Page images

God's judgments on Babylon,

drunken: the nations have drunken" of B. C. 595. her wine; therefore the nations are mad.

8 Babylon is suddenly fallen and de-a stroyed: howld for her; take balm for her pain, if so be she may be healed.

9 We would have healed Babylon, but she is not healed: forsake her, and let us go every one into his own country; for her judgment reacheth unto heaven, and is lifted up even to the skies.

10 The LORD hath brought forth our righteousness: come, and let us declare ini Zion the work of the LORD our God.


11 Make bright the arrows; gather the shields: the LORD hath raised up the spirit of the kings of the Medes: for his device is against Babylon, to destroy it; because m it is the vengeance of the LORD, the vengeance of his temple.

12 Set up the standard upon the walls of Babylon, make the watch strong, set up the watchmen, prepare the ambushes: for the LORD hath both devised and done that which he spake against the inhabit-n ants of Babylon.

13 O thou that dwellest upon many waters, abundant in easures, thine end is come, and the measure of thy covetousness.

14 The LORD of hosts hath sworn by Shimself, saying, Surely I will fill thee with men as with caterpillars; and they shall lift up a shout against thee.

15 He hath made the earth by his power, he hath established the world by his wisdom, and hath stretched out the heaven by his understanding."

16 When" he uttereth his voice, there is a multitude of waters in the heavens, and he causeth the vapours to ascend from the ends of the earth: he maketh lightnings with rain, and bringeth forth the wind out of his treasures.

17 Every man is brutish by his knowledge; every founder is confounded by the graven image: for his molten image is falsehood, and there is no breath in them.

18 They are vanity, the work of errors: in the time of their visitation they shall perish.

19 The Portion of Jacob is not like them; for he is the former of all things; and Israel is the rod of his inheritance. The LORD of hosts is his name.

20 Thou art my battle axe and weapons of war: for P with thee will I break in pieces the nations; and with thee will I destroy kingdoms;

21 And with thee will I break in pieces the horse and his rider; and with thee will I break in pieces the chariot and his rider;

22 With thee also will I break in pieces man and woman; and with thee will I break in pieces old and young; and with thee will I break in pieces the young man and the maid;

23 I will also break in pieces with thee the shepherd and his flock; and with thee will I break in pieces the husbandman and his yoke of oxen; and with thee will I break in pieces captains and rulers.

Re. 14. 8. 18. 3, &c. 6 chap.25.16.

c Da.5.24..31. d Is. 13. 6, 7. e ch.50.40,41. Beverlasting desolations.

fchap. 8. 20. Mat. 25.10..


24 And I will render' unto Babylon, and to all the inhabitants of Chaldea, all their evil that they have done in Zion in your sight, saith the LORD.

25 Behold, I am against thee, O destroying mountain,m saith the LORD, which destroyest all the earth; and I will stretch out mine hand upon thee, and roll thee down" from the rocks,

Ps. 37. 6. Mi. 7. 9, 10. verse 14. i chap.50.28. pure. kchap. 46. 4.

I verse 11.

m chap.50.28. liers in



Is. 19. 16.
• chap. 50.36.
La. 2. 9.
Am. 1. 5.
Na. 3. 13.

Re. 17.1,15.
Hab. 2.9,10.
his soul.




Ge. 1. 1, 6. Job 9. 8.

Ps. 104. 2.

Is. 40. 22.

u Pr. 3. 19.
e or, in the

time that
he thresh-
eth her.

ch.10.12, &c
Hab. 3. 12.

Ps. 107. 25.

[ocr errors]

Kor, noise.

* Is. 17. 5.

Joel 3. 13.
Mat. 13. 39.

Re.14.15, 18 y Ps. 135. 7. chap.50.17. a La. 1. 15.

A or, is more brutish

than to

know. b Ro. 1. 22.

a Ps.137.8,9. inhabitress.

e Ps. 16. 5. 73.26. La. 3. 24.

De. 32. 9.

Ps. 74. 2.

in revenge of Israel. and will make thee a burnt mountain.

26 And they shall not take of thee a stone for a corner, nor a stone for foundations; but thou shalt be desolate for ever, saith the LORD.

27 Set ye up a standard in the land, blow the trumpet among the nations, prepare the nations against her, call together against her the kingdoms of Ararat, Minni, and Ashchenaz; appoint a captain against her; cause the horses to come up as the rough caterpillars."

28 Prepare against her the nations, with the kings of the Medes,' the captains thereof, and all the rulers thereof, and all the land of his dominion.

por,in, or, by. Is. 41.15,16.

Mi. 4. 13.

or, shake themselves. h verse 57.

iDa. 5. 4, &c.

* Is. 8. 7.

1 ch.50.15,29. m Is. 13. 2.

Zec. 4. 7. n Re. 8. 8.

29 And the land shall tremble and sorrow: for every purpose of the LORD shall be performed against Babylon, to make the land of Babylon a desolation without an inhabitant.

u My.

e Ps. 115. 5, they shall yell as lions' whelps.

&c. vor, remainder.

30 The mighty men of Babylon have forborn to fight, they have remained in their holds: their might hath failed; they became as women: they have burned her dwellingplaces; her bars are broken.

31 One post shall run to meet another, and one messenger to meet another, to shew the king of Babylon that his city is taken at one end,

32 And that the passages are stopped, and the reeds they have burned with fire, and the men of war are affrighted.

33 For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, The daughter of Babylon is like a threshingfloor, it is time to thresh" her: yet a little while, and the time of her harvest shall come.

34 Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon hath devoured me, he hath crushed me, he hath made me an empty" vessel, he hath swallowed me up like a dragon, he hath filled his belly with my delicates, he hath cast me out.

35 The violence done to me and to my flesh be upon Babylon, shall the Tinhabitant of Zion say; and, My blood upon the inhabitants of Chaldea, shall Jerusalem say.

36 Therefore thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will plead thy cause, and take vengeance for thee; and I will dry up her sea, and make her springs dry.

37 And Babylon shall become heaps, a dwellingplace for dragons, an astonishment and an hissing without an inhabitant. 38 They shall roar together like lions:

39 In their heat I will make their feasts, and I will make them drunken," that they may rejoice, and sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith the LORD.

40 I will bring them down like lambs to the slaughter, like rams with he goats.

41 How is Sheshach taken! and how is the praise of the whole earth' surprised! how is Babylon become an astonishment among the nations!

42 The sea is come up upon Babylon: she is covered with the multitude of the waves thereof.

43 Her cities are a desolation, a dry land, and a wilderness, a land wherein no man dwelleth, neither doth any son of man pass thereby.

44 And I will punish Bel in Babylon, and I will bring forth out of his mouth that which he hath swallowed up: and the nations shall not flow together any more

Prophecy sent to the captives.

unto him; yea, the wall" of Babylon shall fall. 45 My people, go ye out of the midst of her, and deliver ye every man his soul from the fierce anger of the LORD.

46 And Blest your heart faint, and ye fear for the rumourd that shall be heard in the land: a rumour shall both come one year, and after that in another year shall come a rumour, and violence in the land, ruler against ruler.

47 Therefore, behold, the days come, that I will y do judgment upon the graveny images of Babylon: and her whole land shall be confounded, and all her slain shall fall in the midst of her.


B. C. 595.

48 Then the heaven and the earth, and all that is therein, shall sings for lon: for the spoilers shall come unto her from the north, saith the LORD.

49 As Babylon hath caused the slain of Israel to fall, so at Babylon shall fall the slain of all the 7 earth.

50 Ye that have escaped the sword, go away, stand not still remember the LORD afar off, and let Jerusalem come into your mind.

51 We are confounded, because we have heard reproach: shame hath covered our faces; for strangers are come into the sanctuaries of the LORD's house.

52 Wherefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will do judgment upon her graven images:" and through all her land the wounded shall groan.

53 Though Babylon should mount up to heaven, and though she should fortify the height of her strength, yet from me shall spoilers come unto her, saith the LORD.

54 A sounds of a cry cometh from Babylon, and great destruction from the land of the Chaldeans:

55 Because the LORD hath spoiled Babylon, and destroyed out of her the great voice; when her waves do roar like great waters, a noise of their voice is uttered:

56 Because the spoiler is come upon her, even upon Babylon, and her mighty men are taken; every one of their bows is broken: for the LORD God of recompences shall surely requite.t

57 And I will make drunk" her princes, and her wise men, her captains, and her rulers, and her mighty men: and they shall sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith the King whose name is the LORD of hosts.

58 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, The *broad walls of Babylon shall be utterly broken, and her high gates shall be burned with fire; and the people shall labour in vain, and the folk in the fire, and they shall be weary.

59 The word which Jeremiah the prophet commanded Seraiah the son of Neriah, the son of Maaseiah, when he went with Zedekiah the king of Judah into Babylon, in the fourth year of his reign. And this Seraiah was a quiet prince.


60 So Jeremiah wrote in a book all the evil that should come upon Babylon, even all these words that are written against Babylon.

61 And Jeremiah said to Seraiah, When thou comest to Babylon, and shalt see, and shalt read all these words;

a verse 58. bchap. 50. 8. Re. 18. 4.

62 Then shalt thou say, O LORD, thou hast spoken against this place, to cut it off, that none shall remain in it, neither man nor beast, but that it shall be desolate for ever.

Re. 18. 21. Bor, let not, Pr.3. 25, 26. d Mar. 13. 7.

e verse 58.

g Re. 18. 20.

Baby-hch. 50.3, 41.

Ps. 76. 12.


2 Ki. 24. 18.

& reigned.

Sor, both Babylon is to fall, O ye slain of Israel, and with Baby


nor, country. ichap.44.28. Ps. 122. 6. 137.5, 6. ch.39.1, &c. 2 Ki. 25. 1,




chap.25.27. Hab. 2. 16. v chap.46.18.

48.15. w Eze. 12. 13. O blinded.

K or, walls

of broad Babylon. λor, fetters. or, made

naked. v house of the wards.

Hab. 2. 13. y Zec. 7. 5. 8. 19. verse 29. π chief of the executioners, or, slaughter. men; or,

chief marshal; and 80 v. 14, &c. and Da.2.14 p stood before.

The Babylonish captivity.

63 And it shall be, when thou hast made an end of reading this book, that thou shalt bind a stone to it, and cast it into the midst of Euphrates:

m La. 1. 10.

5 So the city was besieged unto the

eleventh year of king Zedekiah.

"verse 47.
Is.13.15,16. 6 And in the fourth month, in the ninth
Da.5.30,31. day of the month, the famine was sore in
P chap.49.16. the city, so that there was no bread for
Ps.139.8..10 the people of the land.

Is. 14. 13.
Am. 9. 2.
Ob. 4.

r1 Sa. 2. 4.

4 ch.50.22,29. sch. 32. 4, 5. t Ps. 94. 1.

7 Then the city was broken up, and all the men of war fled, and went forth out of the city by night, by the way of the gate between the two walls, which was by the king's garden; (now the Chaldeans were by the city round about;) and they went by the way of the plain.

8 But the army of the Chaldeans pursued after the king, and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho; and all his army was scattered from him.

9 Then they took the king, and carried him up unto the king of Babylon to Riblah, in the land of Hamath; where he gave judgment upon him.

10 And the king of Babylon slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes: he slew also all the princes of Judah in Riblah.

σ or, on the behalf of. Tor, prince of Menucha, or, chief chamberlain desola


64 And thou shalt say, Thus shall Ba bylon sink, and shall not rise from the evil that I will bring upon her: and they shall be weary. Thus far are the words of Jeremiah.

CHAPTER LII. ZEDEKIAHS was one and twenty years old when he began to reign; and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem: and his mother's name was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.

2 And he did that which was evil in the eyes of the LORD, according to all that Jehoiakim had done.

3 For through the anger of the LORD it came to pass in Jerusalem and Judah, till he had cast them out from his presence, that Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.

4 And it came to pass, in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, in the tenth day of the month, that Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon came, he and all his army, against Jerusalem, and pitched against it, and built forts against it round about.

11 Then he put out the eyes of Zeman chains, and carried him to Badekiah; and the king of Babylon bound bylon, and put him in day of his death.

prison till the

12 Now in the fifth month, in the tenth day of the month, which was the nineteenth" year of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, came Nebuzar-adan, captain of the guard, which P served the king of Babylon, into Jerusalem,

13 And burned the house of the LORD, and the king's house; and all the houses of Jerusalem, and all the houses of the great men, burned he with fire.

14 And all the army of the Chaldeans, that were with the captain of the guard, brake down all the walls of Jerusalem round about.

15 Then Nebuzar-adan the captain of the guard carried away captive certain of the poor of the people, and the residue of the people that remained in the city, and those that fell away, that fell to the king

The Babylonish captivity.

of Babylon, and the rest of the multitude. 16 But Nebuzar-adan the captain of the guard left certain of the poora of the land, for vinedressers and for husband

LAMENTATIONS, I. Kindness shewed to Jehoiachin.
B. C. 588. war; and seven men of them that were
near the king's person, which were found
in the city; and the principal scribe of
the host, who mustered the people of the
land; and threescore men of the people
of the land, that were found in the midst
of the city.

a chap.39.10.
y or, scribe of
the captain
of the host.
6 ch.27.19..22

26 So Nebuzar-adan the captain of the guard took them, and brought them to the king of Babylon to Riblah.


17 Also the pillars of brass that were in the house of the LORD, and the bases, and the brazen sea that was in the house of the LORD, the Chaldeans brake, and carried all the brass of them to Babylon.

18 The caldrons also, and the shovels, and the snuffers, and the Sbowls, and the spoons, and all the vessels of brass, wherewith they ministered, took they away.

19 And the basons, and the "firepans, and the bowls, and the caldrons, and the candlesticks, and the spoons, and the cups; that which was of gold in gold, and that which was of silver in silver, took the captain of the guard away.

Cor, basons. d La. 1. 1, 3.

2 Ki. 24. 1,

20 The two pillars, one sea, and twelven or, censers. brazen bulls that were under the bases, which king Solomon had made in the house of the LORD: the brass of all these vessels was without weight.


21 And concerning the pillars, the height of one pillar was eighteen cubits, and a fillet of twelve cubits did compass it; and the thickness thereof was four fingers: it was hollow.

22 And a chapiters of brass was upon it; and the height of one chapiter was five cubits, with network and pomegranates upon the chapiters round about, all of brass: the second pillar also and the pomegranates were like unto these.

23 And there were ninety and six pomegranates on a side; and all the pomegranates upon the network were an hundred round about.

24 And the captain of the guard took Seraiah' the chief priest, and m Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:

25 He took also out of the city an eunuch, which had the charge of the men of

B saw the face of the king.

4 The ways of Zion do mourn, because none come to the solemn feasts: all her gates are desolate; her priests sigh, her virgins are afflicted, and she is in bitterness.

1 Ki. 7. 15,


5 Her adversaries are the chief, her enemies prosper; for the LORD hath af

c Ex. 27. 3.

8 or, instru

ments to

remove the ashes.

e souls.


thread. ƒ2 Ki. 25. 27,


92 Ch. 3. 15. Ge.40.13,20 μ good

with him.


iZec. 3. 3..5. 2 Sa. 9. 13.

1 Ki. 2. 7.

12 Ki. 25. 18.

m chap.21.1. 29.25. v threshold.

the matter of the day in his day. n Lu. 11. 3.


B. C. 588.

CHAPTER I. How doth the city sit solitary," that was full of people! how is she become a Je. 52. 27. as a widow! she that was great among b Da. 9.7, 16. the nations, and princess d c Is. 47. 8. among the provinces, how is she become tributary!

2 She weepeth sore in the night, and her tears are on her cheeks; among all her lovers she hath none to comfort 30.14,15. her: all her friends have dealt treache-Bor, desirarously with her, they are become her


3 Judah is gone into captivity, because of affliction, and y because of great servitude; she dwelleth among the heathen, she findeth no rest: all her persecutors

h Ps. 137. 3.

ble, verse 10
Y for the
greatness of
De. 28. 64.
1 Ki. 8. 46.
8 become a re-
moving, or,
Eze. 16. 37.
Ho. 2.9, 10.
De. 32. 29.

overtook her between the straits.

Ro. 6. 21.


27 And the king of Babylon smote them, and put them to death in Riblah, in the land of Hamath. Thus Judah was carried away captive outd of his own land.

28 This is the people whom Nebuchadrezzar carried away captive: in the seventh year, three thousand Jews and three and twenty:

29 In the eighteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar he carried away captive from Jerusalem eight hundred thirty and two persons:

30 In the three and twentieth year of Nebuchadrezzar, Nebuzar-adan the captain of the guard carried away captive of the Jews seven hundred forty and five persons: all the persons were four thousand and six hundred.

31 And it came to pass, in the seven and thirtieth year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, in the five and twentieth day of the month, that Evil-merodach king of Babylon, in the first year of his reign, lifted up the head" of Jehoiachin king of Judah, and brought him forth out of prison,

32 And spake kindly unto him, and set his throne above the throne of the kings that were with him in Babylon,

33 And changed his prison garments; and he did continually eat bread before him all the days of his life.

34 And for his diet, there was a continual diet given him of the king of Babylon, "every day" a portion, until the day of his death, all the days of his life.

d2 Ch. 9. 26.

Ezr. 4. 20. e Je. 52. 8,11.

fJe. 4. 30.

flicted her for the multitude of her transgressions: her children are gone into captivity before the enemy.

6 And from the daughter of Zion all her beauty is departed: her princese are become like harts that find no pasture; and they are gone without strength before the pursuer.

7 Jerusalem remembered in the days of her affliction, and of her miseries, all her pleasant things that she had in the days of old, when her people fell into the hand of the enemy, and none did help her: the adversaries saw her, and did mock at her sabbaths.

therefore she is removed: all that 8 Jerusalem hath grievously sinned; honoured her, despise her, because they have seen her nakedness sigheth, and turneth backward.

yea, she

9 Her filthiness is in her skirts; she remembereth not her last end; therefore she came down wonderfully: she had no comforter. O LORD, behold my affliction;

Miseries of Jerusalem.

for the enemy hath magnified himself.

10 The adversary hath spread out his hand upon all her pleasant things: for she hath seen that the heathen" entered into her sanctuary, whom thou didst command that they should not enter into thy congregation.

11 All her people sigh, they seek bread; they have given their pleasant things for meat to relieve the soul: see, LORD, and consider; for I am becomes vile.

12 Is it nothing to you, all ye that pass by? behold, and see if there be any sorrow like unto my sorrow, which is done unto me, wherewith the LORD hath afflicted me in the day of his fierce

LAMENTATIONS, II. God acknowledged in affliction.

B. C. 588.

strong holds of the daughter of Judah: he hath y brought them down to the ground: he hath polluted the kingdom and the princes thereof.

3 He hath cut off in his fierce anger all the horn of Israel: he hath drawn back his right hand from before the enemy, and he burned against Jacob like a flaminge fire, which devoureth round about.

4 He hath bent his bow like ang enemy: he stood with his right hand as an adversary, and slew all that were pleasant to the eye in the tabernacle of the daughter of Zion: he poured out his fury

Bor, desir


21 They have heard that I sigh; there is none to comfort me: all mine enemies have heard of my trouble; they are glad that thou hast done it: thou wilt bring the day that thou hast called, and they shall be like unto me.

22 Let all their wickedness come before thee; and do unto them as thou hast done unto me for all my transgressions: for my sighs are many, and my heart is faint. CHAPTER II. How hath the Lord covered the daughter of Zion with a cloudi in his anger, and cast down from heaven unto the earth the beauty of Israel, and remembered not his footstool' in the day of his anger!

2 The Lord hath swallowed up all the habitations of Jacob, and hath notm pitied: he hath thrown down in his wrath the

y made to

a Je. 51. 51.
52. 13.

b Ps. 89. 39.

c De. 23. 3.

d Ps. 74. 11.

dor, make
the soul to

come again.
e Ps. 89. 46.
Job 40. 4.
Is. 63. 10.

Je. 30. 14.


13 From above hath he sent fire into my bones, and it prevaileth against them: he hath spread a net for my feet; he hath turned me back; he hath made me desolate and faint all the day.

14 The yoke of my transgressions is bound by his hand; they are wreathed, and come up upon my neck; he hath made my strength to fall; the Lord hath delivered me into their hands, from whomm I am not able to rise up.

15 The Lord hath trodden under foot all my mighty men in the midst of me; he hath called an assembly against me to crush my young men: the Lord hath trodden "the virgin, the daughter of Judah, as in a winepress.

16 For these things I weep: mine eye, mine eye runneth down with water, because the comforter that should relieve my soul is far from me; my children are desolate, because the enemy prevailed.

17 Zion spreadeth forth her hands, and there is none to comfort her: the LORD hath commanded concerning Jacob, that his adversaries should be round about him: Jerusalem is as a menstruous woman among them.

π swallow

ing up.

t ver. 2, 9.

18 The LORD is righteous; for I have rebelled against his P commandment: hear, I pray you, all people, and behold my sorrow: my virgins and my young men are gone into captivity.

"Je. 51. 30.
De. 28. 36.
2 Ki. 24. 15.
w Ho. 8. 8.

10 The elders of the daughter of Zion sit upon the ground, and keep silence: they have cast up dust upon their heads; they have girded themselves with sackcloth: the virgins of Jerusalem hang down their heads to the ground.

* Ne. 9. 33.
Da. 9.7, 14.
p mouth.

19 I called for my lovers, but they deceived me; my priests and mine elders gave up the ghost in the city, while they sought their meat to relieve their souls. 20 Behold, O LORD, for I am in dis- Is. 3. 26. * Je. 2. 28. tress; my bowels are troubled: mine 30. 14. heart is turned within me: fora I have σ or, faint. grievously rebelled: abroad the sword a Ps. 51. 3, 4. is corn and wine? when they swooned as bereaveth, at home there is as death. the wounded in the streets of the city, when their soul was poured out into their mothers' bosom.

11 Mine eyes do fail with tears, my bowels are troubled, my liver is poured upon the earth, for the destruction of the daughter of my people; because the children and the sucklings swoon in the streets of the city.

12 They say to their mothers, Where

b De. 32. 25.
Eze. 7. 15.

Is. 13. 6, &c.

Je. 46. 10.

50.15,31. Tor, proclaimed.

Je. 51.

Ps.137.7.9. e Lu. 23. 31. Je.27.14,15. chap. 5. 17.

h Is. 58. 1.

or, It is.
n by the
o the desir
able of.


h Da. 9. 12.

Eze. 17. 20.
Ho. 7. 12.
De. 28. 48.
* Is. 5. 5.
Kor, hedge,
Job 1. 10.
chap. 1. 4.
m Ho. 5. 14.


Le. 26. 31..

44. • Is. 63. 3.

λ shut up.

or, the

of the
PPs.74.4, &c.

q Je. 13. 17.
14. 17.
v bring back.
r Ho. 9. 12.

2 Ki. 21. 13,


like fire.

5 The Lord was as an enemy; he hath swallowed up Israel, he hath swallowed up all her palaces; he hath destroyed his strong holds, and hath increased in the daughter of Judah mourning and lamentation.


6 And he hath violently taken away* his tabernacle, as if it were of a garden; he hath destroyed his places of the assembly: the LORD hath caused the solemn' feasts and sabbaths to be forgotten in Zion, and hath despised, in the indignation of his anger, the king and the priest.

7 The Lord hath cast off his altar, he hath abhorred" his sanctuary, he hath given up into the hand of the enemy the walls of her palaces; they have made a noise in the house of the LORD, as in the day of a solemn feast.

8 The LORD hath purposed to destroy the wall of the daughter of Zion; he hath stretched out a line, he hath not withdrawn his hand from T destroying: therefore he made the rampart and the wall to lament; they languished together.

9 Her gates are sunk into the ground; he hath destroyed and broken her" bars: her king" and her princes are among the Gentiles: the law is no more; her prophets also find no vision from the LORD.

Je. 23. 22.
i Joel 2. 2.
by the way.
k 2 Sa. 1. 19.
11 Ch. 28. 2.

Ps. 132. 7.

m Je. 13. 14.

13 What thing shall I take to witness for thee? what thing shall I liken to thee, O daughter of Jerusalem? what shall I equal to thee, that I may comfort thee, O virgin daughter of Zion? for thy breach is great like the sea; who can heal thee?

14 Thy prophets have seen vain and foolish things for thee; and they have not discovered thine iniquity, to turn away thy captivity; but have seen for thee false burdens, and causes of banishment.

15 All that pass by clap their hands at $ thee; they hiss and wag their head at the daughter of Jerusalem, saying, Is this the city that men call The perfection of beauty, The joy of the whole earth?

16 All thine enemies have opened their

The prophet's personal affliction. LAMENTATIONS, III.

B. C. 588.

mouth against thee: they hiss and gnash the teeth: they say, We have swallowed her up: certainly this is the day that we looked for; we have found, we have seen it.

17 The LORD hath done that which he had devised; he hath fulfilled his word that he had commanded in the days of old: he hath thrown down, and hath not pitied: and he hath caused thine enemy to rejoice over thee; he hath set up the horn of thine adversaries.

18 Their heart cried unto the Lord, O wall of the daughter of Zion, let tears run down like a river day and night: give thyself no rest; let not the apple of thine eye cease.

a Ps. 35. 21.

B bowed.


make to re-
turn to my

Ps. 77.5, &c.

Ezr. 9. 8, 9.

Ne. 9. 31.

d Mal. 3. 6. e Le.26.16, &c De.28.15,&c Je. 18. 11. Mi. 2. 3.

Ps. 89. 42.

[ocr errors]

g Ps. 73. 26.

Ps. 130. 7.

i Is. 30. 18. Mi. 7. 7.

19 Arise, cry out in the night; in the beginning of the watches pour out thine heart like water before the face of the Lord: lift up thy hands toward him for Je. 14. 17. the life of thy young children, that faint for hunger in the top of every street.

I Mat. 11. 29.

m Ps. 62. 8.

n Je. 15. 17.
• Eze. 5.10, 16
p Is. 50. 6.

20 Behold, O LORD, and consider to whom thou hast done this. Shall the women eat their fruit," and children of a span long? shall the priest and the prophet be slain in the sanctuary of the Lord?

q Ps. 94. 14.

r De. 28. 53.

Je. 19. 9.

&or, swaddled with their hands.

21 The youngt and the old lie on the ground in the streets: my virgins and my young men are fallen by the sword; thou hast slain them in the day of thine anger; thou hast killed, and not pitied.

22 Thou hast called, as in a solemn day, my terrors round about;" so that in the day of the LORD's anger none escaped nor remained: those that I have swaddled and brought up" hath mine enemy consumed. CHAPTER III. I AM the man that hath seen affliction by the rod of his wrath.

2 He hath led me, and brought me into darkness, but not into light.

3 Surely against me is he turned; he turneth his hand against me all the day.

4 My flesh and my skin hath he made old: he hath broken my bones.

5 He hath builded against me, and compassed me with gall and travel.

6 He hath set me in darke places, as they that be dead of old.

7 He hath hedged me about, that I cannot get out: he hath made my chain heavy.

8 Also when I cry and shout, he teth out my prayer.

9 He hath inclosed my ways with hewn stone: he hath made my paths crooked.

10 He was unto me as a beari lying in wait, and as a lion in secret places.

11 He hath turned aside my ways, and sons. pulled me in pieces: he hath made me desolate.


12 He hath bent his bow, and set me as a mark" for the arrow.

arrows of his

13 He hath caused the quiver to enter into my reins.

14 I was a derision to all my people, and their song? all the day. 15 He hath filled me with bitterness, he

hath made me drunken with wormwood.

16 He hath also broken my teeth with gravel stones, he hath covered me with ashes.

& Ps. 30. 5. t2 Ch. 36. 17.

from his


Je. 31. 20. Eze. 33. 11.

He. 12. 10. Je. 6. 25.

nor, a superior.

O seeth not,

w Ho.9.12,13.

Hab. 1. 13.
Is. 45. 7.

y Mi. 7. 9.

or, murmur.

* Am. 5. 20. a Hag.1.5,7. b Job 16.8, &c

c Ps. 51. 8.

Je. 50. 17. d Da. 9. 5.

ePs. 143. 3. 12 Ch. 36. 17. g Ho. 2. 6.

shut-Job 30. 20.

i Ho. 5. 14. 13.7,8. k Is. 24. 17. Is. 51. 19. m Ho. 6. 1. n Job 7. 20.

• Is. 63. 15.

P Ps. 69. 12.

μ my soul.

v bitternesses. π or, more than.

Pr. 20. 17. rolled me

in the. r Da. 6. 17.

Jon.2.3,4,7. σ good, Job 7.7.

17 And thou hast removed my soul fart Ps. 31. 22. off from peace: I forgat prosperity.

u Ps. 130. 1. Remem

18 And I said, My strength and my hope is perished from the LORD:


19 Remembering mine affliction and my misery, the wormwood" and the gall.

The benefit of afflictions.

20 My soul hath them still in remembrance, and is ẞ humbled in me.

21 This I recall to my mind, therefore have I hope.


Je. 9. 15.

22 It is of the LORD's mercies that we are not consumed, becaused his compassions fail not.

23 They are new every morning: great is thy faithfulness.

24 The LORD is my portion, saith my soul; therefore will I hope in him.

25 The LORD is good unto them that waiti for him, to the soul that seeketh him. 26 It is good that a man should both hope and quietly wait for the salvation of the LORD.

27 It is good for a man that he bear the yoke' in his youth.

28 He sitteth alone" and keepeth silence, because he hath borne it upon him.

29 He putteth his mouth in the dust; if so be there may be hope.

30 Her giveth his cheek to him that smiteth him: he is filled full with reproach.

31 For the Lord will not cast off for ever:

32 But though he cause grief, yet will he have compassion according to the multitude of his mercies.

33 For he doth not afflict


nor grieve the children of men.

34 To crush under his feet all the prisoners of the earth,

35 To turn aside the right of a man before the face of the Most High,

36 To subvert a man in his cause, the Lord approveth not.

37 Who is he that saith, and it cometh to pass, when the Lord commandeth it not?

38 Out of the mouth of the Most High proceedeth not evil and good?

39 Wherefore" doth a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins? 40 Let us searcha and try our ways, and turn again to the LORD.

41 Let us lift up our heart with our hands unto God in the heavens.

42 We have transgressedd and have rebelled: thou hast not pardoned.

43 Thou hast covered with anger, and persecuted us: thou hast slain, thou hast not pitied.

44 Thou hast covered thyself with a cloud, that our prayer should not pass through. 45 Thou hast made us as the offscouring and refuse in the midst of the people.

46 All our enemies have opened their mouths against us.

47 Fear and a snare is come upon us, desolation' and destruction.

48 Mine eye runneth down with rivers of water for the destruction of the daughter of my people.

49 Mine eye trickleth down, and ceaseth not, without any intermission,

50 Till the LORD look down, and behold from heaven.


51 Mine eye affecteth mine heart, because of all the daughters of my city. 52 Mine enemies chased me sore, like a bird, without ca

53 They have cut off my life in the dungeon, and cast a stoner upon me.

54 Waters flowed over mine head; then I said, I am cut off.

55 I called upon thy name, O LORD, out of the low dungeon.

56 Thou hast heard my voice; hide not thine ear at my breathing, at my cry.

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