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20.

Sept

a

Peķes

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LIST OF THE

CARTOUCHES

OF THE PRINCIPAL

EGYPTIAN KINGS.

1

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means

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The oval o in which a name of a royal person is written, is called cartouche. The first oval contains the prenomen, and the second the name; these are quite distinct from his titles. 242 suten net, placed before the prenomen,

" means “Son of the Sun.” Other common titles are neb taui, “lord of two lands," A Horus,

Horus, “the golden Horus," “lord of diadems," "mighty bull," 98“ beautiful god," etc., etc. The title Pharaoh nung finds its origin in 5 oras, or per ãa, "great house." In the early dynasties kings' names were very simple in form, and consisted

often of the prenomen only. In addition to the pre

and
king often had what is termed a “banner" name, which
was written in a rectangular enclosure ; e.g.:-

Heru ka next ur peḥ peh, Horus, mighty bull,
great of valour," formed the

“ banner" name of
Amenophis II. ;

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nomen

name

а

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āa xeperu was

971Amen

his prenomen ; and
ļetep neter heq Annu, Amenophis, god, prince of

Heliopolis," was his name. Each prenomen and name had a meaning, but many of these are very difficult to translate.

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Neter-baiu.

Senţå.

WUR

IO.

14.

14

Jonim

Ka-kau.

Per-åb-sen.

II.

29 mm

15.

otu

Ba-en-neter.

Nefer-ka-Rā.†

12.

8 mm

16.
VIL

Uat'-nes.

Nefer-ka-seker.

17.

Het'efa.

Manetho's grouping of the kings into dynasties is only used here for convenience ; the ancient Egyptians had no such division.

+ Though O Rā is generally placed first in the cartouche, it is generally to be read last.

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