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case to which Beth Shamai would restrict | lation is to be found in the decision, that its application, is enough to prove that, a man is guilty who plucks a flower, leaf, however opposed the opposite view or fruit from a plant growing in a perfomight be to sound morality, it was quite rated flower-pot, but guiltless if the pot consistent with the legislation on the be not perforated.* subject.

It is impossible to contemplate the hisAnother point in which the Oral Law of tory of the Jewish nation as controlled by the Jews appears to have passed, by the the iron rule of tradition, and fettered by time of the completion of the Talmud, the subtleties of the Halaca, without a through phases similar to those familiar certain feeling of melancholy. There is to English lawyers under the name of so much in the heroic endurance of this legal fictions, regards the law of the ancient race; in the sublime contempt of Sabbath. The precept to rest from work their paternal faith for chance and change on that day obtained such a comprehen- in human affairs ; in their unshaken exsive application, that the question arose pectation, with that which is the evidence whether the wearing of a false tooth on of things unseen, of the King Messiah ; leaving the house on the Sabbath (as be in the noble confession, "and though He ing something borne as a burden by the retard his coming, yet will I wait for Him wearer) was not a breach of the law. till He appears ;” to command sympathy After sunset on the eve of the Sabbath and respect, that we may at first feel at a it was forbidden to go forth with a loss to account for the strict exclusion of weapon, with a needle, with a chain, a the Jews from the comity of nations. finger-ring, a girdle, or a purse. Thirty- | The folk lore of the world is instinct with nine principal occupations are named as anticipation of good to come. Rer quonforbidden on the Sabbath. Among dam, Rexque futurus, was the epitaph of these are : to tie, to untie, to sew two or a legendary king, of our own blood, that more stitches, to kindle or to extinguish attested this common expectation. Don fire, to write two letters of the alpha- Sebastian is even yet expected in Portubet, or to carry anything from one dom- gal to return from his protracted exile. icile to another. The excessive severity The sleep of Ragner Lodbrok is to be into which the original command of re- broken when the old Norse king's time posing from work on the Sabbath had has come. The advent of the twelfth thus become exaggerated, was met by Imaum is expected by the disciples of certain legal fictions respecting what is the Arabian Prophet. No less local, percalled “reshuth," for which the nearest sonal, and certain is the reign of Christ equivalent is the term domicile.

which some Christians hold to be fore. In the Seder Moed, or second order of told on earth, and designate as the the Talmud, which treats of Festivals, Millennium. So closely do these expecthe first treatise regards the due obsery- tations, notably the last, join with the one ance of the Sabbath-day. But this is great conservative element of the Jewish followed by the tract Erubin, or the com- creed, that we might be tempted to supbination of places and limits, by means pose that the differences which separate of which the extreme rigour of the rab- that nation from Islam or from Christenbinical ordinances may be considerably dom are little other than those idle doglightened. This legislation is so entirely matic subtleties, which have but little conventional as to show that its growth philosophical weight, although they often and development must have been tardy. raise polemical controversy to its whitest Thus, according to the Mishna, no man glow. is allowed to go beyond 2,000 paces from But when we sound the sombre, excluthe bounds of his domicile on the day of sive, pitiless depths of the inner doctrine rest — the Sabbath-day's journeys of the of the Talmud, we see that a reason exists Gospels. But if he has deposited food for for that marked and secular demarcation two meals in any particular place, before between the Jew and the Gentile, for the Sabbath, he has established a legal which we were about to blame our own domicile there, beyond which he may go intolerance. Purposely and rigidly, in for 2,000 paces. Again, the houses in a exile no less than in the splendour of the court or street may be combined into one theocratic polity, has the hand of the Jew “reshuth," so as to allow things to be con- been directed by the depositaries of his veyed from one house to another on the traditions against every man. It is the Sabbath. Perhaps the most striking law of self-defence that has raised the proof of the extremely artificial and conventional nature of this elaborate legis- |

* Sabboth, x. 6.

hand of every man against him. Our aware that the cause is no mere illusion, ancestors were not, after all, so blindly that it has its substance in words spoken cruel as some writers are too ready to by living lips, in things that belong to the admit. Offers of friendship and of broth- work-day world. erhood are as powerless as are the fires of It was thus that Isaura woke the mornthe Inquisition to break down that moraling after the conversation with Alain de wall, substantial as the very fortress wall Rochebriant, and as certain words, then of the Temple, that resisted the voice of spoken, echoed back on her ear, she knew Christ, and that has been strengthened why she was so happy, why the world by the constant efforts of the doctors of was so changed. the Talmud for five centuries after thei In those words she heard the voice of fall of Jerusalem. The power of resist-Graham Vane - no! she had not deance is the same at this moment that it ceived herself — she was loved ! she was was two thousand years ago. The point loved! What mattered that long cold of attack is still the same as in the days interval of absence ? She had not forof Herod. To the question, “ Who is my gotten — she could not believe that abneighbour ?" the Talmud returns one sence had brought forgetfulness. There reply, and the parable of the Good Sa- are moments when we insist on judging maritan another. The mercy to be shown, another's heart by our own. All would as Moses taught, to the stranger, is be explained some day — all would come qualified by the Halaca by the assump- right. tion that he must also be a proselyte. / How lovely was the face that reflected All questions as to which accord would itself in the glass as she stood before it be otherwise possible, whether in the smoothing back her long hair, murmuring historic past, or the dimly predicted sweet snatches of Italian love-song, and future, are insoluble, while the justice, blushing with sweeter love-thoughts as mercy, and truth — the weightier matters she sang! All that had passed in that of the Law — are, by the guardians of the year so critical to her outer life — the auLaw of Moses, confined to those of their thorship, the fame, the public career, the own faith and blood. The vitality of popular praise – vanished from her mind Judaism was contained in the doctrine, as a vapour that rolls from the face of a that the Jews had one father, even God. lake to which the sunlight restores the The hope of the future of humanity lies smile of a brightened heaven. in the good tidings that God is the com She was more the girl now than she had mon Father of mankind.

ever been since the day on which she sat reading Tasso on the craggy shore of Sorrento.

Singing still as she passed from her

chamber, and entering the sitting-room, From Blackwood's Magazine.

which fronted the east, and seemed bathed THE PARISIANS.

in the sunbeams of deepening May, she BY LORD LYTTON.

took her bird from its cage, and stopped BOOK NINTH.

her song to cover it with kisses, which

perhaps yearned for vent somewhere. CHAPTER 1.

Later in the day she went out to visit On waking some morning, have you Valérie. Recalling the altered manner of ever felt, reader, as if a change for the her young friend, her sweet nature bebrighter in the world, without and within came troubled. She divined that Valérie you, had suddenly come to pass — some i had conceived some jealous pain which new glory has been given to the sun- she longed to heal ; she could not bear shine, some fresh balm to the air — you the thought of leaving any one that day feel younger, and happier, and lighter, in unhappy. Ignorant before of the girl's the very beat of your heart - you almost feelings towards Alain, she now partly fancy you hear the chime of some spirit- ! guessed them — one woman who loves in ual music far off, as if in the deeps of secret is clairvoyante as to such secrets heaven? You are not at first conscious in another. how, or wherefore, this change has been Valérie received her visitor with a coldbrought about. Is it the effect of a dream ness she did not attempt to disguise. in the gone sleep, that has made this Not seeming to notice this, Isaura commorning so different from mornings that menced the conversation with frank menhave dawned before ? And while vaguely tion of Rochebriant. “ I have to thank asking yourself that question, you become you so much, dear Valérie, for a pleasure

you could not anticipate - that of talking not assign a future on which we canabout an absent friend, and hearing the not talk to another. What soothsayer can praise he deserved from one so capa- tell us if the dream of a yesterday will ble of appreciating excellence as M. de be renewed on the night of a morrow? All Rochebriant appears to be."

is said — we trust one another, dearest." “You were talking to M. de Rochebriant of an absent friend - ah! you seemed

CHAPTER II. indeed very much interested in the con- That evening the Morleys looked in versation - "

at Isaura's on their way to a crowded as“Do not wonder at that, Valérie ; and sembly at the house of one of those rich do not grudge me the happiest moments Americans, who were then outvying the I have known for months."

| English residents at Paris in the good “In talking with M. de Rochebriant ! graces of Parisian society. I think the No doubt, Mademoiselle Cicogna, you Americans get on better with the French found him very charming."

than the English do - I mean the higher To her surprise and indignation, Va- class of Americans. They spend more lérie here felt the arm of Isaura tenderly money; their men speak French better; entwining her waist, and her face drawn the women are better dressed, and, as a towards Isaura's sisterly kiss.

general rule, have read more largely, aad “Listen to me, naughty child - listen converse more frankly. and believe. M. de Rochebriant can Mrs. Morley's affection for Isaura had never be to me never touch a 'increased during the last few months. As chord in my heart or my fancy, except as so notable an advocate of the ascendancy friend to another, or — kiss me in your of her sex, she felt a sort of grateful pride turn, Valérie --as suitor to yourself.” in the accomplishments and growing re

Valérie here drew back her pretty child- nown of so youthful a member of the oplike head, gazed keenly a moment into pressed sisterhood. But, apart from that Isaura's eyes, felt convinced by the sentiment, she had conceived a tender limpid candour of their unmistakable mother-like interest for the girl who stood honesty, and Ainging herself on her in the world so utterly devoid of family friend's bosom, kissed her passionately, ties, so destitute of that household guarand burst into tears.

dianship and protection which, with all The complete reconciliation between her assertion of the strength and dignity the two girls was thus peacefully effected; of woman, and all her opinions as to woand then Isaura had to listen, at no small man's right of absolute emancipation length, to the confidences poured into from the conventions fabricated by the her ears by Valérie, who was fortunately selfishness of man, Mrs. Morley was too too engrossed by her own hopes and sensible not to value for the individual, doubts to exact confidences in return. though she deemed it not needed for the Valérie's was one of those impulsive mass. Her great desire was that Isaura eager natures that longs for a confidante. should marry well, and soon. American Not so Isaura's. Only when Valérie had women usually marry so young, that it unburthened her heart, and been soothed seemed to Mrs. Morley an anomaly in and caressed into happy trust in the fu- social life, that one so gifted in mind ture, did she recall Isaura's explanatory and person as Isaura should already have words, and said, archly : “And your ab- passed the age in which the belles of the sent friend? Tell me about him. Is he great Republic are enthroned as wives as handsome as Alain ?"

and consecrated as mothers. “Nay," said Isaura, rising to take up We have seen that in the past year the mantle and hat she had laid aside on she had selected from our unworthy but entering: “they say that the colour of a necessary sex, Graham Vane as a suitaflower is in our vision, not in the leaves." ble spouse to her young friend. She had Then with a grave melancholy in the divined the state of his heart — she had look she fixed upon Valérie, she added : more than suspicions of the state of Isau“ Rather than distrust of me should oc- ra's. She was exceedingly perplexed, casion you pain, I have pained myself, in and exceedingly chafed at the Englishmaking clear to you the reason why I felt man's strange disregard to his happiness interest in M. de Rochebriant's conver- and her own projects. She had counted, sation. In turn, I ask of you a favour — all this past winter, on his return to Paris ; do not on this point question me farther. and she became convinced that some There are some things in our past which 'misunderstanding, possibly some lover's influence the present, but to which we dare quarrel, was the cause of his protracted

absence, and a cause that, if ascertained, mous: what will be his admiration now.! could be removed. A good opportunity Men are so vain — they care for us so now presented itself - Colonel Morley much more when people praise us. But, was going to London the next day. He till we have put the creatures in their had business there which would detain proper place, we must take them for what him at least a week. He would see Gra- they are." ham; and as she considered her husband Here the Venosta, with whom the poor the shrewdest and wisest person in the Colonel had exhausted all the arts at his world - I mean of the male sex - she command for chaining her attention, could had no doubt of his being able to turn be no longer withheld from approaching Graham's mind thoroughly inside out, Mrs. Morley, and venting her admiration and ascertain his exact feelings, views, of that lady's wreath, earrings, robes, and intentions. If the Englishman, thus flounces. This dazzling apparition had assayed, were found of base metal, then, on her the effect which a candle has on at least, Mrs. Morley would be free to a moth — she fluttered round it, and cast him altogether aside, and coin for longed to absorb herself in its blaze. the uses of the matrimonial market some But the wreath especially fascinated her bobler effigy in purer gold.

- a wreath which no prudent lady with “My dear child," said Mrs. Morley, in colourings less pure, and features less low voice, nestling herself close to Isau- exquisitely delicate than the pretty chamra, while the Colonel, duly instructed, pion of the rights of woman, could have drew off the Venosta, “have you heard fancied on her own brows without a shudanything lately of our pleasant friend Mr. der. But the Venosta in such matters Vane?"

was not prudent. “It can't be, dear," You can guess with what artful design she cried piteously, extending her arms Mrs. Morley put that question point towards Isaura. “I must have one exblank, fixing keen eyes on Isaura while actly like. Who made it? Cara signoshe put it. She saw the heightened col ra, give me the address.” our, the quivering lip, of the girl thus ab- “Ask the Colonel, dear Madame; he ruptly appealed to, and she said; inly: “I chose and bought it," and Mrs. Morley was right - she loves him!”

glanced significantly at her well-tutored “I heard of Mr. Vane last night - ac- Frank. cidentally."

“Madame," said the Colonel, speaking “ Is he coming to Paris soon ?"

in English, which he usually did with the “ Not that I know of. How charming- Venosta -- who valued herself on knowly that wreath becomes you! it suits the ing that language, and was flattered to be earrings so well, too.”

addressed in it - while he amused him“Frank chose it ; he has good taste for self by introducing into its forms the a man. I trust him with my commissions dainty Americanisms with which he puzto Hunt and Roskell's, but I limit him as zled the Britisher — he might well puzzle to price, he is so extravagant - men are, the Florentine, — “Madame, I am too when they make presents. They seem to anxious for the appearance of my wife to think we value things according to their submit to the test of a rival screamer like cost. They would gorge us with jewels, yourself in the same apparel. With all and let us starve for want of a smile. Not the homage due to a sex of which I am that Frank is so bad as the rest of them. enthused dreadful, I decline to designate But à propos of Mr. Vane — Frank will the florist from whom I purchased Mrs. be sure to see him, and scold him well for Morley's head fixings.” deserting us all. I should not be sur-' “ Wicked man ! " cried the Venosta, prised if he brought the deserter back shaking her finger at him coquettishly. with him, for I send a little note by Frank, “ You are jealous ! Fie ! a man should inviting him to pay us a visit. We have never be jealous of a woman's rivalry spare rooms in our apartments."

with woman ;” and then with a cynicism Isaura's heart heaved beneath her robe, that might have become a greybeard, she but she replied in a tone of astonishing added, “but of his own sex every man indifference : “I believe this is the height should be jealous - though of his dearof the London season, and Mr. Vane est friend. Isn't it so, Colonello?" would probably be too engaged to profit The Colonel looked puzzled, bowed, even by an invitation so tempting." and made no reply.

Nous verrons. How pleased he will “ That only shows," said Mrs. Morley, be to hear of your triumphs! He ad- rising, “what villains the Colonel has the mired you so much before you were fa-I misfortune to call friends and fellow-men."

“ I fear it is time to go," said Frank, s rooms chez nous — a chamber that looks glancing at the clock.

out on the Champs Elysées, and a quiet In theory the most rebellious, in prac- cabinet de travail at the back, in which tice the most obedient, of wives, Mrs. you can read, write, or sulk, undisturbed. Morley here kissed Isaura, resettled her Come, and we will again visit Enghien crinoline, and shaking hands with the and Montmorency. Don't talk of enVenosta, retreated to the door.

gagements. If man proposes, woman “I shall have the wreath yet,” cried disposes. Hesitate not obey. Your the Venosta, impishly. “ La speranza è sincere little friend,

Lizzy." femmina(Hope is female).

“Alas !” said Isaura, half mournfully, “My dear Morley,” said Graham, with half smiling - "alas ! do you not remem- emotion, “I cannot find words to thank ber what the poet replied when asked your wife sufficiently for an invitation so what disease was most mortal ? — 'the graciously conveyed. Alas! I cannot hectic fever caught from the chill of accept it." hope.'»

“ Why? " asked the Colonel, dryly.

“I have too much to do in London." CHAPTER III.

“Is that the true reason, or am I to GRAHAM VANE was musing very suspicion that there is anything, sir, gloomily in his solitary apartment one which makes you dislike a visit to Paris ?” morning. when his servant announced

The Americans enjoy the reputation of Colonel Morley.

being the frankest putters of questions He received' his visitor with more than whom liberty of speech has yet educated the cordiality with which every English into les recherches de la vérité, and cerpolitician receives an American citizen. / tainly Colonel Morley in this instance did Graham liked the Colonel too well for not impair the national reputation. what he was in himself, to need any na

Graham Vane's brow slightly contracttional title to his esteem. After some ed, and he bit his lip as if stung by a preliminary questions and answers as to sudden pang; but after a moment's the health of Mrs. Morley, the length of pause, he answered with a good-huthe Colonel's stay in London, what day moured smile — he could dine with Graham at Richmond

“No man who has taste enough to ador Gravesend the Colonel took up the mire the most beautiful city, and appreball. “We have been reckoning to see

ciate the charms of the most brilliant you at Paris, sir, for the last six months.” |

society in the world, can dislike Paris." “I am very much flattered to hear that

“My dear sir, I did not ask if you disyou have thought of me at all ; but I am

| liked Paris, but if there were anything not aware of having warranted the ex

that made you dislike coming back to it pectation you so kindly express.”

on a visit.” I guess you must have said some

“What a notion ! and what a crossthing to my wife which led her to do examiner you would have made if you had more than expect — to reckon on your been called to the bar ! surely, my dear return. And, by the way, sir, I am

friend, you can understand that when a charged to deliver to you this note from

man has in one place business which he her, and to back the request it contains

cannot neglect, he may decline going to that you will avail yourself of the offer. / another place, whatever pleasure it would Without summarizing the points I do so."

Joints I do so "give him to do so. By the way, there is Graham glanced over the note ad a great ball at one of the Minister's todressed to him :

night ; you should go there, and I will

point out to you all those English nota“ DEAR MR. VANE, — Do you forget bilities in whom Americans naturally how beautiful the environs of Paris are take interest. I will call for you at eleven in May and June ? how charming it was o'clock. Lord — who is a connection last year at the lake of Enghien ? how of mine, would be charmed to know you." gay were our little dinners out of doors Morley hesitated; but when Graham in the garden arbours, with the Savarins said, “How your wife will scold you if and the fair Italian, and her incomparably you lose such an opportunity of telling amusing chaperon ? Frank has my or her whether the Duchess of M- is as ders to bring you back to renew these beautiful as report says, and whether happy days, while the birds are in their Gladstone or Disraeli seem to your phrefirst song, and the leaves are in their nological science to have the finer head!” youngest green. I have prepared your the Colonel gave in, and it was settled

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