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I. What is the kingdom which Christ is represented as delivering up?

There is a kingdom which, from all eternity, was the Son of God's, and which will continue to be his through endless ages—That kingdom which he possesses in virtue of his participation of the fulness of the Godhead; of his divine character as “ the first and the last, the beginning and the ending, the Almighty, the King of kings and Lord of lords a”—that dominion by which, being “ before all things 6,” he “ spake and it was done, he commanded and it stood fast“;" by which,“ upholding all things by the word of his power d,” he reigns as now Lord of the inhabitants of the earth, so to all eternity Lord of the armies of heaven. This kingdom and dominion possessed by Christ as the Son of God, co-equal and co-eternal with the Father, can never be surrendered. The Son of God cannot lay aside his Divine prerogative, nor relinquish his Divine dominion.

But in the eternal counsels of the Godhead, it was planned that the Son should receive another kingdom and another dominion. In order to accomplish that scheme which Infinite Wisdom and mercy devised for the redemption of an apostate and sinful world, it was determined,

a Rev. i. 8. ,

b Col. i. 17.

c Ps. xxxiii. 9.

d Heb. i. 3.

that the Son of God should assume a body of flesh; should bear the sorrows, as well as the sins of men; and should make atonement for iniquity, by shedding his blood upon the cross. For this his suffering of death, even the death of the cross, God hath “ crowned” the man Christ Jesus, in whom dwelt “ the fulness of the Godhead, with glory and honouro ;” placing him, in his human nature, over the work of his hands,

putting all things in subjection under his feet,” giving him “all power in heaven and in earth.”

Thus exalted to be a Prince and Saviour, Jesus Christ, as Mediator between God and man, rules in the kingdom of grace. In this kingdom God the Father, as is expressed in the words of the text, hath “ put all things under Christ,” as Mediator. But in this kingdom he reigns as Mediator in subjection to God the Father. For, as the Apostle argues—" But when he saith, all things are put under him, it is manifest that he is excepted which did put all things under him.” God the Father, who put all things under the feet of the Son, as Mediator, is excepted from the universal dominion which Christ exercises. In the kingdom of grace, in his mediatorial character, as Prophet, Priest, and King, Jesus Christ dispenses the blessings of salvation; extending pardon to the penitent, instructing, guiding

• Heb, ii. 9.

Matt. xxviii. 18,

and defending them by his word and Holy Spirit, and finally vanquishing all their enemies. He is “the head over all things to his Church 8" and people; governing and over-ruling all things to promote the interests of that spiritual kingdom of which he is the King and Ruler. Still in this his mediatorial capacity, he is subject to the Father who hath “set him, as his King, on the holy hill of Zion";” and in whose name, and by whose authority, he administers the affairs of this mediatorial kingdom, and exercises his regal sway.

It is this kingdom of grace, constituted for the salvation of fallen man, and held by Jesus Christ as Mediator between God and man, which Christ delivers up to God even the Father; and not the universal eternal kingdom which he possesses in virtue of his union with the Godhead, God over all blessed for evermore.

We are now prepared for the second inquiry,

II. At what period does Jesus Christ surrender his mediatorial kingdom?

The period is styled in the text, “ the end”" then cometh the end." And it is designated by the events when he," that is, Jesus Christ the Son, “ shall have put down all rule, and alĮ

3 Col. i. 18.

h Ps. ii. 6.

authority, and power, “ hath put all enemies under his feet,” “when all things shall be subdued unto him." The object of the spiritual kingdom of which Christ is the head, is to subvert and subdue every thing which opposeth itself against God, and his purposes of mercy towards his faithful people; and thus to effect their complete salvation in their establishment in everlasting glory and felicity. Accordingly, until this object is effected, the mediatorial kingdom of Jesus Christ continues; he reigns as the head and Almighty Ruler of this kingdom, agreeably to the declaration of God the Father, when he constituted his Son, in his human nature, as Mediator—" The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstooli.” But when this great event takes place; “ when he shall have put down all rule, and authority and power,” either in men or the hosts of darkness, which opposed his grace, and sought to defeat his purposes of mercy; when“ he hath put all enemies under his feet,” made the opposers of his kingdom bow to his Almighty power, or trampled them under foot in the fury of his indignation ; when, having rescued his faithful servants from the sins, and sorrows, and temptations of the world, he finally raises them, in bodies incorruptible and glorious,

i Ps. cx. 1.

7

to a state of fulness of joy; when death, the last enemy, is thus destroyed; and the righteous have taken possession of the seats prepared for them before the foundation of the world ; and when the rebellious subjects of Christ's kingdom, whom his mercy could not subdue, are consigned, by his justice, with the devil and his angels, to everlasting fire—all things are then subdued unto Christ“ the Son.” The object of his mediatorial kingdom in the salvation of the righteous and the perdition of the ungodly, is accomplished—“ then cometh the end, and he delivers up the kingdom of God even the Father.”

III. But what are the consequences of this sur render of his kingdom? This was the third inquiry proposed.

They are described in the text—"then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all.”

“ Then shall the Son also himself be subject to him that put all things under him,” that isthe mediatorial kingdom which the Son, in his human nature, received of the Father, shall cease; and in his human nature he shall no longer reign as Mediator, but shall be subject to God the Father. The right to conduct the dis

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