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sistrum, on her left arm she carries a basket, and in her left hand she holds an aegis. She was chiefly worshipped at The Lady Bubastis, Pa-Bast, where a magnificent temple was built in soular her honour. Bronze figures of this goddess are tolerably numerous, and she is represented, both sitting and standing, wearing the disk and uraeus on her head. In fasence, standing figures hold a sceptre (B.M. No. 236), or <= (B.M. No. 233), or an aegis (B.M. No. 1 1,297); when seated she often holds a sistrum, B.M. No. 272; a fine large example of the goddess seated is B.M. No. 277. Such figures are sometimes inscribed with the prayer, “may she grant all life and power,

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Menhit = } | C. 3. represented the

power of light or heat, or both ; in faience Bast.
she is represented as an upright woman,
walking, having a lion's head, upon which she wears a disk

and uraeus ; in her right hand is #, and in her left |

Mut $$. the “mother,” was the wife of Amen, and the The

universal second member of the Theban triad; she is called the “lady mother.

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south of the great temple of Amen-Ră at Karnak, where her temple was situated. She symbolized Nature, the mother of all things. In bronze and fasence figures she is represented as a woman, seated or standing, wearing a head-dress in the form of a vulture, surmounted by the crowns of Upper and

Lower Egypt; she holds? in her right hand, andjin her left.

, the name given to a district to the

Net 3. or Neith, the “Weaver” or “Shooter,” was a The Lady C. of Sais.

counterpart of the goddess Mut, and was also identified with B. M. U

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The goddess of Right.

Hathor; she wears the crown of Lower Egypt $/ on her

head, and she is often represented armed with bow and arrows. In bronze and faience figures of this goddess are tolerably common.

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Maāt =} an §. the “daughter of Rā and mistress of the gods,” symbolized Law, and she is always represented with

s madt, emblematic of Law, upon her head; in papyri two

Maāt are shown together, each wearing |, but sometimes

this feather alone takes the place of the head. In figures of bronze, lapis-lazuli, and faience she is represented sitting down.

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“house of Horus,” is identified with Nut, the sky, or place in which she brought forth and suckled Horus; she was the wife of Atmu, a form of Rå. She is represented as a woman

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cow-headed, with horns and a disk between them, and shares
with Isis and Mut many of their attributes." She is often
represented as a cow coming forth from the mountain of the
west. The worship of Hathor is exceedingly ancient, and
she was supposed to be the goddess of beauty, love, and joy,
and the benefactress of the world. The forms” in which she
is depicted on the monuments are as numerous as the aspects
from which she could be regarded. Full length figures of
this goddess in bronze and faience are comparatively few,”
but plaques and pendants of faïence upon which her head is
inscribed or painted are common.
For a fine example in bronze of Hathor, cow-headed, wear-
ing horns, disk, uraeus and plumes, see B.M. No. 22,925. The
British Museum also possesses two interesting bronze hollow-
work portions of menáts in which Hathor is represented in

Maat. Het-Heru (Hathor).

* A list of the gods with whom she is identified is given in Lanzone, Dizionario,
p. 863, 864.
2 On a pendant, B.M. No. 302, she is represented at full length, in relief.
* For a fine example, see B.M. No. 22,925.

The goddess of fine art.

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profile. No. 20,760 shows the goddess wearing an uraeus on her forehead, and four uraei on her head ; she has the usual head-dress of women falling over her shoulders. Beneath is a Hathor-headed sistrum, with pendent uraei, resting on

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standing in a boat. Above, on each side, is an uraeus. One wears the crown of Upper Egypt, #. and the other wears

the crown of Lower Egypt. This beautiful object was found at Dér el-Bahari, and is inscribed with the prenomen of

Amenophis III. (offs=). No. 300 represents the goddess

with a vulture head-dress, wearing YoY. Below, in relief, are a figure of the goddess, and a floral ornament; it is

inscribed Ş ~ R, “Hathor, lady of heaven.”

Nu o ż § was the god of the sky and the husband of Nut.

Nut o the sky, the wife of Seb, and mother of The godR dess of

Osiris, Isis, Set, Nephthys, Anubis, Shu, and Tefnut, was the sky. represented by a woman having a vase of water Ö on her head, and holding + in her right hand and | in her left. She was painted on the outside of coffins, and was supposed

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