Methodology for the Human Sciences: Systems of Inquiry
SUNY Press, 1983 - 349 pages
Methodology for the Human Sciences addresses the growing need for a comprehensive textbook that surveys the emerging body of literature on human science research and clearly describes procedures and methods for carrying out new research strategies. It provides an overview of developing methods, describes their commonalities and variations, and contains practical information on how to implement strategies in the field. In it, Donald Polkinghorne calls for a renewal of debate over which methods are appropriate for the study of human beings, proposing that the results of the extensive changes in the philosophy of science since 1960 call for a reexamination of the original issues of this debate.
The book traces the history of the deliberations from Mill and Dilthey to Hempel and logical positivism, examines recently developed systems of inquiry and their importance for the human sciences, and relates these systems to the practical problems of doing research on topics related to human experience. It discusses historical realism, systems and structures, phenomenology and hermeneutics, action theory, and the implications recent systems have for a revised human science methodology.
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The Original Debate
The AntiPositivist Response
The Recurring Debate
The Received View of Science
The Vienna Circle
ExistentialPhenomenological and Hermeneutic Systems
The ExistentialPhenomenological System of Inquiry
Interpretation and the Human Sciences
The Human Sciences and the Deductive System of Inquiry
Criticism of the Received View
Sciences as Expressions of Various World Outlooks
Systems and Structures
Structuralism and Human Systems
Systems Inquiry and Methodology
The Nature of Human Action
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activity analysis apodictic approach argument basic behavior believed causal cause certainty chapter concept consciousness context cultural deductive system described developed Dilthey discourse empirical example experience explanation expressions Franz Brentano function Hempel hermeneutic historical human action human phenomena human realm human science humanistic psychology hypothesis Ibid individual inductive inference instance interaction interpretation investigation kind knowledge claims language game laws linguistic logical positivism logical positivists meaning mental events method methodology notion objects observation organizing particular patterns Paul Ricoeur Peirce perception person phenomenological philosophy of science physical sciences position positivists postpositivist practical reasoning problem proposed psychology question rational reality received view refer relationship Ricoeur scientific scientists sensation sense data social science statements Stephen Toulmin structures systems of inquiry teleological theory trans truth understanding University Press valid various Vienna circle whole Wilhelm Dilthey Wittgenstein words York