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2 Samuel 8.
I Chronicles 18. to e salute him, and to bless him, because he had king David, to salute him, and to bless him, befought against Hadadezer and smitten him : for cause he had fought against Hadarezer and Hadadezer bhad wars with Toi. And • Joram smitten him ; for Hadarezer had wars with Tou; brought with him vessels of silver, and vessels of and he had with him all manner of vessels of gold, and vessels of brass: 11 these also did king gold and silver and brass. Tia These also did David dedicate unto the LORD, with the silver king David dedicate unto the LORD, with the and gold that he dedicated of all the nations silver and the gold that he carried away from all which he subdued.
89. SUBJUGATION OF EDOM. 2 Samuel 8:13, 14a. i Kings 11:15-17, , 18. i Chronicles 18:12, 13a. 13 And David gat him a name
12 Moreover Abishai the son when he returned from smiting
of Zeruiah smote of the Edomof the Syrians in the Valley
ites in the Valley of Salt eighteen of Salt, even eighteen thousand
thousand. 13a And he put garmen. 14a And he put garrisons
risons in Edom; and all the in Edom; throughout all Edom
Edomites became servants to put he garrisons, and all the
15 For it came to pass when
remained there six months, until he had cut off every male in Edom;) 17 that Hadad Aled, he and certain Edomites of his father's servants with him, to go into Egypt ; Hadad being yet a little child : 140 he was of the king's seed in Edom. 18 And they arose out of Midian, and came to Paran: and they took men with them out of Paran, and they came to Egypt, unto Pharaoh king of Egypt; which gave him an house, and appointed him victuals, and gave him land.
90. SUMMARY OF DAVID'S WARS: THE NATIONS CONQUERED. 2 Samuel 8:. 12, (116), 146.
i Chronicles 18:110, 116, 136. nd The silver and gold of all the nations nic The silver and the gold that he carried which he subdued; 12 of a Syria, and of Moab, away from all the nations; from Edom, and from and of the children of Ammon, and of the Philis- / Moab, and from the children of Ammon, and
a Heb. “ ask him of his welfare.” b Heb. " was a man of wars." c Heb." in his hand were." d Heb. “Aram." According to some ancient authorities, "Edom." The Sept. and Syr, read, " destroyed Edom." fi Kings 11: 19, 30.-19 And Hadad found great favour in the sight of Pharaoh, so that he gave him to wife the sister of his own wife, the sister of Tahpenes the queen. 20 And the sister of Tahpenes bare him Genubath his son, whom Tahpencs weaned in Pharaoh's house: and Genubath was in Pharaoh's house among the sons of Pharaoh. &Heb.“ Abshai."
2 Samuel 8.
I Chronicles 18. tines, and of Amalek, and of the spoil of Hadad- from the Philistines, and from Amalek, 116 did ezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah, 116 did king David dedicate unto the LORD. 136 And king David dedicate unto the LORD. 146 And the LORD · gave victory to David whithersoever the LORD a gave victory to David whithersoever he went. he went.
91. LIST OF DAVID'S HEROES.
(1) THE “FIRST” THREE.
A. JASHOBEAM. 2 Samuel 23:8.
i Chronicles 11:10, II. 10 Now these are the chief of the mighty men whom David had, who shewed themselves strong with him in his kingdom, together with all Israel, to make him king, according to the word of the LORD concerning Israel.
II And 8 These be the names of the mighty men whom this is the number of the mighty men whom David had : Josheb-basshebeth a Tahchemo- David had : Jashobeam, the son of a Hachmonite, chief of the captains; the same was Adino nite, the chief of the thirty; he lifted up his the Eznite, against eight hundred slain at one spear against three hundred and slew them at time.
B. ELEAZER. 2 Samuel 23:9, 10.
i Chronicles 11: 12. 9 And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodai 12 And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo, the son of an Ahohite, one of the three mighty the Ahohite, who was one of the three mighty men with David, when they defied the Philis- men. tines that were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel I were gone away : 10 he arose, and smote the Philistines until his hand was weary, and his hand clave unto the sword: and the LORD wrought a great o victory that day; and the people returned after him only to spoil.
C. SHAMMAH., 2 Samuel 23:11, 12.
I Chronicles 11 :13, 14. II And after him was Shammah the son of 13% He was with David at 'Pas-dammim, and Agee a Hararite. And the Philistines were there the Philistines were gathered together to gathered together into a troop, where was a battle, where was a plot of ground full of barley; plot of ground full of lentils ; and the people and the people fled from before the Philistines. Aed from the Philistines. 12 But he stood in 14 And they stood in the midst of the plot, and the midst of the plot, and defended it, and slew defended it, and slew the Philistines; and the the Philistines : and the LORD wrought a great LORD saved them by a great o victory. 9 victory.
a Or, "saved David." Cf. 887. 6 This verse is probably corrupt. c Or," held strongly with him." d Another reading is, “captains.' e Heb." slain." Heb. "went up.' Heb." salvation." h For historical setting, see 843, (7), i Ör, "for foraging.". k The Chronicler in transcribing has doubtless omitted the name of Shammah. 17:1,“ Ephes-dammim." See $43, (1).
In 1 Samuel
(2) THE “THREE MIGHTY MEN."
A. THEIR EXPLOIT AT BETHLEHEM." (2 Samuel 23: 13-17.]
[1 Chronicles 11:15-19.) 13 And three of the thirty chief went down, 15 And three of the thirty chief went down to and came to David in the harvest time unto the the rock to David, into the cave of Adullam; cave of Adullam; and the troop of the Philistines and the host of the Philistines were encamped in were encamped in the valley of Rephaim. 14 And the valley of Rephaim. 16 And David was then David was then in the hold, and the garrison of in the hold, and the garrison of the Philistines the Philistines was then in Beth-lehem. 15 And was then in Beth-lehem. 17 And David longed, David longed, and said, Oh that one would give and said, Oh that one would give me water to me water to drink of the well of Beth-lehem, drink of the well of Beth-lehem, which is by the which is by the gate! 16 And the three mighty gate! 18 And the three brake through the host men brake through the host of the Philistines, of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well and drew water out of the well of Beth-lehem, of Beth-lehem, that was by the gate, and took it, that was by the gate, and took it, and brought it and brought it to David: but David would not to David: but he would not drink thereof, but drink thereof, but poured it out unto the LORD, poured it out unto the LORD. 17. And he said, and said, 19 My God forbid it me, that I should Be it far from me, O LORD, that I should do this : do this : shall I drink the blood of these men shall I drink the blood of the men that went 6 in that have put their lives in jeopardy ? for with jeopardy of their lives? therefore he would not the jeopardy of their lives they brought it. Theredrink it. These things did the three mighty fore he would not drink it. These things did the
three mighty men.
B. ABISHAI. 2 Samuel 23: 18, 19.
i Chronicles 11:20, 21. 18 And Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son 20 And • Abishai, the brother of Joab, he was of Zeruiah, was chief of the three. And he lifted chief of the three: for he lifted up his spear up his spear against three hundred and slew against three hundred and slew them, and had them, and had a name among the three. 19 Was a name among the three. 21 Of the three, he he not most honourable of the three ? therefore was more honourable than the two, and was he was made their captain : howbeit he attained made their captain : howbeit he attained not to not unto the first three,
the first three.
C. BENAIAH. 2 Samuel 23: [20a], 206–23.
1 Chronicles 11: [22a), 226-25. 20 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son 22 Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a of r a valiant man of Kabzeel, who had done valiant man of Kabzeel, who had done mighty mighty deeds, he slew the two sons of Ariel of deeds, he slew the two sons of Ariel of Moab: Moab: he went down also and slew a lion in the he went down also and slew a lion in the midst midst of a pit in time of snow: 21 and he slew of a pit in time of snow. 23 And he slew an an Egyptian, a goodly man: and the Egyptian Egyptian, a man of great stature, five cubits had a spear in his hand; but he went down to high; and in the Egyptian's hand was a spear him with a staff, and plucked the spear out of like a weaver's beam; and he went down to him the Egyptian's hand, and slew him with his own with a staff, and plucked the spear out of the spear. 22 These things did Benaiah the son of Egyptian's hand, and slew him with his own Jehoiada, and had a name among the three spear. 24 These things did Benaiah the son of mighty men. 23 He was more honourable than Jehoiada, and had a name among the three the thirty, but he attained not to the first three. mighty men. 25 Behold, he was more honourAnd David set him over his sguard.
able than the thirty, but he attained not to the
first three : and David set him over his e guard. a For historical setting, see $79, (1), C. Heb.with their lives." c Heb. “ slain." d Heb. “ Abshai." Or, the three in the second rank he was the most honourable.” | According to another reading, “Ish-hai.” Or, “council.”
(3) THE REMAINING HEROES. 2 Samuel 23 : 24-39.
i Chronicles 11:26-47. 24 Asahel the brother of Joab was one of the 26 Also the mighty men of the armies; Asahel thirty; Elhanan the son of Dodo of Beth-lehem; the brother of Joab, Elhanan the son of Dodo of 25 Shammah the Harodite, Elika the Harodite; Beth-lehem ; 27 Shommoth the Harorite, Helez 26 Helez the Paltite, Ira the son of Ikkesh the the Pelonite; 28 Ira the son of Ikkesh the TekoTekoite; 27 Abiezer the Anathothite, Mebunnai ite, Abiezer the Anathothite; 29 Sibbecai the the Hushathite; 28 Zalmon the Ahohite, Maharai Hushathite, Ilai the Ahohite; 30 Maharai the the Netophathite; 29 Heleb the son of Baanah Netophathite, Heled the son of Baanah the Nethe Netophathite, Ittai the son of Ribai of Gibeah tophathite ; 31 Ithai the son of Ribai of Gibeah of the children of Benjamin ; 30 Benaiah a Pira- of the children of Benjamin, Benaiah the Pirathonite, Hiddai of the brooks of Gaash; 31 Abi- thonite ; 32 Hurai of the brooks of Gaash, Abiel albon the Arbathite, Azmaveth the Barhumite; the Arbathite; 33 Azmaveth the Baharumite, 32 Eliahba the Shaalbonite, the sons of Jashen, Eliahba the Shaalbonite ; 34 the sons of Hashem Jonathan ; 33 Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the the Gizonite, Jonathan the son of Shage the son of Sharar the Ararite; 34 Eliphelet the son Hararite; 35 Ahiam the son of Sacar the Haraof Ahasbai, the son of Maacathite, Eliam the son rite, Eliphal the son of Ur; 36 Hepher the of Ahithophel the Gilonite; 35° Hezro the Car- Mecherathite, Ahijah the Pelonite; 37 Hezro melite, Paarai the Arbite; 36 Igal the son of the Carmelite, Naarai the son of Ezbai; 38 Joel Nathan of Zobah, Bani the Gadite; 37 Zelek the brother of Nathan, Mibhar the son of Hagri; the Ammonite, Naharai the Beerothite, armour- 39 Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai the Berothite, bearers to Joab the son of Zeruiah; 38 Ira the the armourbearer of Joab the son of Zeruiah ; Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite ; 39 Uriah the Hittite : 40 Ira the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite ; 41 Uriah thirty and seven in all.
the Hittite, Zabad the son of Ahlai; 42 Adina the son of Shiza the Reubenite, a chief of the Reubenites, and thirty with him; 43 Hanan the son of Maacah, and Joshaphat the Mithnite; 44 Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jeiel the sons of Hotham the Aroerite; 45 Jediael the son of Shimri, and Joha his brother, the Tizite; 46 Eliel the Mahavite, and Jeribai, and Joshaviah, the sons of Elnaam, and Ithmah the Moabite; 47 Eliel, and Obed, and Jaasiel the Mezobaite.
92. THE ADMINISTRATION AND OFFICERS OF THE KINGDOM
DURING THIS PERIOD. 2 Samuel 8:15-18.
I Chronicles 18:14-17. 15 And David reigned over all Israel; and 14 And David reigned over all Israel; and he David executed judgement and justice unto all executed judgement and justice unto all his his people, 16 And Joab the son of Zeruiah people. 15 And Joab the son of Zeruiah was was over the host ; and Jehoshaphat the son of over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was d recorder : 17 and Zadok the son Ahilud was d recorder. 16 And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, of Ahitub, and Abimelech the son of Abiathar, were priests; and Seraiah was 'scribe ; 18 And were priests; and Shavsha was escribe ; 17 and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was overt he CherCherethites and the Pelethites; and David's ethites and the Pelethites; and the sons of David sons were priests.
were chief about the king. a Or, “Hezrai." 6 Another reading is armourbearer." cCf. $8107, (2), L, and 116. dOr, “chronicler," e Or, "secretary. The Hebrew text has, " and the Cherethites," etc. gOr, “chief ministers."
93. DAVID'S SONG OF THANKSGIVING."
2 Samuel 22:1-51. 1 And David spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day that the LORD delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies, and out of the hand of Saul : 2 and he said,
The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer, even mine; 3 The God of my rock, in him will I trust;
My shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower, and my refuge;
My saviour, thou savest me from violence.
So shall I be saved from mine enemies.
The floods of ungodliness made me afraid.
The snares of death came upon me.
Yea, I called unto my God:
And my cry came into his ears.
The foundations of heaven moved
And were shaken, because he was wroth.
And fire out of his mouth devoured :
Coals were kindled by it.
And thick darkness was under his feet.
Yea, he was seen upon the wings of the wind.
Gathering of waters, thick clouds of the skies.
Coals of fire were kindled.
And the Most High uttered his voice.
Lightning, and discomfited them.
The foundations of the world were laid bare,
At the blast of the breath of his nostrils.
He drew me out of many waters;
From them that hated me; for they were too mighty for me.
But the LORD was my stay:
He delivered me, because he delighted in me.
According to the cleanness of my hands hath he recompensed me. a Cf. Psalm 18. See Appendix, $6. b Heb. " Belial.” See Genesis 37:35. d Or, " in his wrath.” Or, “great."