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" had compelled the Israelites to do, and because he had slain “ his brethren, and the men that were good and righteous. “ And the prophet gave him notice in this epistle, what pu“ nishment he should undergo for these crimes, namely, the “ destruction of his people, with the corruption of the king's

own wives and children, and that he should himself die of

a distemper in his bowels, with long torments, those his “ bowels falling out by the violence of the inward rottenness “ of the parts, insomuch, that though he see his own misery,

he shall not be able at all to help himself, but shall die in " that manner.” This it was which Elijah denounced to him in that epistle.

3. It was not long after this that an army of those Arabians that lived near to Ethiopia, and of the Philistines, fell upon the kingdom of Jehoram, and spoiled the country and the king's house: Moreover, they slew his sons and his wives: one only of his sons was left him, who escaped the enemy; his name was Ahaziah: After which calamity he himself fell into that disease which was foretold by the prophet, and lasted a great while (for God inflicted this punishment upon him in his belly, out of his wrath against him,) and so he died miserably, and saw his own bowels fall out. The people also abused his dead body; I suppose it was because they thought that such his death came upon him by the wrath of God, and that therefore he was not worthy to partake of such a funeral as became kings. Accordingly they neither buried bim in the sepulcbres of his fathers, nor vouchsafed him any honours, but buried him like a private man, and this when he had lived forty years, and reigned eight: And the people of Jerusalem delivered the government to his son Ahaziah.

C H A P. VI.

How Jehu was anointed king; and slew both Joram and Aha

ziah; as also what he did for the punishment of the wicked. $ 1. Now Joram the king of Israel, after the death of Benhadad, hoped that he might now take Ramoth, a city of Gilead from the Syrians. Accordingly he made an expedition against it, with a great army; but as he was besieging it, an arrow was shot at him by one of the Syrians, but the wound was not mortal: So he returned to have his wound healed in Jezreel, but left his whole army in Ramoth, and Jehu the son of Nimshi for their general: for he had already taken the city by force; and he proposed, after he was 'healed, to make war with the Syrians: But Elisha the prophet sent one of his dis

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ciples to Ramoth, and gave him holy oil to anoint Jehu, and to tell him, that God had chosen him to be their king. He also sent him to say other things to him, and bid him to take his journey as if he fled, that when he came away he might escape the knowledge of all men. So when he was come to the city, he found Jehu sitting in the midst of the captains of the army, as Elisha had foretold he should find him.' So he came up to him, and said, that he desired to speak with him about certain matters; and when he was arisen, and had followed him into an inward chamber, the young man took the oil, and poured it on his head, and said, that “God ordained “ him to be king, in order to his destroying the house of

Ahab, and that he might revenge the blood of the prophets, " that were unjustly slain by Jezebel, that so their house

might utterly perish, as those of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, " and of Baasha, had perished for their wickedness, and no " seed might remain of Ahab's family.” So when he had said this, he went away hastily out of the chamber, and endeavoured not to be seen by any of the army.

2. But Jehu came out, and went to the place where he before sat with the captains; and when they asked him, and de. sired him to tell them, wherefore it was that this young man came to him? and added withal that he was mad : he replied, you guess right, for the words he spake were the words of a madman: and when they were eager about the matter, and desired he would tell them, he answered, that God had said, " he had chosen him to be king over the multitude.” When he had said this, every one of them * put off his garment, and strewed it under him, and blew with trumpets, and gave no. tice, that Jehu was king. So when he had gotten the army together, he was preparing to set out immediately against Joram, at the city Jezreel, in which city, as we said before, he was healing of the wound which he had received in the siege of Ramoth. It happened also that Abaziah, king of Jerusalem, was now come to Joram, for he was his sister's son, as we have said already, to see how he did after his wound, and this upon account of their kindred: but as Jebu was desirous to fall upon Joram and those with him on the sudden, he desired that none of the soldiers might run away, and tell to Joram what had happened, for that this would be an evident demonstration of their kindness to him, and would shew that their real inclinations were to make bim king.

3. So they were pleased with what he did, and guarded the roads, lesť somebody should privately tell the thing to those that were at Jezreel. Now Jebu took his choice horsemen, and sat upon his chariot, and went on for Jezreel, and when he was come near, the watchman whom Joram had set there to spy out such as came to the city, saw Jelu marching on, and told Joram that he saw a troop of horsemen marching on. Upon which he immediately gave orders, that one of his horsemen should be sent out to meet them, and to know who it was that was coming. So when the horsemen came up to Jehu, he asked him, in what condition the army was ? for that the king wanted to know it; but Jehu bid: bim not at all to meddle with such matters, but to follow him. When the watchman saw this, he told Joram that the horseman had mingled himself among the company, and came along with them. And when the king had sent a second messenger, Jehu coinmanded hini to do as the former did; and as soon as the watchman told this also to Joram, he at last got up on his chariot himself, together with Ahaziah, the king of Jerusalem, for, as we said before, he was there to see how Joram did, after he had been wounded, as being his relation. So he went out to meet Jehu; who marched * slowly, and in good order; and when Joram met him in the field of Naboth, he asked him, if all things were well in the camp? but Jehu reproached him bitterly, and ventured to call his mother a witch, and an barlot. Upon this the king fearing what he intended, and suspecting he had no good meaning, he turned his chariot about as soon as he could, and said to Ahaziah, we are fought against by deceit and treachery: But Jehu drew his bow, and smote him, the arrow going through his heart; so Joram fell down immediately on his knee, and gave up the ghost. Jehu also gave orders to Bidkar, the captain of the third part of his army, to cast the dead body of Joram into the field of Naboth, putting him in mind of the prophecy wbich Elijah prophesied to Ahab his father, when he had slain Naboth, that both he and his family should perish in that place, for that as they sat behind Ahab's chariot they heard the prophet say so, and that it was now pass according to his prophecy. Upon the fall of Joram, Ahaziah was afraid of his own life, and turned his chariot

*Spanheim here notes, that this putting off men's garments and strewing them under a kirg, was an eastern custom, which he had elsewhere explained.

come to

* Our copies say, that this driving of the chariots was like the driving of Je“ hu the son of Nimshi; for he driveth furiously,” 2 Kings ix. 20. whereas Josephus's copy, as he understood it, was this, that, on the contrary, Jebu marched slowly, and in good order. Nor can it be denied, that since there was interval enough for king Joram to send out two horsemen, one after another, to Jehu, and at length to go out with king Ahaziah to meet him, and all this after he was come within sight of the watchman, and before he was come to Jezreel, the probability is greatly on the side of Josephus's copy or interpretation.

into another road, supposing he should not be seen by Jehu; but he followed after him, and overtook him at a certain acclivity, and drew his bow, and wounded him; so he left his chariot, and got upon his horse, and fled from Jehu to Megiddo, and though he was under cure, in a little time he died of that wound, and was carried to Jerusalem, and buried there, after he had reigned one year, and had proved a wicked man, and worse than his father.

4. Now when Jebu was come to Jezreel, Jezebel adorned herself and stood upon a tower, and said, “ He was a fine

servant that had killed his master." And when he looked up to her, he asked who she was ? and commanded her to come down to him. At last he ordered the eunuchs to throw her down from the tower, and being thrown down she besprinkled the wall with her blood, and was trodden upon by the horses, and so died. When this was done, Jehu came to the palace with his friends, and took some refreshment after his journey, both with other things, and by eating a meal. He also bid his servants to take up Jezebel and bury ber, because of the nobility of her blood, for she was descended from kings; but those that were appointed to bury her found nothing else remaining but the extreme parts of her body, for all the rest were eaten by dogs. When Jehu heard this, he admired the prophecy of Elijah, for he foretold that she should perish in this manner at Jezreel.

5. Now Ahab had seventy sons brought up in Samaria. So Jehu sent two epistles, the one to them that brought up the children, the other to the rulers of Samaria, which said, 'That " they should set up the most valiant of Ahab's sons for king, “ for that they had abundance of chariots, and horses, and " armour, and a great army, and fenced cities, and that by so “ doing they might avenge the murder of Ahab." This he wrote to try the intentions of those of Samaria. Now when the rulers, and those that had brought up the children, bad read the letter, they were afraid; and considering that they were not at all able to oppose him, who had already subdued two very great kings, they returned him this answer, That " they owned him for their lord, and would do whatsoever .6 he bade them.” So he wrote back to them such a reply as enjoined them to obey what he gave order for, and to cut off the heads of Ahab's sons, and send them to him. Accordingly the rulers sent for those that brought up the sons of Ahab, and commanded them to slay them, to cut off their heads, and send them to Jehu. So. they did whatsoever they were commanded, without omitting any thing at all, and put them up in wicker baskets, and sent them to Jezreel. And when Jehu, as he was at supper with his friends, was informed that the heads of Ahab's sons were brought, he ordered them to make two heaps of them, one before each of the gates; and in the morning he went out to take a view of them, and when he saw them, he began to say to the people that were present, That “ he did bimself make an expedition against his master

[Joram], and slew him, but that it was not he that slew all “ these: And he desired them to take notice, that as to Ahab's 66 family, all things had come to pass according to God's pro6 phecy, and his house was perished, according as Elijah had 66 foretold." And when he had farther destroyed all the kindred of Ahab that were found in Jezreel, he went to Samaria; and as he was upon the road, he met the relations of Ahaziab king of Jerusalem, and asked them, whither they were going? they replied, that they came to salute Joram, and their own king Ahaziah, for they knew not that he had slain them both : So Jehu gave orders that they should catch these, and kill them, being in number forty-two persons.

6. After these, there met him a good and a righteous man, whose name was Jehonadab, and who had been his friend of old. He saluted Jehu, and began to commend him, because he had done every thing according to the will of God, in extirpating the house of Ahab. So Jehu desired him to conie up into his chariot, and make his entry with him into Samaria; and told him, That “ he would not spare one wicked man, 166 but would punish the false prophets, and false priests, and " those that deceived the multitude, and persuaded them to « leave the worship of God Almighty, and to worship foreign

gods; and that it was a most excellent and most pleasing “ sight to a good and a righteous man to see the wicked pu“ nished.” So Jehonadab was persuaded by these arguments, and came up into Jebu's chariot, and came to Samaria. And Jebu sought out for all Abab's kindred, and slew them. And being desirous that none of the false prophets, nor the priests of Ahab's god, might escape punishment, he caught them deceitfully by this wile: for he gatbered all the people together and said, That “ he would worship twice as many gods as “ Ahab worshipped, and desired that his priests, and prophets, “ and servants, might be present, because he would offer « costly and great sacrifices to Ahab's god, and that if any of ...« his priests, were wanting, they should be punished with “ death.” Now Ahab's god was called Baal: And when he had appointed a day on which he would offer those sacrifices, he sent messengers through all the country of the Israelites, that they might bring the priests of Baal to him. So Jehu commanded to give all the priests vestments; and when they had received them, he went into the house (of Baal], with

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