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“ XVI.--I believe the ordinances which Christ, as King of Zion, has instituted for his church throughout the gospel-day, are especially two; namely, Baptism and the Lord's Supper. I believe the subjects of both to be those who profess repentance towards God, and faith towards our Lord Jesus Christ; and on such I consider them as iucumbent duties, I believe it essential to Christian Baptism that it be by immersion, or burying the person in water, in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost. Į likewise believe Baptism as administered according to the primitive plan, to be pre-requisite to church communion ; hence I judge, what is commonly called Strict Communion, to be consistent with the word of God.

XVII.-Although I disclaim personal holiness as having any share in our justification, I consider it as absolutely necessary to salvation; for without it no man shall see the Lord.

“ XVIII.-I believe the soul of man is created immortal; and that when the body dies, the soul returns to God who gave it, and there receives an immediate sentence, either to a state of happiness or misery, there to remain till the resurrection of the dead.

“ XIX.-As I said that the breaking up of God's plan has been gradual from the beginning, so I believe this gradation will yet be beautifully and eternally carried on. I firmly and joyfully believe that the kingdom of Christ will yet be gloriously extended, by the pouring out of God's Spirit upon the ministry of the word: and I consider it as an event, for the arrival of which it becomes all God's servants and churches most ardently to pray! It is one of the chief springs of my joy in this day of small things, that it will not be so always.

XX.–Finally, I believe that Christ will come a second time, not as before, to save the world, but to judge the world; and that in the presence of an assembled universe every son and daughter of Adam shall appear at God's tremendous bar, and give account of the things done in the body; that sinners, especially those who have rejected Christ, (God's way of salvation,) will be convicted, confounded, and righteously condemned ! These shall go away into everlasting punish: ment; but the righteous, who through grace have embraced Christ and followed him whithersoever he went, shall follow him there likewise, and enter with him into the eternal joy of their Lord. This solemn event I own on some accounts strikes me with trembling; yet on others I cannot look upon it but with a mixture of joy, when I consider it as the period when God will be vindicated from all the hard thoughts and speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him; when all wrongs shall be righted, truth brought to light, and justice done, where none here could be obtained; when the whole empire of sin, misery, and death, shall sink like a millstone in the sea of eternal oblivion, and never arise more; when God's whole plan shall be exposed to the view of admiring millions ;when, 1 say, I consider it in this view, I cannot but look upon it as an object of joy, and wish my time may be spent in this world in looking for and hasting to the coming of the day of God.


Extracts from his Private Diary, beginning June 3, 1780, and ending January 10, 1782.

CONSIDERABLE use has already been made of this manuscript, in the preceding Chapter ; wherein many extracts were inserted from it, indicating his tender regard for the people with whom he was first united, and his conscientious concern, when he found it necessary to think of leaving them, to do nothing contrary to the divine will.

I shall now make a more general use of it, to show in how remarkable a degree he watched over his own heart, and constantly maintained a conflict with indwelling sin ; and also how anxiously he was concerned for the success of his ministry, and the spiritual welfare of his people,

I will transcribe the substance of what is recorded in the first two months, just in the order of time.

2 June 14, 1780.-Went out to visit some fallen brethren. Convinced that no art was

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necessary in religion, resolved to proceed with all plainness and openness. Did so, and hope for good effects. Left each party with weeping eyes

But O how liable to sin myself! “ 16.—[He complains of dulness, but found

savour towards night.] Felt the importance of religion, and a desire of seeing the glory of Christ, and being conformed to bis image. Saw a beauty in Eccles xii. 13.* Fear God, and keep his commandments; for this is the whole of man.'

17.-Some light; but little life. A great part of the day, how dull! O that what little light I have had had been more transforming ! Have been thinking on 1 Cor. iii. 18.—but O how little changed ! I think I have seen one thing to-day-That speaking ostentatiously of any thing laudable in ourselves is the way to mar all the peace or pleasure that we enjoy in it. I think I see that this is a sin wbich easily besets me, and which needs being guarded against.

“18.—I found a solid satisfaction to-day, in preaching in a searching manner from 1 Cor. xi. 31.—' If we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged:'---but wish to feel it more.

“ 20.-0 how my days are spent! Grace how inactive! Sin how active! Surely exaggeration is a sin that easily besets me: may I be more upon iny watch against it!

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