise express the conjunction. For the divisions here enumerated, see Ch. xvii. 26. and Note there.

Ibid. --According to the direction of him that numbereth] Our English Translation is, " under the hands of him that telleth them ;" as if -, .

But passing under the rod means only their being numbered, the shepherd striking every sheep with his rod or crook, as it passes out of the fold, and so counting them. But the expression here made use of seems to imply, that the sheep should not stray about at random, but pass according to the direction of a shepherd, who, in numbering them as they come out of the fold, at the same time points out to them with his hands the way they are to take. See Note on Ch. v. 31. in Appendix. 14.--concerning the house of Israel, and concerning the house of

] : 3x and sy seem to be nearly of the same force; and we often find them applied in the same sentence, as if the variation was accounted a matter of elegance. Here undoubtedly no difference can be conceived between them. Some MSS. however affect an uniformity; two for 3x reading 38, and on the other hand, four, perhaps five, for yg substitute

These two prepositions-אל-ביתישראל ועל-בית יהודה [Judah

.אל

15.-a branch of righteousness] After 77773 Oy (three MSS. read p973 7703) twenty one MSS. and four Editions add the words 737 737 495 077), "and a king shall reign and prosper," as Ch. xxiii. 5. The same is found in the Syr. and Arab. versions.

16. And this is he, whom JEHOVAH shall call OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS] This is the strict grammatical translation of the words of the text. The ancient versions seem to have been made from the parallel passage, Ch. xxiii, 6. where however the words differ extremely, though they amount to the same sense. See the Note there. Three MSS. read here, you 7711, and one of these omit 75. It must be observed, that the in his is not the feminine affix, but the masculine after the Chaldee form; which frequently occurs.

- 17. There shall not be a failure in the line of David of one sitting, &c.]. From the Babylonish captivity to the coming of Christ, David was without a successor of his family sitting upon the throne of Judali or Israel, in any sense. whatsoever. And from the destruction of Jerusalem to the present time, the Jews have had neither a king nor a regular priesthood belonging to their nation. So that hitherto there has been a failure and interruption both in the royal line of David, and in the sacerdotal one of Levi. A plain proof that the prophecy alludes not to any time that is already past, but respects what is to come. It is true indeed, that in a spiritual sense the kingdom of Christ, the son of David, has been for some time established over those whom the Apostle calls “the Israel of God," (Gal. vi. 16.) and the children of Abraham," (Gal. iii. 7.) meaning thereby all true believers, whether of the Jews or of the Gentiles. And it is true also, that in the church of Christ there hath been a constant and uninterrupted succession of persons appointed to perform the public offices of religion in the room of, although not taken out of the family of, the priests the. Levites. And the perpetuity of this kingdom and this priesthood, is, I know, in the opinion of many learned expositors, looked upon as a full and authentic completion of the intention of this prophecy. This however seems to be spiritualizing too far, when the case admits of a more direct and literal interpretation. The days, it is evident, are not yet arrived, though they certainly will come, for the performance of God's good promise concerning the restoration of the house of Israel and the house of Judah under Christ, THEIR RIGHTEOUSNESS. Admitting this, and that all the families of Israel shall again be re-established in their own possessions, what improbability is there, that the two families of David and Levi may actually revert also to their ancient privileges, subject only to the supreme authority of the Messiah, and continue to enjoy them, as it is here expressly declared, in uninterrupted succession to the end of the world?

18.-and burning meat-offerings- ] The verb 7'up, which properly signifies burning incense, is not unfitly here applied ; because part of every meat offering was covered with frankincense, and burned upon the altar for a memorial of sweet savour unto God. See Lev. ii. 1, 2, &C.--- It is not necessary however to suppose, that precisely the same sacrifices shall continue to be offered in the Christian Church, which are prescribed by the Mosaic law; but, as that law is abrogated, we may fairly understand those sacrifices figuratively to denote the offices of a more spiritual worship, substituted in their stead.

20. So that they be not daily and nightly in their season] Our Translators render, " and that there should not be day and night in their season." But in this case we should read 1, and not on'. Dan is the adverb by day, or daily; and 77338 097 signifies, die er nocte, by day and by night, or daily and nightly, that is, always, or continually. So that the true construction of the words is, “ that my covenant of the day, and my covenant of the night, be, or hold, not con tinually in their season. See ver. 25.

21.---that they shall not minister unto me] Here nown seems to be the infinitive verb with the affix, and the preposition prefixed;

. followed by 1998 is the participle plural in Pihel.

24. The two families which JEHOVAH hath chosen] It is plain from ver. 26. that the two families here meant are those of Jacob and David; though some have supposed the two kingdoms of Israel and Judah others the royal and sacerdotal families of David and Levi, to be intended.

23. If my covenant be not, &c.] In this verse the Vulg. and Syr. both read mp771, but the conjunction is not found in any of the collated MSS. or Editions. The same versions agree in expressing the ne. gative us but once; but Vulg. omits it after mx, Syr. before nou,

משותף used just before

. But in the next verse מחיות answering to

But the text needs no alteration ; all that is necessary being to extend the influence of Or, if, to the latter clause as well as to the former. It would perhaps be more clear, if we read niprs, but the Asyndeton appears to be often matter of choice. The covenant is that abovementioned of the day and of the night, ver. 20. which there is understood to be daily and nightly, that is, perpetual without interruption; and the ordinances of heaven and earth are the stated order of things in both, such as the system of numberless stars in the heavens, and the unmeasurable sand of the sea, ver. 22. all which God claims to be of his ordering and appointment.

26. But I will reverse their captivity-..] For 39WN nineteen MSS. and three Editions read with the Masora wx. But it is questionable at least whether 10x be not as proper. See Note on Ch. xxxii. 40. --- These words, we may observe, are the regular inference of a Syllogism, the minor of which is suppressed, but may be thus supplied... * But my covenant is daily and nightly, and I have appointed these ordiBances, Therefore I will not cast off the seed of Jacob, loc, but I will res verse their captivity, and will have mercy upon them."

CHAP. XXXVIII.

THIS Chapter (to which are subjoined the four last verses of Chap. xxxix. on account of their obvious connexion) contains the last transaction in which Jeremiah was prophetically concerned before the taking of Jerusalem. The princes of Judab offended with Jeremiah for repeating to the people who visited him in the court of the prison, the message he was charged with, Ch. xxi. 9, 10. caused him to be cast into a deep and miry dungeon ; v. 1-6. Ebed-melech obtains an order from the king, and takes him up out of it; v. 7--- 13. The king consults with him in private ; he seeks to persuade the king to give himself up to the king of Babylon's officers, as the only means of safety to himself, and of preserving the city from destruction ; v. 14. – 23. The king assures to him his life, but requires him not to divulge the se'cret of his conference to the princes; who inquire about it, but receive an evasive answer ; and Jeremiah remains in the court of the prison ; V: 24---28. The piety of Ebed-melech is rewarded with a promise of personal safety amidst the ensuing public calamities. Ch. xxxix. 15... 18.

1.---used to speak---] This is the proper sense of 7778, the conjugation Pihel specially denoting the diligent or repeated performing of an action.

2.---and by famine---] Six MSS. read 21729, as found in the Texty Ch. xxi, 9. The LXX, Syr. and Vulgate also express the conjunca tion.

Ibid..--and by pestilence] The common Editions of the LXX. totally omit 42729 ; but in the MS. Pachom. we find, kak sy 9x vetu. Aquila and Theodotion express the same. Drusius also cites from one of the Greek interpreters, though without a name, xat sy dospe ora

« PreviousContinue »