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to little purpose; considering how lavish he has been in quoting scripture, more by the found of words than any real relation to the point in hand. 'Tis an easy thing by leading questions to direct, as that author has done, a multitude of texts in a small compass, which to an unwary reader Mall at first fight seem pertinent; when the setting forth and vindicating the true sense of a small part of those texts mall unavoidably be voluminous. But notwithstanding this disadvantage : if a number of plain texts are produced, with which the creed of pope Pius is altogether inconsistent; if those, upon which the papists are known to lay the greatest stress, are all of them considered, and jhewn to make nothing to their purpose; and if upon the whole it be proved, that the doctrines, wherein papists differ from protestants, are contrary both to the tenor of scripture and to found reasoning: ihen the bulk, to which this esay has unwillingly arisen, it is hoped, will be excused.


Lond. Nov. 50 1735.

A View of POPERY: taken from the Creed of Pope

Pius the IVth,

Very finall treatise, intituled, The Creed of pope Pius the IV. or a Prospect of Popery, taken from that authentic Record, was printed in the

year 1687, on occasion of the

visible growth of popery at that time, and the danger of its increasing farther. It is upon the apprehension that zealous endeavours are now employed by Romish emissaries, in many parts of this nation, to gain profelytes to popery, that this essay is sent abroad; attended with earnest desires that it may be of some use towards preventing so great an evil.

The author of that treatise laid his plan very judiciously, when he determined to take his account of the Romißh doctrine, not from any single doctor of that church, though ever so cele[6] brated ; büt from the authentic acts of their church. For it is certain, that how good ground soever protestants have to charge particular persons with monstrous absurdities ; (for example, to charge Cardinal * Bellarmine with affirming, that if the pope pould enjoin the practice of vice, or forbid the practice of virtue, the church would be bound to believe vice to be good, and virtue to be evil) yet charity will teach us to hope at least, that the papists in general do not harbour such monstrous thoughts in their breasts. But those things, which the church of Rome requires to be believed as articles of faith, on pain of damnation, and which her clergy are upon oath obliged to maintain and defend, may very fairly and justly be looked on as the avowed doctrine of that church. And such is the creed of

brated and * Si papa erraret, præcipiendo vitia, vel prohibendo virtutes ; teneretur ecclesia credere vitia effe bona, & virtutes malas, nisi vellet contra conscientiam peccare. Bellarm. de Roman. pontif.

pope Pius IV : as appears by his bull concerning the form of the oath of the profession of faith, dated in November 1564, and printed with the acts of the council of Trent. For in that bull the creed itself is thus introduced : I N. N. do with a firm faith believe and profess all and every thing which is contained in that symbol of faith, which the holy Roman church ulëth : that is to say --- Then, after recital of the creed, it is added : This is the true catholic faith, without which no man can be saved : and a form is provided, whereby the superior clergy promise, vow and swear, that to the last breath of their lives they will most stedfastly, with the help of God, retain and confess it intire [7] and unviolated ; and take care, as much as in them lies, that it be held, taught and preached by all persons subject to them, or whom by their office they are obliged to take care of.

lib. IV. cap. 5:


The creed itself contains the substance of the decrees and canons of the Trent Council : and being usually divided into twenty-four articles, is so plausible as to express the first twelve in the very words of that creed which is * commonly called the Nicene ; the greatest part whereof all protestants believe and acknowledge. But there is this great difference between the manner, wherein the Nicene creed is imposed in popish countries, and wherein they who adhere to the true protestant principle receive it or any part of it: that the one require it to be received upon an equal foot of authority with the holy scriptures; the other believe and acknowledge the things contained in it, not because the fathers of the Nicene council fo believed or so decreed; but because they are satisfied that the things themselves are contained in the holy scriptures, and so far only as they are therein contained : so that their faith is ultimately resolved into the word of God, and not into the commandments of men. Herein they affert their liberty as becomes protestants. The greatest part however of the things contained in this creed, as was before observed, they all believe and acknowledge.


* That what is vulgarly called the Nicene Creed, is not the creed made by the council of Nice in the year 325, appears from the copies produced by Socrates in his eccles. hift. pag. 176. edit. Rob. Steph. 1544, and by Labbé, in his collection of councils, tom. II. pag. 27. From the fame collection of councils, tom. II. pag. 951. it appears, that what is now commonly called the Nicene Creed, is that which was made by the council of Constantinople in the year 381; or at least has a much nearer likeness to that than to the other. However, as both creeds contain for substance the same doctrine, I shall make no scruple to call that the Nicene Creed, which usually goes by that name.

But this, it seems, was not enough for a creed of the church of Rome. There must be some form of faith, whereby, as by an authentic act, papists must for ever be distinguished from protestants. Twelve new articles therefore are added ; which are all truly Romißh, and built folely upon human authority. These I shall set down in order, and make some remarks on them.

But it is needful first to warn the reader of the enfnaring manner, in which the articles of pope Pius's creed are connected with those of the Nicene. The Nicene creed makes mention of one, holy, catholic and apostolic church : and the creed of pope Pius begins with a profession of admitting and embracing the traditions, &c. of the same church ; infinuating, that all the traditions of the church of Rome are traditions of the one, boly, catholic and apojtolic church. And it is certain the Romanists do pretend, that all these characters belong to their church, and to that alone. They make themselves the whole church of Christ; and exclude all others from being so much as a part of it. They confine holiness to themselves; and confidently affirm, that their church alone is derived from the apostles.

These things are not indeed expressly asserted in pope Pius's first article. It was more plausible to speak of the church in a general way at the beginning ; because every one would more readily ascribe the characters of one, koly, catholic


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