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with them other treasures and the materials of the bridges, in order to dedicate them in the temples; and during this year nothing more was done.

122. Artembares, the grandfather of this Artayctes who was hoisted aloft, was the person who originated a remark which the Persians adopted and conveyed to Cyrus, in these terms: “Since Jupiter has given the sovereign power to the Persians, and among men, to you, O Cyrus, by overthrowing Astyages ; as we possess a small territory, and that rugged, come, let us remove from this, and take possession of another, better. There are many near our confines, and many at a distance. By possessing one of these, we shall be more admired by most men ; and it is right that those who bear rule should do so; and when shall we have a better opportunity, than when we have the command of many nations, and of all Asia ?” Cyrus having heard these words, and not admiring the proposal, bade them do so; but when he bade them he warned them to prepare henceforward not to rule, but to be ruled over ; for that delicate men spring from delicate countries, for that it is not given to the same land to produce excellent fruits and men valiant in war. So that the Persians, perceiving their error, withdrew and yielded to the opinion of Cyrus; and they chose rather to live in a barren country, and to command, than to cultivate fertile plains, and be the slaves of others.

THE END.

INDE X.

ABÆ, a city of Phocis, with a temple of | Æa, a city of Colchis, i. 2; vii. 193, 197
Apollo, i. 46; viii. 27, 33, 134

Æaces, son of Syloson, and father of Poly-
Abantes, a people who migrated from crates, iii. 39; vi. 13
Eubea to Ionia, i. 146

-, son of Syloson, and tyrant of Sa-
Abaris, an Hyperborean, iv. 36

mos, iv. 138; vi. 13, 25
Abdera, a town in Thrace, i. 168; vi. 46 ; Æacidæ, viii. 64
vii. 109, 126; viii. 120

Æacus, of Ægina, vi. 35
Abrocomes, son of Darius, vii. 224

Æga, a city of Pallene, vii. 123
Abronychus, an Athenian, son of Lysicles, Ægæ, in Achaia, i. 145
viii. 21

Ægææ, a city of Æolis, i. 149
Abydoni, the, vii. 44

Ægæan sea, iv. 85
Abydos, a city on the Asiatic side of the Ægaleos, a mountain in Attica, viii. 90

Hellespont, where Xerxes threw over Ægeus, son of Oiolycus, iv. 149
the bridge of boats, v. 117; vii. 32, 33,

son of Pandion, i. 173
34, 43, 174

Ægialees, Pelasgians, vii. 94
Acanthians, the, vii. 22, 117

Ægialeus, son of Adrastus, v. 68
Acanthus, a city of Macedonia, vi. 44 ; Ægicores, son of Ion, v. 66
vii. 116

Ægidæ, a tribe in Sparta, iv. 149
Acarnania, in Epirus, ii. 10

Ægila, or Augila, in Libya, iv. 172
Aceratus, a prophet at Delphi, viii. 37 Ægileans, v. 68
Aces, a river in Asia, iii. 117

Ægilia, an island of the Styreans in Eu-
Achæans, twelve states of, i. 145; viii. 73. bæa, vi. 107;--in Eretria, vi. 101

of Phthiotis, vii. 132, 197 Ægina, daughter of Asopus, v. 80
Achæmenes, son of Darius, iii. 12; vii. 7, , the island of, viii. 41, 46
97, 236

Æginetæ, iii. 59; iv. 152; v. 80–89; vi.
father of Teispes, and an- 49, 50, 73, 85, 92 ; vii. 145; viii. 46, 74,
cestor of Darius, vii. 11

93, 122; ix. 28, 79, 85
Achæmenidæ, the royal family of the Ægira, a city of Achaia, i. 145
Persians, i. 125; iii. 65

Ægiroessa, a city of Æolia, i. 149
Achaia, of the Peloponnesus, i. 145; of Ægis of Minerva, iv. 180, 189
Thessaly, vii. 173; viii. 36

Ægium, a city of Achaia, i. 145
Achelous, a river of Ætolia, ii. 10; vii. 126 Ægli, a people of Asia, iii. 92
Acheron, a river of Thesprotia in Epirus, Ægos Potami, ix. 119
V. 92, (7.); viii. 47

Ægyra, a city of Achaia, i. 145
Achilleian Course, a district near the Bo- Aeimnestus, a Spartan, ix. 68
rysthenes in Scythia, iv. 55, 76

Ænea, a town in Macedonia, vii. 123
Achilleium, a town near Sigeum in the Ænesidemus, son of Patacus and father
Troad, v. 94

of Theron, vii. 154, 165
Acræphia, a city in Bæotia, viii. 135 Ænus, a city of Thrace, iv. 90; vii. 58
Acrisius, father of Danae, vi. 53

Ænyra, a district of Thrace, vi. 47
Acrothoon, a town on Mount Athos, vii. Æolia, a region of Asia Minor, v. 123
22

Folian cities, i. 149, 151; viii. 35
Adicran, an African king, iv. 159

Æolians, i. 6, 26, 28, 141; ii. 1, 90 ; v. 94,
Adimantus, father of Aristeas of Corinth, 122 ; vii. 95 ; ix. 115
vii. 137

Æolis, vii. 176
son of Ocytus of Corinth, viii. Æolus, father of Athamas, vii. 197
5, 59, 61, 94

Æorpata, or Oiorpata, Scythian name of
Adrastus, son of Gordius, and grandson of the Amazons, iv. 110
Midas, i. 35, 41, 43, 45

Aeropus, father of Echemus, ix. 26
-, king of Sicyon, v. 67, 68

father of Alcetas and son of
Adria, in Italy, i. 163; v. 9

Philip, viii. 139
Adrimachidæ, a people of Libya, iv. 168

descendant of Temenus, viii. 137

203

Æsanius, father of Grinus, iv, 150

Aleium, a plain of Cilicia, vi. 95
Æschines, son of Nothon, vi. 100

Aletes, v. 92, (2.)
Æschreas, father of Lycomedes, viii. 11 Aleuadæ, Thessalian chiefs, vii. 6, 130,
Æschrionians, a tribe in Samos, iii. 26 172; ix. 58
Æschylus, the poet, ii. 156

Alexander, king of Macedonia, v. 19, 20,
Æsop, the fabulist, ii. 134

22; vii. 137, 173; viii. 121, 136, 139, 140 ;
Æthiopia, ii. 22, 29, 100, 110; iii. 114

ix. 44, 45
Æthiopians, il. 29, 30, 32, 104 ; iii. 17-25,

son of Priam, i. 3; ii. 113–117
94, 97 ; iv. 183, 197; vii. 69, 70, 79 Alilat, Arabian Urania, iii. 8
Aetion, son of Echecrates, v. 92, (2.) Alitta, the Venus of the Arabians, ii. 131
Ætolia, vi. 127

Alopecæ, a village in Attica, v. 63
Africa, ii. 26, 32 ; iv. 17, 41, 42, 44. See Alpeni, a town near Thermopylæ, vii.
Libya

176, 229
Agæus, an Elian, father of Onomastus, vi. Alpheus, and Maron, vii. 227
127

Alpis, a river falling into the Ister, iv. 49
Agamemnon, i. 67; vii. 159

Alus, a city of Thessaly, vii. 173, 197
Agarista, daughter of Clisthenes, vi. 126, Alyattes, king of Sardis, i. 16–22, 25, 73,
127, 130, 131

74, 91, 92
mother of Pericles, vi. 131 Amasis, king of Egypt, i. 30, 77, 181; ii

.
Agasicles, of Halicarnassus, i. 144

154, 161-163, 169, 172—176, 178, 181,
Agathyrsi, a Scythian people, iv. 49, 100, 182 ; iii. 1, 10, 16, 39–43, 47
102, 103, 125

-, a Persian general, iv. 167, 20!,
Agathyrsus, son of Hercules, iv. 10
Agbalus, father of Merbalus, vii. 98 Amathus, a city of Cyprus, v. 104-108
Agbatana, see Ecbatana

Amathusians, v. 104, 114
Agenor, father of Cilix, a Phænician, vii. Amazons, in Scythia, iv. 110–117, 193 ;
91

ix. 27
Agesilaus, son of Doryssus, vii. 204 Amestris, wife of Xerxes, vii. 61, 114; ix.

son of Hippocratides, viii. 131 108, 111
Agetus, son of Alcides, vi. 61, 62

Amiantus, vi. 127
Agis, father of Menares, vi. 65

Amilcar, king of Carthage, vii. 1654-167
- king of Sparta, vii. 204

Aminias, an Athenian captain, viii. 84, 87,
Aglauros, daughter of Cecrops, viii. 53

93
Aglomachus, of Cyrene, iv. 164

Aminocles of Sepias, vii. 190
Agora, a town of Thrace, vii. 58

Amitres, or Ithamitres, a Persian general,
Agrianes, v. 16

viii. 130
Agrianis, a river of Thrace, iv. 90

Ammon, a Libyan oracle, i. 46; ii. 32, 55
Agrigentines, a people of Italy, vii. 170 Ammonians, a Libyan people, ii. 32, 42;
Agron, king of Sardis, i. 7

iii. 25, 26; iv. 181, 185
Agyllæans, i. 167

Amompharetus, a Spartan, ix. 53-57, 71,
Ajax, father of Philæus, vi. 35

85
-, son of Telamon, v. 66; viii. 64, 121 Amorges, a Persian general, i. 121
Alabanda, a city of Phrygia, viii. 136 Ampe, a city on the Red Sea, vi. 20
Alabandians, a people of Caria, vii. 195 Ampelus, a promontory of Torone, vii. 122
Alalia, a city of Corsica, i. 165

Amphiaraus, father of Amphilochus, iii.
Alarodians, a people of Pontus, iii. 94 ; 91
vii. 79

,his oracular temple at Thebes,
Alazir, king of Barca, iv. 164

i. 46, 49, 52; viii. 134
Alazones, a Scythian nation, iv. 17, 52 Amphicæ, a city of Phocis, viii. 33
Alcæus, the poet, v. 95

Amphicrates, king of Samos, iii. 59
-, son of Hercules, i. 7

Amphictyons, seat and council of, ii. 180;
Alcamenes, son of Telecles, vii. 204

V. 62; vii. 208, 213, 228
Alcetes, father of Amyntas, viii. 39 Amphilochus, son of Amphiaraus, iii. 91 ;
Alcibiades, father of Clinias, viii. 17

vii. 91
Alcides, father of Agetus, vi. 61

Amphilytus, a seer, i. 62
Alcimachus, father of Euphorbus, vi. 101 Amphimnestus, of Epidamnus, vi. 127
Alcinor and Chromius, Argives, i. 82 Amphion, of Corinth, v. 92
Alcmæon, father of Megacles, i. 59 Amphipolis, v. 126; vii. 114

-, son of Megacles, vi. 125, 127 Amphissa, a city of the Locrians, viii. 32
Alcmæonidæ, the, i. 61, 64; v. 63, 66, Amphitryon, father of Hercules, ii. 43 ; V.
69–73; vi. 121-131

59; vi. 53
Alcmena, mother of Hercules, ii. 43, 145 Ampracia, a city of Epirus, viii. 47; ix.
Alcon, a Molossian, vi. 127

28, 31
Aleades, v. Cleades.

Amyntas, son of Alcetas, v. 17-21, 94 ;
Alea Minerva, a temple of Tegea, i. 66 ; vii. 173; viii. 136, 139
ix. 70

son of Bubares, vü. 136

Amyrgian Scythians, vii. 64

Apidanus, a river of Thessaly, vii. 129, 196
Amyris, called the sage, vi. 127

Apis, an Egyptian god, ii. 153 ; iji. 27
Amyrtæus, king of Egypt, ii. 140; iii. 15, Apollo, the Egyptian Orus, ii. 83, 144, 155,
16

156 ; iv. 15, 158; vii. 26. Ismenian, i.
Amytheon, father of Melampus, ii. 49 52, 92 ; v. 59. Ptoan, viii. 135. Scythian,
Anacharsis, a Scythian sage, iv. 46, 76, 77 iv. 59; Triopian, i. 144
Anacreon, the poet, iii. 121

Apollonia on the Euxine, iv. 90
Anactorians, of Epirus, ix. 28, 65

on the Ionian gulf, ix. 92, 93
Anaphes, leader of the Cissians, vii. 62 Apollophanes, father of Bisaltes, vi. 26
Anaphlystus, a village of Attica, iv. 99 Apries, king of Egypt, ii. 161, 169; iv. 159
Anaua, a city of Phrygia, vii. 30

Apsinthians, or Absinthians, a people of
Anaxagoras, i. 103; ii. 21 ; iii. 108

Thrace, vi. 34 ; ix. 119
Anaxander, son of Eurycrates, vii. 204 Apulia, iii. 138; iv. 99
Anaxandrides, king of Sparta, i. 67; V. Arabia, ii. 8, 12; iii. 107, 112; iv. 39; vii. 69
39–41; vii. 204, 205

Arabians, i. 198; iii. 8, 9, 86, 88, 97; vii.
, son of Theopompus, viii. 131 69, 86
Anaxilaus, son of Archidamus, viii. 131 Arabian gulf, ii. 11 ; iv. 39

-, tyrant of Rhegium, vi. 23; vii. Aratus, a river of Scythia, iv. 48
165

Araxes, a river of Scythia, i. 126, 202, 205 ;
Anchimolius, a Spartan, v. 63.

iii. 36 ; iv. 11, 40
Andreas, ancestor of Clisthenes, vii. 126 Arcadians, i. 66, 146 ; ii. 171 ; v. 49; vi.
Andrians, viii. 66, 111

74; vii. 202 ; viii. 26, 73
Androbulus, father of Timon, vii. 161 Arcesilaus, son of Battus, iv. 159
Androcrates, a hero, ix. 25

-, son of Battus the lame, iv. 162
Androdamas, father of Theomestor, viii. Archander, son of Achæus, ii. 98
85; ix. 90

-, a city in Egypt, ii. 97
Andromeda, wife of Perseus, vii. 61, 150 Archelæans, a tribe of Sicyon, v. 68
Androphagi, iv. 18, 102, 106, 119, 125 Archelaus, of Sparta, vii. 204
Androsphinxes, ii. 175

Archestratidas, a Samian, ix. 90
Andros, one of the Cyclades, iv. 33; v. Archias, a Spartan, iii. 55
31, 33; viii. 111

-, a Samian, iii. 55
Aneristus, father of Sperthias, vii. 134 Archidamus, of Sparta, viii. 131
, son of Sperthias, vii. 137

Archidice, a courtesan, ii. 135
Angites, a river flowing into the Strymon, Archilochus, a Parian poet, i. 12
vii. 113

Ardericca, a town of Assyria, i. 185
Angrus, a river of Illyria, iv. 49

in Cissia, vi. 114
Anopæa, a mountain path at Thermopylæ, | Ardys, king of Sardis, i. 15
vii. 216

Areopagus, viii. 52
Antacæus, a fish, iv. 53

Argadas, son of Ion, v. 66
Antagoras, of Coos, father of Hegetorides, Argæus, king of Macedonia, viii. 139
ix. 76

Arganthonius, king of Tartessus, i. 163
Antandrus, a city of Troas, v. 26; vii. 42 Arge and Opis, Hyperborean virgins, iv. 35
Anthela, a city near Thermopylæ, vii. 176, Argia, wife of Aristodemus, vi. 52
200

Argilus, a city of Bisaltia, vii. 115
Anthemus, a city of Macedonia, v. 94 Argiopius, near the Asopus, ix. 57
Anthylla, a city of Egypt, ii. 98

Argippæi, a people bordering on Scythia,
Antichares, an Elian, v. 43

iv. 23
Anticyra, a city of Thessaly, vii. 198 Argives, people of Peloponnesus, i. 61, 82 ;
Antidorus, a Lemnian, viii. 11

iii. 131; v. 86; vi. 78, 83, 92, 93; vii.
Antiochus, father of Tisamenes, ix. 33 148-152; ix. 27, 35
Antipater, a Thasian, vii. 118

Argo, the ship of Jason, iv. 179; vii. 193
Antiphemus, general of the Lindians, vii. Argolis, in Peloponnesus, i. 82
153

Argonauts, companions of Jason, i. 3; iv.
Anysis, king of Egypt, ii. 137, 140

145, 179
a city of Egypt, ii. 137, 166 Argos, city of Peloponnesus, i. 1; v. 67;
Anysus, father of Tetramnestus, vii. 98 vi. 83; vii. 150
Aparytes, a people of Asia, iii. 91

Argus, a hero, vi. 80
Apaturian festival, i. 147

Ariabignes, son of Darius, vii. 97; viii. 89
Aphetæ, a port of Magnesia, vii. 193; viii. Ariantas, a Scythian king, iv. 81
4, 6

Ariapithes, a Scythian king, iv. 76, 78
Aphidnæ, a town of Attica, viii. 125; ix. 73 Ariaramnes, a Persian, viii. 90
Aphrodisias, an island on the coast of Aridolis, tyrant of Alabanda, vii. 195
Libya, iv. 169

Arians, a people of Asia, iii. 93. Ancient
Aphthis, a district in Egypt, ii. 166

name of the Medes, vii. 62, 66
Aphytis, a city of Pallene, vii. 123 Arimaspians, a people of northern Europe,
Apia, a Scythian divinity, iv. 59

ii. 116; iv. 13

Arimnestus, a Platæan, ix. 72

Artayctes, a Persian general, vii. 33, 78;
Ariomardus, general of the Caspians, vii. 67 ix. 116, 118-120

son of Darius, vii. 78 Artaynta, niece of Xerxes, ix. 108
Arion, a poet, i. 23, 24

Artayntes, a Persian admiral, viii. 130; ix.
Ariphron, father of Xantippus, vi. 131, 102, 107
134 ; vii. 33; viii. 131

Artazostra, daughter of Darius, vi. 43
Arisba, a city of Lesbos, i. 151

Artembares, a Mede, i. 114-116
Aristagoras, tyrant of Cyme, iv. 138; v.

a Persian, ix. 122
37, 38

Artemisia, queen of Halicarnassus, vii.
of Cyzicus, iv. 138

99; viii. 68, 87, 88, 93, 101--103
tyrant of Miletus, v. 30–51, Artemisium, a port of Eubea, iv. 35; vii.
94, 98, 100, 124, 126; vii. 8

175, 176, 195; viii. 9-11, 14-17
father of Hegesistratus, ix. 90 Artimpasa, Scythian Venus, iv. 59
Aristeas, a poet of Proconnesus, iv. 13-15 Artiscus, a Scythian river, iv. 92
a Corinthian, vii. 137

Artochmes, son-in-law of Darius, vii. 73
Aristides, the Just, an Athenian, vii. 79, Artontes, father of Bagæus, iii. 128
82; viii. 79, 81, 95; ix. 28

, son of Mardonius, ix. 84
Aristocrates, father of Casambus, vi. 73 Artybius, a Persian commander, v. 108,
Aristocyprus, king of Solias, v. 113

110
Aristodemus, king of Sparta, iv. 147; vi. Artyntes, a Persian general, vii. 67 ; viï.
52; vii. 204; viii. 131

130
, a Spartan, vii. 229, 231; ix.71 Artyphius, brother of Ariomardus, vii. 66,
Aristodicus, of Cyme, i. 158, 159

67
Aristogiton and Harmodius, v. 55; vi. Artystone, daughter of Cyrus, iii. 88; vü.
109, 123

69
Aristolaides, an Athenian, i. 59

Aryandes, prefect of Egypt, iv. 166, 167,
Aristomachus, father of Aristodemus, vi. 200
52; vii. 204; viii. 131

Aryenis, daughter of Alyattes, i. 74
Ariston of Byzantium, iv. 138

Asbystæ, a Libyan people, iv. 170
-, king of Sparta, i. 67 ; vi. 61-63, 69 Ascalon, a city of Palestine, i. 105
Aristonice, the Pythian, vii. 140

Asia, wife of Prometheus, iv. 45
Aristonymus of Sicyon, vii. 126

geography of, iv. 37-40
Aristophantus, father of Cobon, vi. 66 Asian tribe at Sardis, iv. 45
Aristophilides, king of Tarentum, iii. 136 Asias, son of Cotys, iv. 45
Arizanti, a Median tribe, i. 101

Asinarius, vi. 68
Arizus, a Persian prince, vii. 82

Asine, a city of Peloponnesus, viji. 73
Armenians, i. 194; iii. 93 ; v. 49; vii. 73 Asonides, a captain of Egina, vii. 181
Armenius, Mount, i. 72

Asopians, a people of Baotia, ix. 15
Arpoxais, ancestor of the Scythians, iv.5,6 Asopodorus, a Theban commander, ix. 69
Arsamenes, son of Darius, vii. 68

Asopus, a river of Baotia, vi. 108; vii.
Arsames, grandfather of Darius, i. 209; 199, 200, 216; ix. 15, 29, 43, 51
vii. 11, 224

Aspathines, a Persian prince, iii. 70, 78;
Arsanes, son of Darius, vii. 68

vii. 97
Artabanus, uncle of Xerxes, iv. 83; vii. Assa, a city of Mount Athos, vij. 122
10, 11, 17, 46-53, 66, 67, 75

Assesus, a town of the Milesians, i. 19
Artabates, a Persian, vii. 65

Assyria, i. 102, 106, 177; ii. 17; iv. 39
Artabazanes, eldest son of Darius, vii. 2 Assyrians, i. 95, 102, 103, 106, 177; ii. 141;
Artabazus, a Persian general, vii. 66; viii. vii. 62, 63
126—129; ix. 41, 66, 89

Astacus, father of Melanippus, v. 67
Artace, a city of the Propontis, iv. 14; vi. 33 Aster, father of Anchimolius, v. 63
Artachæes, a Persian general, vii. 117, 122 Astrabacus, a hero of Sparta, vi. 69
Artachæus, father of Artayntes, viii. 130 Astyages, king of the Medes, i. 46, 73–75,
father of Otaspis, vii. 63

107, 108, 123, 127–130, 139
Artæans, ancient name of the Persians, Asychis, king of Egypt, ii. 136
vi. 98; vii. 61

Atarantes, a Libyan people, iv. 184
Artæus, father of Artachæus, vii. 22 Atarbechis, a city of Egypt, ii. 141
father of Azanes, vii. 66

Atarneus, or Atarnea, a city and territory
Artanes, brother of Darius, vii. 224

of Mysia, i. 160 ; vi. 28, 29; vii. 42;
-, a river of Thrace, iv. 49

viii. 106
Artaphernes, brother of Darius, v. 23, 25, Atarnes, a river of Thrace, iv. 49
30-32, 73, 100, 123; vi. 1,4

Athamas, son of Æolus, vii. 197
-, son of Artaphernes, Persian Athenades, a Trachinian, vii. 213
general at Marathon, vi. 94, 116; vii. Athenagoras, a Samian, ix. 90
10, 74

Athens and Athenians, passim
Artaxerxes, son of Xerxes, vi. 98; vii. Athos, Mount, vi. 44, 95 ; vii. 21, 22
106, 151

Athribis, a district in Egypt, ii. 166

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