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THE

COLUMBIAN
CYCLOPEDIA

THIRTY-TWO VOLUMES

VOL 10
DROSOMETER-EPAGOGS

WITH ILLUSTRATIONS

BUFFALO, N. Y.
GARRETSON, COX & COMPANY

1897

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SCHEME OF SOUND SYMBOLS :

FOR THE PRONUNCIATION OF WORDS.

Nnte.-(-) is the mark dividing words respelt phonetically into syl.

ables; ('), the accent indicating on which syllable or syllables the uccent or stress of the voice is to be placed.

bound-sym-
bols em Representing the Sounds as a

Words respelt with ployed in exemplified in the Words.

Sound-symbols and Marks Respelling

for Pronunciation. à... mate, fate, fail, aye.........māt, fāt, fāl, ā. à...mat, fat....

......................uit, fit. å... far, calm, father ............får, kám, 'thér. ä... care, fair ..................cär, fär. aro.. fall, iaud, law ...... .....fawl, laud, lau. ē...mete, meat, feet, free........mēt, mit, fet, frē. ě...met, bed...................mět, běd. ė...her, stir, heard, cur .........her, stër, herd, kér. i ...pine, ply, height....... ....pin, pli, hit. š...pin, nymph, ability..........pin, nimf, å-bil'z-tă. ö...note, toll, soul.....

... nöt, tõl, söl. Ď...not, plot.......

....nöt, plot. o...move, smooth..... ......môv, smúth. ö... Goethe (similar to e in her)...göteh. ow. . noun, bough, cow........... noun, bow, koro. oy..boy, boil....

....boy, boyl. ū...pure, dew, few.............pur, , fi. ů...bud, come, tough...........bud, kum, tuf. ú... full, push, good............fül, púsh, gúd. ü...French plume, Scotch guid. plüm, güd.

ch...chair, match......... ...chär, măch. ih...German buch, Heidelberg,

Scotch loch (guttural)......bóch, hi'dèl-běrch, löch. G....game, go, gun..............gām, go, gún. 3. ... judge, gem, gin.............jůj, jěm, jin. k...king, cat, cot, cut...........king, kåt, kot, kŭt. 8... .sit, scene, cell, city, cypress. .sit, ēn, sél, săt'i, si prés sh...shun, ambition ...... ....shin, ăm-bish ăn. th... thing, breath. .............thing, brěth. th... though, breathe.............thô, brēth. 2. ... zeal, maze, muse............22l, mūz, mūz. ah... azure, vision......... ..... ăzh' er, vizh'ún.

ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THIS WORK.

b.....

a., or adj....adjective
A.B .........Bachelor of Arts
abur .. ... abbreviation, abbre-

viated
abl. or abla.ablative
Abp........ Archbishop
abt.........about
Acad.......Academy
acc. or ac..accusative
accom.....accommodated, ac-

commodation act.........active A.D.. .......in the year of our

Lord (Anno Dom

ini] Adjt ...... Adjutant Adm .....,Admiral adv, or ad..adverb A. F.... ....Anglo-French Ag........ .Silver (Argentura) agri........agriculture A. L........Anglo-Latin Al.......... Aluminium Ala........ Alabama Alb........ Albanian alg.........algebra A.M...... .before noon [ante

meridiem A.M. .... . Master of Arts Am.........Amos Amer....... America, un anat....... anatomy, anatomical anc.........ancient, anciently AN. M.. ....in the year of the

world (Anno Mundi anon....... anonymous antiq....... antiquity, antiqui

ties aor ........aoriet, -ic app.........appendix appar......apparently Apr........ April Ar..........Arabic arch.......architecture arrhæol....ar.'. ?ology arith ....... .hinetis Ariz........ Arizona Ark........Arkansas art..........article artil....... artillery AS.........Anglo-Saxon As........ Arsenic Assoc...... Association asst........assistant astrol.....astrology astron... ..astronomy attrib......attributive atty ....... attorney at. wt......atomic weight AU.........Gold Aurum]

A.U.C....... in the year of the

building of the aty (Rome) Annourbis

conditæ Aug........August aug........augmentative Aust....... Austrian A, V..... ...authorized version

(of Bible, 1611) avoir... .... avoirdupois

Boron B..........

Britannic

born Ba..

Barium Bart. ... ....Baronet Bav........ Bavarian bl.; bbl.... barrel; barrels B.C.........before Christ B.C.L... ...Bachelor of Civil

Law B.D.......... Bachelor of Divinity bet ......... before Belg........Belgic Beng ......Bengali Bi..........Bismuth biog........ biography, biograph.

ical biol......... biology B.L......... Bachelor of Laws Bohem..... Bohemian bot......... botany, botanical Bp........ Bishop Br..........Bromine Braz ...... Brazilian Bret....... Breton Brig.........Brigadier Brit........ British, Britannica bro ....brother Bulg....... Bulgarian bush.... ....busbel, bus hels C.......

.....Carbon C...........century

..Calcium Cal.. .. ....California Camb...... Cambridge Can........ Canada Cant.......Canterbury cap. ... ... ..capital Capt... ....Captain Card... ....Cardinal carp........carpentry Cath.... ....Catholic caus........causativc cav.........cavalry Cd.........Cadmium

.Cerium Celt........Celtic cent........central cr..........compare (confer) ch or chh...church

Ca.......

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