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cow-headed, with horns and a disk between them, and shares with Isis and Mut many of their attributes. She is often represented as a cow coming forth from the mountain of the west. The worship of Hathor is exceedingly ancient, and The godshe was supposed to be the goddess of beauty, love, and joy, fine art. and the benefactress of the world. The forms in which she is depicted on the monuments are as numerous as the aspects from which she could be regarded. Full length figures of this goddess in bronze and faïence are comparatively few, but plaques and pendants of faïence upon which her head is inscribed or painted are common.
For a fine example in bronze of Hathor, cow-headed, wearing horns, disk, uræus and plumes, see B.M. No. 22,925. The British Museum also possesses two interesting bronze hollowwork portions of menáts in which Hathor is represented in
A list of the gods with whom she is identified is given in Lanzone, Dizionario, p. 863, 864. 2 On a pendant, B.M. No. 302, she is represented at full length, in relief. 3 For a fine example, see B.M. No. 22,925.
profile. No. 20,760 shows the goddess wearing an uræus on her forehead, and four uræi on her head ; she has the usual head-dress of women falling over her shoulders. Beneath is a Hathor-headed sistrum, with pendent uræi, resting on
mon. Beneath in an oval is the cow of Hathor, wearing ,
standing in a boat. Above, on each side, is an uræus.
wears the crown of Upper Egypt, s, and the other wears
the crown of Lower Egypt. This beautiful object was found at Dêr el-Bahari, and is inscribed with the prenomen of
. with a vulture head-dress, wearing Q. Below, in relief, are a figure of the goddess, and a floral ornament; it is inscribed 5, “Hathor, lady of heaven.”
ರರರ Nu of Nut.
was the god of the sky and the husband
Nut, the sky, the wife of Seb, and mother of The gødOsiris, Isis, Set, Nephthys, Anubis, Shu, and Tefnut, was the sky. represented by a woman having a vase of water 3 on her head, and holding f in her right hand and s in her left. She was painted on the outside of coffins, and was supposed
to protect with her wings the deceased within. Figures of this goddess in bronze or faïence are unknown to me. Seb
was the husband of Nut, the sky, and father of Osiris, Isis, and the other gods of that cycle; figures of this god in bronze or faïence are unknown to me. Sera
daughter of Rā, wife of Horus, and identified with Sesheta and Isis, symbolized the scorching heat of the sun. A bronze figure in the Louvre (see Pierret, Panthéon Egyptien, p. 17; Lanzone, Dizionario, tav. ccclxii.), gives her the body of a scorpion, and the head of a woman wearing disk and horns, by which she is identified with Isis. There is a similar figure in the British Museum, No. 11,629, on the base of which is inscribed
"Isis, Giver of Life," and a small bronze scorpion. B.M. No. 18,667 also gives her the head and arms of a woman with disk and horns. The figures of this goddess, other than bronze, are usually made of lapis-lazuli.
is represented as a man, lionheaded, wearing a disk and uræus ; a few figures of this god in faïence are known.
* See Lanzone, Dizionario, p. 272.
a the Book of the Dead (chap. xvii. 61; chap. xxx. 3, etc.), and pictures of him are found upon coffins. In bronze figures he has the body of a man, and the head of a serpent; in wood he has the body of an animal, and the head of a serpent, and holds in his paws (B.M. No. 11,779), in fařence he has an animal's body and a serpent's head, and either holds 8 8 outstretched in his paws (B.M. No. 11,795), or raises them to his mouth (B.M. No. 1197). He sometimes wears plumes and horns.
Seker ) or Socharis, a form of the night-sun, is represented as a man, hawk-headed, holding A., 1 and in his hands; for Ptah-Seker-Ausår figures, see page 215.
There are among the Egyptian gods in the British PolytheisMuseum two examples (Nos. 1419 and 22,930) of a poly- tic figures theistic figure of considerable interest. They have hawks'