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operation my advent had interrupted — was that the great preacher retired uncerethat, namely, of lacing his boots! The moniously, while his deacons expelled meeting was certainly a select one, as I Mr. P. from the premises by force. found I only made number four. Besides Of Mr. Spurgeon, our author has much Mr. Peacock himself, there was an old to tell that is really new to the world at infirm woman occupying a cosy chair in large. “ The Tabernacle” is, it seems, the corner, and she was introduced to me by no means the mere "preaching-shop as Mrs. Peacock. She was, I fancy, the it is generally supposed to be ; “it is a proprietor's mother; and 1 afterwards perfect hive of busy workers from serdiscovered she was a sort of Elisha to en every morning until night. The the deceased Joanna, at least upon her rooms behind and under the vast edifice own showing. I've been in the battle are appropriated to the use of the pastor's fifty year, since Joanna died,' she said : college, where young men are trained for 'I'm an old campaigner, sir. A simple the ministry without expense.” In one man, well advanced in years too, with room which our daring commissioner spectacles on nose, was reading from the explores, he discovers twenty young Sealed Prophecies of Joanna, a remark- ladies at a Bible-class ; and in another, able combination of prose and verse, “thirty or forty young men celebrating which gave one rather the idea of alter the Lord's Supper.” In the spacious rate pages taken from the prophecies of rooms below, tables were being laid for Ezel and the History of John Gilpin.” sixteen hundred for tea!. Mr. Spurgeon,
At the first convenient opportunity as he himself confessed, is a sort of Pope our commissioners put the question on over all these people, and though without which, as it seemed to him, the faith of claiming infallibility, he has probably the followers of Joanna appeared to hinge made fewer mistakes than the one who - namely, how was it that their hopes does. His success he attributes entirely did not collapse when the true cause of to the power of prayer. Even “gifts” of that good lady's indisposition was re- a material sort drop in answer to his aprealed by a post mortem examination ? peals, and that in abundance. One lady * They smiled at my heathen ignorance, - a member too of another religious and pointing to the old lady in the corner, body - gave him twenty thousand pounds the two men said: 'There are our hopes. to found his Orphanage at Stockwell, Mrs. Peacock has taken Joanna's place.'” where two hundred and twenty boys are Motives of delicacy prevented our com- boarded, clothed, and taught. On more missioner from hinting at the unlikeli- than one occasion, two thousand pounds hood of a family at the old lady's ad- have been dropped into his letter-box vanced age : but she perceived his diffi- anonymously. When recently attacked culty, and at once relieved him from em- by illness, he began to think the funds barrassment by observing: “It isn't a might suffer through the absence of his material birth as we look for, but a spir- ministrations, but that same evening a itual one.” Satan's “indictment,” she lady left five hundred pounds at his door, went on to tell him," was now ready, and and one thousand pounds came in immea jury of twelve saints were almost very diately afterwards. With all this, he is a literally to sit upon him. I'm expecting modest man, and speaks of himself, accuit every day, sir, every hour.” She had rately enough, indeed, as “no scholar.” published an address to the bishops, But his eloquence and genuine humour dated, as usual with her, from “the Roy- are beyond question. His mighty temple, al Manger,” which had been sent in the which holds six thousand persons, is form of a letter to Lambeth, Fulham and filled in every nook and corner every other episcopal residences ; but no reply Sunday to hear him preach. had been received upon the matter ; He lends it once a year to the Primithough, on the other hand, she felt con- tive Methodists to hold therein their misvinced that a person who had once called sionary meeting, and the Tabernacle “on upon her, soon afterwards, disguised in a the Rant,” as it is euphoniously termed, wig, wide-awake, and mean attire, was no is very curious spectacle indeed. All the other than the Archbishop of Canterbury: speakers were interrupted by the utterNor had they been more successful ances, like pistol-shots, of " Hallelujah ” with other branches of the church ; and “Glory to God,” which proved very “our” Mr. Peacock being especially ag- disconcerting to our reverend commisgrieved with Mr. Spurgeon, to whom he sioner. A proposal to swell the already said he had made a mild appeal at a Tab- large income of the mission, by getting ernacle tea-party; the result of which levery one in the connection to abandon
beer and tobacco, was received with vol- one at Islington, but the Head of the leys of these ejaculations, concerning Church - was in a rich purple cope : the which Dr. Davies tells an excellent sacrificial garments were of white satin, story: “A lady sat at a Primitive Metho-embroidered with gold; there were mindist Chapel close by a poor man who was isters in black tippets, and ministers in remarkably ill shod, and whose exclama- white tippets, and ministers in short surtions were in inverse proportion to his plices with coloured stoles. The musica! shoe-leather. He kept crying out 'Glory performances were magnificent, and there be to God !' until he quite annoyed her; was a special prayer for the low estate and, on leaving chapel, the lady told him of the church.” But there were no “prosuch was the case, promising him a new phetic utterances ;” and if there were pair of boots if he would restrain himself any “unknown tongues,” our commiswithin due bounds. He did so for sev- sioner did not hear them. eral days; but afterwards some particu- From the performances in Gordon larly exciting cause occurred, and he Square to High Mass in Southwark, started up in chapel, shouting out : there is but a small step, and we will not • Boots or no boots, glory be to God!!” pursue the indefatigable Dr. Davies Some of the preachers had considerable thither. The Passionist Fathers at Higheloquence, but the letter h was never in gate ; the West London Synagogue : use except where it ought not to be. the " Plumstead Peculiars ”- people that The conclusion of the chief divine won't call in a doctor, though when tried. seemed to be, that there were at present for manslaughter for their neglect of their seven hundred millions of human beings sick they call in a lawyer to defend them : whose future must be despaired of, and the Sandemanians, á mild and tearful though there were nominally nearly half sect, who seem to suffer greatly from that number of Christians, many of them depression ; the Christadelphians; the were very “dark.” This gentleman was Jumpers — who don't die : “ No, sir, great at quoting hymns ; and as some fa- said one of their chief priests, " we have .miliar line struck their ears, his listeners never given the undertaker a job yet, and would cry out, like the intelligent small don't mean to ;” and yet the Connection boy in a viva voce class : " I know it; Hal is seven years old, and numbers some lelujah !" whereupon he entreated them two hundred in London ; all these and a to restrain themselves till the end of score of other sects were investigated by each verse, “and then cry hallelujah as our author and reported on. We have only much as they liked.” There was one space, however, for a brief notice of two really striking illustration of the numeri- of them ; and among all these various cal strength of the Connection. “Once congregations it would perhaps be hard in every six hours the pearly gates of to find any more dissimilar -- the feloniheaven are thrown back for á Primitive ous flock presided over by the famous Methodist to pass behind them.” And Ned Wright, and the Quakers. The acthe belief of these remarkable people count which is given us of these latter is seems to be that they are thrown back by no means what most of us would ex. for nobody else.
pect: the starch seems to have been A place of worship very different írom iaken out of them of late years in a marthe Tabernacle, and imposing from quite vellous degree. The young ladies of the other reasons, is the Irvingite Chapel in congregation are described as not being Gordon Square. The disciples, indeed, Quakerish at all: “silks rustled up the of the great Edward are not numerous; narrow aisle,” by no means of that hue of the apostolate itself, restored by the pro- silver gray which was once distinctive of phetic call in 1832 to its original number the sect; the bonnets were as " killing.” of twelve, has now dwindled down to as in any fashionable church ; and *1 three; but the splendours of ceremonial noticed upon the ungloved hand of a still survive, and attract the curious. At youthful Quaker matron considerably the week-day evening service, our com- more jewelled circlets than the weddingmissioner counted no less than fourteen ring and keeper.” The men had in many persons “in vestments ;" while the num- cases long beards, and some “ quite a ber of the congregation -- this, however, rakish-looking moustache.” At eleven was in their church at Paddington Green o'clock, the “silent service" commenced:
- was but twenty: like the American how the boys and girls were kept dumb army, the colonels almost outnumbered and unoccupied seems little short of a the privates, but unlike it the uniforms miracle, but so all remained for nearly were superb. ** The Angel ” — not the 'an hour! In the life of the author of
the Ingoldsby Legends, there is a most you travel to Maidstone ? Did they take humorous anecdote of himself and Theo- you in a coach and pair ?' asked Ned. dore Hook buying a bun of pantomimicYes, sir,' faltered the lad, evidently nonproportions, and proposing it as a prize plussed. “Ah! you can go out, my boy; for the Quaker, who, under these circum- I knew you were not a thief. The pracstances, should speak first; in the pres- tised eye had spotted him in a moment. ent case it was a lady who would have He lacked, not the white wedding-robe, earned the bun. She delivered a brief but the black qualification of conviction but practical address ; after which was for crime, and so was walked out into the more silence. Then suddenly, at the darkness. Ned tells me he has constantstroke of one,“ hats were reassumed, and ly to be on his guard against this kind of a general shaking of hands commenced fraud. To get one of those paper-bags with animated conversation and every now being handed round, each containappearance of relief from conscious re- ing half a loaf and a bun, with a jorum of straint."
soup that is to follow, men and boys will To attend the ministrations of Ned assume a óvirtue' though they have it Wright - unless one is a convicted thief not; but they have no chance with Ned. – requires a special invitation. His con- He has been through it all himself, and gregation is naturally jealous lest, under is still as sharp as a nail.” the pretence of curiosity or piety, some After supper commenced the spiritual policeman should attend the service and work, which, though admirable in itself, pick out the ma! who is “ wanted ;” but was still curiously mixed up with mateour reverend commissioner contrived to rial and practical arguments. First, a obtain admittance without qualifying him- gentleman from Port Arthur described self for the Old Bailey. He procured a in a graphic manner the miseries of concard of welcome, which ran as follows : vict-life, and how he had been besought ** Mission Hall, Hales Street, High Street, by one who suffered from it "to go and Deptford. Admit the bearer to Ned speak to the Deptford boys ;” and then Wright's supper for men and boys who "Ned” followed with his homely elohave been convicted of felony. Doors quence, the burden of which was, not open at 5.30. Supper at 6 precisely.” On only that thieving was sinful, but that it the back of the card was written: "Please never pays. “You thieves,” cried he take care that this ticket does not fall boldly, are all cowards and fools." into the hands of detectives, and oblige They need not be offended, since he had yours truly, Edward Wright." Upon been one himself, as he at once proceedreaching the neighbourhood of the Mis- ed to tell them. At the great fire at sion Hall
, our author was much impor- Cotton's Wharf, Ned was following the tuned for cards by the male population, calling of a lighter-man, and, coming who, although, alas! with every qualifica- down stream at the time, ran his barge tion to be of the congregation, are much ashore, stole a boat, and filled his pockets too numerous, it seems, for the limits of with money by rowing people at a shilthe pastor's hospitality. In the chapel ling a head up and down to see the fire. were seated about a hundred guests, " What was the consequence ?” asked " from the lad of eleven who had served he. “Why, next morning, I found myhis seven days in Maidstone Jail, to the self lying dead drunk in a gutter in Toogray-haired and sturdy culprit who had ley Street, with my pockets empty.”. He
done' three terms of penal servitude.” next heard from a pal that the fat had Most of these gentry had got very short run down the gratings into the sewers, hair indeed. “Acurly-wigged little chap where it had hardened, and was to be of ten was seated on a back bench; and had for the taking. Ned and five others though my unpractised eye did not notice got sacks from a rag-shop, and lanterns, bis exuberant chevelure, his cleanliness and worked their way through the sewer, and prettiness led me to say: 'Surely, up to their middles in water, to where the Mr. Wright, that boy is not a thief ?' fat was lying thick on the surface, “like * You shall see,' said Ned. He went to a tub of butter cut in two." In his eagerthe boy, and asked him: " Are you a ness to reach it, Ned outstripped the rest, thief?""'Yes, sir,' was the prompt re- and, just as he was nearing it, one of his ply, with a ready statement of the offence mates opened his lantern to light a pipe. which had got him seven days in Maid- This caught the sewer-gas, and ignited stone jail. Now, what did you sleep on the fat between him and his companions. when you were there, my boy?' • Po- He stood there, and vowed to God, if he licemen's jackets, sir.' . And how did got out, he would alter his course ; thes
plunging into the water, he swam under scribes the investigations of them as the fire, and got back safely. “ Just so, ,” having taught himself, is one of Tolerance he said, “ you are brave when being and Charity ; and even if missing that,
jollied' by your pals, but cowards when these revelations of “ Unorthodox Lonin the silent cell. You are fools, too. don" cannot fail, as it seems to us, to be You get nothing out of your thieving interesting to every thoughtful mind. A lad in this room stole a pair of boots, worth five shillings and sixpence, and sold them for one penny; another, a jug worth one shilling, for which he got a halfpenny.” Then a hymn was sung, to the tune of “ Just before the battle, MINERS' RULES IN THE SEVENTEENTH mother ;” and on went Ned again, actually forcing the fellows to listen to him with On looking over a package of old pahis tremendous lung-power and peculiar pers I have found some documents, of habit of dropping down on any“ larky" which I enclose copies, written by a Gerlistener. “ Look you here!” he said. man miner, named Brandshagen, who was “ There was a fellow kicking at the door employed by my ancestor, Sir Philip just now. I went out, and found a chap Egerton, to superintend the attempt to as big and ugly as myself, and pinched work copper in the New Red Sandstone his nose rather hard. You wouldn't do strata of Cheshire in the year 1697. As that if I was along-side you.” He ended the rules for miners of that age afford so with a really eloquent though homely strong a contrast to the unruly behaviour picture of Christ crucified between two of that class at the present day, they may thieves, and taking one with him to Para- perhaps interest some of the readers of dise. “ The devil says," he concluded, NATURE. P. DE M. GREY-EGERTOX. * Can God have such fellows as you in heaven?' Yes, He can. I have been Worthy & most honourable Sir, worse than any of you. Before I
Your worship give most humbly seventeen, I fought young Cooper of thanks for employment meself and my Redhill for two hours and twenty min- countrymen about your Worship mines, utes, was flogged in her Majesty's navy, which I have enjoyed now above 4 and tried and convicted at Newgate for weekes, & not to be att all further unacfelony. I came, like that thief, to Jesus quainted unto your Worship, I could not Christ. Take my word for it, thieving forbeare to give a true & plain account of don't pay."
what I have observed in this time about After all was over, many staid “ to these mines, as good as my smal underspeak with Ned," and as it really seemed standing in ye English linguage would
for nothing more was to be got to eat permit, & if it was in any way acceptable - with sincere intentions of amendment. then my wishes & desires where fulSome were still strong and hopeful for filled. Í have this time also endeavoured the future ; others “ utterly heart-broken to blow up ye rocks by guns powder, as at the idea of anybody taking notice of the best way to kill them, butt in ye first them.” At all events, as our author well time I found ye elements as airc & water remarks, these living bundles of rags, where against my designe, ye last I have dirty and shock-headed though they were, conquered, and hope I shall do so ye othafforded a happy contrast there, on er next time when I have occasion for it. their bended knees, or recalling from old I found also some other small things Sunday-school days snatches of old which would not so soon agree with my hymns — to the shouting rabble kicking hands, for there are many years past, that at the door without.
I did work under ground with my owne There are in Dr. Davies’s volume many hands, butt all these things are noiv dismore graphic descriptions, and curious ceased, onely that I was lately too covetillustrations of the variety of our forms ous & would have more rocks blown up of creed : most of these sects seem then my powder was able to; what other carnest, genuine, and well-conducted in blasts for effect have done, your Worship their relations to their fellow-creatures; can be informed of it by Mr. Smith. I the majority of them are confident not shall endeavour all what is in my power only that their narrow formulas contain to serve your Worship with that underall that man's spiritual nature demands, standing I have about mines to which I but that its food is to be found nowhere have employed meself now above 15 year, else. The lesson that our author de-l in spending a great deal of money as well. for learning as travelling in many places to ye honour & glory of him, & to ye benin Europe where good mines where, to efit & blessinesse of ye mines Lords & come to any perfection in this art. I their whole familie. have received now my things for examin- After this every one must goe to his ation of ye oare, which I will doe as soon post, & diligently performe to what ye as possibly I can come to it in this deso- steward shall order him, in doing ye conlate place, where nothing in ye world is trary he shall be duely punished, & he to be had for any commodities what so- who shall leave ye work within ye duely . erer it may be, & whilst we are strangers hours & before ye signe is given, shall here, & must buy all things for ready, it loose 6d. or for every half-an-hour 2d. as is impossible to life of what your Wor- ye steward shall think fitt, & he that is ship has allowed unto us & therefore I found neglectfull shall every time have Loubt not your Worship will make a dis- forfeited 2d. tinction between workmen & workmen, When it is pay-day, every workman bewith which I recommend me into your fore he gett money must shew to ye stewWorship' favour allways remaining ard his tools and other things what is Your Worship most humble Servant, trusted in his hand by ye lost of all his
J. A. BRANDSHAGEN. wages, & if there should want any of such Bickerton, Sept. ye 24th, 1697
things, he must leave so much money of For the Right Honourable Sr Phillipp his wages as it is worthy in ye stewards Egerton, Knt., these.
hand till he restores ye same.
He that hindered one another in his Rules for all Workmen in general. work it may be in what way it will, either One of every Workmen he may be of by ill words, quarreling or in other ways, what sort he will shall come half an hour must duely be punished as ye steward before ye duely time & give a certain thinks fitt, because every one must be number of strucks with a hammer on an quiet with his work; have they any thing Iron plate, erected to this purpose, to one against an other they may bring it give a Signe to ye other workmen to before ye stewart, or cleare their things come att work, half an hour after he shall after ye work is done att an other place. coe so att a second time by an other No body shall be permitted without aumber of strucks & shall streike no more leave of ye steward to take any oare away then ye duely strucks by forfeiting 2d., he for a shewing piece, or under any other has ye same signes to give all day when pretext, but he may ye same aske from ye miners shall come out & goe under ye steward & be content with that he ground again, & this shall doe one work- gives lim, and if any should doe
ye conman after an other from day to day, & he trary, he is so heigh to punish as ye stewwho has done ye businesse this day shall ard shall think sufficient. remember to his follower that he has to No body shall bring any person or percoe ye same next day, & he that wilfully sons not belonging to ye mines, either neglected these remembrance shall be under ground or at any other place where punished together with him that shall doe ye oares or other things are, without perthis businesse next day (if he neglect it) mission of ye steward, & that by ye penfor he himself must be careful about ye alty of one shilling: time & day to doe this, & he that shall Every man must be in a Christian-like give ye signs too late, has forfeited 6d., & behaviour, and he that speekes blashe that shall not doe it att all shall loose phemes, or gives scandales, or does other all his wages, due to him, & by consent things near ye mines with which God is of ye mines Lords shall be turned of from offended, sliall every time be punished re work.
with 4d. or more according to his crime. In ye morning before ye last struck is When it is pay-day every one must be done on ye Iron plate every workman be- of a modest behaviour against ye stewonging to ye ntines must appeare to ye ard, and must not murmur against him appointed place near ye work, or he has when his wages is decurted for punishforfeited 21., & he that comes half-an- ment, butt must bring his complaints (if hour after, 2d. more, & so following for he has any against it) before ye mines every half-an-hour 2d., and this is under- Lord, if nevertheless that he has gotten stood of all times when ye signe is given. his wages, he must not go from ye stew
When they are together they may doe ard away, till ye whole payment is done, a short prayer that God may give his & can give witnesse that every one has blessing to their work, that it may raise received his due.