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signal for war, and rushing past the respect, not unmingled with impudence, young one, fairly challenged her lord and at his father. At the least movement on master to single combat. He instantly his governor's side he sank down into retreated a step or two, and his wife be- the water as quiet as an otter, without gan to pretend to munch at the grass, making the slightest ripple or sending up keeping her eyes always fixed spitefully a bubble of air, and shortly reappeared upon him.

with his pretty little head, erect ears, and Just at this moment the sun shone bright eyes, and looking like a gigantic out, and I was enabled to see most dis- frog. During his subaqueous excursion tinctly the remarkable phenomenon of the the little rascal had probably gone up to “ blood-sweat” of these gigantic animals and touched his father, for the old fellow when excited.

gave a sudden plunge and jump as if he The usual pale chocolate colour of the had been touched up from underneath skin of the husband and wife became by something alive. Thus the three redensely covered with spots that looked mained for about half an hour, grunting like thin red gum, and when the male and staring at each other. Obesh made turned his head I could see that these one attempt to get out of his corner, and spots were globular; they glistened like retreat into his den, but the artful old dew on a cabbage, and stood high upon “missis ” was too quick for him, cut off the skin like blood-stained diamonds. I his retreat, and drove him back. The managed subsequently to wipe off one of little one, I observed, always kept the far these globules, and it stained my note- side of his mother, in case his father book quite red. After gazing at each should turn rusty again. In about threeother for about a minute, old Dil --for quarters of an hour the row was all over, that is the female's name — made a sav- and instead of angry trumpetings the sig. age rush at her husband, and simul- nals gradually assumed a more amicable taneously both animals reared right up tone, and it was evident that the two Beon their hind legs, like bull-dogs fighting. hemoths were getting into good temper. They gaped wide their gigantic mouths, At last the female swam nearer to her and bit, and struck, and lunged at each husband, and distending her great nostrils other savagely, while the grass fell out of to the utmost, uttered a kind of hiss, not their great coal-scuttle mouths on to the the least like a war cry. When the keeper battle-field. The crash of their tusks heard this he said, " They are all right coming together was truly Homeric, and now, Sir; they'll not fight any more. See, reminded me of the rattle and smashing the old man's beginning to smile, and clash, only exaggerated, when the Wind- he has uncocked his ears, and left off sor Park red deer charge and fight with staring.” The faithful keeper was quite their horns. For a second or two these right, for all three Hippos at once became two gigantic animals closed together and friends, and the domestic row was over. swayed to and fro like Cornish wrestlers. I understand that on the previous day, This scene of the Hippopotami fighting when these three beauties were first put was grand in the extreme, and would together, little Guy Fawkes immediately form a good subject for an Oxford prize went up to his governor, and cheeked poem or the pencil of Landseer. When him in the most insolent manner; he they settled on their four legs again the bristled up, grunted at him, showed his old woman followed up her advantage by teeth, and actually challenged his father giving her husband a tremendous push, to fight. The mother then charged the

weli hit,” with her head ; and while the old father, scratched his face, and pushed cowardly old fellow sneaked backwards him right bang all of a lump into the w.?into his pond, his wife trumpeted a trium- ter. The little one followed up directly, phant signal of victory from the bank. swam under his father's legs, and actually All this time little Guy kept well in rear bit at and pulled the paternal tail. On of his mother, occasionally peeping round the second occasion the youngster be her sides to see the rare and extraor- haved very differently; it was quite evi dinary phenomenon of a husband and dent that somehow or other his mother wife having a row. Dil then slowly, and had cautioned him and given him orders in a Shah-like manner, walked down the to keep in the rear while she fought ber steps into the water, and hunted the old old man. On this occasion Obesh was man about until she drove him up into a terribly alarmed, although his wife frightcorner ; she then mounted sentry over ened more than hurt him. She so alarmed him. The young one then mounted on him that a new discovery was made by to his mother's back, and gazed with filial' Mr. Bartlett. After the row was over the

cowardly old Obesh changed colour. "precious jewel” in the toad's head was His mulatto-coloured skin got gradually also an article of general belief in Shakewhiter and whiter, and the lower part of speare's time; and is explained by Hallihis head and sides became of a creamy- well to have been a stone of potent effect white tint, and the poor old fellow looked in medicine. “as white as a ghost.” It was some Any book of folk-lore will show how hours before he came to his proper col- much the medicine of the mediæval peour again. When his wife gave him a riod dealt with all kinds of reptiles, and hiding on the second day Obesh again other such“uncanny animals” as hedge. turned somewhat wbite, making his blood hogs, bats, owls, and other weird and spots stand out with unusual clearness. darkness-loving things. Serpents, we Now that this family scrimmage is over, know, were sacred to Esculapius, not on we trust that for the future they will en- account of their supposed wisdom or joy domestic felicity.

subtlety, but by reason of their yearly By the way, the controversy has not renovation in a change of skin ; and it yet been decided whether the present would seem that all the reptiles of the name “ Hip-po-po-ta-mus” (which means lizard and frog classes, which inherit a horse-river, not a river-horse), shall not some share of the enmity sown in Eden be re-cast into Potamippus, and the little between the seed of the woman and the Guy Fawkes receive a new appellation seed of the serpent, inherit also some the diminutive of the original word — viz., part of this affinity between snakes and “ Hippopotamidion” or “Potamippodi- the practice of physic. I find that the on.” This, as your correspondent Mr. homæopathists of the present day reE. K. Karslake remarks, “woula be bar- tain at least one drug derived from barous." I should like to hear a stam- snakehood — “lachesis" - which is said merer tackle it. FRANK BUCKLAND. to be the poison of the lance-headed vi

per, though it may perhaps be doubted whether their chemists have really supplied their vials from the poison-bags of

that interesting reptile. They also use From Belgravia.

the sepia of the cuttle-fish ; and I have ON TOADS.

often been struck by the appropriateness THE Rev. J. G. Wood, that excellent of sepia as a medical emblem. I obnaturalist and charming writer, assures serve that doctors, when hard pressed in us that his children have a trough full of argument, always escape in a flood of tame toads, each of which answers to its hard words ; like the cuttle-fish, proown particular name, and comes when tected and concealed by the blinding called. The children, he says, carry inky trail it leaves behind it. them round the garden, and hold them up I am not sure that the existence of the to any insect which they may chance to jewel in the toad's head has not been fancy, to enable them to swallow it, supported, if not suggested, by the exwhich they do by a lightning flash of traordinarily brilliant eye of the reptile, their glutinous tongues. Nay more, their which appears to flash and scintillate tender care for their unlovely pets is so with some inward light, thrown into great that they bathe and kiss them daily, stronger relief as it is by the dark, dull, he declares, just as they themselves are hideous skin in which it is set. I find treated by their nurse. Upon one occa- this corroborated by the fact that in sion, one of the children, who had re- classical times the toad was supposed to ceived an orange, was seen with her own partake somewhat of the power of the special toad seated on her hand, partak- fabulous basilisk in the ability to fasciing with his mistress of the orange in al- nate any person it looked on by the ternate sucks or bites. Well ! de gustibus glance of its eye. In the basilisk, inis an old maxim, and, it seems, a true deed, this power was fatal to the life of one. From the experience so gained, Mr. the person beheld, - a gift never claimed Wood declares the toad to be more quick- for the toad. But if this part of the ly and easily tamed than most other ani- zoology of the toad has enshrined popumals. So that its disposition seems to be lar error of long standing, the nature of as devoid of venom as its physique. It its food appears to have been no better is curious, by the way, that the word understood. The “gentle lady wedded "ugly across the Atlantic refers only to the Moor” makes her jealous, fiery to moral deformity, and has no bearing husband exclaim in the agony of his feon physical appearance of any kind. The / ver-fit :

I had rather be a toad, late the finding of toads entombed in the And live upon the vapour of a dungeon, centre of aged trees when cleft open by Than keep a corner in the thing I love

the woodman's wedge, or inclosed in For others' uses.

chambers of chalk or stone until disin. In which, though the sentiment may be terred by the miner, but still alive, and noble, the science is certainly false. The seemingly in good health. Their presfood of snakes, according to Shake-ence in such places was accounted for, speare, was hardly more material than in the case of the trees, by the supposithis, aerial toad-diet. “In “Pericles " he tion that they had either climbed, or says :

been dropped by some bird of prey, And both like serpents are, who though they to extricate themselves, had been gradu

into the hollow trunk; and, being unable feed On sweetest flowers, yet they poison breed.

ally shut in by a growth of wood over

head. In the case of chalk or stone, it Exactly reversing the alchemy of the bee, was believed that the egg had been which from the same source distils sweet washed by floods through some minute and wholesome honey. The notion that crack or crevice into an already existing toads can live without material food is, chamber in the mine, which egg had however, both more generally believed hatched in due course, and produced the and better supported than that touching interesting recluse in question. Both of the jewel in its head. Numerous ac- which suggestions seem possible, if not counts, apparently well authenticated, re-probable, explanations of the mystery.

Dr. WELCKER, a Russian Professor of po- powerless by abandoning the Poles, who are litical economy, has just published a pamphlet the chief supporters of a Roman Catholic polon the present relations of Russia with Ger- icy; while neither the Conservatives nor the many and Austro-Hungary, in which he advo- Constitutional Liberals are for a moment sure cates the sale of Russian Poland to Prussia. of retaining their political and personal free“It is the interest of Russia,” he says, “in ac- dom, or even their property, so long as the cordance with the precedents afforded by the Mouravieffs and the soldiery who have been Ionian islands, Lauenburg, and Russian Amer-trained in Poland d la Haynau may be let ica to sell Poland either to Prussia or to the loose against them. The influential Russian German Empire. Prussia has already occupied grandees who obtained estates in Poland in Warsaw and a considerable part of Poland 1831 and 1863 would also be great gainers, for from 1795 to 1807. She would be able to these estates would enormously increase in check any aggressive tendencies of the Poles value under the Prussian rule. On the Prusin the direction of Lithuania; her superior sian side, too, great interests would be incivilization would by degrees Germanize the volved. At present the army, the agriculturwhole of the Polish territories under her rule; ists, and the capitalists in Poland occupy an and all danger of a union between Congress aggressive position towards Prussia; they are Poland and Lithuania would then cease. Rus a permanent menace to her of a Panslavist sia would even gain if she gave up this costly agrarian war, or at least of a constant striving possession for nothing ; but this she can hard in this direction, and it is most probable that ly do with propriety. Both sides would profit if Russia does not sell Poland, she will invade by the bargain; Russia because she wants Prussia.” As to what the Poles themselves money, and Prussia because she wants fertile would think of such a bargain, Dr. Welcker territory. ... The purchase-money could be does not consider this as a matter of much taken out of the Prussian war indemnity, or, consequence. He admits that what they would if this is no longer at the disposal of the like best is a restoration of their country to its Government, it might be raised by a Prus- ancient independence ; but this he thinks is sian or a German loan. The interest of this quite out of the question. The Poles would loan could easily be covered by the surplus of "no doubt gain by exchanging the Russian the Polish revenue, which would rapidly in- rule for the mild rule of the first civilized nacrease in an extraordinary degree under the tion in the world ;” and, on the other hand, excellent Prussian administration and by the “the German Empire will much more rapidly importation of capital and intelligence into the disarm Polish Ultramontanism than Russia, country. The Russian Conservatives, who notwithstanding all her severe measures, has detest the Katkoff party, would make it totally been able to do."

Pall Mall Gazette.

Fifth Series, }
Volume III.


No. 1527.-September 13, 1873.

ŞFrom Beginning,



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Contemporary Review,
II. INNOCENT: A Tale of Modern Life. By Mrs.

Oliphant, author of “Salem Chapel," " The
Minister's Wife,” “Squire Arden,” etc.
Part XIV.,


Blackwood's Magasine, IV. THINGS, .


Folio, VI. A JATRA,

Macmillan's Magazine,

Sunday Magazine,
VIII. ON THE LEGENDS OF CERTAIN PLANTS, Hardwicke's Science Gossip, .



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From Fraser's Magazine. Self-trust, conscious of mind sincere

And lifelong purpose calmly clear,
WHILE yet the nineteenth age was young,

From his own time could well endure
And murmuring Rotha flowed unsung,

Detraction, of the future sure.
Where Forestside stoops down to greet
A cottage nestling at its feet;

He willed that they who roam or dwell Two stalwart men, with ponderous crow,

In those fair scenes he loved so well, Dealt on the crag alternate blow;

To him, to them, for wisdom taught, While Silver How across the vale,

Should homage pay of tender thought: Kept reckoning of their noisy tale.

'Twas his with poet's ear to hear Long time in vain with sinewy shock

The ceaseless voice of fell and mere, They smote the everlasting rock;

To wait and learn what note of praise Some rough-hewn steps at length repay

The solitary tarn might raise.
The wearying toil of half a day.

The lone star peeping o'er the hill,
Then, as with measured pace and slow, The violet hiding near the rill,
From orchard seat to porch below, The lowliest thing in copse or field

Their new-made path they trod; Some beauty taught, some truth revealed.
Quoth John, in mood of thoughtful glee, With vantage small of wealth or birth,
"Stone steps be these and steps shall be He made his verse a power on earth.
For many a year, when ye and me

Nor missed his lofty aim;
Lig girning undert' sod!” *

He lived with loving eye to scan

The inner soul of Nature's plan, Thus he: – But William mused awhile,

And wrote upon the heart of man Scarce conscious of the kindly smile

A long enduring name. That showed him not illpleased to find, And now to both their time is o'er, In that unlettered comrade's mind

And those two workmen work no more;
Some rude resemblance to his own.

The deed they wrought beside the hill,
To him from earliest youth was known That bygone morn, is living still,
What brotherhood is of guileless men

And stifl the steps are there.
Who read the law of hill and glen;

But they, long since together laid,
And scarcely seem'd to think it odd Have slept beneath the sacred shade
That John should prate of "ye and me"

Of Grasmere's House of Prayer.
As heirs of common destiny,
As though the world might little care, And see! there comes a pilgrim band
Or soon or late, which of the pair

From thorpe, from town, from ocean strand, “Lig girning undert' sod!”

From homes beyond the Western wave, Not all unwisely preached the swain;

To worship at their Poet's grave. For still those time-worn steps remain,

What though the crowd unheeding pass

The little nameless mound of grass,
Where summer suns and wintry storms

That marks to few the peasant's bed,
Have beat upon their rugged forms
Full seventy years : though modern care

No jealousies divide the dead:
Has paved the steep with smoother stair,

Partners of toil, and now of rest, Through turf and moss you still may trace

They share a slumber not unblest,

Beneath the hallowed sod.
The harder angles of its face.

And once again in that far land
The steps are there, but where are they,

Behind the veil, those two shall stand Companions of that ancient day?

Equal before their God.
Not one their lot. In narrow bound
Is circumscribed the common round
Of dalesman's life: to scale the rock
And lead to fold the wandering flock;
Snatch the late crop from autumn rain,

And house in fear th’ half ripened grain;

WAFT them, ye breezes, on from mind to mind, To win with no ignoble toil

And whirl the bristly pappus high in air, Scant living from a thankless soil;

And let each tender seed prolific find Thus John well played his humble part,

A welcome nook, a mould congenial, where With proud content, and honest heart.

It may develop its corolla fair,
So lived and died: but now to tell,

Dispread its calyx, and against rude wind

Erect a firm stem, and the softest hair What portion to his work-mate fell. To err is human, and, if he

Upon its surface fearlessly unbind:Was not from human error free,

If any latent beauty in the germ You scarce shall find in all the age

Be casket of a truth more precious far, A juster life, a purer page;

I charge you guard that beauty from the worm, Yet was not thus his simple song

And for the truth a way to light unbar; Scatheless of scorn; but he with strong

And all the seedling's innate force confirm

In souls which like well-watered gardens are. * Lie grinning under the sod.

Temple Bar.


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