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compass, touched with a good loadstone, turns towards the north, so the heart, touched by sanctifying grace, inclines Godward and Christward. Whatever actions are done without this, are not holy actions, nor can they please God; for he that sees the heart, will never be pleased with those duties to which the man's heart does not kindly incline; for in effect it is but forced obedience, and he hates robbery for burnt-offering.
4. As the love of God is the great comprehensive duty of holiness, love is the fulfilling of the law; so love runs through all the duties of religion, to give them the tincture of holiriess, Heb. vi. 10. And without this, should a man give all his goods to the poor, it profiteth nothing. Where self-love is
the domineering principle, their duties are in God's account #serving themselves, and not him. Holy duties are the obe
dience of a child who loves his father, and therefore serves him; not the obedience of a servant, who loves himself, and therefore serves for his wages.
6. True holiness is influenced by the command of God. The will of God is not only the rule, but the reason, of a holy life, John v. 30. Sanctification binds over the soul to the will of God, that it may follow duty, because it is his will
. Though a man receive a scripture-truth, if he receive it not because God has said it, but upon principles of reason, his receiving of it is not faith, for that is an assent upon the divine testimony. So if a man do a good thing, but not because God has commanded it, the action is no holy action, Psal. cxix. 115.
6. True holiness has for its chief end the glory of God, 1 Cor. x. 31. He that is the first cause of all goodness, must needs be the last end of it. And God being the chief good, loves himself above all, and acts for himself. 'Hence holy persons, being partakers of the divine nature, as they are holy, they will
love God above all, and act for him and his glory; for the divine nature, wherever it is, will still move to exalt God above all. So that Sanctification makes a man's actions still centre in God, so far as it does prevail. The want of this mars a man's life and actions, so far as they are not holy, but selfish, Zech. vii. 6.
7. Lastly, True holiness is universal. Sanctifying grace seeks through the whole man, and the whole of his course.
(1.) Mortification is universal, Gal. v. 24. • They that
are Christ's have crucified the flesh, with the affections and lusts. The law of God is a chain of many links, and he that draws one to him draws all. He that kills a serpent, not out of any particular quarrel against it, but against the whole kind of them, will set himself to kill all of them that he discovers and can reach ; so he that is truly sanctified is set against and endeavours to mortify and kill all sin, as sin, and because it is sin ; and every lust and corruption, even the most darling, that he can discover in himself, he will bring forth to execution, and put them all to death. It is no true mortification where one lust is spared. A man in some sickness may lose the power of a leg or an arm: but had it been death, he would have lost the power of all to. gether.
(2.) Vivification is universal, 2 Cor. v. 17. As when the body of Christ was raised, there was life put into every mem. ber; so when the soul is raised to live the life of holiness, the image of God is repaired in all its parts, and the soul embraces the whole yoke of Christ, so far as it knows the same. So that sanctification sets a man on every known duty. The holy man is holy in his dealings with God and with men; not a pretender to piety, and a renouncer of honesty. He is holy alone, and holy in company: for though a man can put on or lay by a wooden leg, and carve it as he will, he cannot do so with a limb of his body.
II. I shall shew how this holiness is derived from Christ, according to the grand device of infinite wisdom for the sanctifying of an unholy world. For clearing of which, consider these few things.
1. God made the first Adam holy, and all mankind was so in him, Eccl. vii. 29. He gave him a holy nature, endued with a propensity to good, love to the Lord, and ability to keep all the commands. Thus inankind was set up
in Adam; the stock was put in his hand for himself and his posterity, which was to be conveyed to them by natural generation; for no reason can be given why we should not have derived a holy nature from Adam had' he stood, seeing we derive a corrupt nature from him having fallen.
2. Adam, sinning lost the image of God, that holiness in which he was created, and turned altogether corrupt and averse to good. For by his sin he turned off from God as his chief end, and set up himself for his chief end, which
could not but infer a total apostasy. He was laid under the curse by his sin, and God the life of his soul departed from him; and so he was left dead in sin, having sinned away his life in the favour of God, and holy influences. So that all mankind are naturally dead in sin, seeing corrupt Adam could convey no nature to us but a corrupt nature, Gen. v. 3. together with the guilt of it, and the curse attending it.
3. Man's sanctification by himself thus being hopeless, for his nature being corrupted wholly, he could never sanctify his own heart or life, seeing no effect can exceed the virtue of its cause; it pleased God to constitute a Mediator, his own Son, to be the head of sanctifying influences to all that should partake of them. And again, he set up the human nature holy, harmless, and undefiled, which was united to the divine nature in the person of the Son So Christ, God-man, was filled with the Spirit of holiness, and receiv. ed a holy nature, to be conveyed from him to those that are his by spiritual generation, Eph. ii. 10. And the Mediator being God as well as man, and the fulness of the Godhead dwelling in him bodily, there can never be wanting sanctifying influences in him who is a full fountain.
4. Jesus Christ took on him the guilt of all the elect's sins, and the curse due unto them; and these sins of theirs did hang about him till they brought him to the dust of death. But the sufferings of Christ being satisfactory, as he died for sin, so he died to sin, Rom. vi. 10. that is, he was absolutely freed from those sins of the elect wherewith he had burdened himself. This he did and suffered as a public person; and therefore the apostle tells us, Rom. vi. 6. that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin. For the guilt of sin and the curse being taken away, sanctification follows of course ; that being removed which was the stop of sanctifying influences, and
a communication opened betwixt heaven and the soul again, upon its reconciliation with God.
5. Though by the death and resurrection of Christ, the sanctification of his people is infallibly insured, as the corruption of all mankind was by the fall of Adam; yet we cannot actually partake of Christ's holiness till we have a spiritual being in him, even as we partake not of Adam's corruption till we have a natural being from him. And for the effecting of this union with Christ, he in the time of love sends Vol. II.
his quickening Spirit into the soul, whereby he apprehends us; and thus there is a passive reception of Christ. And the soul being quickened, believes, and so apprehends Christ
, Thus that union with Christ is made up by the Spirit on Christ's part, and faith on ours. So the soul being united to him, lives by the same spirit of holiness which is in him, and takes of his, and gives to his inembers for their sanctification,
6. Lastly, As Jesus Christ is the prime receptacle of the Spirit of holiness, as the head of all the saints ; so the conti
. nual supplies of that Spirit are to be derived from him for the saints progress in holiness, till they come to perfeetion, And faith is the great mean of communication betwixt Christ and us, Acts xv. 9. And thus it does, as it empties the soul of all confidence in itself for sanctification, and relies upon him for it according to his word: putting on the saints to use the means of sanctification appointed by him, yet taking their confidence off the means, and setting it on him. self, Phil. iii. 3. And for the ground of this confidence it has his word, so that his honour and faithfulness are engaged for the supply of the Spirit of sanctification this way, being the way in which he has commanded us to look for it.
USE I. Of information. This lets us see,
1. The absolute necessity of holiness. When God, in the depth of infinite wisdom, laid his measures for the salvation of sinners, he had their sanctification in his eye, to bring it about by the death of his own Son. A certain evidence that there is no salvation without it. Nay, it is a principal part of our salvation, Matth. i. 21. There is ncore evil in sin than suffering, more in man's sin than the wrath of God. Nay, suppose a man saved from wrath, but not from sin, þe is a miserable man, because of his unlikeness to God; for as happiness lies in assimilation to God, it must needs be a miserable case to be so unlike him as sin makes us.
2. In vain do men attempt sanctification without coming to Christ for it. Those that knew not Christ might attain to a shadow of holiness, but could never be truly sanctified. And those that hear the gospel, but neglect the great duty of believing and uniting with Christ, can do no duty aright, but their obedience at best is but a hypocritical obedience, Tit. i. 15, 16.
3. Unholiness ought not to stop a sinner from coming to Christ, more than a disease out to hinder a man to take the physician's help, or cold from taking the benefit of the fire. And they that will have men to attain to holiness bes fore they may believe, are as absurd as one who would have the cripple walk before he use the cure for his lameness.
4. True faith is the soul's coming to Christ for sanctification as well as justification. For faith must receive Christ as God offers him, and he offers him with all his salvation. Now, he is made sanctification: Wherefore the soul, being
willing to take Christ with all his salvation, to be sanctii fiėd, comes to him for it.
USE II. Of Exhortation. Come then to Christ for sancitification. To press this, I offer the following motives.
Mot. 1. If ye be not holy, ye will never see heaven. Heaven's door is bolted on the unholy, Heb. xii. 14. There is another place provided for the unholy impure goats.
Mot. 2. Ye will never attain holiness, if ye come not to Christ for it. How can ye think to thrive following another device than God's for your end? Ye may do what yé can to reform, ye may bind yourselves with vows to be holy, watch against sin, and press your hearts with the most affecting considerations of heaven, hell, &c. but ye shall as soon bring water out of the flinty rock, as holiness out of all these, till ye believe and unite with Christ. Consider,
1. While ye are out of Christ, ye are under the curse; and is it possible for the cursed tree to bring forth the fruit of holiness?
2. Can ye be holy without sanctifying influences, or can ye expect that these shall be conveyed to you otherwise than through a Mediator, by his spirit ?
3. Ye have nothing wherewith to produce holiness. The most skilful musician cannot play unless his instrument be in tune. The lamé man, if he were ever so willing, cannot run till he be ćured. Ye are under an utter impotency, by reason of the corruption of your nature.
Lastly, If ye will come to Christ, ye shall be made holy. There is a fulness of merit and spirit in him for sanctification. Come then to the fountain of holiness. The worst of sinners may be sanctified this way, 1 Cor. vi. 11.
Wherefore be persuaded of your útter inability to sanctify yourselves, and receive Christ for sanctification, as he is of