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During the night he was supposed to be engaged in fighting
Apepi, the serpent, who, at the head of a large army of
fiends, personifications of mist, darkness, and cloud, tried
to overthrow him. The battle was renewed daily, but Rā
always conquered, and appeared day after day in the sky.
Bronze and faïence figures of this god represent him hawk-
headed and wearing disk and uræus.

in bronze figures is hawk- Rā the

warrior. headed, and wears the disk, in front of which are two uræi, and plumes ; at times figures have two hawk's heads on a single body.

Horus usually called “the avenger of his father,” in reference to his defeat of Set. Figures in bronze and faïence represent him hawk-headed and wearing the crown of Upper and Lower Egypt. This god was distinguished in name only from Heru-ur, the elder brother of Osiris. Harpocrates, or Heru-pa-Chraç

the morning The god

of youth.

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sun, in bronze or fařence wears the crown of Upper and Lower Egypt 4, or the triple crown Me or the plumes , or is quite bald ; over the right shoulder a lock of hair falls, and the tip of a finger of the right hand rests on his lips. He is represented naked, as being in the lap of his mother Isis.

Chensu 18 was associated with #men-Rā and Mut in the Theban triad, and was god of the moon. In bronze figures he is human-headed, and wears a crescent and

disk; in faïence figures he is made like a mummy, and holds Different sceptres of different shapes in his hands. His second name

was Nefer-ḥetep, and he was worshipped with great honour at Thebes. Chensu-pa-chrat

has all the attributes of Harpocrates, and figures of him in bronze are not rare. A very fine specimen is B.M. No. 11,045 Tmu

" your The night of the day or night, usually represents the night-sun. He

forms of Chensu.

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wears the crowns of Upper and Lower Egypt; in the right hand he holds f, and in the left 4. Nefer-Åtmu, the son of Ptah and Sechet or Bast, represents the power of the heat of the rising sun. Figures of this god were made in gold, silver, bronze, and faïence. In metal, he stands upright, wearing lotus flowers and plumes on his head, in his right hand he holds 4 and in the left 4. Sometimes each shoulder is inlaid in gold with an utat (B.M. No. 22,921). In faïence he has the same head-dress, but stands on a lion ; in faïence, too, he is often accompanied by his mother Sechet or Bast (B.M. Nos. 2500, 260a). Ptaḥ°), the “Opener,” perhaps the oldest of all the The oldest

god of gods of Egypt, was honoured with a temple and worshipped Egypt. at Memphis from the time of the Ist dynasty. He is said to be the father of the gods, who came forth from his eye, and of men, who came forth from his mouth.


B. M.



The god of the resurrection.

He is represented in the form of a mummy, and he holds a sceptre composed of 1 usr, “ strength,” † ănch,“ life," and 1 tet, “ stability." Bronze and faïence figures of this god are tolerably common, and resemble each other in form and design. At the back of his neck he wears the menåt By With reference to his connexion with the resurrection and the nether world, he is called Ptah-Seker-Ausår, and is represented as a little squat boy, with bent legs, and his hands on his hips. Sometimes he has his feet on the head of a crocodile; on the right side stands Isis, on the left Nephthys, at his back is a human-headed hawk emblematic of the soul, on each shoulder is a hawk, and on his head is a beetle, the emblem of Cheperà, the self-begotten god. In faïence figures of this god are very common, but in bronze they are rare.

I-em-þetep 9 , the Imouthis of the Greeks, was the first-born son of Ptah and Nut. He is represented

Imouthis the scribe.

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both standing and seated, holding a sceptre 1 in the right hand, and f in the left ; at times he holds" on his knees an open roll, upon which is inscribed his name. The bronze figures of this god are usually of very fine workmanship, often having the inscriptions inlaid in gold; in faïence, figures of this god are very rare. Chnemu a ħ the “ Moulder," the Xvoupis, The

“ mouldΧνούβις, Χνουβι, Κνήφ or Κνουφις of the Greeks, is one of er” of the oldest gods of Egypt, and was especially worshipped in Nubia, at Philæ, where he is represented making man out of clay on a potter's wheel, and at Elephantine. Like Àmen-Rā he is said to be the father of the gods, and


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Tehuti (Thoth). 1 Father of the fathers of the gods, the lord who evolveth from himself, maker


of heaven, earth, the underworld, water, and mountains

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