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Nephthys, and other gods of the dead. The inscriptions
ornaments: the first is formed by §§§ and the Second by **** repeated several times. Beneath each line
is a row of five-rayed stars Skyk Skyk sk. The front of the box is ornamented with and uraei wearing disks sh and a winged disk Soz. Behind is a hawk upon a pedestal, before which is an altar with offerings. On the right hand side is Thoth with both hands raised, pouring out a libation; and on the left is a hawk-headed deity with both hands raised also pouring out a libation. On the back of the box is a
hawk, with extended wings, and sceptres }. On the right
hand side of the box is a figure of the deceased, kneeling, having his left hand raised, and above him are two cartouches
[ Behind him are three jackal-headed deities, each having his
left arm raised, while his right hand is clenched and laid upon his stomach. On the left hand side of the box the deceased is represented in the same attitude, and behind him are three hawk-headed deities. These six gods form the vignettes of the 112th and I 13th chapters of the Book of the Dead ; the hawk-headed were called Horus, Mesthā, and Hāpi, and the jackal-headed Horus, Tuamäutes and Qebhsennuf; they are figured in Lanzone, Dizionario, Tav. xxvi. In two sides of the box are two pairs of rectangular openings about six inches from each end ; ' the use of these is unknown to me.
* For the description of a similar box see my article in Proc. Soc. Bib. Arch., 1886, pp. 120-122.
Boxes from Akhmim. Loaves of bread in the shape of cones.
This name is given to a large number of burnt terra-cotta conical objects which are found near tombs chiefly at Thebes, in the districts called ‘Asāsif and Kūrnah; they were used from the XIth to the XXVIth dynasties. They vary in size, but the ordinary length is ten inches, and the diameter three inches. The face, or flat part, of the cone at its thickest end contains inscriptions in relief which record the name and titles of the person in whose tomb they were found; the inscriptions appear to have been made by a stamp with the characters
incuse. The inscribed end of the cone is variously coloured
blue, red, or white. Dr. Birch thought” that they were used
tomb M M. It is not likely that they were seals, because they
have been found of a rectangular shape with several copies of
SEPULCHRAL STELE or TABLETs
Stelae is the name given to the tablets of granite, calcareous stone, wood, or faience, which the Egyptians used in large numbers for inscribing with decrees and historical records of the achievements of kings, biographical notices of eminent officials, priests, and private persons, hymns to Rā and other gods, and notices of any events of importance. The greater number, however, of those which have been found belong to the class called sepulchral, and are inscribed with the names and titles of deceased persons, their pedigrees, and the principal events in—their lives. They were placed inside tombs, either in the corridor leading to the mummy chamber, or at the door, or at the foot or the head of the bier, or let into the wall; sometimes they are rectangular and sometimes they are rounded at the top. The styles of stelae, the arrangement of the scenes upon them, and the inscriptions, vary with
' Wilkinson, Ancient Egyptians, iii. p. 437.