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Chancellerie he enjoys undisputed sway. | are far from giving the matter the importThere he has no colleagues, but only ance attached to it by the foreign press. fficials : intelligent, independent, active The situation apart from the aforesaid fficials, but only officials. There he has incident, raised by some misused and o do with the Bundesrath and Reichstag misunderstood terms in Herr Lasker's lone, and has no fear that his plans will speech -- was in fact this :- Prince Bise crossed by a rebellious House of marck had promised his master to have ords. And what he wishes is to dimin- discussed and voted during this session sh the importance of the Prussian Min- the law on the German army, which the . stry and Parliament; and he believes Field-Marshals von Moltke and von Roon hat his personal aspirations coincide deem indispensable to assimilate the vith those of the nation as well as with whole German force to the Prussian syshe historical development of the German tem. On the other hand, the House itate ; he feels himself supported by the insisted upon the presentation of a genurrent of affairs and by public opinion eral Press Bill. Prince Bismarck, equally - as often as public opinion understands indifferent to these questions, and undersim and his aims, which is not always the standing, as little about the one as the ase in the Fatherland, where political other, had evidently but one desire – ntelligence is as rare in 1873 as it was in viz. to satisfy both the Emperor and the 865. The first step Prince Bismarck Reichstag, through whose will he governs nade towards his aim was in the begin- Germany. So he promised a law on the ning of this year, when he resigned the press, as he had promised a law on the Presidency of the Prussian Cabinet, (army, and charged his Prussian officials nanding it over to Field-Marshal Von with the drawing of a bill. He asserted Roon, with the remarkable observation afterwards -- and there is no reason to that he might occasionally send in his doubt his word — that he had not suffivote through Herr Delbruck when he ciently studied the bill before introducing should not be able to attend the Council it; and he hinted that the whole affair himself. The next step he has just made might be a blow aimed at himself, and in obtaining for his alter ego, Herr Von intended to make him appear ultra-ConBalan, the right to fill his seat in the Coun- servative in the eyes of the Liberals. cil, and to take part in its deliberations, He might have added that even if he had if not with the same authority, certainly studied the bill he would not have underin the same spirit as his superior: for stood its bearing; for there is no public Herr von Balan is not the man to forget man in Europe, perhaps, more ignorant or neglect his patron's instructions. The of the conditions and the power of the question now is, whether the absence of press than the Chancellor: he is always the first man in the realm from the Prus- either overrating or underrating it. All sian Ministry will, as he seems to be this, however, is no excuse for a stateslieve, throw that body into the shade, or man. As soon as he had endorsed the whether the Prince's absence from the measure it became his; and he disowned Council will impair his influence in the and withdrew it too late. The ChancelState. As yet, if we judge by facts, the lor, indeed, has one great defect — "le Chancellor is completely master of the défaut d'une qualité” – which often plays situation; as the religious policy of him dangerous tricks. He is wont to Prussia and the Empire - his personal concentrate his intellect and influence on work - distinctly proves.,

one point at a time, and to neglect all Nor is the influence of Prince Bismarck else. This, no doubt, gives him unusual on the wane in the Reichstag. A bitter strength, but it allows certain questions altercation which took place between the to grow into dangerous difficulties. He Chancellor and the leader of the Liberal might have prevented the Catholic quesmajority in the House, Herr Lasker, on tion from assuming the proportions it has the 16th of June (in which the former was taken by supporting Prince Hohenlohe's certainly right, if not in form, at any rate and Count Daru's proposal in February, in substance), is already forgotten. A 1870. But he was then engrossed in week afterwards Herr Lasker publicly watching the movements of France; and made his peace with the Chancellor in when he turned his mind to the subject the Chancellor's own drawing-room. it was late, if not too late. And the same This incident was due to the new Press thing seems to have happened to him in Bill which Prince Bismarck had been regard to this question of internal policy, careless enough to introduce. However, wherein he needs the support of all GerParliament and the Liberal party know man Liberals to counterbalance certain him too well to bear him any ill-will, and Court influences. Parliament, however,


knows the man too well, and has learned as the starting point of a long course of by too sharp an experience that he is to cautious legislation, designed to bring be taken as he is, to withdraw their con- about the same relations between the fidence from him because of a single false State and religious bodies in Hungary step. Scarcely had he withdrawn the as exist in the United States. While bill on the press, when the untoward avowing his preference for the American event was forgotten and forgiven ; and it method of solving, or rather of avoiding, is by no means impossible that a liberal difficulties between Church and State. press law may be introduced in the he said that in Europe, owing to the November session, together with the close union between the two in the past, general Army Bill. Besides, many mem- such a method could only be adopted bers seem to think that the Chancellor gradually and cautiously. At the same was not very wrong when he contested time, it was necessary to avoid even the the right of the small class of German faintest appearance of persecution or journalists to identify itself with the peo- partiality, for no man is so dangerous as ple and to oppose Government to people. a martyr. Thus he would object to simThe German nation cares less for new ply excluding the bishops of the Roman press laws than for those measures which, and Greek Churches from the Upper like the Coinage Bill and the Bill for the House, but, when the question of the reunification of the civil law, accelerate the form of the Upper House came on for unity of Germany and facilitate the inter- discussion, would favour a proposal that course of her citizens; and the nation is no official position should carry with it a perfectly aware that Prince Bismarck is seat in that House, as that would not instill, as ever, the most powerful champion vidiously single out bishops alone for exthose measures have.

clusion. In the second place, he hoped soon to see civil marriage made compalsory, observing that optional and compulsory civil marriage should be re

garded with disfavour by the clergy as From The Pall Mall Gazette.

savouring of insult to their order. ThirdCHURCH AND STATE IN HUNGARY.

ly, M. Deák, while admitting that many The Bishop of Rovnyo, in the north of his hearers would not agree with him, of Hungary, lately published in a pastoral expressed his desire to see the property letter to the clergy of his diocese the de- of the State Church divided equitably crees of the Vatican Council relating to between the Church and the State, the the infallibility of the Pope without hav- share of the former to be devoted to reing obtained the Royal permission re- ligious purpose, that of the latter to eduquired by law for the publication of de- cation. On this point he could not hold crees coming from Rome. The Bishop up for imitation the conduct of other Euwas in consequence duly reprimanded by ropean States, some of whom had simply M. Trefort, the Minister for Public Wor- confiscated the property of the Church ship. Some members of the Opposition without giving any equivalent benefit, in the Hungarian Parliament brought for- while others on taking possession of ward a motion censuring the Minister Church property charged themselves for not having proceeded with greater with the expenses of public worship, severity against the offending prelate, thus introducing a new source of comand cited a law of the date of 1507 as plications in the place of the old. Lastly, justifying his deposition from office. with regard to the self-government of The Minister replied by proposing the the Roman Catholic Church in Hungary, appointment of a Commission to report M Deák held that the State had only a on the relations of Church and State in negative right of interference; in other Hungary. The debate which followed words, that it should not prescribe to has afforded M. Deák, “the sage of the Hungarian Catholics any scheme of selfcountry," an opportunity of expressing government, but merely veto those points his views with regard to the subject. in which the rights of the State may be His speech, which of course appears in infringed. For instance, he would not all the honour of large print in the Pesti allow any religious body to arrogate to Napló, is distinguished, like all his other itself the right of punishing its members. greater efforts, by a tone of studied mod- M. Deák closed his speech by deprecateration. Having first justified the Min-ing most earnestly any discussion of the ister in terms calculated to propitiate the question as to which party had been amour propre of his censors, he pro- hitherto most in the right. posed to take the incident before them

Fifth Series,
Volume III.

No. 1523. - August 16, 1873.

From Beginning,


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CONTENTS. I. DE RETZ AND THE FRONDE. By the author of “Mirabeau,” etc.,


author of " Dorothy Fox.” Part IX., Good Words, III. LECTURES ON MR. DARWIN'S PHILOSOPHY OF

LANGUAGE. By Prof. Max Müller. Third

Fraser's Magazine,
IV. INNOCENT: A Tale of Modern Life. By Mrs.

Oliphant, author of “Salem Chapel," " The
Minister's Wife,” “Squire Arden," etc.
Part XI.,






386 | NEW ROME. By Matthew Arnold, OUT OF THE DEEP,

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PRACTISING THE ANTHEM. | The dreamlike falling, from the still, grey A SUMMER wind blows through the open

skies, porch,

With falling flakes of snow, And 'neath the rustling eaves;

Of mellow chimes from old cathedral bells, A summer light of moonrise, calm and pale,

Solemn, and sweet, and slow. Shines through a veil of leaves.

To hear loved footsteps beating time with

mine The soft gusts bring a scent of summer flowers, Fresh with the falling dew,

Along the churchyard lane; And round the doorway, glimmering white as

Round the old blazing hearth to see

Loved faces once again. snow, The tender petals strew.

When may I come? O Lord, when may I go? Clear through the silence, from a reedy pool

Nay, I must wait Thy will. The curlew's whistle thrills;

Give patience, Lord, and in Thine own best A lonely mopoke sorrowfully cries

way From the far-folding hills.

My hopes and prayers fulfil. .

AUSTRALIA, 1872. ADA CAMBRIDGE. A lovely night - and yet so sad and strange!

Sunday Magazine. My fingers touch the key And down the empty church my Christmas song Goes ringing, glad and free.

OUT OF THE DEEP. Each sweet note knocks at dreaming memo- “ALAS! sad eyes that know too much, ry's door,

Turn, turn, oh turn! look not this way; And memory wakes in pain;

Be wise — be wise'; my sin was such The spectral faces she had turned away

I cannot bear your glance to-day. Come crowding in again.

“I've pierced thine heart in such a wise, The air seems full of music all around

My own is deadened by thy pain: I know not what I hear,

All softening sorrow hopeless dies, The multitudinous echoes of the past,

And through despair I sin again. Or those few voices near.

“Strange that thy life God did not keep Ah me! the dim aisle vaguely widens out,

Secure from such a thing as I!” I see me stand therein;

Too late to sever; she would weep A glory of grey sculpture takes the light

(Therefore he lives) if he should die. A winter morn brings in.

Spectator. No more I smell the fragrant jessamine flowers

That flake a moonlit floor;
The rustling night-breeze and the open porch

I hear and see no more.

LINES WRITTEN FOR MISS STORY'S ALBUM. Great solemn windows, with a long, long nave

The armless Vatican Cupid Their shadowed rainbows fling;

Hangs down his beautiful head; Dark purbeck shafts, with hoary capitals,

For the priests have got him in prison, In carven archways spring.

And Psyche long has been dead.

But see, his shaven oppressors And overhead the throbbing organ-waves

Begin to quake and disband; Roll in one mighty sea,

And The Times, that bright Apollo, Bearing the song the herald angels sang,

Proclaims salvation at hand. Of Christ's nativity.

“And what,” cries Cupid, “ will save us?" Dear hands touch mine beneath the open book, Says Apollo : “ Modernize Rome! Sweet eyes look in my face,

What inns! Your streets, too, how narrow! They smile — they melt in darkness; I am Too much of palace and dome !

snatched From my familiar place.

“O learn of London, whose paupers

Are not pushed out by the swells ! The summer night-wind blows upon my tears,

Wide streets with fine double trottoirs, Its flowery scent is pain

And then — the London hotels !” O cold white day! O noble minster when

The armless Vatican Cupid May I come back again?

Hangs down his head as before.

Through centuries past it has hung so, To hear the angels' anthem shake the air,

And will through centuries more. Where never discord jars, –

Cornhill Magazine. MATTHEW ARNOLD The Christmas carols in the windy street, Under the frosty stars.

* See The Times of April 15th.


From Temple Bar. of France just previous to the breaking DE RETZ AND THE FRONDE.

out of the war of the “Fronde" : MIRABEAU," ETC. The great religious wave of the Refor

The greatest degree of illusion in a minister mation, which had swept over central and for a state of rest and even of health. The

is to mistake a state of lethargy in a kingdom western Europe during the sixteenth cen- lethargy I mean, and into which France had tury, had loosened the very foundations fallen, is always preceded by ill and dangerous of mediævalism, and scarcely had the

symptoms. The overthrowing of the ancient waters of that mighty food begun to sub- laws, the destroying those boundaries which side ere another and yet more resistless were placed between the king and the people, wave, that of political freedom, carried and the establishing arbitrary and absolute away feudalism into the ocean of eternity. power, were the original symptoms of the conFrom end to end of the civilized world vulsive fits that our fathers have seen France men's minds were convulsed with the labour under, and which preceded the lethargy throes of a new birth of thought. The I speak of. Cardinal Richelieu, like an emNetherlands had thrown off the yoke of the struggle they occasioned, made her appear

piric, made use of violent medicines, which, by Spain ; England was girding up her loins

outwardly strong and vigorous, but in the for her great struggle against tyranny; main helped to exhaust her. Cardinal Mazaand France, turbulent but purposeless, as rin, a very unskilful physician, knowing nothusual, having under the iron rule of Riche- ing of her weakness nor of the chemical selieu recruited her strength from the crets by which his great predecessor had enexhausting wars of the League, was pre- deavoured to support her, weakened her yet paring to make a last struggle against that more by evacuations, and was the cause of the absolutism which, victorious at last, for lethargy into which she fell at last, which his nearly a hundred and fifty years after- ignorance made him mistake for a state of rest wards encrusted, but did not extinguish, and even of health. The provinces, exposed her volcanic fires.

as a prey to superintendents, after the severe Richelieu broke down the stupendous which had served only to increase and exas

struggles they had made in Richelieu's time, edifices of the feudal system; but after perate their evils, sank at last under their his death the ruins still cumbered the loads, and remained in a state of drowsiness. ground. He shattered the power of the Parliaments, which were just before groaning great nobles; but even the fragments were under the yoke, were in a manner grown inmighty. What he wrested from them he sensible to their present miseries by the too gave to the King, and relentlessly crushed quick sense they still preserved of those they all liberty. He worked for his own age, had lately felt. The great men, the most of with little or no thought of the future, whom had been banished the kingdom, spent leaving posterity to do the same. He

their time idly in their beds, which they had died, and his weak, worthless master soon

been overjoyed to come to again. Had that

general drowsiness been well managed, it followed him. Anne of Austria, whom

might perhaps have lasted longer; but the the Cardinal had laboured to destroy minister, mistaking it for a gentle sleep, took throughout his life, and, failing in that, no care about it. The disease grew worse; had degraded in the eyes of the nation, the head awaked; Paris felt its pains, and was appointed regent over an infant king, groaned aloud; these groans were not regardbut was entirely swayed by the counsels ed, and they turned the disease into a frenof the infamous Mazarin.

zy. This new minister was in every respect

The first sign of life proceeded from the the opposite of his great predecessor: an Parliament. They murmured at the edicts Italian of mean extraction and doubtful which established a tariff, and no sooner had life, rising into power by base arts,

they done that than everybody began to awake. treacherous, unprincipled, cowardly,

At their awakening they groped about in the

dark to find out the laws; but no laws were to imbued with every typical vice of his be found. People began to be scared and to

cry aloud for them; and in this agitation the De Retz in his “ Memoirs,” gives the questions that arose from the explaining of following striking picture of the condition them, from the obscure which they were be


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