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father of his subjects; and to the pres- if his offering for a sacrifice of peace ent day the sovereign is addressed as the offering unto the Lord be of the flock, father and mother of the people ; and he male or female, he shall offer it without in turn, reversing the compliment, speaks blemish. It he offer a lamb for his offerof the people as his father and mother. ing, then shall he offer it before the Lord. Thus when the present Queen of Mada. And he shall lay his hand upon the head gascar was crowned, addressing the peo- of his offering, and kill it before the tabple, she said, “O ye under heaven here ernacle of the congregation; and Aaron's assembled, I have father and mother, ons shall sprinkle the blood thereof round having you ; therefore may you live, and about upon the altar. And he shall offer may God bless you.” Then, referring to of the sacrifice of the peace offering, an the judges and officers, and explaining offering made by fire unto the Lord the their relation to the people, she said, “I fat thereof, and the whole rump, it shall have made them fathers of the people, be taken off hard by the backbone; and and leaders to teach them wisdom." The the fat that covereth the inwards, and all Malagasy are firm believers in the doc- the fat that is upon the inwards. .... trine of divine right. The sovereign is, And the priest shall burn it upon the in their eyes, in very truth God's vicege- alter ; it is the food of the offering made rent. Indeed, until within the past few by fire unto the Lord” (ver. 6–11). We years, it was customary to salute him as may just mention also, that the same God; or God seen by the eye. The late part of the fowl is usually given by chilQueen Rasoahery was the first who for- dren or servants to their father, or supebade these blasphemous appellations. riors. When the queen goes abroad she The very belongings of the sovereign are is attended by above a thousand soldiers, treated with respect. It is no uncom- and a great number of camp attendants. mon thing, while being carried about the She is carried in a palanquin, as the roads streets, for your bearers suddenly to run are to bad too allow carriages to be emoff to some side path to be out of the ployed. When a carriage which had way. On looking for the cause of this, it been presented to Radama I. was carried will be found that a small procession is up to the capital, he seated himself in it; passing along, consisting of a forerunner and instead of being drawn in it by his with a spear, who duly shouts out to the faithful subjects, they lifted it, wheels passengers to “ • Clear the way!” Be- and all, and he had the satisfaction of enhind are two or four men, it may be, car-joying a carriage drive after a fashion alrying water-pots filled with water for together novel. The palanquin is preroyal use, and followed again by an ceded by attendants dancing, shouting, officer armed with a spear. The sum- and singing, with music. mons to get out of the way is obeyed by a rush to the side of the road, and the passers-by stand uncovered until the procession has passed. This is to prevent the water, or whatever else it may

From Hardwicke's Science Gossip. be, being bewitched. The Queen, and ON THE LEGENDS OF CERTAIN PLANTS. some of the higher members of the royal SOME plants are emblematical on acfamily who have principalities in distant count of certain events or customs ; of parts of the country, in addition to a these are the national emblems. The good many other feudal rights, which I 'rose of England became especially fahave got no time to mention, are entitled mous during the wars of the Roses, after to the rump of every bullock that is which the red and white were united ; killed in the island. The actual rump is and the rose of both colours is called the conveyed to officers appointed to receive York and Lancaster ; but when these it. This is a custom curious to all, and flowers first became badges of the two is deeply interesting to the student of houses we cannot discover

. The thistle antiquities. Why, the very name anato- is honoured as the emblem of Scotland, mists give this part is suggestive. It is from the circumstance that once upon a called the sacrum, or sacred part — the time a party of Danes having approached part devoted to the gods in Greece and the Scottish camp unperceived, by night, Rome. But tracing this up to a higher were on the point of attacking it, when source, we find that, in the Levitical law, one of the soldiers trod on a thistle, which this part was specially directed to be caused him to cry out, and so aroused the offered up to the Lord. Thus we read enemy. The shamrock of Ireland was in the third chapter of Leviticus — “And held by St. Patrick to teach the doctrine

of the Trinity, and chosen in remem- old British caldron of Ceridween), which brance of him : it is always worn by the contained decoctions of all kinds of Irish on St. Patrick's day. The leek, in plants, mystically prepared, were looked Wales, as a national device, has not been to as all-powerful remedies when applied satisfactorily explained, otherwise than with strange rites and incantations. as the result of its having the old Cymric Some plants have been famous on accolours, green and white. In France, count of their poisonous qualities, which the fleur-de-lis is so called as a corruption in various cases have made them historiof Fleur-de-Louis, and has no connection cal. The hemlock (Conium maculatum with the lily, but was an iris, chosen as was formerly used in Greece as the state an emblem by Louis VII. when he went poison, for it was the custom to put pristo the Crusades, and afterwards named oners to death by its means, and it is beafter him. The olive is deemed an em- lieved that Socrates, Theramenes, and blem of peace ; probably because, on ac- Phocion were all condemned to drink it. count of its durability of growth, it was the darnel (Lolium temulentum) is a large planted both in Greece and Italy to mark grass, flowering in July, which grows the limits of landed possessions. Very among barley and wheat, possessed of many plants owe their celebrity to the poisonous properties ; it is supposed to healing properties with which they are be the tares referred to in the parable. probably endowed, as their common The monkshood (Aconitum napellus) is a names indicate. Of these are self-heal, very poisonous plant, even the odour of woundwort, liverwort, lungwort, eye- its leaves and blossoms having an injuribright, loose-strife, flea-bane, salvia, from ous effect on some people ; its old name salvo, to heal ; potentilla, from potential, of wolfsbane was given to the plant, be&c. But in many instances these prop- cause hunters dipped their arrows in its erties used to be exaggerated and dis-juice to make them more deadly. The torted in such a manner that the applica- upas-tree of Java has a great notoriety for tion of certain plants in wounds and ill- the terrible effect it is supposed to have ness, merely as a charm, superseded their in causing the death of any one who lies being used in a way that might be bene- under its shelter, and its milky gum is ficial; and the witches' caldrons (like also used by the natives for their arthose mentioned in “ Macbeth," and the rows.

TEMPLE OF DIANA. - The Temple of Di. the platform, measured at the lowermost step, ana, about which there has been so much con- was 238 feet 3.1-2 inches English. The evitention among the learned for so many genera- dence as to its length is not at present so contions, is now proved to be octastyle, that is, clusive, and the dimension given on my plan having eight columns in front. It has eighteen may have to be corrected when the western columns on the sides, and the intercolumnia- and eastern extremities have been more thartions of the latter are chiefly three diameters, oughly explored. The dimensions of the Temmaking the temple diastyle. The statement ple itself from plinth to plinth, "out to out," of Pliny, as to its having had one hundred are 163 feet 9.1-2 inches by 308 feet 4 inches columns (externally), is correct, and as many The height of the platform was 9 feet 53-5 as twenty-seven of these might have been the inches. The interior appears to have been contributions of kings. Of the position of adorned with two tiers of elliptical columns, the thirty-six columna cælata (sculptured col- Ionic and Corinthian, fragments of these har umns), I may obtain further proof before the ing been found near the walls of the cella. excavations are completed. Allowing for the

Athenæum projection of the sculpture on these columns, which, in the fragments lately. found, is as much as thirteen inches, the diameter of the columns was about 5 feet 10 inches. The dimensions of the Temple given by Pliny, viz., A Kiel Professor of Philosophy has, ac220 feet by 425 feet, were evidently intended cording to the German papers, given a ball, to apply to the raised platform upon which to celebrate the 2,302nd anniversary of the the Temple was built. The actual width of birth of Plato!


Fifth Series,
Volume III.

No. 1528. - September 20, 1873.

From Beginning,





DOWNWARDS. Johann Friedrich Schiller,. Blackwood's Magazine,
II. INNOCENT: A Tale of Modern Life. By Mrs.

Oliphant, author of “Salem Chapel,” The
Minister's Wife," "Squire Arden,” etc.
Part XV.,

FRENCH. Part I.,

Temple Bar,


Pall Mall Gazette, VI. THE ASHANTEE WAR,

Economist, VII. WHITBY,




Saturday Review, XI. A FOG ON THE THAMES,

Saint Pauls,


706 | Love's QUEST, LONG AGO,


741 . 753 • 755


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Yet touch a chord by kindred feeling known, I LATELY talked with one who strove

Call on an echo deep in kindred heart, To show that all my way was dim,

Blood will assert an innate power its own, That his alone - the road to heaven;

And wake the spirit for the champion's part. And thus it was I answered him:

Our own, our own. God-given, holy chain,

Linked as mere babies on our mother's “Strike not away the staff I hold,

knee, You cannot give me yours, dear friend; Soldered by mutual hope and joy and pain, Up the steep hill our paths are set

Reaching from birth unto eternity. In different ways, to one sure end.

Tinsley's Magazine. What, though, with eagle glance upfixed

On heights beyond our mortal ken,
You tread the broad sure stones of Faith
More firmly than do weaker men;

To each according to his strength;
But as we leave the plains below,

(FOR A MURAL PAINTING.) Let us carve out a wider stair,

WHENAS the watches of the night had grown And broader pathway thro' the snow.

To that deep loneliness where dreams begin, And when upon the golden crest

I saw how Love, with visage worn and thin,

With wings close-bound, went through a town We stand at last together, freed

alone. From mists that circle round the base, And clouds that but obscure our creed;

Death-pale he showed, and inly seemed to We shall perceive that though our steps

With sore desire some dolorous place to Have wandered wide apart, dear friend,

win; No pathway can be wholly wrong

Sharp brambles passed had streaked his That tends unto one perfect end."

dazzling skin, His bright feet eke were gashed with many a




And, as he went, I, sad for piteousness,

Might see how men from door and gate Two Roses bloomed upon a tree:

would move Their white leaves touched with every sway. To stay his steps; or womankind would press, ing.

With wistful eyes, to balconies above, I bent to gather one, while She

And bid him enter in. But Love not less, Plucked off the other, gently saying,

Mournful, kept on his way. Ah, hapless "When things do grow and cling like this,

Love ! And Death almost appeareth loath

Saint Pauls.

AUSTIN DOBSON. To take but one, 'twere greater bliss

To both for Death to smite them both." Lost Love! Dead Love! They come and go

The Summers with their sun and flowers,
Their song of birds. I only know

There is a blight upon the hours.
No sun is like the once bright sun

My love, why dost thou leave me thus forlorn That shone upon that golden weather, In weary solitude through day and night? In which she said those fowers were one, I miss thy shadow in the noonday light

And Death should spare or smite together. Thy fair and luminous brow at wakening morn Athenæum.

E. W. H. Gleams not beside me, and my heart is torn

With painful longings, and my tearful sight
Swims with strange visions of thy homeward


'Mid rain and broken bows, of sorrow born. KINDRED.

Return, sweet dove! I have found perennial Our own, our own. Time's heavy hand strikes springs hard,

On sunny banks, where thou mayst lave and Absence lends fatal strength to circumstance; Old paths by slow forgetfulness are barred; Come quickly ere the darkness round thee Old sympathy is chilled by cruel chance.

clings New loves shine down the fairy dreams we Hie hitherward up the shadows from the saw;

west New friendships early vows obliterate ; With shimmer of golden sunlight on thy wings, Till half the happy bonds, our childhood's law, To sink in cooing murmurs on my breast! Fade for the waning life, or soon or late.



From Blackwood's Magazine. birthright of many generations of EngA CENTURY OF GREAT POETS, FROM lishmen ; yet even he was far from being 1750 DOWNWARDS.

the founder of our national poetry. But JOHANN FRIEDRICH SCHILLER.

here not so far parted from absolute sight There is something attractive and and touch - one of them still living withinteresting, not only to the critic but to in the recollection, or at least within the the general public, in that close contact lifetime, of a great many of us — stand and juxtaposition of two great writers in the two men who have created German almost any department of literature, poetry. Were it possible that instead of which permits every reader the privilege the slow and gradual growth of character of contrast and comparison, and seems and expression which makes us out of to enlarge his powers of discrimination children become men, the expansion of a by the mere external circumstances which human soul could come about in a day or call them forth. It would be difficult to a moment like that of a flower, it would overestimate how much Goethe has done scarcely be more surprising, more interfor Schiller and Schiller for Goethe in esting, than are the phenomena which this way. They have made a landscape attend this other development, the birth and atmosphere for each other, rounding of poetry — in a race which it is now the out by the constant variety and contrast, fashion to consider one of the most poetic each other's figures from the blank of the races of humanity. A hundred years ago, historical background — impressing upon however, that race had done little more our minds what one was and the other than babble in vague ballad strains and was not, by an evidence much more strik- preludes of verse. It had its Minnesinging than that of critical estimate. We ers, it is true, great enough to charm the have not in England any parallel to the literati of the present day who take to group they make, or to the effect they themselves the glory of having disinterred produce. Wordsworth and Coleridge them ; but great poems never need dismight have faintly emulated it had their interring. Germany lay silent in a rich intercourse been longer and fuller ; but chaos of material, fanciful, superstitious, Wordsworth and Coleridge, or Byron and sentimental, transcendental, but with no Shelley, or any other combination in our literature in which to express itself, no crowded poetical firmament, would be but poetry - a Memnon's head, quivering two among many — not The Two, the with sound suppressed, which as yet no crowned and undisputed monarchs of a sun-touch had called forth. But that the national literature, as are this German image is trivial for so great an occurrence, pair, - men of the same age, the same we might say that the curtain rolled visiinspiration, to whom the great task has bly up from the dim world, thus lying been given, consciously and evidently, of voiceless, revealing in a moment the two shaping the poetry of a people. To us, singers, whose office was to remake that with our older traditions and long-accu- world, and give its darkness full expresmulated, slowly-growing wealth, the po- sion. The curtain rolls up slowly – upon sition altogether is remarkable enough to nothing — an empty stage, a vast silent call forth an interest more curious and scene ; when, lo, there enters from one eager than is generally excited by literary side and another, on either hand, a poet questions. The poetry of a nation, ac- and the poetry of Germany is created cording to our experience, is its oldest under our eyes. A most curious, memand most assured inheritance, something orable sight as ever came to pass in this so deeply bedded in our heart and life world, and all the more notable that the that we cannot point out to ourselves doers of it are not one nor many, but two, where it began, or call up before our magnifying, revealing, expounding each minds any conception of those dim ages other, and by their mutual presence makwhen it was not. Shakespeare himself, ing the mystery clear. the greatest glory of our English tongue, What would it have been in England stands centuries back, and has been the l had Shakespeare and Milton instead of

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