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ÍNTKODUCTION. The discovery of North-America and New-Eng-

land. Captain Smith's discovery. The country is named New-Eng-
land. New-Plymouth settled. The great patent of New-England,
and patent of Massachusetts. The settlement of Salem, Charlestown,
Boston, and other towns in Massachusetts. Mr.Warham, Mr. Phillips
and Mr. Hooker, with others of the first planters of Connecticut, arrive
and make settlements at Dorchester, Watertown, and Newtown.
Their churches are formed and they are ordained.


The patent of Connecticut. The situation, extent, boundaries and area

of the settled part of the colony. The discovery of Connecticut river;
a description of it, and the signification of its name. The colony de-
rives its name from the river. Description of other rivers. Plymouth
and Dutch houses. Prospects of trade upon the river.


The state of the country of Connecticut when the settlement of the colo-

ny began. Its trees and fruits. Its animals. Number, situation, gen-
ius, manners, arms, utensils and wars of the Indians.


The people at Dorchester, Watertown, and Newtown, finding themselves

straightened in the Massachusetts, determine to remove to Connecticut.
Debates in Massachusetts relative to their removal. The general court
at first prohibited it, but afterwards gave its consent. The people re-
moved and settled the towns of Windsor, Hartford and Weathersfield.
Hardships and losses of the first winters.

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The war with the Pequots. The origin of it. The murder of Captains

Stone and Norton, of Mr. Oldham and others. Mr. Erdicot's expedi-
tion against them. The Pequots kill a number of the garrison at the
mouth of the river, and besiege the fort. Captain Mason is sent down
from Connecticut with a reinforcement. The enemy make a descent
on Weathersfield, torture and mock the English. The court at Connec-
ticut declares war against them. Captain Mason takes Mistic fort.
Sassacus destroys his royal fortress and flees to the westward. A sec-
ond expedition is undertaken against the Pequots conjointly, by Massa-
chusetts and Connecticut. The great swamp fight. The Pequots
subdued. Sassacus flying to the Mohawks was beheaded. The capti-
vated and surviving Pequots, after the war, were given to the Moheagang
and Narragansets, and their name extinguished.


EFFECTS of the war. Great scarcity in Connecticut, and means taken to

relieve the necessities of the people. Settlement of New-Haven.
Plantation covenant. Means for the defence of the colony. Captain
Mason made major general. Civil constitution of Connecticut, formed
by voluntary compact. First general election at Connecticut. Gov-
ernors and magistrates. General rights of the people, and principal
laws of the colony. Constitution and laws of New Haven. Purchase
and settlement of several towns in Connecticut and New-Haven.


The progress of purchase, settlement, and law in the colonies of Connec-

ticut and New-Haven. The effect of the conquest of the Pequots on
the natives, and the manner in which they were treated. Purchases of
them. Towns settled. Divisions at Weathersfield occasion the settle-
ment of Stamford. Troubles with the Ducth and Indians. Capital
laws of Connecticut. The confederation of the united colonies. Fur-
ther troubles with the Indians. Victory of Uncas over the Narragan-
sets, and capture of their sachem. The advice of the commissioners
respecting Miantonimoh. His execution. Precautions of the colonies
to prevent war. The Dutch, harassed by an Indian war, apply to New-
Haven for assistance.


Public fasts appointed. Indians continue hostile, and commit murder.

Acts of the commissioners respecting them. Branford settled. Towns
in Connecticut. Message of the commissioners to the Narragansets.
Their agreement respecting Uncas. Long-Island Indians taken under
the protection of the United colonies. Massachusetts claim part of
the Pequot country and Waranoke. Determination of the commis-
sioners respecting said claim. Agreement with Mr. Fenwick relative
to Saybrook fort and the adjacent country. Fortifications advanced.
Extraordinary meeting of the commissioners to suppress the outrages
of the Narragansets. War proclaimed and troops sent against them.
They treat and prevent war. Fairfield object to a jury of six. Con

troversy with the Dutch. The Indians plot against the life of govern-
or Hopkins and other principal gentlemen at Hartford. Damages at
Windsor. Battle between the Dutch and Indians. Losses of New-
Haven. Dispute with Massachusetts relative to the impost at Say-
brook. Mr. Winthrop's claim of the Nehantick country. Settlement
of accounts between the colonies.


SETTLEMENT of New-London. Salaries first granted to civil officers.

Troubles with the Narraganset Indians. Rhode Island petitions to be
united with the colonies in confederation. The Massachusetts resume
the affair of the impost. Mr. Westerhouse complains of the seizure of
his vessel by the Dutch, in the harbour of New-Haven. Murders com-
mitted by the Indians ;-resolutions respecting the murderers. Body
of laws compiled. Debates relative to the settlement of Delaware.
The Pequots revolt from Uncas, and petition the English. Resolu-
tion respecting them. Mr. Westerhouse petitions to make reprisals
from the Dutch. Letter to the Dutch governor. Further altercation
respecting the impost. Final issue of that affair. The conduct of the
Massachusetts upon its decision, and the declaration of the commis-
sioners respecting it. Their treatment of Connecticut respecting the
line between the colonies. The court at Connecticut determine to
avenge the death of John Whitmore, and detach men to take the


Court of election at Hartford. Grants to captain Mason. The com-

missioners meet and dispatch captain Atherton to the Narragansets.
Their message to Ninigrate. The Dutch Governor arrives at Hart-
ford, and refers the differences between him and the colonies to arbi-
trators. Their determination, and the line is fixed between the Eng-
lish and Dutch plantations. Agreements with Mr. Fenwick occasion
general uneasiness. Committees are appointed to explain and ascer-
bain them. Towns are invited to attend the committees, by their dep-
uties, at Saybrook. An act for the encouragement of Mr. Winthrop
in seeking and improving mines. Norwalk and Mattabeseck settled
and made towns. The colony of New-Haven make another attempt
to settle at Delaware. The Dutch Governor seizes the company and
frustrates the design. He pursues his former line of conduct towards
the colonies. The resolutions of the commissioners relative to his
conduct, to the settlement of Delaware, and the tribute to be paid by
the Pequots. French commissioners from Canada. Their proposals.
Reply to them. The Dutch governor and Indians concert a plan to
extirpate the colonies. The commissioners meet, and dispatch agents
to the Dutch governor. They determine upon war, unless he should
manifest his innocence, and redress the grievances of the colonies.
They determine on the number of mea to be raised, and draw a dec-
laration of the reasons of the war. The agents return unsuccessful.
The commissioners meet again, and determine to make war upon the
Dutch and Narraganset Indians. The general court of Massachusetts
refuses to raise men, and prevents the war. Altercations between
that general court and the commissioners, and between that and the
general courts of Connecticut and New Haven. The alarm and dis-
tress of the plantations in these colonies. Their general courts protest
against the court of Massachusetts, as violaters of the articles of con-
federation ; and write to Cromwell and the parliament for assistance.
The tumultuous state of the inhabitants in several of the towns.


The death and character of Governor Haynes. The freemen of Con-
'necticut meet and appoint a moderator. Mr. Ludlow removes to Vir-
ginia. The spirited conduct of the people at Milford, in recovering
Manning's vessel. The freemen add to the fundamental articles.
Fleet arrives at Boston for the reduction of the Dutch. The colonies
agree to raise men to assist the armament from England. Peace pre-
vents the expedition. The general court at New Haven, charge the
Massachusetts with a breach of the confederation. They refuse to join
in a war against Ninigrate, and oblige Connecticut and New-Haven to
provide for the defence of themselves and their allies. Ninigrate con-
tinuing his hostile measures, the commissioners send messengers to him.
His answer to them. They declare war, and send an army against
him. The art of Massachusetts and the deceit of Major Willard, defeat
the designed expedition. The number of rateable polls, and the amount
of the list of Connecticut. The Pequots are taken under their protec-
tion. Ninigrate persisting in his hostilities against the Indians upon
Long-Island, the general court adopt measures for the defence of the In-
dians and the English inhabitants there. New-Haven perfect and print
their laws. The answer of New-Haven to the protector's invitation,
that they would remove to Jamaica. Reply of the commissioners to
the Dutch governor. Unças embroils the country Deaths and char-
acters of Governors Eaton and Hopkins. Settlement of Stonington.
Mr. Winthrop chosen governor. The third fundamental article is al-
tered by the freemen. Mr. Fitch and his church and people remove to
Norwich. Pinal settlement of accounts with the heirs of Mr. Fenwick.
Deputy governor Mason resigns the Moheagan lands to the colony.


The general court of Connecticut declare their loyalty and submission to
ers. Answer to the propositions from his majesty, and reply to the
duke of Hamilton's claim and petition. Boundaries between Connec-
ticut and New-York. Union of Connecticut and New-Haven.

the king ; determine to address his majesty, and apply for charter priv-
ileges. A petition to his majesty is prepared, and a letter addressed to
lord Say and Seal. Governor Winthrop is appointed the colony's
agent, to present their petition, and solicit a patent. Regicides con-
demned. | Whalley and Gofre arrive at Boston ; escape to New-Hạv-
en, and are kindly entertained, and kept from their pursuers. New-
Haven falls into great trouble and danger on that account. New-Hav-
en excuse themselves ; decline sending an agent; but join with Mag-
sachusetts in supporting one. The king proclaimed. Governor Win-
throp obtains the charter of Connecticut. First governor and council
under the charter. Representation of the constitution it ordains, and
the privileges it conveys. Difficulties of the colony of New-Haren.
Governor Leet's address. Charter of Connecticut arrives. Proceed-
ings of Connecticut in consequence of the charter. They extend their
jurisdiction to all places within the limits of their patent, and challenge
New-Haven colony, as under their jurisdiction. Controversy between
the two colonies. 'Settlement of Killingworth. Pateni of the duke of
York. Colonel Nichols and commissioners arrive ; reduce all the
Dutch settlements. Their extraordinary powers. Important crisis of
Connecticut The general court make a present to the commission-


A view of the churehes of Connecticut and New Haven, from their first

settlement, until their union, in 1665. Their ministers. The charac-
ter of the ministers and first planters. Their religious and political sen-
timents. Gathering of the churches of New-Haven and Milford. In-
stallation of Mr. Davenport and Mr. Prudden. Church formed at
Guilford. Number of ministers in Connecticut and New-Haven be-
fore the union. Proportion of ministers to the people, before, and at
the union. Harmony between the civil rulers and the clergy. Influ-
ence of the clergy, and the reasons of it. Their opposition to Antino-
mianism. Assisted in the compilation of Cambridge Platform. Ec-
clesiastical laws. Care to diffuse general knowledge: its happy influ-
ence. Attempts to found a college at New-Haven. No sectaries in
Connecticut nor New-Haven, until after the union; and for twenty
years the churches generally enjoyed great peace.

Deaths and char-
acters of several of the first ministers. Great dissensions in the church
at Hartford soon after Mr. Hooker's death. Dissensions and contro-
versies in the colony and churches in general, relative to baptism,
church-membership, and the rights of the brethren. A new genera-
tion arisès, who had not all imbibed the spirit of their fathers. Griev-
ances presented to the general court of Connecticut, on the account of
the strictness of the churches, and that sober people were denied com-
munion with them, and baptism for their children. The court of Con-
necticut send to the other general courts for advice. Laws against the
Quakers. Massachusetts and Connecticut agree in appointing a synod
at Boston. General court at New-Haven oppose the meeting of a sy-
nod, and decline sending their elders.' Questions proposed for discus-
sion. The synod meet and answer them; but it had no good effect on
the churches: they would not comply with their decisions. Dissen-
sions continued at Hartford. Acts of the general court respecting
them. Councils from Massachusetts. Difficulties in some measure
composed. Divisions and animosities at Weathersfield. Act of the
general court respecting the church there. Mr. Russell and others re-
move from Weathersfield and Hartford and settle Hadley. Mr. Stow
dismissed from the ministry at Middletown, by a committee of the ge-
neral court. Synod at Boston. Its determination relative to baptism,
and the consociation of churches. Division in the synod and in the
churches relative to those points. The court at Connecticut send no
elders to the council, nor take any part in the controversy, until some
time afterwards.


CONDUCT of the king's commissioners. Counties and County Courts

regulated. Governor Winthrop's estate freed from taxation. Towns
settled. Controversy with Rhode Island. The grounds of it. Courts
appointed in the Narraganset country. Laws revised and printed.
War with the Dutch. Claims and conduct of major Edmund Andross,
governor of New-York. Protest against him. Conduct of capt. Tho-
mas Bull. Proclamation respecting the insult received from major
Andross. Philip's war. Captains Hutchinson and Lothrop surprised

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