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LIST OF THE
OF THE PRINCIPAL
The oval o in which a name of a royal person is written, is called cartouche. The first oval contains the prenomen, and the second the name; these are quite distinct from his titles. 242 suten net, placed before the prenomen,
" means “Son of the Sun.” Other common titles are neb taui, “lord of two lands," A Horus,
Horus, “the golden Horus," “lord of diadems," "mighty bull," 98“ beautiful god," etc., etc. The title Pharaoh nung finds its origin in 5 oras, or per ãa, "great house." In the early dynasties kings' names were very simple in form, and consisted
often of the prenomen only. In addition to the pre
Heru ka next ur peḥ peh, “Horus, mighty bull,
“ banner" name of
āa xeperu Rā was
his prenomen ; and
Heliopolis," was his name. Each prenomen and name had a meaning, but many of these are very difficult to translate.
Manetho's grouping of the kings into dynasties is only used here for convenience ; the ancient Egyptians had no such division.
+ Though O Rā is generally placed first in the cartouche, it is generally to be read last.