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1 Chronicles 7.

1 Chronicles 8. ael, according to the heads of their fathers' fathers' houses. 11 And of Hushim he begat houses, mighty men of valour, seventeen thou- Abitub and Elpaal. 12 And the sons of Elpaal; sand and two hundred, that were able to go Eber, and Misham, and Shemed, who built Ono forth in the host for war. 12 « Shuppim also, and Lod, with the towns thereof; 13 and Beriah, and Huppim, the sons of Ir, Hushim, the sons and Shema, who were heads of fathers' houses of e Aher.

of the inhabitants of Aijalon, who put to flight the inhabitants of Gath; 14 and Ahio, Shashak, and Jeremoth; 15 and Zebadiah, and Arad, and Eder; 16 and Michael, and Ishpah, and Joha, the sons of Beriah; 17 and Zebadiah, and Meshullam, and Hizki, and Heber; 18 and Ishmerai, and Izliah, and Jobab, the sons of Elpaal; 19 and Jakim, and Zichri, and Zabdi; 20 and Elienai, and Zillethai, and Eliel ; 21 and Adaiah, and | Beraiah, and Shimrath, the sons of a Shimei; 22 and Ishpan, and Eber, and Eliel ; 23 and Abdon, and Zichri, and Hanan; 24 and Hananiah, and Elam, and Anthothijah; 25 and Iphdeiah, and Penuel, the sons of Shashak; 26 and Shamsherai, and Shehariah, and Athaliah; 27 and Jaareshiah, and Elijah, and Zichri, the sons of Jeroham. 28 These were heads of fathers' houses throughout their generations, chief men : I these dwelt in Jerusalem.

(2) THE HOUSE OF SAUL. [1 Samuel 14:49–51.) 1 Chronicles 8: 29–40.

Chronicles 9:35-44. 29 And in Gibeon there dwelt 35 And in Gibeon there dwelt the father of Gibeon, Jeiel, the father of Gibeon, Jeiel, whose wife's name was Maacah: whose wife's name was Maacah: 30 and his firstborn son Abdon, 36 and his firstborn son Abdon, and Zur, and Kish, and Baal, and Zur, and Kish, and Baal, and Nadab; 31 and Gedor, and and Ner, and Nadab; 37 and Ahio, and Zecher. 32 And Mik-Gedor, and Ahio, and Zechariah, loth begat Shimeah. And they and Mikloth. 38 And Mikloth also dwelt with their brethren in begat Shimeam. And they also Jerusalem, over against their dwelt with their brethren in brethren. 33 And Ner begat Jerusalem, over against their

Kish; and Kish begat Saul; brethren. 39 And Ner begat 49 Now the sons of Saul were and Saul begat Jonathan, and Kish; and Kish begat Saul; and Jonathan,and Ishvi, and Malchi- Malchi-shua, and Abinadab,and Saul begat Jonathan, and Malchishua : and the names of his two Eshbaal. 34 And the son of shua, and Abinadab, and Eshdaughters were these; the name Jonathan was Merib-baal; and, baal. 40 And the son of Jonaof the firstborn Merab, and the Merib-baal begat Micah. 35 And than was Merib-baal; and Mename of the younger Michal : the sons of Micah; Pithon, and rib-baal begat Micah. 41 And 50 and the name of Saul's wife Melech, and Tarea, and Ahaz. the sons of Micah ; Pithon, and was Ahinoam the daughter of 36 And Ahaz begat Jehoaddah ; / Melech, and Tahrea, and Ahaz.

a In Numbers 26: 39, “Shephupham and Hupham," @ In ver. 7." Iri." cIn Numbers 26:38, " Ahiram." d In ver. 13, "Shema." In 2 Samuel 2:8,"Ish-bosheth.” See $68. fIn 2 Samuel 4:4, and 9:6, 10, "Mephibosheth." See $$63 and 96.

i Chronicles 14.
i Chronicles 8.

i Chronicles 9. Ahimaaz: and the name of the and Jehoaddah begat Alemeth, | 42 And Ahaz begat Jarah ; and captain of his host was Abner and Azmaveth, and Zimri; and Jarah begat Alemeth, and Azthe son of Ner, Saul's uncle. Zimri begat Moza : 37 and Moza maveth, and Zimri ; and Zimri 51 a And Kish was the father of begat Binea; Raphah was his begat Moza: 43 and Moza begat Saul; and Ner the father of son, Eleasah his son, Azel his Binea ; and Rephaiah his son, Abner was the son of Abiel. son : 38 and Azel had six sons, Eleasah his son, Azel his son:

whose names are these : Azri-44 and Azel had six sons, whose
kam, Bocheru, and Ishmael, and names are these; Azrikam,
Sheariah, and Obadiah, and Ha- Bocheru, and Ishmael, and She-
nan. All these were the sons ariah, and Obadiah, and Hanan :
of Azel. 39 And the sons of these were the sons of Azel.
Eshek his brother ; Ulam his
firstborn, Jeush the second, and
Eliphelet the third. 40 And the
sons of Ulam were mighty men
of valour, archers, and had many
sons, and sons' sons, an hundred
and fifty. All these were the
sons of Benjamin.

19. APPENDIX: ADDITIONAL HISTORICAL STATEMENTS.
(1) WAR OF THE THREE TRANSJORDANIC TRIBES WITH ARAB NATIONS.

I Chronicles 5:18-22. 18 The sons of Reuben, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, of valiant men, men able to bear buckler and sword, and to shoot with bow, and skilful in war, were forty and four thousand seven hundred and threescore, that were able to go forth to war. 19 And they made war with the Hagrites, with Jetur, and Naphish, and Nodab. 20 And they were helped against them, and the Hagrites were delivered into their hand, and all that were with them: for they cried to God in the battle, and he was intreated of them ; because they put their trust in him. 21 And they took away their cattle ; of their camels fifty thousand, and of sheep two hundred and fifty thousand, and of asses two thousand, and of 6 men an hundred thousand. 22 For there fell many slain, because the war was of God. And they dwelt in their stead until the captivity.

(2) THE INHABITANTS OF JERUSALEM.

1 Chronicles 9:2–34, ia. 2 «Now the first inhabitants that dwelt in their possessions in their cities were, Israel, the priests, the Levites, and the Nethinim. 3 And in Jerusalem dwelt of the children of Judah, and of the children of Benjamin, and of the children of Ephraim and Manasseh ; 4 Uthai the son of Ammihud, the son of Omri, the son of Imri, the son of Bani, of the children of Perez the son of Judah. 5 And of the Shilonites; Asaiah the firstborn, and his sons. 6 And of the sons of Zerah ; Jeuel, and their brethren, six hundred and ninety. 7 And of the sons of Benjamin ; Sallu the son of Meshullam, the son of Hodaviah, the son of Hassenuah ; 8 and Ibneiah the son of Jeroham, and Elah the son of Uzzi, the son of Michri, and Meshullam the son of Shephatiah, the son of Reuel, the son of Ibnijah ; 9 and their brethren, according to their generations, nine hundred and fifty and six. All these men were heads of fathers' houses by their fathers' houses.

10 And of the priests; Jedaiah, and Jehoiarib, and Jachin ; il and a Azariah the son of Hilkiah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, the son of Ahitub, the ruler of I Chronicles 9. the house of God; 12 and Adaiah the son of Jeroham, the son of Pashhur, the son of Malchijah, and Maasai the son of Adiel, the son of Jahzerah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Meshillemith, the son of Immer; 13 and their brethren, heads of their fathers' houses, a thousand and seven hundred and threescore; very able men for the work of the service of the house of God. 14 And of the Levites ; Shemaiah the son of Hasshub, the son of Azrikam, the son of Hashabiah, of the sons of Merari ; 15 and Bakbakkar, Heresh, and Galal, and Mattaniah the son of Mica, the son of a Zichri, the son of Asaph; 16 and Obadiah the son of « Shemaiah, the son of Galal, the son of Jeduthun, and Berechiah the son of Asa, the son of Elkanah, that dwelt in the villages of the Netophathites. 17 And the porters ; Shallum, and Akkub, and Talmon, and Abiman, and their brethren: Shallum was the chief ; 18 who hitherto waited in the king's gate eastward : they were the porters for the camp of the children of Levi. 19 And Shallum the son of Kore, the son of Ebiasaph, the son of Korah, and his brethren, of his father's house, the Korahites, were over the work of the service, keepers of the d gates of the tabernacle : and their fathers had been over the camp of the LORD, keepers of the entry ; 20 and Phinehas the son of Eleazar was ruler over them in time past, and the LORD was with him. 21 Zechariah the son of Meshelemiah was porter of the door of the tent of meeting. 22 All these which were chosen to be porters in the gates were two hundred and twelve. These were reckoned by genealogy in their villages, whom David and Samuel the seer did ordain in their í set office. 23 So they and their children had the oversight of the gates of the house of the LORD, even the house of the tabernacle, by wards. 24 9 On the four sides were the porters, toward the east, west, north, and south. 25 And their brethren, in their villages, were to come in every seven days from time to time to be with them : 26 for the four chief porters, who were Levites, were in a set office, and were over the chambers and over the treasuries in the house of God. 27 And they lodged round about the house of God, because the charge thereof was upon them, and to them pertained the opening thereof morning by morning. 28 And certain of them had charge of the vessels of service; for by tale were they brought in and by tale were they taken out. 29 Some of them also were appointed over the furniture, and over all the vessels of the sanctuary, and over the fine four, and the wine, and the oil, and the frankincense, and the spices. 30 And some of the sons of the priests prepared the confection of the spices. 31 And Mattithiah, one of the Levites, who was the firstborn of Shallum the Korahite, had the set office over the things that were baked in pans. 32 And some of their brethren, of the sons of the Kohathites, were over the shewbread, to prepare it every sabbath. 33 And these are the singers, heads of fathers' houses of the Levites, who dwelt in the chambers and were free from other service : for they were employed in their work day and night. 34 These were heads of fathers' houses of the Levites, throughout their generations, chief men : these dwelt at Jerusalem.

a According to some ancient authorities, “And Kish the father of Saul and Ner ... were the sons of Abiel." 6 Heb. " souls of me cSee Nehemiah 11: 3, etc. (In Nehemiah 11:11," Seraiah."

ia So all Israel were reckoned by genealogies ; and, behold, they are written in the book of the kings of Israel.

a In Nehemiah 11:17, " Zabdi." b In Nehemiah 11:17, " Abda." In Nehemiah 11:17, “Shammua." d Heb. " thresholds. Heb. "Tent."" Or, " trust." Heb.“ Towards the four winds."

PART II.
THE CLOSE OF THE THEOCRACY.

I. The Early Life of Samuel.

20. SAMUEL'S BIRTH AND INFANCY.
(1) SAMUEL'S BIRTH IN ANSWER TO PRAYER.“

i Samuel 1 : 1–20. I Now there was a certain man of Ramathaim-zophim, of the hill country of Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite : 2 and he had two wives ; the name of the one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah : and Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children. 3 And this man went up out of his city from year to year to worship and to sacrifice unto the LORD of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, priests unto the LORD, were there. 4 And when the day came that Elkanah sacrificed, he gave to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions: 5 but unto Hannah he gave ba double portion: for he loved Hannah, but the LORD had shut up her womb. 6 And her rival provoked her sore, for to make her fret, because the LORD had shut up her womb. 7 And as he did so year by year, when she went up to the house of the LORD, so she provoked her; therefore she wept, and did not eat. 8 And Elkanah her husband said unto her, Hannah, why weepest thou ? and why eatest thou not ? and why is thy heart grieved ? am not I better to thee than ten sons? 9 So Hannah rose up after they had eaten in Shiloh, and after they had drunk. Now Eli the priest sat upon his seat by the door post of the temple of the LORD. 10 And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed unto the LORD, and wept sore. 11 And she vowed a vow, and said, O LORD of hosts, if thou wilt indeed look on the affliction of thine handmaid, and remember me, and not forget thine handmaid, but wilt give unto thine handinaid ea man child, then I will give him unto the LORD all the days of his life, and there shall no razor come upon his head. 12 And it came to pass, as she continued praying before the LORD, that Eli marked her mouth. 13 Now Hannah, she spake in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard : therefore Eli thought she had been drunken. !4 And Elisaid unto her, How long wilt thou be drunken ? put away thy wine from thee. 15 And Hannah answered and said, No, my lord, I am a woman of a sorrowful spirit : I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but I poured out my soul before the LORD. 16 Count not thine handmaid for d a daughter of • Belial : for out of the abundance of my complaint and my provocation have I spoken hitherto. 17 Then Eli answered and said, Go in peace: and the God of Israel grant thy petition that thou hast asked of him. 18 And she said, Let thy servant find grace in thy sight. So the woman went her way, and did eat, and her countenance was no more sad. 19 And they rose up in the morning early, and worshipped before the LORD, and returned, and came to their house to Ramah : and Elkanah knew Hannah his wife; and the LORD remembered her. 20 And it came to pass, when the time was come about, that Hannah conceived, and bare a son; and she called his name Samuel, saying, Because I have asked him of the LORD.

(2) SAMUEL'S CONSECRATION TO THE LORD.

1 Samuel 1 : 21-28. 21 And the man Elkanah, and all his house, went up to offer unto the LORD the yearly sacrifice, and his vow. 22 But Hannah went not up; for she said unto her husband, I will not go up until the child be weaned, and then I will bring him, that he may appear before the LORD,

a The Story of Ruth was very nearly synchronous with the birth of Samuel. 6 The Sept. reads, " a single portion, because she had no child; howbeit Elkanah loved," etc. cHeb." seed of men." dOr, "a wicked

e I. e., worthlessness.

1 Samuel 1. and there abide for ever. 23 And Elkanah her husband said unto her, Do what seemeth thee good ; tarry until thou have weaned him ; only the LORD establish his word. So the woman tarried and gave her son suck, until she weaned him. 24 And when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, with three bullocks, and one ephah of meal, and a bottle of wine, and brought him unto the house of the LORD in Shiloh : and the child was young. 25 And they slew the bullock, and brought the child to Eli. 26 And she said, Oh my lord, as thy soul liveth, my lord, I am the woman that stood by thee here, praying unto the LORD. 27 For this child I prayed ; and the LORD hath given me my petition which I asked of him : 28 therefore I also have e granted him to the LORD; as long as he liveth he is granted to the LORD. And he worshipped the LORD there.

(3) HANNAH'S SONG OF THANKSGIVING.

I Samuel 2:1-10.
I And Hannah prayed, and said:

My heart exulteth in the LORD,
Mine horn is exalted in the LORD:
My mouth is enlarged over mine enemies ;

Because I rejoice in thy salvation.
2 There is none holy as the LORD;

For there is none beside thee :

Neither is there any rock like our God.
3 Talk no more so exceeding proudly ;

Let not arrogancy come out of your mouth :
For the LORD is a God of knowledge,

And by him actions are weighed.
4. The bows of the mighty men are broken,

And they that stumbled are girded with strength.
5 They that were full have hired out themselves for bread;

And they that were hungry have ceased :
Yea, the barren hath borne seven ;

And she that hath many children languisheth.
6 The LORD killeth, and maketh alive :

He bringeth down to 9 the grave, and bringeth up.
7 The LORD maketh poor, and maketh rich:

He bringeth low, he also lifteth up.
8 He raiseth up the poor out of the dust,
He lifteth up the needy from the dunghill,
To make them sit with princes,
And inherit the throne of glory:
For the pillars of the earth are the LORD's,

And he hath set the world upon them.
9 He will keep the feet of his a holy ones,

But the wicked shall be put to silence in darkness ;

For by strength shall no man prevail.
10 They that strive with the LORD shall be broken to pieces ;

Against them shall he thunder in heaven :
The LORD shall judge the ends of the earth;
And he shall give strength unto his king,

And exalt the horn of his anointed. a The Sept. and Syriac have, "a bullock of three years old.” 6 Or, "skin.” Or, “lent." d According to several ancient authorities, "they." e According to another reading, “ Though actions be not weighed." Or, “have rest." g Heb. " Sheol." k Or, "godly ones." Another reading is, "holy one."

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