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sistrum, on her left arm she carries a basket, and in her left hand she holds an ægis. She was chiefly worshipped at The Lady

of Bubas Bubastis, Pa-Bast, where a magnificent temple was built in

tis. her honour. Bronze figures of this goddess are tolerably numerous, and she is represented, both sitting and standing, wearing the disk and uræus on her head. In faïence, standing figures hold a sceptre (B.M. No. 236), or R (B.M. No. 233), or an ægis (B.M. No. 11,297); when seated she often holds a sistrum, B.M. No. 272; a fine large example of the goddess seated is B.M. No. 277. Such figures are sometimes inscribed with the prayer, “may she grant all life and power, all health, and joy of heart,"

, or, “I am Bast, the lady of life,"


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life.” gje

14- represented the

Menḥit power of light or heat, or both; in faïence

Bast. she is represented as an upright woman, walking, having a lion's head, upon which she wears a disk and uræus ; in her right hand is and in her left

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Mut the

universal second member of the Theban triad ; she is called the “lady mother. of Åsher,"

the name given to a district to the south of the great temple of Amen-Rā at Karnak, where her temple was situated.

She symbolized Nature, the mother of all things. In bronze and faïence figures she is represented as a woman, seated or standing, wearing a head-dress in the form of a vulture, surmounted by the crowns of Upper and Lower Egypt; she holds f 우 in her right hand, and in her left.



or Neith, the “Weaver” or “Shooter," was a The Lady counterpart of the goddess Mut, and was also identified with B. M.


of Sais.

Hathor; she wears the crown of Lower Egypt Y

on her head, and she is often represented armed with bow and

In bronze and faïence figures of this goddess are tolerably common.


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Maāt 3008, the “ daughter of Rā and mistress of the gods,” symbolized Law, and she is always represented with ß maāt, emblematic of Law, upon her head ; in papyri two Maāt are shown together, cach wearing ß, but sometimes this feather alone takes the place of the head. In figures of bronze, lapis-lazuli, and faïence she is represented sitting down. Hathor, in Egyptian ,

Het-Hert, the “house of Horus," is identified with Nut, the sky, or place in which she brought forth and suckled Horus; she was the wife of Átmu, a form of Rā. She is represented as a woman


dess of

cow-headed, with horns and a disk between them, and shares with Isis and Mut many of their attributes. She is often represented as a cow coming forth from the mountain of the west. The worship of Hathor is exceedingly ancient, and The godshe was supposed to be the goddess of beauty, love, and joy, fine art. and the benefactress of the world. The forms in which she is depicted on the monuments are as numerous as the aspects from which she could be regarded. Full length figures of this goddess in bronze and faïence are comparatively few, but plaques and pendants of faïence upon which her head is inscribed or painted are common.

For a fine example in bronze of Hathor, cow-headed, wearing horns, disk, uræus and plumes, see B.M. No. 22,925. The British Museum also possesses two interesting bronze hollowwork portions of menáts in which Hathor is represented in



Het-Heru (Hathor).

A list of the gods with whom she is identified is given in Lanzone, Dizionario, p. 863, 864. 2 On a pendant, B.M. No. 302, she is represented at full length, in relief. 3 For a fine example, see B.M. No. 22,925.

profile. No. 20,760 shows the goddess wearing an uraeus on her forehead, and four uraei on her head ; she has the usual head-dress of women falling over her shoulders. Beneath is a Hathor-headed sistrum, with pendent uraei, resting on

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standing in a boat. Above, on each side, is an uraeus. One wears the crown of Upper Egypt, #. and the other wears

the crown of Lower Egypt. This beautiful object was found at Dér el-Bahari, and is inscribed with the prenomen of

Amenophis III. (offs=). No. 300 represents the goddess

with a vulture head-dress, wearing YoY. Below, in relief, are a figure of the goddess, and a floral ornament; it is

inscribed Ş ~ R, “Hathor, lady of heaven.”

Nu o ż § was the god of the sky and the husband of Nut.

Nut o the sky, the wife of Seb, and mother of The godR dess of

Osiris, Isis, Set, Nephthys, Anubis, Shu, and Tefnut, was the sky. represented by a woman having a vase of water Ö on her head, and holding + in her right hand and | in her left. She was painted on the outside of coffins, and was supposed

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